MANUFACTURE AND USES

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Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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MANUFACTURE AND USES






Substance Name:
phosphorus

EC Number:
231
-
768
-
7

CAS Number:
7723
-
14
-
0

Registrant's Identity:
JS member Legal Entity

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

2

2. MANUFACTURE AND USES

2.1. Manufacture

Table
1
. Manufacture


Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

M
-
1: Production of
elemental
phosphorus in
ferro
-
phosphorus
alloys
(massive form)

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 1: Manufacture of substances

Process category (PROC):

PROC 2: Use in closed, continuous process with
occasional controlled exposure

PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
formulation)

PROC

8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
wi
th minerals/metals at elevated temperature.
Industrial setting

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals



M
-
2: Production of
elemental
phosphorus in
ferro
-
phosphorus
alloys (powder form)

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 1: Manufacture of su
bstances

Process category (PROC):

PROC 2: Use in closed, continuous process with
occasional controlled exposure

PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
formulation)

PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for
formulation of preparations and

articles (multistage
and/or significant contact)

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated fi
lling line, including
weighing)

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature



Table
2
. Manufacturing process related to th
e specified manufacture(s)


Related manufacture(s)

Description of manufacturing process

M
-
1: Production of elemental
phosphorus in ferro
-
phosphorus
alloys (massive form)

Elemental phosphorus contained in ferro
-
phosphorus
-

Ferro
-
phosphorus is a by
-
product

of the production of white phosphorus (P4)
in an electric (submerged) arc furnace. Raw materials are phosphate pellets,
silica gravel and dried coke. During the phosphorus reaction, the feed mixture
is converted into gaseous product (mainly P4 and CO) and

a liquid calcium
silicates slag (CaSiO3 and Ca4Si2O7F).

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS
number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

3

Related manufacture(s)

Description of manufacturing process

In addition, a second liquid product, known as ferro
-
phosphorus, is also
produced. Iron oxides contained in the phosphate ore are reduced to metallic
iron which reacts with the P4 to form ferro
-
phosp
horus.

The ferro
-
phosphorus with its high specific gravity collects in the bottom of
the furnace and is tapped daily, collected in a sand bed and cooled with water
and air.

No information available on production of articles covered by the specified use(s)

2.2. Identified uses

Table
3
. Uses at industrial sites


Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

IW
-
1: Use of
ferro
-
phosphorus
lumps during steel
and special steel
manufacture

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5:
Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for
formulation of preparations and articles (multistage
and/or significant contact)

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or prepar
ation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
with minerals/metals at elevated
temperature.
Industrial setting

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

PROC 2: Use in closed, continuous process with
occasional controlled exposure

PROC 4: Use in batch and oth
er process (synthesis)
where opportunity for exposure arises

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

Product Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 14: Manuf
acture of basic metals, including alloys

SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery,
equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

base metal and alloys

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
1: Use of article made of
steel containing phosphorus

IW
-
2: Preparation of
ferro
-
phosphorus
lumps sample for
laboratory purposes

Environmental release category
(ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a matrix

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

4

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

Process category (PROC):

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

PROC 4: Use in batch and other process (synthesis)
where opportunity for exposure aris
es

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 21: Low en
ergy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 0: Other: Preparation of samples for lab
testing

Product Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 0: Other: Laboratory analysis

Technical function of the
substance during
formulation:

alloying element

for that use: no

IW
-
3: Production of
steel and iron

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclu
sion into or
onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at non
-
dedicated facilities

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/
to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and
pouring

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing

operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.
Industrial setting

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/or art
icles

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Product Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
1: Use of article made of
steel containing phosphorus

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS
number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

5

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Improves mechanical pro
perties of metallic alloys

IW
-
4: Manufacturing
of alloying tablets

and briquettes

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at non
-
d
edicated facilities

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing
)

PROC 14: Production of preparations or articles by
tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
with minerals/metals
at elevated temperature.
Industrial setting

