# B-TECH Civil - Limits College

Mechanics

Oct 24, 2013 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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1

B
-
TECH CURRICULUM

In

CIVIL

Affiliated with B
.
Z
U
niversity Multan

The Limit College
o
f Engineering & Technology
SAHIWAL

2

SCHEME OF STUDIES OF B. TECH (PASS)

Electrical
Power Technology

Name of subject

Code

T

P

C

Communication skill

BCS
-
112

2

0

2

Mathematics

B. Math
-
112

2

0

2

Islami
y
at

BIP
-
111

1

0

1

B
CH
-
113

2

3

3

Highways, railways, airports and bridge
construction

B
CH
-
123

2

3

3

Soil mechanics and foundation engineering

B
CH
-
13
3

2

3

3

Theory of structure
-
1

B
CH
-
143

2

3

3

Concrete technology and R.C.C.

B
CH
-
15
3

2

3

3

Fluid mechanics

BCH
-
163

2

3

3

Projects report

B
CH
-
172

0

6

3

3

BCS
-
112 COMMUNICATION SKILL

Objectives

i)

To understand the importance and basic concepts of communication.

ii)

To enhance the listening skills and to become active listener.

iii)

To enhance the
reading skills and to become active listener.

iv)

To improve the writing skills in general.

Description

This course is based upon lectures, group discussion, case studies and practice
session.

Contents

1)

Introduction to communication

Importance, theories, barriers, components

2)

The seven C’s for effective communication.

3)

Listening skills

Blocks, thinking and feeling

Notes taki
n
g

Giving feedback

4)

5)

Introd
uction to writing skills

Planning

Drafting and editing

Emphasis and connection

6)

Grammar and vocabulary

Constructing formal sentences

Text books

McGraw
-
1, Murphy H.

A Hildebrandt H. W and Thomas J. Effective business
communication Hill (Latest Edition)

4

B. Math 112 Mathematics

Objectives

i)

To review the knowledge and
practice

the skill acquired in diploma
courses.

ii)

To understand the concept and use of different equat
ion.

iii)

To learn
different

methods to solve differential equations.

iv)

To understand the concept of complex numbers and their application.

Description

The course aims at the learning of different mathematics skills and their
application in solving technical
problems.

Contents

1.

Trigonometry: plane trigonometry, solution of triangles, trigonometric
equation.

2.

Algebra: Revision of the solution of quadratic equations, reducible to the
quadratic forms. Cube root unity. Relation between roots and coefficient of
quadratic equation. The discriminant, nature of roots, writing equation from
the roots. Simultaneous quadratic equation, cubic equation, graphic method,
partial fraction, revision of A.P and G.P, definition of H.P, Arithmetic,
geometric and harmonic means,

mixed progression, approximation with the
help of binomial theorem.

3.

Function: Exponential and logarithmic function,
hyperbolic

and inverse
hyperbolic functions, relation between circular and hyperbolic functions.

4.

Determinants and matrices: Determinants, s
imple properties and their
application to solution of system of equations, algebra of matrices and their
application to solution of system of equations.

5.

Complex numbers: Argand diagram, operation with complex numbers, and
their geometrical interpretations,

demoiver’s theorem (Proof for rational
index only), trigonometric and hyperbolic functions of complex variables.

6.

Coordinate geometry: Revision of the equation of straight line, angle between
two straight lines, distance of a point from straight line, equa
tion of

a circle,
parabola and ellipse, hyperbola, definition equations, asymptotes, si
m
ple
properties of the parabola ellipse, and hyperbola, solid geometry of line, plane
and sphere.

7.

Differential
calculus
: Function limit, different coefficients, differen
tiation of
simple algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and hyperbolic
functions, rule of differentiation, partial differentiation,
T
aylor’s and
machlaurin theoriem, and the deduction of binomial exponential and
logarithmic series and expansio
ns

of sinx cosx.

5

8.

Integral
calculus: Integration as inverse of differentiation, fundamental
formulae of integration, general rules, integration by substitution and by
parts, use of partial fraction,
define

integration, double integration.

9.

