The Pledge of Allegiance Unit

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Nov 10, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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The Pledge of Allegiance Unit

By Kathleen Marcoux


My lesson unit theme for this class is on
The Pledge of Allegiance. I feel that it is
important to teach students about the
Pledge of Allegiance because it teaches
them a sense of citizenship. A unit on this
theme would include lessons in Social
Studies, Language Arts, Math, Technology,
Music, and Art. These lessons would be
considered Civics and Government lessons
for first grade students. The ability to recite
the “Pledge of Allegiance” and explain its
general meaning is listed in the MA
Curriculum Frameworks 1st Grade
Standards of United States Leaders,
Symbols, Events, and Holidays.

Guiding Question:

How does the “Pledge of
Allegiance” define what it means
to be an American?


Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in August of
1892. At that time, he was a chairman of a committee of state
superintendents of education in the National Education
Association. His Pledge was first published in The Youth's
Companion. This was a magazine similar to The Reader’s
Digest. It was designed to attract families, not only children.

In 1892, Francis Bellamy was in charge of organizing a plan
for the public schools' celebration for Columbus Day. He
designed the agenda of this celebration around a flag raising
ceremony which included a flag salute. The flag salute was
his Pledge of Allegiance. This is how the original Pledge was
written:

“I pledge allegiance to my Flag and (“to” was added in
October of 1892) the Republic for which it stands, one nation,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

August 1892 (22 words)

“I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it
stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

October 1892

“I pledge allegiance to my Flag and to (“to” was added) the
Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty
and justice for all.”

1924

“I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America
(“my Flag ” was replaced with “to the Flag of the United States of
America” ) and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

1954 (31 words)

“I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America
and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, under God
( “under God” was added) indivisible, with liberty and justice for
all.”

What do the words mean?


Pledge


promise

Allegiance



loyalty, devotion

Republic



a kind of government where people vote and
elect their leaders

Indivisible



not able to be divided, sticking together

Liberty



freedom

Justice



fair treatment

The Colors of the flag:


Red stands for:

Bravery

White stands for:

Liberty

Blue stands for:

Justice

The Pledge of Allegiance

(Grade 1)

ELA

ARTS

SCIENCE

SOCIAL

STUDIES

MATH

Materials used to make flag

Count words of Pledge

Count stars and stripes on flag

Shapes/patterns

Graphing

Who created the Pledge

Where was it created

When was it created

How has it changed through


time

What does it say

about people

Write a Class Pledge

Read a Book

Create a Book

Create Picture Book

Spelling/Language

Dramatic enactment

Placemats

Weaving

Centerpieces

Hats

Singing

TECHNOLOGY

Online activities

Create PP Slideshow

Webquest

KidPix


Make a flag

Research flag online

Lesson Plans for Unit

Lesson 1


SS & Language Arts

Lesson 2


SS & Arts

Lesson 3


SS & Math

Lesson 4


SS, Music, & Technology

Lesson 5


SS & Technology

Lesson 1:

Connection to Social Studies and Language Arts


I will begin with a brief history of our Pledge by
reading a Scholastic book to the students. Next I
will explain the important words from “The Pledge of
Allegiance” and we will put these words on our word
wall in our classroom.


(pledge, allegiance, republic, indivisible, liberty, and
justice)


Students will complete a matching worksheet that I
will create for them about the important terms that
they recite when saying the Pledge of Allegiance.


Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework

Grade 1 Learning Standards

United States Leaders, Symbols, Events, and Holidays


1.1 On a map of the United States, locate Washington, D.C. and identify it as the
capital of the United States of America; locate Boston and identify it as the capital
of Massachusetts.

1.3 Identify and explain the meaning of American national symbols.

a. The American Flag b. The Bald Eagle c. The White House d. The Statue of
Liberty

1.4 Demonstrate the ability to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, to explain its
general meaning, and to sing national songs such as America the Beautiful, My
Country, ‘tis of Thee, God Bless America, and The Star Spangled Banner and
explain the general meaning of the lyrics.


Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Framework


General Standard 4: Vocabulary and Concept Development

4.8 Determine meanings of words by using a beginning dictionary.

General Standard 7: Beginning Reading

7.4 Demonstrate understanding of the various features of written English.

General Standard 8: Understanding a Text

8.5 Retell important facts from a text heard or read.

8.10 Restate main ideas.


Lesson 2:

Connection to Social Studies and Arts


Students will design a flag to represent themselves.
I will post these flags outside the classroom on a
colorful bulletin board. I will provide the handout
from the website.


http://members.enchantedlearning.com/usa/flags/blank/flag.shtml?p


Lesson 2:

Connection to Social Studies and Arts


Massachusetts Arts Curriculum Framework

Standard 1: Methods, Materials, and Techniques


1.1 Use a variety of materials and media, and understand how to use them to
produce different visual effects.

1.2 Create artwork in a variety of two
-
dimensional (2D) and three
-
dimensional (3D)
media.

1.4 Learn to take care of materials and tools and to use them safely.


Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework

Grade 1 Learning Standards

United States Leaders, Symbols, Events, and Holidays


1.1 On a map of the United States, locate Washington, D.C. and identify it as the
capital of the United States of America; locate Boston and identify it as the capital
of Massachusetts.

1.3 Identify and explain the meaning of American national symbols.

a. The American Flag b. The Bald Eagle c. The White House d. The Statue of
Liberty

Lesson 3:

Connection to Social Studies and Math (Graphing)



I redesigned a worksheet called “Flo’s Flags” from
The Mailbox, June/July 2006 Edition to suit the
needs of a first grade student. The original
worksheet was designed to have the students count
by 3’s. I thought that might be hard for student’s
that have not mastered the skill of skip counting.


Lesson 3:

Connection to Social Studies and Math (Graphing)


Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework

Grade 1 Learning Standards

United States Leaders, Symbols, Events, and Holidays


1.1 On a map of the United States, locate Washington, D.C. and identify it as the
capital of the United States of America; locate Boston and identify it as the capital
of Massachusetts.

1.3 Identify and explain the meaning of American national symbols.


Massachusetts Mathematics Curriculum Framework

Number Sense and Operations


Learning Standard K.N.7 Use objects and drawings to model and solve related
addition and subtraction problems to ten.


Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability


K.D. 1 Collect, sort, organize, and draw conclusions about data using concrete
objects, pictures, numbers, and graphs.

2.D.3 Organize, classify, represent, and interpret data using tallies, charts, tables,
bar graphs, pictographs, and Venn diagrams; interpret the representations.

Lesson 4:

Connection to Social Studies and Music (Technology
also)



I will begin the lesson by reading a story about
The
Star Spangled Banner

by Red, White, Blue, and
Uncle Who? Students will learn
The Star Spangled
Banner

and other patriotic songs online. I will advise
the students that the words to these songs will be
displayed on the website.


http://my.homewithgod.com/heavenlymidis/USA/


Lesson 4:

Connection to Social Studies and Music (Technology also)


Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework


Grade 1 Learning Standards

United States Leaders, Symbols, Events, and Holidays

1.4 Demonstrate the ability to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, to explain its general meaning, and to sing
national songs such as America the Beautiful, My Country, ‘tis of Thee, God Bless America, and The Star
Spangled Banner and explain the general meaning of the lyrics.


Massachusetts Arts Curriculum Framework

Standard 1: Singing

1.1 Sing independently, maintaining accurate intonation, steady tempo, rhythmic accuracy, appropriately
-
produced sound (timbre), clear diction, and correct posture.

1.2 Sing expressively with appropriate dynamics, phrasing, and interpretation.

1.3 Sing from memory a variety of songs representing genres and styles from diverse cultures and
historical periods.



Massachusetts Recommended PreK
-
12 Instructional Technology Standards

Standard 1: Demonstrate proficiency in the use of computers and applications as well as an
understanding of concepts underlying hardware, software, and connectivity.

1.1 Develop basic skills for using hardware and applications.

1.7 Collaborate with classmates to use teacher
-
selected Web sites.


Standard 2: Demonstrate responsible use of technology and an understanding of ethics and safety issues
in using electronic media.