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

Product Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Improves mechanical properties of metallic alloys

Substance supplied to that

use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: no

IW
-
5: Production of
stainless or special
steels

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 8a:

Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at non
-
dedicated facilities

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9:
Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and
pouring

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
2: Production of stainless or
special steels

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

6

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.
In
dustrial setting

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Product

Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Improves mechanical properties of metallic alloys

IW
-
6: Foundry

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at non
-
dedicated facilities

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/la
rge
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.
Industria
l setting

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Product Catego
ry used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Improves mechanical properties of metallic alloys

Substance supplied to that use:

In a
mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
3: Foundry

IW
-
7: Use of
ferro
-
phosphorus
powder in paint

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a ma
trix

Process category (PROC):

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS
number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

7

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
formulation)

PROC 4: Use in batch and other process (synthesis)
where opportunity for exposure arises

PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for
formulation of
preparations and articles (multistage
and/or significant contact)

PROC 7: Industrial spraying

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or pre
paration into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 10: Roller application or brushing

PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and
pouring

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

Product Categor
y used:

PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes

Sector of end use:

SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment

SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery,
equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment

Tech
nical function of the substance during
formulation:

Plating agents and metal surface treating agents

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
4: Coated surface

IW
-
8: Use of
ferro
-
phosphorus in
concrete

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or
onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 2: Use in closed, continuous process with
occasional controlled exposure

PROC 3
: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
formulation)

PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for
formulation of preparations and articles (multistage
and/or significant contact)

PROC 4: Use in batch and other process (synthesis)
where opportunity

for exposure arises

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighin
g)

PROC 14: Production of preparations or articles by
tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

Substance supplied to
that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
5: Cement

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

8

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

Product Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 13: Manufacture of other non
-
metallic mineral
products, e.g. plasters, cement

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

shrinkage control agent

Table
4
. Uses by professional workers


Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

PW
-
1: Use of
ferro
-
phosphorus
powder in paint

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 8f: Wide dispersive outdoor use resulting in
inclusion into or onto a matrix

ERC 8c: Wide dispersive indoor use resulting in
inclusion into or onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
formulation)

PROC 4: Use in batch and other process (synthesis)
where opportunity for exposure arises

PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for
formulation of preparations and articles (multistage
and/or significant contact)

PROC 7: Industrial spraying

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into
small containers
(dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 10: Roller application or brushing

PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and
pouring

PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

Product Category used:

PC 9a: Coatings and pai
nts, thinners, paint removes

Sector of end use:

SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment

SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery,
equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment

Technical function of the substance

during
formulation:

Plating agents and metal surface treating agents

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
4: Coated surface

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS
number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

9

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

PW
-
2: Use of
ferro
-
phosphorus in

concrete

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 8c: Wide dispersive indoor use resulting in
inclusion into or onto a matrix

ERC 8f: Wide dispersive outdoor use resulting in
inclusion into or onto a matrix

Process category (PROC):

PROC 2: Use in closed,

continuous process with
occasional controlled exposure

PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
formulation)

PROC 4: Use in batch and other process (synthesis)
where opportunity for exposure arises

PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes fo
r
formulation of preparations and articles (multistage
and/or significant contact)

PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation
(charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large
containers at dedicated facilities

PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation in
to
small containers (dedicated filling line, including
weighing)

PROC 14: Production of preparations or articles by
tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 26:

Handling of solid inorganic substances at
ambient temperature

Product Category used:

PC 7: Base metals and alloys

Sector of end use:

SU 13: Manufacture of other non
-
metallic mineral
products, e.g. plasters, cement

Technical function of the substance
during
formulation:

shrinkage control agent

Substance supplied to that use:

In a mixture

Subsequent service life relevant
for that use: yes

Link to the subsequent service
life:

A
-
5: Cement

Table
5
. Article service life


Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

SL
-
1: Use of article
made of steel
containing
phosphorus

Article category related to subsequent service life
(AC):

