Towards the m-portfolio

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Nov 12, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Towards the m
-
portfolio


Cotterill SJ*, Angarita M+, Horner P*, Teasdale D*, Moss J*, Jones S^,
Walters R, Firth G~, Hennessy S~, McDonald AM*, Fajardo R+, Cendales
JG+, Quintero G+

* Newcastle University, UK

+ Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia

^ James Cook University Hospital, UK

~ University of Leeds, UK

Simon Cotterill

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Introduction


The rapid growth of mobile technologies has implications
for ePortfolios and portfolio learning.



Modern mobile devices (PDAs, smart phones etc) give
learners high levels of connectivity.



However, relatively little has been done to provide
interfaces for these devices to Web
-
based portfolios.



Research into the potential
educational impact

of mobile
devices is growing, but evaluation of their role in


portfolio learning

is still in its infancy.


Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Aims


To present key issues for mobile access to portfolios and
logbooks, including the potential for impact on education.



To present summaries of 5 cases studies of m
-
portfolios
(works in progress) from the Health Care sector, but with
wider applicability.



To outline IT strategies that allow a synchronisation
information, notes, alerts between ePortfolio and
m
-
portfolio.

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Background:

‘m’ is for Mobile!

‘Ultra Compact’

computers

PDAs

Laptops / Compact Laptops

Tablet PCs

Media players

(podcasting +/
-

video)

Mobile

phones

‘hybrid’ devices

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

3 Ways to Connect

(not mutually exclusive)

‘Docking’

(connect to


wired network)

3G/GPRS

(phone networks)

Wireless

(eg. ‘Wifi’)

+reliable data synchronisation

-

time
-
lag for info to central database

-
potential loss of data before docking

+good coverage (few ‘blackspots’)

+widespread use of mobile phones

-
expensive (typically cost to learner)

-
many ‘blackspots’

+growing coverage / reducing costs

+cheaper access to Internet
(than GPRS)

+easier to manage access / security

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Social Publishing using Mobile Phones



Great for unstructured blogging / ‘Social Publishing’



Limited for a broader ePortfolio where some structure/contextualisation is required


eg. artefacts not linked to specific learning objectives/ evidencing skills



Some locations do not allow mobile phones (eg. health care organisation in UK)

text

pictures

GPRS

video

Towards the

m
-
portfolio


Evidencing


audio/image/video capture

logging (verified)




Reflection



text/audio/image/video

‘bookmarks’ for later reflection

(capture/facilitate)





recorded on full
-
Web portfolio


Communication

coaching/mentoring


peer
-
learning/support

for

learning






Some ways in which mobile technologies could

potentially

impact on portfolio &
portfolio learning
:

remote interaction/feedback on portfolio

‘m’ is for Mobile;

‘h’ is for hype?!!

Towards the

m
-
portfolio



CASE STUDIES

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Case Study 1.

Undergrad. Dentistry (Palm project)


Newcastle University


Recording student clinical data using PDAs


Device
-
specific Software developed using
Pendragon Forms v3.1 (4 years ago)

Docking

sync

Local

Database

(MS Access™)

Central

Database

(MySQL)

Secure

Web interface

Internet

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Case Study 1.

Undergrad. Dentistry (Palm project)



Moderate success




Synchronisation was problematic
(before modern wireless)




Time
-
lag from data collection to updating central database.




Resistance to change from some users
(tutors and students).


Practical lessons
:




Design forms to be as simple and clear as possible, not
always easy to do as small screens are easily cluttered and
can confuse users.




Record checks need to be used (i.e. form validation) as
large amount of unusable data was entered.

2002

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Established use of ePortfolios &
Logbooks in the MBBS programme of
Newcastle University

http://www.eportfolios.ac.uk

Established use of PDAs & wireless
network at the James Cook University
Hospital (JCUH) as part of the “Hospital
at Night” Scheme
http://www.ibleep.net


Case Study 2.

PDA pilot over a wireless network

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Logbook (part of ePortfolio):



mostly ‘tick
-
box’



Some outcomes required reflection



Some outcomes required sign
-
off


Supervisor’s signature

Saved as graphic

+timestamp

Case Study 2.

PDA pilot over a wireless network

Towards the

m
-
portfolio


Conclusions / Future Plans



Demonstrates feasibility of using PDAs for wireless access to Web
-
based formulae, guidelines and log
-
books in the context of undergraduate
Medicine.




Extended pilots of full rotations planned for 2006/7 including new ‘value
added’ features of Hospital at Night (peer
-
to
-
peer communications) to be
evaluated in this context.




Year 5 Medical Students (n=31)




21 students made 207 logbook entries & collected 5 signatures




PDA also useful for accessing reference materials & comms on the Wards




Portability (“no where to put it”)

> clip on pouches




Limitations: 2 week window part way through rotation


Feasibility study

Case Study 2.

PDA pilot over a wireless network

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Case Study 3.

Pilots of Mobile Devices in Health Care



Assessment & Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS )





Currently running 5 pilots using mobile technologies



Mobile Assessment



Supporting T&L (media blogs)


Towards the

m
-
portfolio


Software:
mediaBoard:


Build web
-
based multimedia
message boards, can add
comments by sending SMS (text)
or MMS (picture) from a mobile
phone. Email and web access will
work too.


Hardware: O
2
XDA Mini
-
S


Support & Training


Training sessions


WebCT module


CCS support

Case Study 3.

Pilots of Mobile Devices in Health Care

Towards the

m
-
portfolio


Pilots: 20 Physiotherapy & 26 Dietetics students


Using mobiles during placements


Supported by university
-
based tutors


Learning activities:


a reflective media blog, incl. placement observations + learning
experiences


log of pivotal incidents that support critical analysis + higher level
thinking


opportunity for inter
-
professional interaction to enhance inter
-
professional and collaborative working


reflections on how the use of mobile devices adds value (or not) to their
work
-
based experiences


support reflective and reflexive learning experiences


evaluating the key skills of teamwork, ethics and communication (links
explicitly to the initial competency mapping activity)


emphasis on supporting formative activities such as a face
-
to
-
face
clinical debriefing session


support the summative assessment for the Integrated Practice module

Case Study 3.

Pilots of Mobile Devices in Health Care

Towards the

m
-
portfolio


University Hospital Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogotá (FSFB)



Mobile Innovations Centre in Education

to generate knowledge,
capture experiences, and develop research plans in mobile learning
across Latin America.



FSFB is aiming to develop a mobile
-
portfolio to be used for medical
students to support the coaching and mentoring process.

Case Study 4.

Mobile technologies at FSFB, Colombia

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Palm OS

Windows Mobile

ePET

portfolio

Exploratory work to

provide interfaces to
ePET from 2 different
mobile platforms

(asynchronous)

Case Study 4.

Mobile technologies at FSFB, Colombia

Towards the

m
-
portfolio


A consortium of 6 Dental Schools and Postgraduate
Deaneries in the UK have developed ePortfolios for
undergraduate and vocational dentistry.



This built subject
-
specific tools on the ePET portfolio
framework



Successful implementation of the Web
-
based portfolio
for undergraduate dentistry at Queen Mary’s University
of London (QMUL) & with postgraduate Vocational
Trainees in the Northern Deanery (from September
2004). It has been rolled out in these institutions and
subsequently at Newcastle University.


http://www.eportfolios.ac.uk/dentistry

Case Study 5.

Undergrad. Dentistry (wireless)

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Case Study 5.

Undergrad. Dentistry (wireless)

Access the same Website:

ePET presents an ‘image
-
light’

interface if accessed by mobile device

Standard Web interface

Towards the

m
-
portfolio



CHALLENGES / RECCOMENDATIONS

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Seamless interface with

Web
-
based portfolios ?

An IT strategy for developing a seamless

m
-
portfolio


ePortfolio interface:



Needs support for
both

offline (asynchronic), and online
(synchronic) synchronisation processes.



m
-
portfolio needs to be able to update ePortfolio databases on
the Web in a synchronic or asynchronic modes (possibly
supporting
both

Wifi & GPRS).




Support multiple mobile platforms (PALM OS, Windows Mobile,
and Symbian etc);

portfolio

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

The ‘Text Challenge’





Handwriting recognition software is relatively mature BUT




Many novice PDA users do not like inputting text this way (learning curve?)



DO like tick
-
boxes and pull
-
down lists

Familiar

but limited

Too small?

Right size

but inconvenient?

Getting there?

Or should we concentrate on multi
-
media capabilities of mobile devices:

-
audio / image / video capture

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

PDA Interface limitations

“The handwriting user interface put the students off
entering data; the screen was seen as too small requiring
too much time to enter data quickly…Students wanted
more pick and choose menu items rather than inputting
text”


Reflection on practice

“..computer based Web access was preferred to record
entries and the PDA used for capturing images or
recording critical event reminders rather than full blown
portfolio entries. In general students liked the ability to
send multimedia remotely to the e
-
portfolio…”

m
-
portfolio : e
-
portfolio interface

Recent study from Nursing in Canada

Used more for
clinical reference
apps. than

e
-
portfolio

Towards the

m
-
portfolio



Both technology
and

pedagogy are rapidly evolving




Successive cohorts of learners are increasingly ‘m
-
literate’


Strategies for development, evaluation & research

need to take this into account!


The challenge of rapid change

!

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Conclusions


The case studies summarised here present a
range of different approaches to meeting some
of the challenges for the m
-
portfolio and their
interface with ePortfolios.



There are great potential educational benefits of
the m
-
portfolio and their interface with
ePortfolios.



However, there is a need for collaborative
development and careful research and
evaluation in order to move towards this
potential.


For further information:


S.J.Cotterill@newcastle.ac.uk

http://www.eportfolios.ac.uk

http://www.CETL4HealthNE.ac.uk

http://www.alps
-
cetl.ac.uk


http://www.m
-
learning.edu.co

http://www.eportfolios.ac.uk/dental

Further Information

Towards the

m
-
portfolio

Towards the

m
-
portfolio




Curriculum monitoring


eg. identifying gaps in clinical skills exposure from a
centralised database collected by students via
PDAs.


Engum SA.
Do you know your students' basic
clinical skills exposure?

Am J Surg 2003;
186(2):175
-
81

Potential Benefits of PDAs