Introduction to Firefox - ZEN Portfolios

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10/16/2009




A Beginner's Guide

|
Liu
, yep and Liu

T
EAM
S
UPERMACY

I
NTRODUCTION TO
F
IREFOX


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Table of Contents

Attribution

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Our Contribution

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Wikipedia

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Creative Commons

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Introduction

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History

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Version 2.0

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Version 3.0

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Version 3.5

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Future developments

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Version 3.
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Version 3.7

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Version 4.0

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Mozilla 2.0

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Future features

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Features

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Standards

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Security

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Portable versions

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System requirements

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64
-
bit builds

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Licensing

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Trademark and logo

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Advertising

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Market adoption

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Reception

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Performance

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Relationship with Google

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Response from Microsoft

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Net Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1

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Vulnerability statistics

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Expe
rt and media coverage

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Awards

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Resources

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References

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Attribution

All the content in this report, except for the Top Web Links section is from
Wikipedia
,
licensed under the Creative Commons Share
-
Alike 3.0
Imported

License (see below for an
overview of both Wikipedia and the Creative Commons). The following picture shows the
full license below (it is also set up as a hyperlink to the original web source for this license).


(wikipedia, 2009)

Figure
1



Wikipedia Creative Commons License

Our Contribution

We

have attempted to add extra value to the content by structuring it in an easy to read,
business report format and to add an informative “Top
Web Links” section. We have also
added an index to help you find what you are looking for. We hope you find it useful and
worth the $1 purchase price. We have prepared this report as part of a
MS Word 2007

for

BSYS 1000


Computer Applications

I that we are taking at the
British Columbia Institute of
Technology (B
CIT)
. All proceeds will go to student clubs within the
School of Business at
BCIT
.

Wikipedia

Wikipedia is a multilingual, Web
-
based, free
-
content
encyclopaedia

project based
mostly on anonymous contributions. The name “Wikipedia” is a portmanteau of the
words wiki (a type of collaborative Web site) and
encyclopaedia
. Wikipedia’s articles
provide links to guide the user to related pages with additional informatio
n.

Wikipedia is written collaboratively by an international (and mostly anonymous)
group of volunteers. Anyone with internet access can write and make changes to
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Wikipedia articles. There are no requirements to provide one’s real name when
contributing; ra
ther, each writer’s privacy is protected unless they choose to reveal
their identity themselves. Since its creation in 2001, Wikipedia has grown rapidly
into one of the largest reference web sites, attracting around 65 million visitors
monthly as of 2009.
There are more than 75,000 active contributors working on
more than 14,000,000 articles in more than 260 languages. As of today, there are
3,062,069 articles in English. Every day, hundreds of thousands of visitors from
around the world collectively make t
ens of thousands of edits and create thousands
of new articles to augment the knowledge held by the Wikipedia encyclopedia. (See
also: Wikipedia:Statistics.)

Creative Commons

Creative Commons (CC) is a non
-
profit organization devoted to expanding the range

of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share. The
organization has released several copyright
-
licenses known as Creative Commons
licenses. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve,
and which right
s they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators.

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Introduction

Mozilla Firefox is a free and open source web browser descended from the Mozilla
Application Suite and managed by Mozilla Corporation. Firefox has 23.75% of the recorded
usage shar
e of web browser
s as of September 2009[update], making it the second most
popular browser in terms of current use worldwide after Microsoft's Internet Explorer.[5]


To display web pages, Firefox uses the Gecko layout engine, which implement
s most current
web standards in addition to several features which are intended to anticipate likely
additions to the standards.[6]


Latest Firefox features[7] include tabbed browsing, spell checking, incremental find, live
bookmarking, a download manager,

private browsing, location
-
aware browsing (aka
"geolocation") based exclusively on a Google service[8] and an integrated search system
that uses Google by default in most localizations. Functions

can be added through add
-
ons,
created by
third
-
party developers,[9] of which there is a wide selection, a feature that has
attracted many of Firefox's users.


