AFF - Cuba Oil Spills-Overconfidence Answers-BKPW-SDI2013

hollandmarigoldOil and Offshore

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Overconfidence Answers

Explanation

This file includes materials needed to answer the “overconfidence” turn vs.
the Cuba Oil Drilling affirmative.


2AC


O
verconfidence

Turn


Even if we may have had overconfidence in the past, this argument doesn’t
disprove the thesis of the aff
:

1. U.S.
technology
,
expertise
, and
reaction time

are

superior and needed.

2.
Their evidence
overreaches

faith in spill prevention won’t cause
unregula
ted
,
unsafe

drilling. Regulations
constrain

overconfidence.

3. Spills are
inevitable

U.S. reaction is needed to minimize the impact
.

4.
Reforms solve problems with past system

this isn’t overconfidence, it’s
adaptability
.

BSEE NO DATE

(Bureau of Safety a
nd Environmental Enforcement, “Regulatory Reform”
http://www.bsee.gov/About
-
BSEE/BSEE
-
History/Reforms/Reforms.aspx
)

In response to the Deepwater Horizon explosion and resultin
g oil spill in the Gulf
of Mexico, the Obama Administration launched the most aggressive and
comprehensive reforms to offshore oil and gas regulation and oversight in U.S.
history. The reforms, which strengthen requirements for everything from well
design
and workplace safety to corporate accountability, are helping ensure that
the United States can safely and responsibly expand development of its energy
resources.

The administration quickly launched the most aggressive campaign to enforce safety and conservation on the Outer Continental
Shelf (OCS). In selecting Michael R. Bromwich to lead the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement
(BOEMRE) in

June 2010, President Barack Obama and Department of the Interior (DOI) Secretary Ken Salazar issued a mandate:
to reform the government’s regulation of offshore energy development and the agency responsible for it.
The Department
of the Interior
(DOI) and

BOEMRE (now BSEE)
made fundamental changes necessary to
restore the American people’s confidence in the safety and environmental
protection of oil and gas drilling and production

on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf, ensuring that
responsible oil and gas d
evelopment continues.

Improving the Safety of Offshore Drilling

The bureau launched aggressive, comprehensive reforms to offshore oil and gas regulation and oversight:

Enhanced Drilling Safety

Operators must demonstrate that they are prepared to deal with
the potential for a blowout and worst
-
case discharge per NTL
-
06.

Permit applications for drilling projects must meet new standards for well
-
design, casing, and cementing, and be independently certified by a professional
engineer

per the new Drilling Safety

Rule.
Drilling standards have been strengthened in the
exploration and development stages, for equipment, safety practices,
environmental safeguards, and oversight.

New guidance
, through NTL
-
10,
requires a corporate compliance statement and review
of subs
ea blowout containment resources for deepwater drilling, a key lesson of
the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

The bureau announced that they will begin to use multiple
-
person inspection
teams for offshore oil and gas inspections. This

internal process improvem
ent
will improve
oversight and help ensure that offshore operations proceed safely and
responsibly.

The new process will allow teams to inspect multiple operations simultaneously and thoroughly, and enhance
the quality of inspections on larger facilities.

Enhanced Workplace Safety

BSEE imposed, for the first time, requirements that offshore operators maintain
comprehensive safety and environmental programs
. This includes performance
-
based standards for
offshore drilling and production operations, including
equipment, safety practices, environmental safeguards, and management
oversight of operations and contractors. Companies will now have to develop and maintain a Safety and Environmental
Management System (SEMS) per the new Workplace Safety Rule.

Ongoing Im
provements to the Offshore Regulator

The reorganization and internal reforms that were implemented were designed to
remove the complex and sometimes conflicting missions of the former MMS by
clarifying and separating these missions across three agencies an
d providing each
of the new agencies with clear areas of focus and new resources necessary to
fulfill those missions:

In the place of the former Mineral Management Service (MMS),
three strong, independent agencies were
created with clearly defined roles an
d missions through a comprehensive re
-
organization.

In his first week, Director Bromwich established an Investigations and Review Unit to root out problems within the regulatory

agency and target companies that aim to game the system.

The bureau has
implemented a new recusal policy for employees to deal with real
and perceived conflicts of interest.

Secretary Salazar and Director Bromwich launched a full review of the use of National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), catego
rical
exclusions, during whic
h they are not being used to approve proposed deepwater drilling projects.

