Natl. Biosafety Policy Subcom. Natl. Biosafety Com.(NBC)

igocheddarBiotechnology

Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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National Biosafety Framework (NBF) in Thailand


Banpot Napompeth*


National Biological Control Research Center (NBCRC)

Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand


and


Chalinee Kongsawat


Thailand Biodiversity Center (TBC)

National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)

Bangkok 10400, Thailand




*Chairman, National Biosafety Committee



WHAT IS BIOSAFETY?


BIOSAFETY

is one term that is used to describe the
POLICIES

and
PROCEDURES
adopted to ensure the environmentally safe

application of
MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY

(r
-
DNA

technology

or Genetic engineering)



It is a term that is gaining wider currency as more countries seek to

benefit from the application of modern biotechnology in agriculture,

industry, medicine and the environment, without endangering

environmental safety and public health.


BACKGROUND


1983:

National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
(NCGEB) established under Ministry of Science, Technology and
Energy (MOSTE)


1986:

Status report on “Advances of Biotechnology in Agriculture”
submitted and accepted by NCGEB


1990:

Status report on “Needs to Develop Biosafety Guidelines in
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology” submitted and accepted
by NCGEB


1990:

Ad Hoc Biosafety Subcommittee to draft Guidelines in Genetic
Engineering and Biotechnology established under NCGEB


1991:

Ministry of Science, Technology and Energy (MOSTE) changed to
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MOSTE)


1991:

National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)
established and NCGEB changed to BIOTEC









1992: Ad Hoc Biosafety Subcommittee reinstated under NSTDA


June 1992: Final draft of Guidelines in Genetic Engineering and



Biotechnology completed and approved



The Earth Summit in Rio de Janerio, Brazil


January 1993: National Biosafety Committee (NBC) established by




NSTDA under BIOTEC


1993: NBC Subcommittees established


Institutional Biosefety Committees (IBCs) established


2000: Thailand Biodiversity Center (TBC) established under NSTDA


National Biosafety Policy Subcommittee established under TBC


Committee


NBC transferred from BIOTEC to TBC


GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL BIOSAFETY
GUIDELINE (NBF)



June 1992: Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)


The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development,


Agenda 21, etc


November 1995: COP
-
2 in Jakarta, Indonesia


Decision

II/
5
:

Consideration

of

the

need

for

and

modalities

of

a


protocol

for

the

safe

transfer,

handling

and

use

of



living

modified

organisms

(LMOs)



Open
-
ended Ad Hoc Working Group on Biosafety (BSWG)
Meetings, (1996
-
2000)




BSWG 1: Aarhus, Denmark, July 1996


BSWG 2: Montreal, Canada, May 1997


BSWG 3: Montreal, Canada, October 1997


BSWG 4: Montreal, Canada, February 1998


BSWG 5: Montreal, Canada, August 1998


BSWG 6: Cartagena, Colombia, February 1999


ExCOP 1: Vienna, Austria, September 1999


ExCOP 2: Montreal, Canada, January 2000




Intergovernmental Committee on Cartagena Protocol on
Biosafety (ICCP)




ICCP 1: Montpellier, France, December 2000



ICCP 2: Nairobi, Kenya, October 2001



ICCP 3: The Hague, The Netherlands, April 2002




National Biosafety Framework (NBF)




National Policy Framework




Institutional Framework




Technical Guidelines Framework




Regulatory Framework



National Policy Framework



Policy on Production



Policy on Human Resources and


Technical development



Policy on Biosafety Evaluation



Policy on Trade



Policy on Public Relations



Policy on Participation




Institutional Framework





National Biosafety Committee (NBC) (1)



NBC Subcommittees (9)



Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) (17)



NBC SUBCOMMITTEES


(Already established)



NBC Subcommittee on Plants



NBC Subcommittee on Microorganisms



NBC Subcommittee on Foods



NBC Subcommittee on Socioeconomic Issues


(To be established)



NBC Subcommittee on Livestocks and Feeds



NBC Subcommittee on Fisheries



NBC Subcommittee on Trade and Commerce



NBC Subcommittee on Legal Matters



NBC Subcommittee on Environment


INSTITUTIONAL BIOSAFETY COMMITTEES (IBCs)

(1993


2002)



Srinakharinwirot University (1993)


Kasetsart University (1993)


Chiang Mai University (1993)


Department of Agriculture (1994)


Chulaporn Research Institute (1997)


Mahidol University (1997)


Food and Drug Administration (1997)


Prince of Songkla University (1997)


Walailakh University (1997)


Khon Kaen University (1997)


King Mongkut University of Technology, Thonburi (1997)


National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (1998)


Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (1998)


Ajinomoto Co. (Thailand) (1998)


Department of Medical Science (1998)


Department of Fisheries (1999)


Suranaree University of Technology (2002)



Technical Guidelines Framework




Biosafety Guidelines in Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology for


Laboratory Work (1992)




Biosafety Guidelines in Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology for


Field Work and Planned Release (1992)




Guidelines in Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods (2001)




Guidelines for Field Trials of Transgenic Plants (1994)




Regulatory Framework




Competent National Authorities



Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety



Biosafety Clearing House (BCH) National


Focal Point



Cartagena Protocol National Focal Point



ICCP National Focal Point

Natl. Env. Com.

Chair
:

Secretary
:

CBD Subcom.

Chair
:

Secretary
:

Function
:

SBSTTA

Natl. Reports

Other CBD
-
related

matters

Universities:
CMU, KKU, KMUTT, KU,


MU, PSU, SUT, SWU, WU

Government Agencies:
DOA, DOF,




DOMS, FDA

Research Agencies:
BIOTEC, CRI, TISTR

Private Industry: Ajinomoto


Prime Minister

(Assigned Depy PM)


OEPP

MOAC Per. Sec. (NAREBI)

OEPP + TBC BIOTEC

17 Institutional Biosafety


Committees (IBCs)

OEPP

= CBD National Focal Point


TBC

= National Focal Point for

-

Cartagena Protocol

-

Intergovernmental Committee on Cartagena


Protocol on Biosafety (ICCP)

-

Biosafety Clearing House (BCH)


MOSTE


NSTDA


Com. on C & U of Biodiversity


Chair
: Assigned Depy PM

Secretary
:
Thailand Biodiversity



Center (TBC)


Natl. Biosafety Policy Subcom.


Natl. Biosafety Com.(NBC)


NBC Subcom. (9)


Natl. Competent


Authority

Plants


DOA, MOAC

Microorganisms
MOPH?

Food ( & Feed)
FDA, MOPH; DLD, MOAC

Socioeconomics
NGO

Livestock
DLD, MOAC

Fisheries
DOF, MOAC

Trade & Commerce
MOC

Environment
OEPP?

Law & Regulation
?

CBD

COPS

THANK YOU ALL!