Comenius Project 2012-2014

hopeacceptableSoftware and s/w Development

Oct 28, 2013 (4 years and 10 days ago)

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Comenius Project 2012
-
2014

The
I
mportance

of

Clean
W
ater

Kaisa

Teele

Oja
, Katie
Grierson
,
Fae

Treadaway
,

Christian
Höffner
, Mirco Börner
Roy Burkhart

European
Water

Charter


European Council, Strasbourg 6 May
1968


Principles
:


-

P
recaution

and

preventive

action
,


-

R
eduction

of

damage
,


-

polluter

pays
”,


-

E
ducation
and

cooperation



Keypoints

of the Charter:


Essential
for
life


Not an infinite resource


Dependence
on purified water


Suitability


Has
to be reusable


Adequate
plant cover


Inventory
of water resources


Correct
administration of water


Scientific
investigation, special training, public training


Common
heritage


National
water resources


I
nternational
cooperation


European
Water

Charter

Germany


Mainly

Groundwater

(64%)


Lakes

and

Rivers


Water

has

to

be

demineralised
,
filtered

and

desinfected

in a
Water

treatment

plant

Origin
of

Clean
W
ater

Scotland

Essentially
, all
of

our

water

in Scotland
comes

from

rain.
When

it

does

rain,
two

things

can

happen…



…The
water

can

flow

into

streams
,
rivers
,
lochs

and

reservoirs

and

then

be

classified

as

surface

water
.



Or

the

water

can

also
seep

through

the

ground

and

form
underground

pools
,
this

water

is

very

pure
as

many

of

the

pollutants

are

filtered

out
during

the

seeping

process
.

= Most
people

receive

surface

water

yet

some

are

supplied

with

underground

pools
.

Origin
of

Clean
W
ater

Estonia


M
ainly

groundwater


40%
comes

from

the

uplands


Protection

areas


Purification

centres

filtrate

and

aerate

the

water

(
remove

S,
Fe
)



Origin
of

Clean
W
ater

1.
Screening

2.
Aeration (to supply with air
)

3.
Clarification

4.
Filteration

5.
Disinfectant

6.
pH Adjustment

Treatment
Process


Water

P
rices

Country:

Germany

Scotland

Estonia

Incoming

water

(1m³)

2,94


£0

0,696


Outgoing

water

(1m³)

3,20



Council
tax

1,2


(normal)

Total (1m³)

6,14


Percentage

of

the

council

tax

1,896


Water

Crisis


Problems
since

the

turn
of

the

millenium


Water

is

used

wastefully

and

it

is

managed

inefficiently


Result
:


Healthcare

costs

a
lot

of

money


Slow
e
conomic

process


Ecological

problems


People
living

without

clean
drinking

water
. (in
millions
)

!!!


Examples
:


In Spain,
people

use

a
lot

of

water

for

watering

the

fields
.
They

pump
it

out
of

the

ground

illegally
.





If

we

continue

the

same
way
,
then

by

the

year

2025
about

2
billion

people

will live
without

access

to

clean,
drinkable

water
.

Water

Crisis


Solutions
:


Educate to change consumption and
lifestyles


Invent new water conservation technologies


Recycle wastewater


Improve irrigation and agricultural practices


Appropriately price
water


Develop

energy

efficient
desalination

plants


Improve water catchment and
harvesting


Look to community
-
based governance and
partnerships


Shrink corporate water footprints


Water

C
risis


http
://
www.envir.ee/627


http://
www2.tartuvesi.ee
/


http
://
liveearth.org/en/save/water


http://
europa.eu/about
-
eu/basic
-
information/symbols/flag/index_en.htm


http://
newmexicoindependent.com/wp
-
content/uploads/2009/06/water
-
drop
-
image.jpg


http://
www.euwb.eu/EUflag.jpg/image


http://
www.scotland
-
welcomes
-
you.com/images/89335_loch_katrine.jpg


http://kultuuri.net/visit/comeniusregio/2010/12/15/oppekaik
-
tallinna
-
veetootlusjaama
-
2/?
lang=et


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:%
C3%9Clemiste.JPG


http://
www.globalenvision.org/files/343342966_d32322dd2a_b.jpg


http://
www.seamilano.eu/en/environment/environment
-
and
-
territory/water/the
-
european
-
water
-
charter



http://
ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycleestonian.html#gwstorage



http://
liveearth.org/img/fpo/water
-
footprint.jpg



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Water_pipes_
-
_geograph.org.uk_
-
_
833745.jpg



http://
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Water_pump.jpg


http://web.hszg.de/~
bgriebel/pruf10bild.JPG





http://
www.scottishwater.co.uk/you
-
and
-
your
-
home/water
-
quality/where
-
does
-
water
-
come
-
from



<a
href
='http://de.123rf.com/photo_8527803_our
-
planet
-
earth
-
is
-
in
-
a
-
blue
-
spray
-
of
-
clean
-
water.html'>
nexusplexus

/ 123RF Stock
Foto
</a
>


http://www.circleofblue.org/waternews/2010/world/experts
-
name
-
the
-
top
-
19
-
solutions
-
to
-
the
-
global
-
freshwater
-
crisis
/


http://
web1.beverlyhg
-
h.schools.nsw.edu.au/Faculty/Science/MCINERNEY/year%207/being%20a%20scientist/being%20a%20scientist.htm



http://
www.planet
-
wissen.de/laender_leute/mittelgebirge/schwaebische_alb/img/tempx_alb_blautopf_g.jpg



http://
www.planet
-
wissen.de/natur_technik/wasser/wasserversorgung/trinkwasser.jsp






Resources: