Transforming the Library to

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Nov 5, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Transforming the Library to

Cope with the

New Web Technology and

Social Challenges



Dr. Vivek Patkar

vnpatkar2004@yahoo.co.in


NACLIN 2007

New Delhi, Nov. 20
-
23, 2007

LIBRARY

RESOURCES

NEEDS

TECHNOLOGY

Library Development Drivers

Web Developments


Folksonomy & Social Tagging





Tagging by the users called ‘social tagging’ and
automated indexing technologies differ from the
traditional library practice of classification.




A well
-
evolved folksonomy through the
individual choices acts as a shared vocabulary
for the users.




Flickr and del.icio.us are the examples of
websites using folksonomic tagging

Web Developments
(2)


Wiki Sites

Development


Production of the material is taking
place through a collaborative mode.
(e.g. Wikipedia)



In the wake of Wiki development the
foundation principle of textual unity that
governs the bibliographic extraction is
shaken besides the quality assurance.


Web Developments
(3)


Web 2.0 & Library 2.0


Web 2.0 would promote users participation in
knowledge production & organisation.


Personalisation of the library web pages, blogs
and allowing users to add their reviews &
comments on the material in the library
catalogue set the new trend under Library 2.0
developments.


The library content management and services
become more user
-
driven in this model.

Social Expectations

Select new demands by


unemployed and entrepreneurs

(say for job opportunities and marketing)


students, housewives & surplus workers

(for career development options)


urban dwellers

(say for housing, legal and financial matters)


rural masses

(say for agriculture, health and welfare matters)


physically challenged & senior citizens
(say for privileges & facilities)


Emerging Challenges
(1)


Certainties of authenticated production
of knowledge are replaced by the
uncertainties of unregulated knowledge
production and dissemination.




Development of new approaches for


information management

Emerging Challenges
(2)


The emerging knowledge society, which
demands strict adherence to the
Copyright and IPR, finds their violations
facilitated by those very technologies
that shape this society.




Evolve new controlling methods using


the technology


Emerging Challenges
(3)


The Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 technologies
reduce intermediation by the library
professional for assuring quality.




Promote information literacy skills so


that users could discriminate


among the sources


Emerging Challenges
(4)


Knowledge is no longer associated with
knowing the truth (use value) alone;
it is more for the economic purpose
(exchange value) in the new post
-
industrial society.



Strategies to meet both the purposes


are to be developed

Emerging Challenges
(5)


The project of “Cosmopedia”, say an
extension of the Internet and Wikipedia,
envisages linking diverse resources like
museums, libraries, archives and others
for integrating the material on any topic.




Train online equivalent of the reference


librarian to manage such huge data


and guide the users

Emerging Challenges
(6)


The future generation of users would
demand more of total immersion
experience of the information (means
use of all physical senses in assimilating
information and knowledge).




Design the services incorporating


these needs

Emerging Challenges
(7)


To deal with the information overload
problem the ranking or relevance
weight of the information would have to
be provided.



To go beyond metadata and perform


content analysis, data mining, text


mining and web mining to serve the


user


Emerging Challenges
(8)


To reduce the
fluency

divide

between
those who passively consume
information and those who have skills
to organise and apply information.



To organise IT training for different


sections of the society employing


innovative methods


Emerging Challenges
(9)


Second career building, self
-
renewal,
management of special purpose library
and business intelligence organisation,
would be needed by the library
professionals.



To start suitable part
-
time or distance


education courses

Library Types


Academic Library:


University (higher learning & research oriented)


College (examination oriented)


School (general knowledge oriented)


Public Library:


National (depository type)


State Central (depository type)


Municipal (general reading purpose)


Privately run (objective driven)


Corporate or Institutional Library:


Private sector (research & development, need based)


Public sector (general and need based)


Special Library:


Subject or area research (specific purpose)


Special groups (e.g. blind persons, small kids)

SWOT Analysis

Strengths:

-

Inf. organization skills

-

Preservation experience

-

Services innovation

Weaknesses:

-

Gate
-
keeping image

-

Poor collection

Opportunities:

-

Global access to information

-

Integrated/Holistic services

-

Ease in networking

Threats:

-

Financial crunch

-

Declining patronage

-

Skill obsolescence

-

Isolated entity

A1:
----------

A2:
----------

A3:
----------

A4:
----------

A5:
----------

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

Library Resources

Knowledge
Hub Needs

N6

N7

Transformation

Process
ε

{new skills,


cyber
-
infrastr.,


networking,


expert help,…}

A Conceptual Model for Transformation

N8

Participatory Techniques


Analytical Hierarchy Process


Interpretive Structural Modelling


Critical Systems Heuristics


Generic Design Science


Compromise Programming


ZOPP
-

Zielovienterte Projektplanung
(Objective
-
Oriented Project Planning)


Soft Operations Research



Situation Analysis

Loss of
users

New
needs
not met


Users do not
visit


Membership
drop


Obsolet
e
collectio
n


No new
service


Poor
infrastr
-
ucture


Outdated
skills

New needs
not
perceived

Existing
Situation


Effects

Core Problem


Causes


Roots


Objective Analysis

Users have
a better
image of the
library/K.C.

New
services to
be given


More users
footprints

More use of
collection


Infrastru
.
upgrade
d

New
demand
s met


Internet
service
given


Staff skills
upgraded

Needs are
surveyed
regularly

Future
situation


Indicators

Core Objective

Results

Activities

New Services


Document evaluation


Comprehensive referencing


Translation (technical and general)


Career guidance


Fine arts appreciation programmes


Meet the author/poet programmes


Contact of experts in different fields


Organising discussions and suitable
events using the library collection

Pertinent Skills


Records Management


Content Analysis & Content
Management


Text Mining, Data Mining, Web Mining


Open Archive Building


Geo
-
informatics
[particularly, Remote Sensing & GIS]


Infometrics & Webometrics


Technology Management


Soft Skills

Transforming the library to harness
new Web technologies and address
emerging societal needs is the key
to sustain its relevance