Systems Teaching and Research

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Feb 23, 2014 (3 years and 3 months ago)

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University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

1

Systems Teaching and Research

at the

Systems Engineering and Evaluation Centre

University of South Australia






Prof Stephen Cook


Systems Engineering and Evaluation Centre (SEEC)

University of South Australia

http://www.seec.unisa.edu.au

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

2

Outline


The Australian postgraduate educational scene


About UniSA


The Australian education system and prevailing
environment


SEEC


A new course on systems approaches to large
-
scale problem solving


Summary

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

3

The Australian Postgraduate
Educational Scene


Mass university education (30%)


Australia has modest R&D base hence modest
demand for postgraduate qualifications


Management postgraduate qualifications (MBA)
generally more attractive than technical ones


Exception is government research laboratories
where a PhD is mandatory to rise to senior
positions

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

4

About UniSA


Formed in 1990 from the merger of


SA Institute of Technology


SA College of Advanced Education


SA College of Art and Design


One of three universities in Adelaide and the largest ~ 30,000
students


Only one active in Systems Engineering in SA


Focussed on


educating professionals


working with industry


serving the community


Postgraduates15% of load


Large numbers of overseas students

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

5

Location: Adelaide and Whyalla South
Australia

University of SA

State population 1.5 million, 1.0 million of whom live in the capital Adelaide

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

6

A Long Way from the Nearest Large City (750 km)

University of SA

Most students go to university in their own city so the range of programs taught is very broad

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

7

The Australian Educational
System
-

Undergraduate


Follows the Scottish model


Many degrees, BA, BSc, etc are three years; most
students leave university at this level


Only selected students with better than Credit average
are permitted to study for an extra year to gain honours,
BSc(hons), etc


Engineering is a minimum four year degree and
honours comprises additional workload in final
year for selected students


Government employers keen on honours, industry
ambivalent

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

8

The Australian Educational
System
-

Postgraduate


Grad Cert
(6 months coursework)
, GradDip
(12 months)


Masters degrees come in two types:


Coursework with 20
-
66% research component ~1.5 years


Research
-
only 2 years


Entry to masters: 4
-
year degree (at honours level or equivalent);


PhDs in Australia follow the UK tradition


Nominally 3 years, average 4.5 years


Low number of eligible PhD students


Entry requirements:


First class or upper division second class honours


Masters

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

9

Economic Environment


Undergraduate


No up
-
front fees for students


Higher Education Contribution Scheme debt of around $5000 per year,
plus interest


Postgraduate coursework


Now generally attract full fees ($15
-

$20k)


Exception is where a masters is a base qualification to practise a
profession


Research degrees


Attract no fees and HECS scholarships are the norm


High achievers can also win living allowance scholarships for research
degrees ($16
-
21k tax free)



Reductions in government funding over the last decade
reduces scope for strategic initiatives

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

10

Impact on Postgraduate
Coursework


Recent introduction of full fees for
postgraduate coursework has killed demand


Small postgraduate numbers in the technical
areas


Traditional coursework higher degrees
financially unsustainable
-

many terminated


Research degrees becoming predominant

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

11

On a More Positive Note


Australian Department of Defence has stated that
it aims to have all senior officers educated to
masters level


Still some demand for coursework degrees:
particularly in industry where research degrees are
not seen as relevant


Larger companies and government are prepared to
sponsor selected students


The Defence Science and Technology
Organisation and BAE SYSTEMS are beginning
to sponsor postgraduate programs

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

12

A Few Words About the
Systems Engineering and
Evaluation Centre

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

13

What is SEEC?


One of 17 Supported Research Centres
within the University of South Australia.


Focuses on research
and education in:


the
creation

and
evaluation

of large
,

engineered
systems


the organisations that undertake this function.


University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

14

SEEC Mission Statement


To provide a national and international
focus for collaborative research,
investigative projects and education
programs that address the design, creation,
evolution and evaluation of complex,
systems
.