Firefox runs on various versions of Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux, and many other
Unix
-
like operating systems. Its current stable
release is version 3.5.3, released on
September 9, 2009[update].[10] Firefox's source code is free software, released under a tri
-
license GNU GPL/GNU LGPL/MPL.[11]



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History

The Firefox project began as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project by Dave

Hyatt
and Blake Ross. They believed the commercial requirements of Netscape's sponsorship and
developer
-
driven feature creep compromised the utility of the Mozilla browser.[12] To
combat what they saw as the Mozilla Suite's software bloat, they created a
stand
-
alone
browser, with which they intended to replace the Mozilla Suite. On April 3, 2003, the Mozilla
Organization announced that they planned to change their focus from the Mozilla Suite to
Firefox and Thunderbird.[13]


The Firefox project has undergo
ne several name changes. Originally titled Phoenix, it was
renamed because of trademark issues with Phoenix Technologies. The replacement name,
Firebird, provoked an intense response from the Firebird free database software
project.[14][15][16] In response
, the Mozilla

Foundation stated that the browser should
always bear the name Mozilla Firebird to avoid confusion with the database software.
Continuing pressure from the database server's development community forced another
change; on Febr
uary 9, 2004, Mozilla Firebird became Mozilla Firefox,[17] often referred to
as simply Firefox. Mozilla prefers that Firefox be abbreviated as Fx or fx, though it is often
abbreviated as FF.[18] The Firefox project went through many versions before 1.0 was

released on November 9, 2004. After a series of stability and security fixes, the Mozilla
Foundation released its first major update, Firefox version 1.5, on November 29, 2005.


Version 2.0

Main article: Mozilla Firefox 2


On October 24, 2006, Mozilla rel
eased Firefox 2. This version includes updates to the tabbed
browsing environment; the extensions manager; the GUI; and the find, search and software
update engines; a new session restore feature; inline spell checking; and an anti
-
phishing
feature which w
as implemented by Google as an extension,[19][20] and later merged into
the program itself.[21] In December 2007, Firefox Live Chat was launched. It allows users to
ask volunteers questions through a system powered by Jive Software, with guaranteed
hours o
f operation and the possibility of help after hours.[22

Version 3.0

Main article: Mozilla Firefox 3


Mozilla Firefox 3 was released on June 17, 2008,[23] by the Mozilla Corporation. Firefox 3
uses version 1.9 of the Mozilla Gecko layout engine for displayi
ng web pages. The new
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version fixes many bugs, improves standard compliance, and implements new web APIs.[24]
Other new features include a redesigned download manager, a new "Places" system for
storing bookmarks and history, and separate themes for differe
nt operating systems. The
latest version under 3.0 is Firefox 3.0.14.


Development stretches back to the first Firefox 3 beta (under the codename 'Gran
Paradiso'[25]) which had been released several months earlier on 19 November 2007,[26]
and was followed
by several more beta releases in spring 2008 culminating in the June
release.[27] Firefox 3 had more than 8 million unique downloads the day it was released,
setting a Guinness World Record.[28]

Version 3.5

Main article: Mozilla Firefox 3.5


Version 3.5, c
odenamed Shiretoko,

[29] adds a variety of new features to Firefox. Initially
numbered Firefox 3.1, Mozilla developers decided to change the numbering of the release
to 3.5, in order to reflect a significantly greater scope of changes than originally plann
ed.[30]
These changes include much faster performance thanks to a new JavaScript engine called
TraceMonkey and rendering improvements[31], and support for the <video> and <audio>
tags as defined in the HTML 5 specification, with a goal to offer video playb
ack without
being encumbered by patent issues associated with many video technologies.[32] Cross
-
site
XMLHttpRequests (XHR), which can allow for more powerful web applications and an easier
way to implement mashups, are also implemented in 3.5.[33] A new g
lobal JSON object
contains native functions to efficiently and safely serialize and deserialize JSON objects, as
specified by the ECMAScript 3.1 draft.[34] Full CSS 3 selector support has been added.
Firefox 3.5 uses the Gecko 1.9.1 engine, which includes
a few features that were not
included in the 3.0 release. Multi
-
touch support was also added to the release, including
gesture support like pinching for zooming and swiping for back and forward.[35] Firefox 3.5
also features an updated logo.[36] This versi
on of Firefox has had three updates since its
release. The first update, 3.5.1, was released on July 16, 2009, and solved some
vulnerabilities detected after the initial release. The second update, 3.5.2, was released on
July 29, 2009. The third update, 3.
5.3, was released on September 9, 2009 and is the latest
version currently available.