2.1 Follow classroom rules for responsible use of computers.

2.2 Develop understanding of the school’s rules for safe and ethical Internet use.

2.4 Develop understanding of how the computer is a tool for learning.


Lesson 5:

Connection to Geography and Technology


Students will go online and play a game similar to
concentration. This game will help understand the
reasons for variation in different flags around the
world. It will also help them develop mouse usage
skills.


http://funschool.kaboose.com/globe
-
rider/games/game_flag_bricks.html

Lesson 5:

Connection to Geography and Technology


Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework

Grade 1 Learning Standards

United States Leaders, Symbols, Events, and Holidays


1.1 On a map of the United States, locate Washington, D.C. and identify it as the
capital of the United States of America; locate Boston and identify it as the capital
of Massachusetts.

1.3 Identify and explain the meaning of American national symbols.


Massachusetts Recommended PreK
-
12 Instructional Technology Standards


Standard 1: Demonstrate proficiency in the use of computers and applications as
well as an understanding of concepts underlying hardware, software, and
connectivity.

1.1 Develop basic skills for using hardware and applications.

1.7 Collaborate with classmates to use teacher
-
selected Web sites.


Standard 2: Demonstrate responsible use of technology and an understanding of
ethics and safety issues in using electronic media.

2.1 Follow classroom rules for responsible use of computers.

2.2 Develop understanding of the school’s rules for safe and ethical Internet use.

2.4 Develop understanding of how the computer is a tool for learning.

Red, White, Blue, and Uncle Who? The Stories behind Some
of America’s Patriotic Symbols

By Teresa Bateman



The Pledge of Allegiance

By Scholastic, Inc.


The Flag We Love

By Pam Munoz Ryan

Click on:
http://my.homewithgod.com/heavenlymidis/USA/anthem.html

Read words and sing the “
Star Spangled Anthem



Click on:
http://my.homewithgod.com/heavenlymidis/USA/land.html

Read words and sing “
This Land is Your Land



Click on:
http://my.homewithgod.com/heavenlymidis/USA/grandflag.html

Read words and sing ”
You’re a Grand Ole Flag



Click on:
http://my.homewithgod.com/heavenlymidis/USA/country.html

Read words and sing “
My Country Tis of Thee



Click on:
http://my.homewithgod.com/heavenlymidis/USA/beautiful.html

Read words and sing “
America the Beautiful



Flag Puzzle Game

http://www.surfnetkids.com/games/flag
-
js.htm

American Flag Concentration Puzzle

http://www.surfnetkids.com/games/flag
-
c.htm


American Games

http://www.surfnetkids.com/games/American_Games/


Video of the Meaning

http://edcommunity.apple.com/ali/story.php?itemID=115


Printables

http://members.enchantedlearning.com/usa/flags/blank/flag.shtml?p

http://members.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/books/julyfourth/Flag.shtml

http://members.enchantedlearning.com/books/geography/usflag/USFlag
-
EnchantedLearning.pdf

http://members.enchantedlearning.com/usa/flags/massachusetts/massachusettsflag.shtml?p

http://www.first
-
school.ws/activities/shapes/general/bookmark_pledge.htm

http://www.teachervision.fen.com/tv/printables/pledge.pdf


I pledge allegiance to the
Flag of the United States of
America and to the Republic
for which it stands, one
nation, under God
indivisible, with liberty and
justice for all.

Oh, say can you see, by the dawn's early light,

What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?

Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,

O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?

And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,

Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.

O say, does that star
-
spangled banner yet wave

O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?


Written by: Francis Scott Key in 1814

Listen:
http://www.bcpl.net/~etowner/anthem.html

When the Pledge of Allegiance was written?

Who wrote the Pledge of Allegiance?

How many words were in the first Pledge?

How many words are in the Pledge now?

How many stars are on our flag?

How many stripes are on our flag?

Why are there that many stripes?

How many red stripes?

How many white stripes?

How many stars were on the first flag?

What does the color red stand for?

What does the color white stand for?

What does the color blue stand for?

1892

Francis Bellamy


22

31

50

13

They represent the original 13 colonies.

7

6

13 in a circle to represent the union.


Bravery, valor and hardiness


Liberty, purity and innocence

Vigilance, perseverance, and justice.