As part of the reorganization, the bureau created multiple Implementation Teams, tasked with analyzing various aspects of bur
eau’s
regulatory structure and helping to implement the
reform agenda.

Secretary Salazar and Director Bromwich established the Ocean Energy Safety Advisory Committee, a permanent advisory body of
the nation’s leading scientific, engineering, and technical experts who provide critical guidance on improving offsh
ore drilling safety,
well containment, and spill response.

BSEE believes that public engagement is critical as we safely explore and develop offshore resources.
Public comment is
solicited in our environmental review and regulatory programs for both oil an
d
gas, and renewable energy proposals. This is critical to science
-
based decision
making that is transparent and accessible.

5.
Even if the government is overconfident,
the
National Commission

solves.


Harris 11

(Richard, award winning journalist who report
s on science issues for NPR, “Oil Spill Commission: Regulators
Were ‘Outmatched’” NPR, January 11, 2011,
http://www.npr.org/2011/01/11/132834533/spill
-
commission
-
says
-
oversight
-
regulation
-
needed
)


The federal government must beef up oversight of the offshore oil and gas
industry, the federal commission on the deadly Gulf of Mexico oil spill said

Tuesday.
The seven
-
member committee

released its final rep
ort on the April 20 disaster,
list
ing
15 major
recommendations.

The national commission has already had harsh words for the
oil and gas industry and its role in the blowout at BP's Macondo well
, which left 11
workers dead and released 4 million barrels of
oil from the deep
-
sea floor. But in releasing its final recommendations, commission
co
-
chairman Bob Graham said industry alone was not responsible for the catastrophe. "I'm sad to say that part of the answer is t
he
fact that our government let it happen,"
the former Florida senator said. "Our regulators were consistently outmatched. The
Department of Interior lacked the in
-
house expertise to effectively enforce regulation." One of the committee's biggest
recommendations is to revamp part of the Department o
f the Interior. That means, among other things, getting a safety office to rely
more on science in its decisions; to pay enough to attract top
-
rate technical people; and to be more independent than it is right now.
Separate Revenue From Regulation
Commissi
on co
-
chairman Bill Reilly noted that in the
aftermath of the spill, the Department of the Interior did split in two its Minerals
Management Service to separate the revenue
-
collecting arm from its regulatory
arm.

"
That is a move to the good," Reilly said.
"We support that, and respect it.
We think it's not enough."

Instead, Reilly
said a safety and environment office should
be better insulated from economic and political pressures. One way to do that is
to have a director appointed for a set term and theref
ore less vulnerable to
changing political winds.

"We think for the long term that is the only way to ensure that revenues do not again
become excessively influential in decisions relating to non
-
revenue items such as safety and environment," Reilly, a form
er EPA
administrator, said.
The office should not only regulate the industry but raise its safety
and environmental standards, the commission said
. It found that Norway and the United Kingdom
now have stricter regulations and a better safety record. 'The Industry Was Not Prepared For This' Randall Luthi, president o
f the
National Ocean Industries Association, didn't dispute that assertion directly,
but he disagreed with the commission's conclusion that
problems are systemic throughout the nation's oil and gas industry. "
You look back over all history of the
Gulf of Mexico, and you see that it's a remarkable industry with a remarkable
safety record,"

Luthi said. "And I think the commission didn't just give enough play for that." But one commissioner, Terry
Garcia, said it's clear that the failures weren't simply the bad decisions on the rig that led up to the deadly blowout. "Wha
t was not in
doubt and
what is not disputed is that the industry was not prepared for this," Garcia said. Nobody had the necessary gear in place to
bring the blowout under control quickly or to capture the oil as it spread through and across the waters of the Gulf. Graham
said
C
ongress will need to act to institute some of these recommendations, and he is optimistic that it will, even in a political c
limate
that's increasingly hostile to federal regulation. "
What makes that level of optimism
, I think,
credible is
the fact that me
mbers of Congress understand that this is not just a typical
example of government regulating a private enterprise. This is government
regulating land that the government and the people of the United States own."
And
Graham hopes the

commission's report wi
ll turn out to be a guide to better stewardship.



1ar


Overconfidence Turn

Aggressive, comprehensive reforms to offshore oil and gas improve safety of
offshore drilling.