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Future developments

The "About Minefield" box from a typical nightly build of Minefield.


The precursory builds of upcoming Firefox releases are usually codenamed "Mine
field", as
this is the name of the trunk builds. Development on the Mozilla trunk (
Mozilla
-
central) is
currently directed towards Version 3.7.


Version 3.6


The release following Firefox 3.5 will be Firefox 3.6.[37] The codename for this version is
Namoroka, sometimes referred to as Firefox.

next.[38] Development

for this version started
on 1 December 2008,[39] and it is planned for release in November 2009.[40] This release
will use the new Gecko 1.9.2 rendering engine. The first

alpha of version 3.6 was released on
7 August 2009.[41] According to the current schedule, following Alpha 1 will be Beta 1
(October 21), Release Candidate 1, and then the final version of Firefox 3.6.[42]


Version 3.7


On July 17, 2009, Mozilla posted
mo
ck
-
up

designs for the Windows version of Firefox 3.7.
Updates include use of Aero glass effects on Windows Vista and 7.[43] Firefox 3.7 may be
released in May
-
June 2010, and use the Gecko 1.9.3 engine.[44] Mozilla made the nightly
builds available to downl
oad on the Mozilla FTP Server.[45][46]

Version 4.0


Firefox 4.0 has been tentatively scheduled to use the Gecko 1.9.4 rendering engine. It has
had preliminary UI
mock
-
ups

for Windows as a continuation of the ones for version 3.7.[47]
Mozilla's product road

map has dated the release of Firefox 4.0 for October
-

November
2010. The version will offer a new user interface and multi
-
touch gesture support.[48]

Mozilla 2.0


On October 13, 2006, Brendan Eich, Mozilla's Chief Technology Officer, wrote about the
plan
s for Mozilla 2. These changes include improving and removing XPCOM APIs, switching
to standard C++ features, just
-
in
-
time compilation with JavaScript 2 (known as the Tamarin
project), and tool
-
time and runtime security checks.[49][50] It has also been ann
ounced that
support for the Gopher protocol will be removed by default to lessen attack vectors,
although it has also been suggested that the protocol could be retained if someone were to
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implement Gopher support in a memory
-
safe programming language.[51]
However, it is
unclear which Firefox release will include Mozilla 2.

Future features


Mitchell Baker, Mozilla's former Chief Executive Officer, has spoken of the Mozilla
Foundation's plans to create a version of Firefox, codenamed Fennec, that will run rel
iably
on mobile phones, as well as a strategy for syncing content downloaded on a PC with mobile
handsets.[32][52]


Meanwhile, integral offline application support technology

similar to Gears

is also being
developed for Firefox. Baker has said that given t
he level of investment made in the web as
a platform, taking applications to the next level will require that they continue to work when
a computer is offline.[32]


Mozilla development team has also announced a project named "Electrolysis" to make
Firefox
multiprocess, similar to implementations done by Google

Chrome and Internet
Explorer 8.[53][54]



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Features

Main article: Features of Mozilla Firefox



* Latest Firefox features[7] include tabbed browsing, spell checking, incremental find, live
bookmarking, a download manager, private browsing, location
-
aware browsing (aka
"geolocation") based exclusively on a Google service[8] and an integrated searc
h system
that uses Google by default in most localizations. Functions can be added through add
-
ons,
created by third
-
party developers,[9] of which there is a wide selection, a feature that has
attracted many of Firefox's users.



* Firefox provides an e
nvironment for web developers in which they can use built
-
in tools,
such as the Error Console or the DOM Inspector, or extensions, such as Firebug.


Standards


Mozilla Firefox implements many web standards, including HTML, XML, XHTML,
MathML,
SVG 1.1 (partial),[68] CSS (with extensions[69]), ECMAScript (JavaScript), DOM, XSLT, XPath,
and (animated) PNG images with alpha transparency.[70] Firefox also implements standards
proposals created by the WHATWG such as client
-
side storage,[71][7
2] and canvas
element.[73]

The results of the Acid3 test on Firefox 3.5


Firefox passes the Acid2 standards
-
compliance test from version 3.0.[74] Firefox 3.5 does
not pass the Acid3 test; it scores 93/100. Firefox 3.6 alpha scores 94/100, 96/100 with
svg.s
mil.enabled, lacking only support for SVG fonts, of which an implementation is in the
works. It does not pass all the performance aspects of Acid3.[original research?]


