IBM in Education

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Oct 30, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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© 2008 IBM Corporation

IBM in Education

Business & Technology Solutions


Dr. Darin Briskman

IBM Systems Architecture

briskmad@us.ibm.com

© Copyright IBM 2006. © Getty Images Rights
-
managed

© 2008 IBM Corporation

2

Network Ubiquity


A billion people connected by different networking devices


Nature of Innovation


Open, collaborative, global and multi
-
disciplinary


New Global Competition


Education is a top priority to billions in emerging economies


New Learners


More diversity, older workers and use of technology among today’s
students

Globalization and technology are changing the world
for students, educators, parents, governments and
employers.

© 2008 IBM Corporation

3

The requirements of the 21
st

century’s global economy
translate into specific challenges for U.S. educators.


State and local educational systems


Meeting federal reporting mandates


Improving state educational performance to meet economic goals


Closing the performance gap between top and bottom student populations


Leveraging data and technology to manage learning outcomes


Seeking operational efficiencies and financial improvements



Research, state and private universities


Maintaining innovation and market differentiation


Maintain and enhance services to attract faculty and students


Increasing revenue sources, improving financial efficiencies



Community colleges


Providing core vocational skills


½ of college students are in CCs


Addressing the needs of business for skilled workers


Meeting the needs of local communities with limited budgets



© 2008 IBM Corporation

4


Dedication to Every Client’s Success



Trust and Personal Responsibility in
all Relationships



Innovation that Matters


for our
company and the world

IBM’s approach to education


and everything else


is based on our Values.

© 2008 IBM Corporation

5

IBM University Relations is working with academia
to drive innovation that matters.

Priorities

Stakeholders


Building skills for the 21
st

century workforce


Fostering innovation that matters for IBM and our world


Higher education faculty, administrators, & students


Government and business leaders

© 2008 IBM Corporation

6

Emerging

Traditional

Solutions & Services

Industry Applications

Hardware and Software Products

Technology Components

Value in the marketplace is shifting from components
to services, which dictates IBM’s academic priorities.

© 2008 IBM Corporation

7

Faculty, students and IBM are collaborating on open
standards, curricula and research to build skills for
the 21st century.

IBM Academic Initiative

Build a strong pipeline of skills by
partnering with faculty to drive open
standards & strategic IBM technology in
education curricula

Service Science,
Management & Engineering

Develop multidisciplinary skills to help
graduates and undergraduates compete in a
flat world with a services led economy

Ph.D. Fellowships

Honor exceptional Ph.D.
students in disciplines of mutual
interest fundamental to
innovation

© 2008 IBM Corporation

8

Shared University Research

Enable game
-
changing technologies at
leading research universities worldwide

Centers for Advanced Studies

Facilitate the interchange of ideas
between academia & IBM

Faculty Awards

Foster collaborative research &
curriculum development in strategic areas

Intellectual Property Principles

Remove barriers to collaborative research

IBM’s university collaboration programs are driving
innovation that matters for IBM and the world.

© 2008 IBM Corporation

9


ibm.com/university

© 2008 IBM Corporation

10

America’s “leaky pipeline”
--

8 out of 10 ninth graders
will not earn Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree.



For every 100 ninth graders...

...68 graduate on time

Of those, 40 enroll in college

Of those, 27 are still in college the following year

Of those, 18 earn an Associate’s degree within 3 years or a
Bachelor’s degree within 6 years

Source: “American Higher Education: How Does It Measure Up for the 21st Century?” (May 2006), The National Center for Public
Pol
icy and
Higher Education, Courtesy of Milken Institute

© 2008 IBM Corporation

11

The leaky pipeline is even worse for the skills the
U.S. needs to compete in the global economy.


Few of the 18 graduates will have a
degree in science, technology,
engineering or math (STEM)


In 2006, more U.S. students graduated
with sports exercise degrees than with
electrical engineering degrees.


By 2020, the U.S. will not have the
workforce it needs to compete.


The U.S. needs increases in:


K
-
12 student achievement


College attendance


Degree attainment, especially among
under
-
represented groups and in STEM.


This is not an “education”
problem. It is one of national
competitiveness.

For every 100 9th graders...

...68 graduate on time

Of those, 40 enroll in college

Of those, 27 are still in college the following year

Of those, 18 earn an Associate’s degree within 3 years or
a Bachelor’s degree within 6 years

© 2008 IBM Corporation

12

What is Service Science, Management and
Engineering (SSME)?


The application of scientific, management, and engineering
disciplines to tasks that one organization beneficially performs
for and with another (‘services’)



Services are anything of economic value that cannot be dropped on your
foot.


The key to service value is in actions, performed now or promised for the
future. Services often create mutual interdependencies.


