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Dec 11, 2012 (4 years and 11 months ago)

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FRIED, Susana T.
Annotated Bibliography:
Sexuality And Human Rights
, New
York, International Women's Health Coalition, 2002.

This bibliography provides summaries of 28 key materials on sexuality and human
rights, and a list of further references. These re
ferences are organised under themes
including sexual rights and HIV/AIDS. Others are: gender and bodily integrity; lesbian,
gay bisexual and transgender rights; refugees and asylum seekers; sexual rights and
religion; reproductive rights; sexual violence,
including sexual violence and armed
conflict; sex worker rights; trafficking; declarations on sexual rights and campaigns on
this issue. It
provides a comprehensive introduction to the issues related to sexual
rights/sexuality and human rights. This biblio
graphy is divided into two parts: the first
introduces abstracts for a selection of diverse essays that present either a conceptual
overview of sexual rights or a particular aspect of sexuality and human rights; the
second section lists selected articles,
essays, books, and other sexual rights resources
that are useful for those who want to look in greater detail at particular areas of work.
Areas highlighted include sexuality and violence, refugees/asylum, reproductive rights,
lesbian and gay rights, and t
rafficking.

a.

Other Resources

Women’s Forum for Reproductive Medicine,
Reprokult. Reproductive Medicine
and Genetic Engineering. Women between Self
-
Determination and Standarisation
,
Proceedings of the Conference held in Berlin form 15 to 17 November 2001. E
d.
Federal Centre for Health Education, 2002.

Social and political consequences of ART for women are rarely addressed in public
debates. The debate primarily revolves around technical feasibility, freedom of choice
on the market of biomedical offers, the s
uffering of childless couples, promises of cures
for the chronically ill and people with disabilities, or the embryo as a lab product. The
particular effects on women are seldom a subject for discussion, except when women´s
interests help legitimise new me
thods. The women’s movement has been criticising this
development for over 20 years. Women today are an integral part of medical practice as
consumers and professionals. Consequently, the position taken up in women’s policy
issues have changed


what was o
riginally general rejection has become a differentiated
criticism. The social and political consequences of these technologies were discussed
from the female standpoint at the Conference on “Reproductive Medicine and Genetic
Engineering”. Over 200 women an
d several men from a wide variety of backgrounds


politics, media, science and practice
-

spent three days talking in depth about the various
aspects of genetic engineering and reproductive medicine that are relevant to social and
women’s policy, with the

aim of developing strategies for drawing attention to the
concerns of women and women’s policy in the public debate, and for integrating
women in decision
-
making processes.

TONG,

Rosemarie.
Feminist Approaches to Bioethics: Theoretical Reflections and
Pra
ctical Applications
, Westview Press, 1996.

Rosemarie Tong provides an approach to feminist bioethics that serves as a catalyst,
bringing together varied perspectives on choice, control, and connection. Emphasising
the complexity of feminist debates, she
guides feminists toward consensus in thought,
cooperation in action, and a world that would have no room for domination and
subordination.

Asserting that the moral diversity among feminists has led to political
fragmentation, efforts to create policies tha
t are likely to serve the interests of the largest
possible number of women. Tong brings together the varied perspectives on such issues
as choice, control, and connection, advocating consensus and cooperative action among
feminists.

ALKORTA IDIAKEZ, Itzia
r.
Regulación jurídica de la medicina reproductiva.
Derecho español y comparado,

Thomson
-
Aranzadi, 2003.

This work deals with the most relevant regulatory problems that ART poses within the
countries of the European Union. The first part of the book offers

a general view on the
regulatory state of the art of reproductive technologies in each country. In the second
part, the author focuses on three items: authorisation of the reproductive techniques and
the centres and technology risk assessment; participati
on of third parties in the
reproductive process such as donors and surrogate mothers; authorised uses of these
techniques such as infertility treatments, PGD, artificial insemination for single and
lesbian women,
post mortem

fecundation, etc.


SANCHEZ
-
CAR
O, Javier and ABELLAN, Fernando,
Derecho y reproducción
humana (Right and Human Reproduction)

Fundación Salud, Madrid, 2000.


The book starts by analysing the constitutional protection of the human life (Chapt. I).
Chapter II gives a very useful enumeratio
n of the relevant legal provisions as regards
human assisted reproduction in the different legislative instances: ONU, UNESCO,
Council of Europe and European Union.

After presenting the right to reproduction (Chapt. III), the authors analyse the different

questions that ART raise, beginning with the determination of the application of the
Law 35/88 (Chapt. IV). Chapter V is dedicated to the study of the functions of these
techniques while in the following chapters the general conditions for the realisation

of
the ART are analysed (Chapt. VI), especially with regard to the women patients (Chapt.
VII), e.g. the existence of informed consent. In Chapter VIII the position of the
woman’s partner is presented. In Chapter X the authors focus on the treatment, rese
arch
and the experimentation on gametes and embryos. Chapter XI is devoted to the analysis
of the penal aspects related ART. The authors divide this chapter in three big blocks: 1º)
referred to the generic penal types related with the gynecology (homicide,

lesions,
lesions to the foetus, abortion, etc 2º) crimes related to the genetic manipulation; and 3º)
the genetic research in the penal process. Finally, the last chapter looks into other issues,
such as assisted reproduction ‘post mortem’, surrogacy moth
erhood and sex selection.