Firefox also implements[63] a proprietary protocol[75] from Google called "safebrowsing
"
(used to exchange data related with "phishing and malware protection"), which is not an
open standard. Its inclusion may contradict the Mozilla Manifesto[76][original research?].

Security


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Firefox uses a sandbox security model,[77] and limits scripts fro
m accessing data from other
web sites based on the same origin policy.[78] It uses SSL/TLS to protect communications
with web servers using strong cryptography when using the HTTPS protocol.[79] It also
provides support for web applications to use smartcar
ds for authentication purposes.[80]


The Mozilla Foundation offers a "bug bounty
" to researchers who discover severe security
holes in Firefox.[81] Official guidelines for handling security vulnerabilities discourage early
disclosure of
vulnerabilities so as not to give potential attackers an advantage in creating
exploits.[82]


Because Firefox has fewer and less severe publicly known unpatched security vulnerabilities
than Internet Explorer (see Comparison of web browsers), improved secu
rity is often cited
as a reason to switch from Internet Explorer to Firefox.[83][84][85][86] The Washington Post
reports that exploit code for critical unpatched security vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer
was available for 284 days in 2006. In compariso
n, exploit code for critical security
vulnerabilities in Firefox was available for 9 days before Mozilla shipped a patch to remedy
the problem.[87]


A 2006 Symantec study showed that although Firefox had surpassed other browsers in the
number of vendor
-
con
firmed vulnerabilities that year through September, these
vulnerabilities were patched far more quickly than those found in other browsers.[88]
Symantec later clarified their statement, saying that Firefox still had fewer security
vulnerabilities than Inte
rnet Explorer, as counted by security researchers.[89] As of
September 9, 2009, Firefox 3.5 has one unpatched security vulnerability which is rated "not
critical" by Secunia.[90] Internet Explorer 8 has two unpatched security vulnerabilities,
where one is
rated "not critical" and the other "less critical" by Secunia.[91]



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Portable versions

See also: Portable application


There is a portable edition of Firefox for Windows, which can be used from a USB Flash
drive. This particular distribution makes it possi
ble to run Firefox (and many of its
extensions) on corporate/government networks in lieu of the default browser. This can be
especially helpful for any user who does not possess administrative rights

on the system
being used.



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System requirements


Browsers compiled from Firefox source code may run on various operating systems,
however officially distributed binaries are meant for: Microsoft Windows (Windows 2000,
Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 or Windows Vista), Mac OS X 10.4

(or later) and Linux
(with the following libraries installed: GTK+ 2.10 or higher, GLib 2.12 or higher, Pango 1.14
or higher, X.Org 1.0 or higher *or any TinyX server implementation*). Official minimum
hardware requirements are Pentium 233 MHz and 64 MB R
AM for Windows version or
Macintosh computer with an Intel x86 or PowerPC G3, G4, or G5 processor and 128 MB
RAM for Mac version.[92]


64
-
bit builds


As of Firefox 3.0, Mozilla does not have any official 64
-
bit builds available. However,
unofficial
third
-
party builds do exist for Windows.[93] In Linux, both vendor
-
backed
performance optimized stable 64
-
bit builds exist (such as for Novell
-
Suse Linux
, Red Hat
Linux, and Ubuntu Linux) in addition to unofficial "nightly builds"

(referred to as
Minefield).[94] Official 64
-
bit builds from Mozilla are being worked on for Windows[95] and
Mac.[96]



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Licensing


Firefox source code is free and open source software, and is tri
-
licensed under the Mozilla
Public License (MPL), GNU General

Public License (GPL), and the GNU Lesser General Public
License (LGPL).[11] These licenses permit anyone to view, modify, and/or redistribute the
source code, and several publicly released applications have been built on it; for example,
Netscape, Flock,
Miro, Iceweasel, and Songbird make use of code from Firefox.