Application of ca
lculus: Slope of curve maxima and minima, small increments
and errors, length of an
area
, area under curve, areas of surfaces and volume
of solids of revolution, theorem of pappus and gulidinus, centroid, velocity,
acceleration,
momentum, a rotating body,
moment of inertia, theorem of
parallel and perpendicular axes, mean and root mean square values, curvature

10.

Differential equations: First order and first degree, linear equation of second
order with constant coefficients, operator,
complementary function and
partial integral.

11.

Vector: Addition and subtraction of vectors, scalar and vector products,
differentiation

and integration of vectors.

Reference books

1.

Calculus

and analytic geometry by Thomas latest edition.

2.

Modern algebra and t
rigonometry by S.M. Yousaf.

6

BCH
-
t
ruction

Objectives

i)

To develop and understanding of surveying and leveling theory and
practice.

ii)

To produce an ability to translate survey information for design and
construction
purpose.

iii)

To develop a skill in the use of survey instruments.

Description

The course provides an overview of surveying and leveling practice and
demonstrates an understanding of area control by theodolite and compass. It
explains the methods of establishi
ng the contours of an area by field exercise. It
includes exercises in setting out and controlling complex construction works.

Contents

1.

Survey instruments: Study and use of conventional surveying instruments and
EDM devices.

2.

Triangulation and traversing:
Station selecti
o
n, base line measurement,
computatio
n
s, adjustment, plotting and detailing of triangulation/
trilateral

schemes, total station GPS.

3.

Leveling:
o
rdinary level leveling, precise leveling, profile
leveling, errors and
connection in leveling, plo
tting longitudinal and cross section of leveling.
Trigonometric leveling.

4.

Tachometry
: System of tachometry, application of
tachometry

in surveying,
computation.

5.

Setting out curves: Setting out curves (horizontal, vertical, transitional),
demarcation of bui
ldings and
bridges
, sewer lines, rout lines, tu
n
nel etc.

6.

Base line measurement: Importance, methods, and equipment for base line.

7.

Hydrographic surveying: Introduction to hydrographic surveying, sounding
methods.

8.

u
ndation for walls a
nd piers. Load bearing walls in brick
and masonry construction, composite walls, cavity construction, concrete framed
structures, panel walls and external finishes. Reinforced concrete, material in roof
and floor construction and floor finishes. Internal w
alls and partitions, surface of
walls and ceiling. Fire resistant construction. Tunnels and coffer dams
construction. Formwork for shells. Use of Gabion walls.

Practical’s

1.

Prismatic compass traversing

2.

Plotting and figures

for closing error.

3.

Plane table traversing, picking up details by radiation and intersection
methods.

7

4.

Solution of three point problem by field operation.

5.

Contouring and contour plotting.

6.

Measurement of horizontal angle by
repetition

and
reiteration

methods.

7.

Measurement of ver
tical angle.

8.

Height of inaccessible point by field operation and computation.

9.

Theodolite traversing and triangulation.

10.

Precise leveling.

11.

Techeometry

12.

Setting out curves by instrument and linear off set method.

13.

Base line measurement.

Reference books

1.

Plain
and geodetic surveying Vol. I and Vol. II by David Clark.

2.

Surveying and leveling Part I and Part II by T.P. Kanetkar

3.

Surveying

by A Bannister and S. Raymond.

8

BCH 123 HIGHWAYS, RAILWAYS, AIRPORTS

AND BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION

Objectives

i)

To develop and understa
nding of the fundamentals of Highway geometry
and to apply it in the design of highways and Railways.

ii)

To produce an ability to use the survey works in the development of layout
of highways and railways.

Description

This course introduce the road standard
s and specifies geometric design of highway
elements. It provides recommendation for the layout of junctions and roundabouts.

Contents

1.

NHA, AASHTO and road Note 31, recommendation for the design of roads
regarding:

i)

Design parameters

ii)

Cross
sectional elements of roads such as lane widths, shoulder width,
median width, edge clearance, ROW (Right of Way) requirements, sigh
distances etc.

iii)

iv)

v)

Vertical and horizontal alignment.

2.

Geometric Design:

Geometric aspects of highways, design of transportation layout of circular,
transitional and vertical curves.

3.

Intersections:

Channelization and islands, parking spaces, roundabouts, junctions and
intersections, pedestrian facilities.

4.

