Instructor: Dr. Patrick Tschida

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Oct 28, 2013 (4 years and 12 days ago)

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Instructor: Dr. Patrick Tschida

PUBH
-
6165
-
5 Environmental Health


Presented By

Arunachalam Subramanian

Walden University

July 30, 2011


Environmental Hazards in the Workplace


Common Occupational Diseases in Ontario


Workplace Injuries in Ontario


Prevention of Injuries at Workplace


Employee’s Responsibility in Injury Prevention


Useful Links


References


Physical Hazards


Ergonomic Hazards


Chemical Hazards


Biological Hazards






Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.



Electrical hazards


Unguarded machinery


Mobile equipments


Heights/Scaffolding


Spills/Tripping hazards


Extremes of Temperature/Pressure


Vibration


Constant loud noise


Sunlight and other radiation hazards



Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.


Poor lighting


Poor posture


Improperly designed



workstations and chairs


Frequent lifting of heavy objects


Awkward/Repetitive/Forceful movements





Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.


Psychological disorders (almost half of all claims)


Musculoskeletal injuries and diseases


Lung disease


Cancer


Traumatic injuries


Occupational cardiovascular disease


Reproductive disorders


Neurological disorders


Noise induced hearing loss


Skin diseases



Office of the Worker Adviser. (2011). Occupational Diseases. Retreived from
http://www.owa.gov.on.ca/fact_sheets/occupational_disease.html



Slips and falls




Fractures


Dislocations


Injuries to nerves and spinal cord


Repetitive strain injuries


MSD account for 40 % of all claims

Back pain constitute 7% of all MSDs


Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from
http://www.hc
-
sc.gc.ca/ewh
-
semt/hazards
-
risques/index
-
eng.php


Conductive

hearing loss


Sensorineural

hearing loss








Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from
http://www.hc
-
sc.gc.ca/ewh
-
semt/hazards
-
risques/index
-
eng.php




Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (White finger)


Friction blisters


Frost
-
bite


Burns


Silica in abrasions (Sarcoidal granulomas)





Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from
http://www.hc
-
sc.gc.ca/ewh
-
semt/hazards
-
risques/index
-
eng.php


Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Work


Work
-
related Injuries.


Retreived from
http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@
-
eng.jsp?iid=20

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Work


Work
-
related Injuries.


Retreived from
http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@
-
eng.jsp?iid=20





Years


2006



2007


2008


2009


2010

Total
Injuries/Illnesses



224,955


217,020


206,531


165,495



154,862

Derived
Number of Full
-
Time Equivalent Workers Covered
by

WSIB

(rounded
to the nearest
million)


4.2


4.2


4.1


3.9


4.0

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from
http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoid=2609e3
5c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD


2006


2007


2008


2009


2010


Ministry
of Labour (MOL)


62


50


46


47


57


WSIB
Traumatic Fatalities

By Year of Death


76


87


63


64


67


Total
Traumatic Fatalities

MOL &

WSIB


101


99


78


73


84



WSIB
Occupational Disease Fatalities

By Year Allowed


221


263


246


251


293


Total
Fatalities


322


362


324


324


377

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from
http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoi
d=2609e35c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD




Years


2006


2007


2008


2009


2010


Self
Employed or Owner
Operator


16


4


11


1


11


Youth
: Under the age of 25 at the time of injury


10


8


6


4


6


Women


6


8


4


4


3


Motor
Vehicle Incidents on Public
Roads


24


34


19


17


19


Federal
Jurisdiction


4


6


5


3


4

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived from
http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgnextoid=2609e3
5c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD


Awkward Posture and Positioning


Excessive Force


High Repetition


Poor physical condition


Direct Pressure / Contact Stress


Vibration


Cold and extreme temperatures (environmental
factors)


Fatigue


Workplace Safety and Prevention Services. (2011). Workers. Retreived from
http://www.healthandsafetyontario.ca/Resources/Topics/Workers.aspx



Engineering Controls


Work Practice Controls


Personal Protective




Equipment (PPE)


Administrative Controls




Take One Step. (2011). Workplace Hazards. Retreived from
http://www.takeonestep.org/Pages/yoursafety/safenotsorry/workplac
ehazards.aspx


Workstation Design and Set up


Design of Work Methods


Tools and Handle Design







Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and
Training. Retreived from
http://www.ccohs.ca/education/


Proper training of employees


Proper techniques to improve posture


Correct lifting techniques


Proper maintenance of equipments and tools


Correct use of workstations and fixtures


Conditioning period for new employees


Monitoring and Feedback


Adjustments and Modifications


Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and
Training. Retreived from
http://www.ccohs.ca/education/


Proper fit


Proper protection


Should not increase ergonomic stressors







Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and
Training. Retreived from
http://www.ccohs.ca/education/



Providing sufficient rest pauses


Considering overtime work related stress


Increasing the number of employees for tough task


Using job rotation


Providing sufficient numbers of relief personnel


Maintenance program for industrial equipments


Effective housekeeping




Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Engaging Workplaces. Retreived from
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php#engaging



What can be done to prevent injuries?


Identify situations that can result in injuries

Report any injuries or hazards immediately

Refuse to work in unsafe situations

Know about potential hazards in your workplace

Participate in workplace health and safety issues



Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2011). If I am Injured at Work. Retreived from
http://www.worksmartontario.gov.on.ca/scripts/default.asp?contentID
=2
-
5
-
0



Employer may be a family member or friend


Do not want to upset by reporting injury


Afraid of the boss thinking you inability to
perform the job properly


Thinking that the injury is not very serious


Afraid of co
-
workers thinking less of you





Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Safe At Work Ontario Basics. Retreived
from
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php


Many organizations are involved in occupational
health and safety in Canada and Ontario


The Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (
WSIB
) of Ontario

The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (
CCOHS
)

Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers (
OHCOW
)

Canada ’s National Occupational Health and Safety (
CANOSH
)

Labour Canada
-

The Human Resources and Skills Development
department has some information on

workplace safety


Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2011). Education and
Training. Retreived from
http://www.ccohs.ca/education/


Health Canada. (2011). Environmental and Workplace Health. Retreived from
http://www.hc
-
sc.gc.ca/ewh
-
semt/hazards
-
risques/index
-
eng.php


Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). Work


Work
-
related
Injuries. Retreived from
http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@
-
eng.jsp?iid=20


Moeller, D.W. (2005). Environmental Health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press.


Office of the Worker Adviser. (2011). Occupational Diseases. Retreived from
http://www.owa.gov.on.ca/fact_sheets/occupational_disease.html


Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Engaging Workplaces. Retreived from
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php#engaging






Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2010). Safe At Work Ontario Basics. Retreived from
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/about.php


Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2011). If I am Injured at Work. Retreived from
http://www.worksmartontario.gov.on.ca/scripts/default.asp?contentID=2
-
5
-
0


Take One Step. (2011). Workplace Hazards. Retreived from
http://www.takeonestep.org/Pages/yoursafety/safenotsorry/workplacehazar
ds.aspx


Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. (2011). Health and Safety Statistics. Retreived
from
http://www.wsib.on.ca/en/community/WSIB/230/ArticleDetail/24338?vgne
xtoid=2609e35c819d7210VgnVCM100000449c710aRCRD


Workplace Safety and Prevention Services. (2011). Workers. Retreived from
http://www.healthandsafetyontario.ca/Resources/Topics/Workers.aspx