In the past, Firefox was licensed solely under the MPL,[97] which the FSF criticizes for being
weak copyleft; the license permits, in limited ways, proprietary derivative works.
Additionally, co
de under the MPL cannot legally be linked with code under the GPL or the
LGPL.[98][99] To address these concerns, Mozilla re
-
licensed Firefox under the tri
-
license
scheme of MPL, GPL, and LGPL. Since the re
-
licensing, developers have been free to choose
th
e license under which they will receive the code, to suit their intended use: GPL or LGPL
linking and derivative works when one of those licenses is chosen, or MPL use (including the
possibility of proprietary derivative works) if they choose the MPL.[97]


Trademark and logo

See also: Mozilla Corporation software rebranded by the Debian

project

The generic globe logo used when Firefox is compiled without the official branding


The name "Mozilla Firefox" is a registered trademark; along with t
he official Firefox logo, it
may only be used under certain terms and conditions. Anyone may redistribute the official
binaries in unmodified form and use the Firefox name and branding for such distribution,
but restrictions are placed on distributions whi
ch modify the underlying source code.[100]


Mozilla not only forbids creating derivative works from Firefox logo (i.e. modifying it),[101]
but also strongly discourages creating independent, but similar logos.[102]


There has been some controversy over the

Mozilla Foundation's intentions in stopping
certain open source distributions from using the "Firefox" trademark. Former Mozilla CEO
Mitchell Baker explained in an interview in 2007 that distributions could freely use the
Firefox trademark if they did not

modify source
-
code, and that the Mozilla Foundation's only
concern was with users getting a consistent experience when they used "Firefox".[103]

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To allow distributions of the code without using the official branding, the Firefox source
code contains a "b
randing switch". This switch allows the code to be compiled without the
official logo and name, for example to produce a derivative work unencumbered by
restrictions on the Firefox trademark (this is also often used for alphas of future Firefox
versions).
In the unbranded compilation the trademarked logo and name are replaced with
a freely distributable generic globe logo and the name of the release series from which the
modified version was derived. The name "Deer Park" is used for derivatives of Firefox 1
.5,
"Bon Echo" for derivatives of Firefox 2.0, and "Gran Paradiso" is used for derivatives of
Firefox 3.0. The codename Minefield and a modified version of the generic logo stylized to
look like a bomb is used for unofficial builds of version 3.0 and later
, and for nightly builds of
the trunk.


Distributing modified versions of Firefox under the "Firefox" name requires explicit approval
from Mozilla for the changes made to the underlying code, and requires the use of all of the
official branding. For exampl
e, it is not permissible to use the name "Firefox" without also
using the official logo. When the Debian project decided to stop using the official Firefox
logo in 2006 (because of copyright restrictions on its use incompatible with the project's
guideline
s), they were told by a representative of the Mozilla Foundation that this was not
acceptable, and were asked either to comply with the published trademark guidelines or
cease using the "Firefox" name in their distribution.[104] Ultimately, Debian switched

to
branding their modified version of Firefox "Iceweasel
", along with other Mozilla software.



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Advertising


The rapid adoption of Firefox, 100 million downloads in its first year of availability,[105]
followed a series of aggressive mar
keting campaigns starting in 2004 with a series of events
Blake Ross and Asa Dotzler called "marketing weeks".[106]


On September 12, 2004,[107] a marketing portal dubbed "Spread Firefox" (SFX) debuted
along with the Firefox Preview Release, creating a cen
tralized space for the discussion of
various marketing techniques. The portal enhanced the "Get Firefox" button program, giving
users "referrer points" as an incentive. The site lists the top 250 referrers. From time to
time, the SFX

team or SF
X members launch marketing events organized at the Spread
Firefox website. As a part of the Spread Firefox campaign, there is an attempt to break the
world download record with the release of Firefox 3. The idea is to have the newest version
downloaded by
as many people as possible within a 24 hour time period.[108]


The "World Firefox Day" campaign started on July 15, 2006,[109] the third anniversary of
the founding of the Mozilla Foundation,[110] and ran until September 15, 2006.[111]
Participants
registered themselves and a friend on the website for nomination to have their
names displayed on the Firefox Friends Wall, a digital wall that will be displayed at the
headquarters of the Mozilla Foundation.