Especially complex organization to organization services


business to
business, nation to nation, organization to population

© 2008 IBM Corporation

13

Example Curriculum: SSME at North Carolina State
University

MBA Concentration in SSME


MS Concentration in SSME




NCSU is working on a Masters in Services
Engineering

Required


Services Management

Consulting

Business Relationship Management

Required



Services Management


Management of Technology


Managing People in the High
-
Tech


Environment


Process Analysis and Design


Requirements and Electives

in Electrical Engineering or

Computer Science Masters Programs


Elective options

Market Analytics

Marketing Strategy

Supplier Relations

Choose one of the following

Market Analytics

Marketing Research

Marketing Strategy

Project Management

Supplier Relations


© 2008 IBM Corporation

14

Building 21st century skills via IBM's
Academic Initiative


Business Courses:
Websphere Business Modeler



Programming:

Use Eclipse or Rational Application Developer as an IDE



Introductory Programming:

Are your students learning Java?



Software Engineering, Methodology, or OO Design:

Consider using Rational
modeling tools for labs; SOA is key



Database:

Consider including Derby/Cloudscape or DB2 Express



Operating Systems:

Consider Linux



Business Intelligence:

Consider Data Warehouse and WebSphere



Knowledge Management:

Consider Lotus products and tools



Security Monitoring and Network Management:

Consider Tivoli





Internet Access and Protocol:

Consider WebSphere



IBM
server technology

as a “platform of choice”

© 2008 IBM Corporation

15

An IBM Faculty Award in 2004 eventually led to commercial
use of open
-
source code to identify security vulnerabilities in
Netflix’s system of renting movies by mail.

FindBugs project team makes code available
to the open source community via
SourceForge.net

(led by Eclipse Innovation Award recipient
and a Ph.D. student who worked as an
Extreme Blue intern at IBM)

2004 IBM Eclipse Innovation Award provided
to Dr. Bill Pugh (University of Maryland,
College Park)

Funded project focused on an Eclipse
-
based tool for Java error detection


Netflix uses code to identify

security vulnerabilities

Netflix’s VP of Web
Engineering offers to be
showcased as a Success
Story for the Innovation
Award

Ecosystem Value Add

IBM, Universities, Technical
Communities, and Clients

© 2008 IBM Corporation

16

World Community Grid


Research projects


Human Proteome Folding Project


launching phase II


FightAIDS@Home


2 quadrillion
computations


Help Defeat Cancer


Genomic Comparison Project


Help Cure Muscular Dystrophy


Future projects: climate modeling,
cancer, and crop yields


275,000+ members


566,000+ devices


83,000+ years of run time


324 partners


Distinguished advisory board





www.worldcommunitygrid.org

The Challenge


Humanitarian research suffers from a lack of access to super computing power


Individuals see no opportunity to make a difference


World Community Grid has enabled my lab at Scripps to engage in research projects that we would
not have attempted in the absence of this powerful public computing grid. It's allowed us to
complete complex work in 6 months that would have taken 5 years.”

-

Professor Arthur Olson, Scripps Research Institute

IBM launches volunteer grid focused on public and nonprofit humanitarian research

© 2008 IBM Corporation

17

Open Standards:


Faster, broader, easier access to more
applications


Lower barriers and costs for students,
teachers, publishers


Learning on demand and for a lifetime


Access anytime, anywhere on any device


Portals to administrative and teaching
resources


To build a habit of life
-
long learning


Security:


Digital technology to protect people,
information, network and facilities


Coordination between schools and
governments


Manage crises and recover from disaster

What’s next?

© 2008 IBM Corporation

18


Students and faculty
access campus
services from any
phone, laptop or PIM


On
-
line distribution of
grades, tuition notices,
financial aid registration


Students have access
to library materials, pay
fines and renew books
wirelessly


On
-
line enrollments


Distance and
online learning
students
communicate
with professors
via email and IM


Faculty, staff,
students, alumni
and parents
communicate via
email


Students make on
-
line
purchases anywhere
on campus


Parking fines captured
electronically and paid
on
-
line


Faculty, student
organizations book
campus meeting
space, theater or
athletic facilities on
-
line


Secure,
monitored
access for
students


Campus security
safeguards more
locations with
fewer resources
using wireless
intrusion
detection


SECURITY

SERVICES

REVENUE

Mobile and Wireless Solutions support higher education
environments

COMMUNICATION

© 2008 IBM Corporation

19

IT security solutions

Assess

Defend

Access

Watch


Watch:

Monitor and take
action


Assess:

Examine the
environment


Access:

Control access
to enterprise assets


Defend:

Protect the
perimeter and inside the
enterprise

© 2008 IBM Corporation

20

Solutions Software Portfolio

Tivoli

WebSphere

Rational

Information
Management

Lotus

Information Platform

Data Management

Content Management

Transaction
Processing

Application


Servers

Business
Integration

e
-
mail, Messaging

Business Intelligence

Portal

Social Software

Information

On Demand

( IOD )

Business
Flexibility

( SOA )

Next
Generation
Collaboration

Service
Management

Software
Lifecycle
Management

Enterprise Asset Mgmt

IT Service Mgmt


Security Mgmt

Storage Mgmt

Network Mgmt for Telcos

Software Lifecycle Mgmt

Application Security & Compliance

Architecture, SW Development

© 2008 IBM Corporation

21

Information On Demand (IOD)

Customer & Product

Profitability

Workforce

Optimization

Dynamic

Supply Chain

Multi
-
Channel

Marketing

Financial

Risk Insight

Business Optimization

Leveraging Existing Investments

Optimization

Automation

End
-
to
-
end

Capabilities

To unlock the value of information

Better business outcomes
through:

Insight

-

better understand &
optimize business performance.