DOI
11

(“Fact Sheet: Offshore Energy Reform in the Wake of Deepwater Horizon,” 2011,

http://www.doi.gov/news/pressreleases/loader.cfm?csModule=security/getfile&pageid=241583
)

In response to the Deepwater Horizon explosion and resulting

oil spill in the Gulf
of Mexico
, the
Obama

Administration
launched the most aggressive and comprehensive
reforms to offshore oil and gas regulation and oversight in U.S. history
.
The
reforms
, which
strengthen requirements for everything from well design a
nd
workplace safety to corporate accountability, are helping ensure that the U
nited
S
tates
can safely and responsibly expand development of its energy resources
. In
selecting Michael R. Bromwich to lead the newly
-
established Bureau of Ocean Energy Manageme
nt, Regulation and Enforcement
(BOEMRE) in June 2010, President Barack Obama and Department of the Interior (DOI) Secretary Ken Salazar issued a mandate:
to reform the government’s regulation of offshore energy development and the agency responsible for it
. Under the leadership of
Secretary Salazar and Director Bromwich, the Department of the Interior (DOI) and BOEMRE are making the fundamental changes
necessary to restore the American people’s confidence in the safety and environmental protection of oil an
d gas drilling and
production on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf, ensuring that responsible oil and gas development continues.
Improving
the Safety of Offshore Drilling We have launched aggressive, comprehensive
reforms to offshore oil and gas regulation
and oversight
Enhanced Drilling
Safety o Deepwater drilling operators must demonstrate that they are prepared to
deal with the potential for a blowout and worst
-
case discharge

per NTL
-
06. o Pe
rmit
applications for drilling projects must meet new standar
ds for well
-
design,
casing, and cementing, and be independently certified

by a professional engineer per the new
Drilling Safety Rule.
We are strengthening drilling standards in the exploration and
development stages, for equipment, safety practices, envir
onmental safeguards,
and oversight.

o New guidance, through NTL
-
10, requires a corporate compliance statement and review of subsea blowout
afety o We
have imposed, for the first time, requirements that offshore operators maintain comprehensive safety and environmental progra
ms.
This includes performance
-
based standards for offshore drilling and production operations, including equipment, safe
ty practices,
environmental safeguards, and management oversight of operations and contractors. Companies will now have to develop and
maintain a Safety and Environmental Management System (SEMS) per the new Workplace Safety Rule.Ongoing Improvements to
th
e Offshore Regulator The reorganization and internal reforms that BOEMRE is implementing are designed to remove the complex
and sometimes conflicting missions of the former Minerals Management Service by clarifying and separating these missions acro
ss
thre
e agencies and providing each of the new agencies with clear areas of focus and new resources necessary to fulfill those miss
ions:
In his first week, Director Bromwich established an Investigations and Review
Unit to root out problems within the regulato
ry agency and target companies that
aim to game the system
The bureau has implemented a new recusal policy for
BOEMRE employees to deal with real and perceived conflicts of interest.

Salazar and Director Bromwich launched a full review of th
e use of National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) categorical
aggressive re
-
organization program: o The bureau completed the transfer of

the revenue collection function on October 1, 2010. o
Initiated the forthcoming split of the offshore resource management and the safety and environmental enforcement roles into
separate, independent organizations: o Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (
BOE
M
)
will be responsible for
managing development of the nation’s offshore resources, including oil, gas and
renewable resources

o Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement
(BSEE)

will independently
and rigorously enforce safety and environmental regula
tions

BOEMRE has created multiple ImplementationTeams, tasked with analyzing various aspects of bureau’s regulatory structure and
helping to implement the reform agenda. o Teams are considering the various recommendations f
or improvement received from
multiple investigations and analyses including the Safety Oversight Board, National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oi
l
pand the bureau’s field of
inspectors and engineers


receiving more than 500 applications in two weeks.
The bureau is working to expand
and enhance its inspection program to ensure that operators are following all
laws and regulations; planning to hire tr
aining professionals and developing
programs to expand capacity.

Director
Bromwich also embarked on an April 2011
recruitment campaign to expand our field of environmental scientists,

with visits to
tary
Salazar and
Director

Bromwich established
the Ocean Energy Safety Advisory Committee, a permanent advisory body of the
nation’s leading scientific, engineering, and technical experts who provide critical
guidance on improving offshore drilling safety,

well containment, and spill
response.

New independent watchdog checks overconfidence

significant reforms in
place now.