On February 21, 2008 in honor of reaching 500
million downloads, the Firefox community
celebrated by visiting FreeRice to earn 500 million grains of rice.[112]


Some of Firefox's contributors made a crop circle of the Firefox logo in wheat near
Unionvale, Oregon, near the intersection of Lafayette Hig
hway and Walnut Hill Road.[113]



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Market adoption

Usage share of web browsers (non
-
IE browsers):[5]


Firefox


Safari


Opera


Netscape


Mozilla


Chrome


Other

Main article: Market adoption of Mozilla Firefox

See also: Usage
share of web browsers

Firefox usage share by version



NetApplications.com, September 2009[114]

Firefox 1.0

0.04%

Firefox 1.5

0.14%

Firefox 2.0

1.24%

Firefox 3.0

9.62%

Firefox 3.5

12.65%

All versions[5]

23.75%


Mozilla Firefox's usage share has grown

for each growth period since inception, mostly at
the expense of Internet Explorer; Internet Explorer has seen a steady decline of its usage
share since Firefox's release. As of September 2009[update], according to NetApplications,
Firefox had 23.75% worl
dwide usage share of web browsers, making it the second most
-
used browser, after Internet Explorer.[5]


Downloads have continued at an increasing rate since Firefox 1.0 was released in November
2004, and as of July 31, 2009 Firefox has been downloaded over

one billion times.[115] This
number does not include downloads using software updates or those from third
-
party
websites.[116] They do not represent a user count, as one download may be installed on
many machines, one person may download the software mult
iple times, or the software
may be obtained from a third party. According to Mozilla, Firefox had more than 300 million
users as of June 2009[update].[117]

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Reception


Forbes.com called Firefox the best browser in a 2004 commentary piece,[118] and PC World
named Firefox "Product of the Year" in 2005 on their "100 Best Products of 2005" list.[119]
After the release of Firefox 2 and Internet Explorer 7 in 2006, PC World reviewed both and
declared that Firefox was the better browser.[120] Which? Magazine named
Firefox its
"Best Buy" web browser.[121] In 2008, CNET.com compared Safari, Chrome, Firefox, and
Internet Explorer

in their "Battle of the Browsers" in terms of performance, security, and
features, where Firefox was selected as a favorite.
[122]

Performance


In December 2005 Internet Week ran an article in which many readers reported high
memory usage in Firefox 1.5.[123] Mozilla developers said that the higher memory use of
Firefox 1.5 was at least partially due to the new fast
backwards
-
and
-
forwards (FastBack)
feature.[124] Other known causes of memory problems were malfunctioning extensions
such as Google Toolbar and some older versions of Adblock,[125] or plug
-
ins, such as older
versions of Adobe Acrobat Reader.[126] When PC M
agazine compared memory usage of
Firefox, Opera, and Internet Explorer, they found that Firefox used approximately as much
memory as the other two browsers.[127]


Softpedia also noted that Firefox 1.5 took longer to start up than other browsers,[128]
which

was confirmed by browser speed tests. IE 6 launches more swiftly than Firefox 1.5 on
Microsoft Windows since many of its components are built into Windows and are loaded
during system startup. As a workaround for the issue, a preloader application was cre
ated
that loads components of Firefox on startup, similar to Internet Explorer.[129] A Windows
Vista feature called SuperFetch performs a similar task of preloading Firefox if it is used
often enough.


Tests performed by PC World and Zimbra

indicate that Firefox 2 uses less memory than
Internet Explorer 7.[120][130] Firefox 3 uses less memory than Internet Explorer, Opera,
Safari, and Firefox 2 in tests performed by Mozilla, CyberNet, and The Browser
World.[131][132][133]

Relationship with Go
ogle


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The Mozilla Corporation's relationship with Google has been noted in the media,[134][135]
especially with regard to their paid referral agreement. The release of the anti
-
phishing
protection in Firefox 2 in particular raised considerable controversy:
[136] anti
-
phishing
protection enabled by default is based on a list updated by twice
-
hourly downloads to the
user's computer from Google's server.[137] The user cannot change the data provider
within the GUI,[138] and is not informed who the default data
provider is. The browser also
sends Google's cookie with each update request.[139] Some[who?] Internet privacy
advocacy groups have expressed concerns surrounding Google's possible uses of this data,
especially that Firefox's privacy policy states that Goo
gle may share information gathered
with "safebrowsing" service with third parties, including business partners.[140] Google also
promoted Mozilla Firefox through YouTube until the release of Google Chrome. Recently
Mozilla Security have assisted Google by
pointing out a security flaw in Google's Chrome
browser.