Drainage and Protection:

Surface and
sub
-
surface

drainage and proper sub
-
-
surface drainage, drainage structures
of the required capacity for cross drainage.

5.

Railways:

Track structure, railwa
y alignment and grades, cross section of railway tracks
and
their layout
, points and crossing, level crossing, stations and type of
stations, different yards and sheds, interlocking.

6.

Airports:

Introduction, factor affecting site selection and layout of air
port with respect
of geographical, aeronautical, political and economical conditions wheel load

9

of different aircrafts, introduction to pavements and typical cross sections,
introduction to layout of airport building.

7.

Bridge construction:

Investing site se
lecting, surveying the area, preparation of survey plan,
hydraulics of stream crossing, fixing discharge of stream, fixing the waterway
of the bridge, determination of depth of scour (Lacy’s formula) and
foundation, free board and other criteria, width
of
-
beam bridges, arch bridges,
p
i
ers and abutments, joints.

Practicals

1.

Drawing

of roads and railway in cutting and fillings.

2.

Exercise in drawing layouts of intersections and
rounda
bout
.

3.

Drawing sheet showing plans and profiles of a roads.

4.

Drawing sheet showing general layout of airport building.

5.

Details of different rail fastening.

6.

Exercise for provision of containment, transition curves and
and re
-
alignment
of curves.

Reference
Books:

1.

Highway
engineering

by C. H. Ogelsby.

2.

Railways, bridges and tunnels by S.K. Sharma

3.

Railway
engineering by Rangwala

4.

Roads, railways, bridges and tunnels by Deshpande.

5.

Bridge calculation and design by D.H. Hill.

10

Bch 133 Soil Mechanics and
Foundation Engg.

Objectives

1.

To develop a basic understanding of the composition, classification, structure
and properties of soil.

2.

To obtain knowledge of application of Soil Mechanics in Civil
Engineering

works.

3.

To acquire the laboratory skills required fo
r testing and to determine soil
properties.

Description

Soil classification methods, fundamental soil properties and standard laboratory
tests are
included

in the course contents. The course contains Site Exploration
Techniques

and Standard practices.
It p
repares

the basis of foundation and
highway

design.

Contents

1.

Introduction
: Definition of soil mechanics, importance of soil mechanics in
design of civil engineering projects, principle properties of soil
i.e.

natural
moisture content, density specific grav
ity, void ratio, porosity, degree of
saturation and volumetric and weight relationships. Numerical relating to
these relations.

2.

Index properties of soil: Specific gravity, sieve analysis and hydrometer
analysis (Grain size distribution), consistency of soi
l and atterberg limits.

3.

Identification and classification of soil: Field classification tests of soil (dry
strength, dilatancy test, plasticity test, dispersion test.) Classification of soil,
purpose of soil classification, grain size, textural, PRA, UNIFI
ED soil
classification.

4.

Compaction: Definition of compaction, moisture
-
density

relationships
, types
of compaction, standard and modified proctor compaction tests,
determination of field dry
density

and compaction control in the field, factors
affecting com
paction.

5.

Permeability: Definition of permeability, darey’s law, relation
between
seepage velocity and average velocity, factors affecting permeability,
determination of co
-
efficient of permeability by laboratory and field methods
and numerical relating to
these.

6.

Soil exploration: Soil exploration, methods of exploration and sampling.

11

7.

Shear strength: Elementary introduction to shear strength of soil and diagram.
Determination of shear strength by shear box and unconfined compression
tests. Introduction to
triaxial test.

8.

Earth pressure: Active and passive earth pressure, Raukine’s theory of earth
pressure.

9.

Stresses in soil: Effective stress, pore water pressure, total stresses, stress
from surface loads, and stress influence charts/diagrams and their uses.

10.

F
oundation: Types
of foundations
, selection and types of foundation and
depth of foundation.

Practicals:

1.

Determination of moisture content of given soil sample.

2.

Determination
of

specific gravity of given soil sample.

3.

Sieve analysis

4.

Hydrometer analysis.

5.

Pro
ctor’s compaction and modified compaction test.

6.

Determination of liquid limit.

7.

Determination of plastic limit.

8.

Determination of field dry
density

by core cutter method.

9.