BERNAT, Erwin (ed.),
Die Reproduktionsmedizin am Prüfstand von Recht und
Ethik
, Universitätsbuchhandlung, Vienna, 2000.


From the years 80 the reproductive medicine has raised an important ethical and legal
debate in Austria. A
multidisciplinary symposium organised by the Center of Medical
Law and the Austrian Society of Reproductive Medicine in the University Karl
-
Franzeus was organised to discuss this issue (Graz, November of 1999). This collective
work is the result of the res
earch presented there and expands beyond it as well. The
work is made of twelve articles presented by Professors of different legal disciplines,
doctors, theologians and philosophers. These articles are complemented by a series of
legal documents, referred

to in the articles.


LEMA AÑON, Carlos,
Reproducción, derecho y poder. (Reproduction and the law.
Philosophical and juridical report on assisted reproduction techniques
,

Trotta,
Madrid, 1999.


This work looks into the three dimensions attached to ART: t
he social reach of assisted
reproduction, the incidence of these practices and their legal regulation.

The first chapter analyses the importance of ART in the perspective of the
“administration of the bodies”, i.e. the fact that certain practices not only
affect to the
health but also the autonomy of people. In chapter II, the author describes the main
advances of ART. He classifies ART according to their possibilities and reach. The
author looks into the necessity of solving the problems of access to the A
RT, of
filiation, and of the treatment of the embryos obtained. Carlos Lema sustains that there
are some common features in the philosophical, legal and social approach to ART. The
book concludes with an appendix presenting the Spanish regulation on ART.


EMALDI CIRION, Aitziber,
El consejo genético y sus implicaciones jurídicas
(Juridical implications on genetic councelling),

Cátedra of Right and Genoma
Human
-
Comares, Bilbao
-
Granada, 2001.


The author analyses the legal and ethical implications of geneti
c councelling. The work
is a comprehensive study of the different treatments that a person would receive during
when undergoing genetic counselling.The book is divided in four chapters; the first one
is dedicated to the description of genetic counseling. t
he second chapter looks in to the
regulation of the diverse types of diagnostic


preconcetional diagnosis, preimplantatory
diagnosis, prenatal and postnatal diagnosis. The third chapter refers to the problematic
of the patient's informed consent; the to f
ollow when taking biological samples; the
doctor's involvement in interpreting the results of the genetic tests. In the last chapter
the different burning issues related tot his topic are dealt with, including cloning,
genetic manipulation, sex selection,
surplus embryos. Those subjects had been studied
from a comparative law, and from to multidisciplinary point of view. This book
constitutes an excellent guide to the legal problems linked to ART and will be relevant
to researchers as well as practitioners
in the field.


VV.AA.,
Biotechnology, Law and Bioethics. Comparative Perspectives
, Inter
-
University Chair, BBV Foundation, Provincial Government of Biscay, in Law and
the Human Genome, University of Deusto, University of the Basque Country
-

Bruylant, Bilba
o, Bruxelles, 1999.


This is an ambitious reflection on the impact of developments in genetic biotechnology
in the fields of medicine, industry farming and stock breeding. Grisolía and Casabona
describe the background and the state of the art of ART, from
a scientific and legal
angle. This multidisciplinary approach is used throughout the book in order to ensure a
comprehensive and global understanding of the issue. The work also looks at the
supranational (European) level. The impact of biotechnology in me
dicine is presented
with regard to two specific areas: genetic and health (genetic counselling, and genetic
therapy) and eugenics (reproduction rights, anticonception, sterilisation and eugenic
abortion). The study looks into the repercussions of the regul
ation of the new genetics,
the human genome research and genetic manipulations, the uses of gametes, embryos
and foetuses for investigation or for other purposes. Last, the book presents the
interesting and controversial subject of bioengineering, its impa
cts on the chemical and
pharmaceutical industry, environment protection and manipulation of microorganisms,
genetic biotechnology in agriculture and livestock breeding, and the legal protection of
genetics discoveries and patentability of manipulated livin
g organisms.


SUMMER L. W. and BOYLE J.,
Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics,

University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1996.


This collection of philosophical papers in bioethics is of particular interest, first, for its
chapters on methods of reasoning
in bioethics: Albert Jonsen and Earl Winkler argue for
a bottom
-
up approach, R. M. Hare and Tom Beauchamp for a form of generalism in
bioethics, Norman Daniels for the adoption of Rawls’s wide reflective equilibrium,
Laura Shanner for a narrative approach.

Second, Laura Purdy, Christine Overall, Susan
Sherwin and Kathryn Pauly Morgan explore four distinct feminist perspectives on the
purposes and social context of the practice of bioethics. Third, both Will Kymlicka and
Dan Brock investigate what role philo
sophers might have in public deliberations on
bioethical issues.