In 2005, the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation had a combined revenue of
US$52.9 million, with approximately 95 percent derived from search engine
royalties.[141][142] In 2006, the Mozilla
Foundation and Mozilla Corporation had a
combined revenue of US$66.9 million, with approximately 90 percent derived from search
engine royalties.[141][143] In 2007, the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation had a
combined revenue of US$75 million, wit
h 88 percent of this sum (US$66 million) from
Google.[144][145] Mozilla Foundation is being audited by the IRS and some[who?] believe
its non
-
profit status may be called into question.[144][146]

Response from Microsoft


Microsoft's head of Australian opera
tions, Steve Vamos, stated in late 2004 that he did not
see Firefox as a threat and that there was not significant demand for the feature set of
Firefox among Microsoft's users.[147] Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates has used Firefox, but
has commented that "s
o much software gets downloaded all the time, but do people
actually use it?"[148]


A Microsoft SEC filing on June 30, 2005 acknowledged that "competitors such as Mozilla
offer software that competes with the Internet Explorer Web browsing capabilities of
our
Windows operating system products."[149] The release of Internet Explorer 7 was fast
tracked, and included functionality that was previously available in Firefox and other
browsers, such as tabbed browsing and RSS feeds.[150]


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Despite the cold receptio
n from Microsoft's top management, the Internet Explorer
development team maintains a relationship with Mozilla. They meet regularly to discuss
web standards such as extended validation certificates.[151] In 2005 Mozilla agreed to allow
Microsoft to use it
s Web feed logo in the interest of common graphical representation of
the Web feeds feature.[152]


In August 2006, Microsoft offered to help Mozilla integrate Firefox with the then
-
forthcoming Windows Vista,[153] an offer Mozilla accepted.[154]


In October

2006, as congratulations for a successful ship of Firefox 2, the Internet Explorer 7
development team sent a cake to Mozilla.[155][156] As a nod to the browser wars, some
readers joked about the cake being poisoned, while others jokingly suggested that Mo
zilla
send a cake back along with the recipe, in reference to the open
-
source software
movement.[157] The IE development team sent another cake on June 17, 2008, upon the
successful release of Firefox 3.[158]


In November 2007, Microsoft employee Jeff Jone
s

criticized Firefox, claiming that Internet
Explorer experienced fewer vulnerabilities and fewer higher severity vulnerabilities than
Firefox in typical enterprise scenarios.[159] Mozilla developer Mike Shaver discounted the
study, citing Microsoft's bundl
ing of security fixes and the study's focus on fixes, rather than
vulnerabilities, as crucial flaws.[160]

Net Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1


In February 2009, Microsoft released Service Pack 1 for version 3.5 of the .NET Framework.
This update also installe
d Microsoft .NET Framework Assistant add
-
on (enabling ClickOnce
support).[161] The update received a moderate amount of media attention after users
discovered that the add
-
on could not be uninstalled through the add
-
ons interface.[162]
Several hours after
the website Annoyances.org posted an article regarding this update,
Microsoft employee Brad Abrams posted in his blog Microsoft's explanation for why the
add
-
on was installed, and also included detailed instructions on how to remove it.[163]

Vulnerability
statistics


Firefox security vulnerabilities have been patched relatively quickly. Symantec's Internet
Security Threat Report Vol. 10, based on data from the first half of 2006, reported that while
Firefox had more vulnerabilities than Internet Explorer du
ring that time period (47 vs. 38),
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Firefox's vulnerabilities were fixed on average one day after the exploit code was made
available, as compared to nine days for Internet Explorer.


