PRESENTATION NAME

heehawultraMechanics

Feb 22, 2014 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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2011
-
2012
Geography

Project

Mekong

River

Yu Qi Xian, Angel 4A(38)


Location



starts in the
Tibetan Plateau
and the river runs
through
China's Yunnan province
,
Burma
,
Laos
,
Thailand
,
Cambodia

and
Vietnam



world's 12th
-
longest river ,2,600 miles.


9
largest river in Southeast Asia







Map


Background


the
heart and soul

of mainland Southeast Asia


¾
one of the world’s most diverse
fisheries
supporter


¾

provider of
food
,
water
,
transport

and many
other aspects for local people


The Mekong River is…


Hydrology

Lower Basin

1)below the border between
Myanmar

and
Laos

2)
1,485 miles
in length



Sources of channel flow:

-
Seasonal precipitation caused by monsoon winds


Climate

-
Warm(usually around 23º C to 32º C)


Hydrology

Upper Basin

1)long
, narrow valley
comprises
roughly



1/4of
the total
area

2)cuts
through the
mountains and plateaus
of
China
.



Sources of channel flow

-
From the
Ang

and Cha streams at local




Natural

resources


mineral resources


gold, copper, lead, zinc, phosphate, potash, oil
and gas, coal and gemstone




Non
-
timber forest


important source of income for rural people



supply markets
with a vast array of plant and
animal products




Natural Resources


Wetlands



productive environment for

1)agriculture,

2)aquaculture,

3)capture fisheries,

4)non
-
fish aquatic goods,

5)tourism revenue



Threats

The Mekong River system

suffers from…


a. Deforestation


changed runoff patterns


increased sedimentation


b. Destroy the ecosystem


Lead to extinct of numerous fish species



Threats

c. Overfishing


the increased use of poisons


d. Pollution


Largely untreated urban, industrial, and
agricultural pollution.



Development


Hydropower


meet the growing needs of energy
services

-
focus on overall effectiveness of projects
within a basin
-
wide perspective.



Development


Giant Dams



Ecosystem of the river and a way of life
are threatened by a proposal to construct a
massive dam in Laos.



Inspector


Mekong River Commission


set up in
1995


promote and coordinate
sustainable management

-
development of water
and related resources for
the countries' mutual benefit


Measures


Basin Planning

Lower
Mekong
Basin:

Æ
economic
growth,
industrialisation

and
urbanisation
.



Water Quality Management

Æ
maintain good quality water for locals’ daily
life




Measures


National Mekong Committee


better cooperation for maintaining
Mekong’s water quality and implement
procedure.



Landscapes


Fishermen and farmers are selling their
products in the Mekong Market.


Children enjoy swimming in the Mekong River.


A fisherman is fishing in the Mekong
.


Landscapes

Reflection


Protect the environment


Personally:

-
reduce

water using

-
encourage

other people

-
fix the
leak pipes


Reflection


Protect the environment

Government:

-
inspect the discharge of
industrial pollutes

-
set up laws
to watch over pollution fountainhead

-
establish
international cooperation committee

-
educate

the public


Reference


http://www.economist.com/node/21542480


http://www.internationalrivers.org/china/lancang
-
mekong
-
river


http://www.bjkp.gov.cn/bjkpzc/tszr/dl/hlhp/124586.shtml


http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/geography/mekongriver.h
tm


http://botrakhmerangkor.blogspot.com/2010/08/is
-
it
-
end
-
for
-
mekong
-
giant
-
catfish.html


http://www.mrcmekong.org/the
-
mekong
-
basin/physiography/


http://adsoftheworld.com/forum/61072


http://waterengnet.com/2011/top
-
10
-
ways
-
to
-
save
-
water/


http://www.mrcmekong.org/


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