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

15

What SEEC Core Activities


Education in Systems Thinking, Systems
Engineering and Test and Evaluation


Cost
-
effective
,

collaborative research
between
industry and the
university


Training: public and in
-
house courses


Provision of informed advice through


consultancies


contract research


brokering international knowledge and experts

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

16

History

Measurement &


Instrumentation


Systems Centre

Sensor Science &


Engineering Group

Australian


Centre for


Test and Evaluation

Systems

Engineering


and

Evaluation

Centre

1999

1996

1992

1989

External support

ARDU

ARC

Industry

DSTO

Government organisations

Overseas

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

17

Layer 2 System Level

Layer 1 Product Level

Layer 3 Business Level

Layer 4 Supply Chain Level

Layer 5 Socio
-
Economic Level

Where We Focus

SEEC’s Focus

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

18

Staff



Prof Stephen Cook


DSTO Professor of Systems Engineering


A/Prof Joe Kasser


DSTO Research Professor


A/Prof Piet Beukman


(coming Jan 2002)


Mr Les Vencel


Principal Consultant


Mr David Harris


Business Man & Senior Research Fellow


Mr Michael Harris


Research and Project Manager


Dr Sarim AL
-
Zubaidy


Senior Research Fellow


Dr Noel Sproles


Senior Research Fellow


Dr David Cropley


Senior Lecturer


Dr Tim Ferris


Senior Lecturer


Dr Jill Slay


Senior Lecturer


Mr Reuven Greenberg


Visiting Senior Research Fellow


Mr Anthony Pilgrim


Associate Lecturer


Mr William Scott


Research Associate


Mr Paul Bunnik


Research Engineer


Mrs Lyn Bussenschutt


Office Manager


Miss Mel Madex


Administrative Officer


SEEC %


1.0


1.0


1.0


0.4


1.0


1.0


1.0


0.6


1.0


0.2


0.1


1.0


1.0


0.2


1.0


1.0


0.6

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

19

Adjunct Staff and Associates


Prof Peter Sydenham


Professor of Systems Evaluation


Prof Scot Allison


Prof John Andersen


Prof Garth Morgan


Mr Ron Howard


A/Prof Martin Burke


Dr Robert Goodwin


Mr Angus Massie


Dr Les Doherty


Mr Errol Lawson


Mr Bob Taylor


Mr Erik Sherwin


Mr Viv Crouch

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

20

SEEC is Significant


15

Academic staff


plus 1
3

adjuncts


60 post
-
graduate students


14 PhD, 8 MEng(res)


40 MEng (c/w)


Around $A1.5 million pa external income


Close operating links with Defence


DSTO


Dept of Defence


Defence companies

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

21

SEEC has a Broader Base than
A Typical SE School


“Typical” SE Centre Focuses on


Post
-
graduate education


Main client base is Defence/Aerospace


Targets mid
-
level practitioners


Teaches methodologies used by clients


Built around standards
(IEEE 1220, EIA 632 etc)


Aims to produce graduates immediately useful to
clients


Minimal

research

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

22

SEEC Covers All of That and
More...


Major focus on Research


Historically over half p/g awards are by
research


Primary Research focus on Enterprise
-
level
systems


Primarily, social (“soft”) systems


Focused at highest level


Force development


Defence acquisition system

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

23

and

More...


Strong research into socio
-
technical systems
which create systems


Support methods for dispersed SE teams


Intelligent support for requirements generation


On
-
line, intelligent repositories for corporate
SE data


Environments for force level SE

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

24

and

More...