France
-
24 11

(France 24

French News Site, “BP oil spill report calls for new agency to oversee ‘all aspects’ of offshore
drilling” 1/11/2011, France 24,
http://www.france24.com/en/20110111
-
bp
-
oil
-
spill
-
report
-
presidential
-
panel
-
monitor
-
offshore
-
drilling
-
gulf
-
usa
)

In a final report on the BP oil spill

in the Gulf of Mexico,
a US panel called Tuesday for a
new independent watchdog to oversee "all
aspects" of offshore drilling and for the
energy industry to take steps to "dramatically" increase safety.

AFP
-

A US presidential panel in its final report on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill called Tuesday for an overhaul of oil industry pr
actices
and the cr
eation of an independent safety watchdog to avoid a repeat of the disaster.

"The central lesson to be drawn from the catastrophe is that no less than an
overhauling of both current industry practices and government oversight is now
required," the seven
-
me
mber panel said

in the report released after a six
-
month probe into the
environmental and human disaster in the Gulf.

"
To assure human safety and environmental protection, regulatory oversight of
leasing, energy exploration, and production require reforms
even beyond those
significant reforms already initiated since the Deepwater Horizon disaster
," said the
report.

Weeks after an explosion on BP's Deepwater Horizon offshore platform killed 11 workers and set record amounts of oil spewing
into
the Gulf of Me
xico,
Interior Secretary Ken Salazar broke up the federal agency that
oversaw rig safety and sold leases to oil companies.

But
the commission called for even tougher measures
,
urging

in the report
that the

US
government "create an independent agency within

the Department of the Interior
with enforcement authority to oversee all aspects of offshore drilling safety."

US government report: "What Happened to the Oil?"

The panel also put some of the burden on the oil industry to reach and maintain "dramatically
increased" safety standards called for
in the report.

"Because regulatory oversight alone will not be sufficient to ensure adequate safety, the oil and gas industry will need to t
ake its own,
unilateral steps to increase dramatically safety throughout the
industry, including self
-
policing mechanisms that supplement
governmental enforcement," the report said.

The panel dedicated the 400
-
page document to the 11 men who lost their lives on the BP
-
leased Deepwater Horizon rig on April 20
last year, "in the hope

that this report will help minimize the chance of another such disaster ever happening again."

Splitting Interior Department agency into two solves the impact.

Malveaux 10

(Suzanne, CNN White House Correspondent, “Obama Administration Moves to Reform Big

Oil Oversight”
CNN Politics, May 11, 2010,
http://www.cnn.com/2010/POLITICS/05/11/oil.oversight/index.html
)

Washington (CNN)
--

The Obama administration, eager to show it is r
esponding to the
Gulf Coast oil spill, will announce plans Tuesday to split up an Interior
Department agency that oversees offshore drilling,

White House officials confirmed.

Spokesman Robert Gibbs sent a message on Twitter with the news, and then confirme
d its accuracy, addressing the "plan to split
offshore drilling agency
--

one to inspect oil rigs and enforce safety, other to oversee leases, royalties."

The official announcement by the Department of the Interior will be made at an afternoon news confere
nce with Secretary Ken
Salazar. According to a DOI release,
Salazar will address new reforms "to toughen oversight of
offshore oil and gas operations."

Salazar will propose splitting the Minerals Management Service, which is the
government agency that over
sees the oil business, into two separate agencies.

One would investigate oil companies, inspect oil rigs, and enforce safety
regulations. The second would collect oil drilling royalties and oversee drilling
leases.

As it stands now, MMS collects oil and ga
s drilling royalties and enforces
regulations that apply to drilling.

Critics, like Sen. Bill Nelson, D
-
Florida, say it's a conflict of interest for MMS to do both.

In a letter to acting Inspector General Mary Kendall, Nelson wrote, "I ask that you determi
ne in your investigation the extent to
which the oil and natural gas industry exercised influence in the agency's rulemaking process." Nelson has long been an oppon
ent of
expanding offshore drilling.

Following the Gulf Coast oil spill, MMS was accused of u
nderstating the extent of previous oil spills in the region.

President Obama ordered a 30
-
day review of offshore drilling following the
Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion on April 20
, which created the underwater gusher now spewing
210,000 gallons of crud
e into the Gulf of Mexico each day.

Tuesday's reforms are expected to be the first of several changes coming from the
Interior Department.