Some have speculated that as Firefox becomes more popular, more vulnerabi
lities will be
found,[164] a claim that Mitchell Baker, president of the Mozilla Foundation, has denied:
"There is this idea that market share alone will make you have more vulnerabilities. It is not
relational at all."[165]

Expert and media coverage


The
United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US
-
CERT) stated in October 2004
that Internet Explorer's design makes it very difficult to secure. In contrast, almost none of
their concerns apply to Firefox.[166]



There are a number of significant vul
nerabilities in technologies relating to the IE
domain/zone security model, local file system (Local Machine Zone) trust, the Dynamic
HTML (DHTML) document object model (in particular, proprietary DHTML features), the
HTML Help system, MIME type determinat
ion, the graphical user interface (GUI), and
ActiveX... IE is integrated into Windows to such an extent that vulnerabilities in IE frequently
provide an attacker significant access to the operating system.


Some security experts, including Bruce Schneier[1
67] and David A. Wheeler,[168]
recommended that users should stop using Internet Explorer for normal browsing, and
switch to a different browser instead; Wheeler specifically recommended Firefox.


Several technology columnists have suggested the same, incl
uding Wall Street Journal
columnist Walter S. Mossberg,[83] Washington Post columnist Rob Pegoraro,[169] USA
Today’s Byron Acohido and Jon Swartz,[170] Forbes's Arik Hesseldahl,[171] eWEEK.com
Senior Editor Steven J. Vaughan
-
Nichols,[172] and Desktop Pipel
ine’s Scot Finnie.[173]

Awards


Mozilla Firefox has been given a number of awards by various organizations. These awards
include:


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* PC Magazine Editors' Choice, June 2008[174]


* CNET Editors' Choice, June 2008[175]


* PC World 100 Best Products

of 2008, May 2008[176]


* Webware 100 winner, April 2008[177]


* Webware 100 winner, June 2007[178]


* PC World 100 Best Products of 2007, May 2007[179]


* PC Magazine Editors' Choice, October 2006[180]


* CNET Editors' Choice, October 2006
[181]


* PC World's 100 Best Products of 2006, July 2006[182]


* PC Magazine Technical Excellence Award, Software and Development Tools category,
January 2006[183]


* PC Magazine Best of the Year Award, December 27, 2005[184]


* PC Pro Real World Award (Mozilla Foundation), December 8, 2005[185]


* CNET Editors' Choice, November 2005[186]


* UK Usability Professionals' Association Award Best Software Application 2005,
November 2005[187]


* Macworld Editor's Choice w
ith a 4.5 Mice Rating, November 2005[188]


* Softpedia User’s Choice Award, September 2005[189]


* TUX 2005 Readers' Choice Award, September 2005[190]


* PC World Product of the Year, June 2005[191]


* Forbes Best of the Web, May 2005[192]


* PC Magazine Editor’s Choice Award, May 2005[193]
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Resources

Here is a list of w
hat we feel are the top websites to help new users of Firefox get started.


Table 1


Top Web Sources
1



Top Web Source

Source

URL

Firefox 3 for developers

Mozilla

https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Firefox_3_for_developers

Mozilla.org
-

Home of the Mozilla
Project

Mozilla

https://www.mozilla.org/

Firefox News
--

Firefox.org

Firefox

http://firefox.org/news/

Firefox (1982)

Imdb

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0083943/

Mobile/FennecVision

Wiki.mozilla

https://wiki.mozilla.org/Mobile/FennecVision

Webware 100 Award Winner Firefox

Cnet

http://news.cnet.com/8301
-
13546_109
-
9729691
-
29.html

Is Firefox/Google Spying on Your News
Feeds? (Updat
e) | LegRoom.net

Legroom

http://legroom.net/node/483

Mozilla To Build Social Networking
Into Firefox: Bad News For Flock

Techcrunch

http://www.techcrunch.com/2007/04/03/mozilla
-
to
-
build
-
social
-
features
-
into
-
firefox
-
bad
-
news
-
for
-
flock/

The 100 Best Products of 2007

Pcwor
ld

http://www.pcworld.com/article/131935
-
5/the_100_best_products_of_2007.html

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A

administrative rights ∙ 13

B

browser ∙ 6

bug bounty ∙ 12

D

Debian ∙ 15

Development ∙ 9

E

Explorer ∙ 19

F

Functions ∙ 6

G

Google ∙ 10

I

Iceweasel ∙ 16

J

Jeff Jones ∙ 21

M

Mozilla ∙ 7

N

Novell
-
Suse Linux ∙ 14

S

SFX ∙ 17

Standards ∙ 11

Z

Zimbra ∙ 19




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