New research focus on socio
-
technical
systems per se


Aviation Systems Safety


Generalisation into creation of “super
-
safe”
socio
-
technical systems

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

25

So SEEC is different


SEEC carries out research in


Large, social systems which acquire and use
engineering systems


Operation of systems
which
integrate people
and technology


Support tools for the socio
-
technical systems
which create engineering systems


Systems evaluation methodologies

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

26

Research Areas

System Engineering
Methodologies
Test & Evaluation
Enterprise
-
Level
Systems
Air Transport
Safety
SEEC
High
-
Level Systems
University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

27

Research Topics in Systems
Engineering


Systems Engineering Education


Engineering methodologies for the acquisition and
management of Advanced Concept Technology
Demonstrator Facilities


Tailoring systems engineering models and methods for light
research satellites


An enhanced systems engineering approach to sensor design


The integration of COTS software into large research
software systems environment


A systems approach to audio engineering


Maintenance database research and life
-
cycle costing
prediction.


University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

28

Research Topics in Industrial Systems
Engineering Tools and Practice


Tool integration for dispersed systems engineering design
teams


Increasing the effectiveness of distributed systems
engineering design teams


Software Metrics
-

A tool for improving the software
development process


The use of High
-
Level Architecture Simulators in Combat
Systems Engineering


AI tools for Requirements Elicitation and Management


The Development of a Capability Maturing Model (CMM)
Assessment Tool.

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

29

Research Topics in


Enterprise
-
Level Systems


Systems approach to Defence strategic planning


Systems approach to Defence capability development


Action research within the Australian soldier combat system
enhancement study


Systems engineering process improvement for an acquisition
organisation


Achieving systemic information operations for Australian
defence


Systems approach to Force Structure determination


Methods for the analysis of enterprise
-
level systems
architectures


The benefits of applying systems engineering to Defence
acquisition.

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

30

Research Topics in Systems
Test and Evaluation


Test and Evaluation policies and processes for the
Australian Defence Organisation.


Traceability & cognition of test and evaluation process
documents.


Structured determination of measures of effectiveness.


Software aid for automotive testing and evaluation.


Operational T&E practices for the Royal Australian Air
Force.


Climatology measurements through GPS occultation.


Optimal generation of telemetry frame formats for aircraft
testing.


Correcting delay distortion in asynchronously sampled
flight test telemetry signals.


University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

31

Research Topics in
Air
Transport Safety


Analysis of accident and incident data


Modelling of the air transport enterprise


Modelling of the piloting system for commercial
aircraft


Building knowledge resources in this field


Verify modelling through interaction with
stakeholders


University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

32

A New Course in Systems
Approaches to Large
-
scale
Problem Solving

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

33

The DSTO Continuing
Education Initiative (1)


DSTO typically recruits


50% PhDs


50% Honours graduates


The current environment has led to a 20:80 mix


Staff are more mobile and leave to burgeoning IT
sector


Customers are very highly qualified


Stated aim is to encourage all staff to obtain an
advanced master’s degree which must contain


Systems engineering for complex problem solving


Research methods in a multidisciplinary environment

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

34

The DSTO Continuing
Education Initiative (2)


Several streams will be offered initially, eg


Science (chemistry, physics, materials)


Telecommunications


Systems engineering


Mathematics


Human sciences


Operations Analysis


DSTO pay all fees

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

35

Example SE Syllabus


Group A (Mandatory Core Subjects



Grad Cert
)


Systems Engineering for Complex Problem Solving (SECPS)


Systems Engineering Management


Systems Engineering Analysis 1


Systems Engineering Practice 1


Group B (
Core for Grad Dip, MEng
)


Research Methods in a Multidisciplinary Environment


Principles of Test and Evaluation


Electives (Select 2)


Management of Small Systems Engineering Design Teams


Advanced Test and Evaluation


Modelling and Simulation for Systems Engineering


Systems Engineering for Mobile Communications


Requirements Engineering


Systems Engineering Practice 2


Systems Engineering Analysis 2


Soft

Systems

Methodology


Minor

Thesis

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

36

SECPS


Evolved from Principles of Systems Engineering
to:


Introduce

systems

concepts

to

professional

staff

across

the

organisation

at

all

levels

of

experience
.