Information

-

accelerate the
delivery and management of
trusted information in real time in
context.

Data



lower the cost and
accelerate the use of enterprise
data.

Content

-

help companies make
better decisions, faster.


© 2008 IBM Corporation

Next Generation Collaboration

Social Software / Web 2.0

Web 2.0 Technology / Patterns

delivered On Premise or via SaaS

Interaction and client services (online or offline)

Rich Clients

Portal

Browser

Mobile

Content
Feeds

Task Specific
Applications

Collaboration and
Content Management

Notes

Quickr

Symphony

Forms

Application and
Integration

Notes

Portal

Mashups

Expeditor

Communications &
Social Software

Notes

Sametime

Connections

Business Process

Information

Empowering people to share their passion and expertise, foster collaboration and
innovation, and improve business efficiency, decision
-
making and responsiveness

Flexible access to
information and expertise,
the way you want to work.

Collaboration and Content



share content across business
processes.

Communications and Social
Software



connect people
across organizations and
communities.

Applications and Integration



build and share applications,
information and content.

22

© 2008 IBM Corporation

23

3U ‘Storage Rich’

Server

Planar x2

Customer/Bid


Planars


The iDataPlex Offering


Executive Summary

iDataPlex Planar Offering

Planar x1

Web
Node

Web
Node
LP

HPC
Node

Switches

PDU’s

PCI_E Adapters

3 off
-

Individual ‘1U’ Trays Configs

Systems Management

2U Flex Chassis

84 per Rack
1U equiv’ Node

168 Clients/Rack

DT Equiv Node

Rear Door

Heat Exchanger

900w P/S

Storage Cary/Charlotte

Client
Node
(Concept)

© 2008 IBM Corporation

24

System p™

Get the power to do more,

spend less.

System x™

Innovation comes standard.

System z™

The flagship for IBM Systems
innovation and the hub of the
infrastructure.

BladeCenter®

Simplify data center complexity
.

System Storage™

Bring information to people.

System i™

Install faster. Maintain easier.

Simplify your IT.



The IBM Systems family

Innovative, proven technology providing platform choice to match unique business
needs


© 2008 IBM Corporation

25

© 2008 IBM Corporation

26

PERCS Hardware Architecture (NCSA System)

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Supernode

4x2U drawers, 16 node groups

1024 cores, 32.3TF

2 TB mem (2G per core)

System Building Block

3 racks, 8 supernodes

4 disk drawers (288 drives/drawer)

20 tape drives (situated remotely)

NCSA system is 38 building blocks

Node Group

4 dual
-
chip modules, 64 cores

8/16/32/64
-
way SMP

128 GB RAM, 2.05TF

4 node groups per 2U drawer

Dual
-
Chip Module

2 Power7 chips

16 cores (8 cores/chip)

32 GF/core, 256 GF/chip

© 2008 IBM Corporation

27

PERCS Hardware (NCSA system)

Sy stem Peak

10.06 PF

38,912 8
-
way 4.04 GHz POWER7 chips; 45 nm
technology

HPCC HPL

8.2 PF (estimate)

Min/Max Number of OS Images

4,864 (64 way) to 38,912 (8 way) Linux or AIX OS images

FLOPs/Core, FLOPs/Chip,
FLOPS/Socket, FLOPS/Supernode

32.3 GF per core, 258.6 GF per chip, 517.1 GF per
socket,

331 TF/supernode

Threads/Core

4
-
way SMT

Total Cache Memory

1.3 TB

Total System Main Memory

623 TB, IBM Pulsar buffered DIMMS

Total Main Memory Av ailable to
Users

556 TB (38,912 SMPs), 574 TB (4,864 SMPs)

Total Memory Bandwidth

5.0 PB/s (B/F=0.5; L1: B/F=6; L3: B/F=3)

HPCC STREAM

3.10 PB/s (estimate)

Peak Interconnect Bandwidth

1.37 PB/s

Disk Storage

26.3 PB raw, 23.3 usable (not including RAID6+ with
spares)

Archiv al Storage

Up to 1 EB

Total Storage Bandwidth

4.38 TB/s raw, 2.02 TB/s sustained (disk) + 100 GB/s
(tape)

Time to Load or Store User
Memory f rom or to Disk

Load: ~5 minutes; store ~10 minutes

Time to Perf orm
Checkpoint/Restart

15
-
20 minutes (estimate)

Time to Start Full System Job

~5 minutes (estimate)

Total System MTBF

14 days

External Network Bandwidth

440 Gb/s using 44 10 GbE connections

Power

10.3 MW (Average Continuous Power)

Floor Space

114 integrated compute/storage racks occupying
4,452 sq feet

Field Replaceable Unit

Hot swappable drawer with 32 POWER7 chips (256
cores)

Boot Time For Full System

Cold boot: < 2 hours; warm boot: < 1 hour