Determination of field dry density by sand replacement method.

Reference books

1.

Fundamen
tal of soil mechanics by D.W Taylor.

2.

Soil mechanics by A.R Jumikis.

3.

Soil Mechanics by M.J. Smith.

4.

Soil
Testing

for
engineers

by T.W Lambe

5.

Soil Mechaics by Dr. B.C. Punmia.

12

BCH 143 THEORY OF STRUCTURE

Objective

1.

To develop the understanding of the
behavior of determinate structures with
reference to beams and frames.

2.

To develop the concepts of mechanics
of

deformed bodies. To calculate
internal forces and deformation and to establish the intensity of each as a

Description

The course presents an understanding of the behavior of various forms of structure
including deflection in beams and deformation in different structures.

Contents

1.

Resistive forces

Types
of

loads, beams, supports, and reactions. The construction of shearin
g
force and
bending

moment diagrams for determinate beams under different

2.

Deflection of beams

Concepts of elastic curve and curvature diagram of the linearly elastic
integrati
on and moment area method.

3.

Stability and determinacy of structures:

Equation of equilibrium, support reactions and concept of free body diagram
of a cut section of a structure. Static stability of rigid frames and pin jointed
structures. Analysis of determ
inate beams trusses and frames.

4.

Strain energy:

Basic approaches
of

equilibrium and energy methods. Strain energy due to
direct stresses, shear, bending and suddenly applied load. Principle of strain
energy. Virtual work and
Castiglione’s

theorem

for deter
mination of elastic
deformation in structures.

5.

Influence line diagram:

Concept of influence line diagrams for statically determinate structures and its
application to simple structures to calculate maximum reaction, shear force
and bending moments for movi
ng loads. Influence line diagram for different
members of framed structure.

6.

Struts:

and empirical formulas.

Practicals

1.

Solution of typical frames by statically and
graphical methods.

13

2.

Drawing B.M and S.F Diagrams for traveling loads.

3.

Practical examples in drawing influence lines.

4.

Solution of some problems regarding struts.

5.

Making of joints by welding and riveting.

6.

Plotting

Maxwell’s diagram.

Reference books

1.

Mechanics

of Material by Benham and Warnock.

2.

Strength of material by F.L. Singer.

3.

Theory of structure by Timoshenko and D.H. Young.

14

BCH 153 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY & R.C.C

Objectives

1.

To develop an understanding of the composition and
behavior

of plain and
reinforced concrete.

2.

To understand various methods of proportioning of
constituent

materials for a
required concrete quality.

3.

To analyze the problems of
transportation
, pouring, bleeding of concrete.

4.

To understand methods of curing and compac
tion and factor affecting
strength of concrete.

5.

To know the benefits of testing of concrete and to understand the procedure
of quality control.

6.

To get introduction of the design of simple beams for flexure and shear.

Description

The subject contains the
properties

and
behavior

of plain and reinforced concrete,
the design of concrete mix and the factors affecting it. The basic reinforced design
and placement of reinforcement in structures are explained. Constructional details
are a
lso presented related with design.

Contents

1.

Cement

Cement and its varieties, storage of cement, sampling and tests of cement,
sampling of water, function of water, workability of concrete, importance of
water cement ratio.

2.

Aggregate

Coarse and fine, sand
gravel, broken stone, shingle, kanker, broken bricks slab,
coke breeze, coal and ashes, impurities of
fine

aggregates, tests of impurities
in aggregate.

3.

Measurement and proportioning of concrete

Proportioning by

a)

Minimum voids

b)

Arbitrary standards

c)

Trial m
ixtures

4.

Mixing of concrete

Hand mixing,
machine

mixing, tilting drum type and a closed drum type
mixing.

5.

Curing and compaction:

Compaction and curing of concrete, factors affecting strength of concrete.

6.

Reinforced concrete:

15

Mechanics
of

reinforced concrete and its behavior under working and
ultimate loads. Basis of reinforced concrete design. Analysis and design of RC
beams and columns for flexure, shear, axial load, and anchorage by ultimate
strength

design method.
Behavior

of one way a
nd two way slabs and their
design.

7.