Cover

systems

practice

from

equipment

development

through

to

organisational

interventions
.


Challenge

the

hard

science

installed

culture

of

the

client

organisation
.


Be

suitable

for

graduates

of

all

disciplines
.


Be

acceptable

to

university

departments

around

Australia

as

a

component

of

advanced

master’s

programs

in

disciplines

such

as

mathematics,

physics,

information

technology,

and

operational

analysis
.

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

37

Course Design Philosophy


Introduce systems concepts via systems thinking.


Show that systems thinking can provide valuable
insight into complex entities of many types.


Show there is a range of systems methodologies
available to cover a range of systems problems.


Introduce traditional Systems Engineering, the
most prevalent of these.


Develop some systems engineering skills and
understanding through tutorial work and a major
assignment.


Promote deep learning and functional knowledge
through a combination of declarative, procedural
and conditional knowledge.

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

38

SECPS Outline

SECPS Schedule

Systems Engineering for Complex Problem Solving
-
EEET 5107

Systems Engineering and Evaluation Centre

University of South Australia

Prior week

Pre
-
course Reading


Hitchins
World Class
Systems
Engineering

Schedule and Contents of Notes

Time

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 4

Day 5

0900

Section 1
:
Welcome and
Administration

Section 6:

Overview of Classical
Sys
tems Engineering and Life
-
Cycle Models

Section 10:

Preliminary System
Design

Section 15:

Soft System
Methodology

Section 20:

Systems Evaluation
Techniques

0930

Section 2:

Why we need systems
thinking





1000



Section 11
:
Systems Engin
eering
Management




1030

Refreshments & discourse

Refreshments & discourse

Refreshments & discourse

Refreshments & discourse

Refreshments & discourse

1100

Section 2:
(continued)



Section 7:

Conceptual Systems

Design

Section 11:
(continued).

Section 16
:
Case Studies of
Organisational Interventions

Section 21:

Capability
Systems
Life Cycle Management

1130

Section 3:

Introduction to the
Tutorial Sessions




1200



Section 12
:
System modelling

Section 17:

Systems Engineering
Specialist Disciplines



1230

Section 4:

The rise of Systems
Thinking

Section 8:
Requirements
Engineering & Wr
iting System
Specifications



Section 22
:
Case Study: Force
-
Level Systems Engineering

1300

Lunch

Lunch

Lunch

Refreshments & discourse

Lunch

1400

Section 4
: (continued)

Section 8:
(continued)

Section 13
:
Ideas Generation

Section 18:

Design Trade
-
off
Analysis

Section 22
: (Continued)


1430





Section 23
:
Design Review


1500

Refreshments & discourse

Refreshments & discourse

Refreshments & discourse


Refreshments & discourse

1530

Section 5:

Overview of Systems
Methodologies a
nd their Selection

Section 9:
Tutorial: Requirements
Elicitation

Section 14:

Tutorial: Ideas
Generation

Section 19:

Tutorial: Decision
Support

Section 23
: (continued)

1600



1700








Section 24
:
Course Wrap
-
up

File Schedule.doc; 23 September 2002, corrections to hyperli
nks 21 October

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

39

Feedback To Date


Taught class of 40 in Adelaide and 10 in
Melbourne


Age 21


60+


Technical Officers to Senior Research
Scientists


Generally liked the course, the more senior
people really appreciated the theory
-
based
approach (F, M and A)


Awaiting assignments

University of South Australia


© SEEC, University of South Australia, 2002

40

Personal Insights


Writing this course has broadened my understanding
considerably


After nearly six years I am beginning to piece together a
systems thinking framework that can underpin both
engineering and management systems approaches


Systems approaches can also be characterised by their
persistence in the problem domain.


mainstream management methodology


intervention


Still have some way to go to fully appreciate the field and
SEEC would be pleased to work with the international research
community on systems thinking and practice research