Prepressed

concrete:

Introduction
to pre
-
stressing and post tensioning of concrete members, stress
condition of pre
-
stressed concrete before and after
-
stressed and post tensioning as compared to
pre
-
cast and in
-
situ concrete.

Practicals

1.

Organic impurities and water absorption of aggregates.

2.

Determination of specific gravity and bulk density of aggregates.

3.

Casting specimens for varying w/c ratio and bulk densities, slump test and
thereafter casting

six cubes.

4.

Effects of water cement ratio on
strength

of concrete (compressive
strength

tests on cubes cast as above)

5.

Preparation tests specimens from hand mixed, machine mixed, and hand
compacted concrete.

6.

Compression test on specimens cast as above and m
ake comparisons.

7.

Exercise in cutting and
bending

of steel for R.C.C.

8.

Comparison of cube and cylinder
strength
.

9.

Casting of beams specimens and testing of 4, 6, 8 inch cubes and 6 inch
cylinder.

10.

Binding of
still

and casting RCC columns.

11.

Modulus of rupture te
st on beam specimen cast.

12.

Visual observation of test to destruction for the RCC columns and deriving
relevant conclusions.

Reference books

1.

Properties of concrete by A.M.
Neville.

2.

Design of concrete by Winter and Nilson.

3.

R.C Designers handbooks by Charles E
. Raynold.

4.

Introduction
to pre
-
stressed concrete by B.W. Abeles.

5.

Pre
-
stressed
concrete

by
Khachaturian
.

16

ساپ کیٹ یب ےئارب ناتسکاپ ہعلاطم و تایملاسا
(B.I.P 111)

Common course for
Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical &
Electronics
, B
-
Tech Pass

تایملاسا

١
تنس و باتک۔

تایصوصخ یک ںوتروس یندم و یکم

ربمن تایآ :ناقرفلا ۃروس :نآرق
٣٦
۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔
٧٧

)حیرشت و ہمجرت(

نمحرلادابع تایصوصخ

تایآ :ہدئاملا ۃروس
١
۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔
٦٣

)حیرشت و ہمجرت(

تیمہا یک یگزیکاپ ںیم ملاسا ،مارح و للاح لئاسم

فراعت اک ثیداحا ماسقا :تنس

نیعبرا

ربمن ثیداحا :یرون
١٦

۔۔۔۔۔۔
٠٤

)حیرشت و ہمجرت(

٢
ملاسا نید ۔

ۃوکز فراصم ۃوکز باصن ،ۃوکز تیضرف و ۃوکز

تارمث و دئاوف

دئاوف یترشاعم روا یناحور ،یلام ،یتراجت ،کسانم روا تاماکحا تیضرف :جح

٣
تریس و خیرات ۔

روضح

ترجہ ات تثعب ،تلااح ےک

١
یعاد و غلبم ۔

٦
لمعدر اک دیحوت توعد ۔

٦
روضح ۔

یک
تلاکشم

٠
تفلاخم یک شیرق ۔

٥
ہشبح ترجہ ۔

٣
ہنیدم ترجہ ۔

٤
رادقا یقلاخا یک ملاسا ۔

فاصوا یداینب ےک ےرشاعم یملاسا

ربص ،رکش ،یوقت ،قدص ،ہلضاف قلاخا

ناتسکاپ ہعلاطم

١
ولہپ یخیرات اک ناتسکاپ ہیرظن ۔

،ھڑگ یلع ،ںیششوک یمیلعت
،ےرادا یمیلعت رگید روا ملاسا تیامح نمجنا ،ہودن ،دنبوید
رواشپ جلاک ہیملاسا ،ہسردم ھدنس

٢
تاباختنا ہناگادج ،ناملسم روا تایملاسا ینیئآ :دہجودج یسایس ۔

٣
:ناتسکاپ کیرحت ۔

١
ءاقترا اک ےیئرظن یموق ود :تیموق ملسم ۔

٦
اہلئسم اک یدازآ یک ناتسودنہ ۔
ناملسم رو

٦
ہملاع ۔
دابآ ہلآ ہبطخ اک
ؒ
لابقا

٠
تاباختنا ۔
١٣٦٧
ہیرظن اک سرگناک ء

٥
ناتسکاپ دادرارق ۔

٣
۔
١٣٠٣

تاباختنا ےک