AC 7: Metal articles

AC 1: Vehicles

AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances,
electrical/electro
nic articles

Exposure related description of article:

Articles with foreseeable exposure to dust and fumes
during maintenance and recycling processes, e.g.
abrasive surface cleaning, dismantling and milling

Environmental release category (ERC):

Article used by:

workers

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

10

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

ERC 11a:
Wide dispersive indoor use of long
-
life
articles and materials with low release

ERC 12a: Industrial processing of articles with
abrasive techniques (low release)

ERC 10a: Wide dispersive outdoor use of long
-
life
articles and materials with low release

ERC
12b: Industrial processing of articles with
abrasive techniques (high release)

Process category (PROC):

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

PROC 24: High (mechanic
al) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
.
Industrial setting

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

alloying element

SL
-
2: Production of
stainless or special
steels

Article category related to subsequent service life
(AC):

AC 7: Metal articles

AC 01:
Other (non intended to be released): Steel,
slabs, plates

Exposure related description of article:

Articles with foreseeable exposure to dust and fumes
during maintenance and recycling processes, e.g.
abrasive surface cleaning, dismantling and milling

Envi
ronmental release category (ERC):

ERC 12a: Industrial processing of articles with
abrasive techniques (low release)

ERC 12b: Industrial processing of articles with
abrasive techniques (high release)

Process category (PROC):

PROC 22: Potentially closed proc
essing operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.
Industrial setting

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/
or articles

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Improves mechanical properties of metallic alloys

Article used by:

workers

SL
-
3: Foundry

Article category related to subsequent service life

(AC):

Article used by:

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS
number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

11

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances,
electrical/electronic articles

AC 7: Metal articles

Exposure related description of article:

Articles with foreseeable exposure to dust and fumes
during maintenance and recycling processes, e.g.
abrasive surfa
ce cleaning, dismantling and milling

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 12a: Industrial processing of articles with
abrasive techniques (low release)

ERC 12b: Industrial processing of articles with
abrasive techniques (high release)

ERC 10a: Wide
dispersive outdoor use of long
-
life
articles and materials with low release

ERC 11a: Wide dispersive indoor use of long
-
life
articles and materials with low release

Process category (PROC):

PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations
with
minerals/metals at elevated temperature.
Industrial setting

PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations
with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 25: Ot
her hot work operations with metals

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Improves mechanical properties of metallic alloys

workers

SL
-
4: Coated surface

Article category related to subsequent service life
(AC):

AC 2:
Machinery, mechanical appliances,
electrical/electronic articles

AC 7: Metal articles

Exposure related description of article:

surface coating of metallic articles

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 10a: Wide dispersive outdoor use of long
-
life
arti
cles and materials with low release

ERC 11a: Wide dispersive indoor use of long
-
life
articles and materials with low release

Process category (PROC):

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 24: High (mechanica
l) energy work
-
up of
substances bound in materials and/or articles

PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Technical function of the substance during
formulation:

Article used by:

workers

EC number:
231
-
768
-
7

Phosphorus_JS_Member

CAS number:
7723
-
14
-
0

2013
-
04
-
26 CSR
-
PI
-
5.4.1

CHEMICAL SAFETY REPORT

12

Identifiers

Use descriptors

Other information

Plating agents and metal surface treating agents

SL
-
5:
Cement

Article category related to subsequent service life
(AC):

AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic
articles

Exposure related description of article:

Articles with foreseeable exposure to dust and fumes
during maintenance and recycling process
es, e.g.
abrasive surface cleaning, dismantling and milling

Environmental release category (ERC):

ERC 10a: Wide dispersive outdoor use of long
-
life
articles and materials with low release

ERC 11a: Wide dispersive indoor use of long
-
life
articles and
materials with low release

Process category (PROC):

PROC 14: Production of preparations or articles by
tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation

PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances
bound in materials and/or articles

Technical function of

the substance during
formulation:

shrinkage control agents

Article used by:

workers

2.3. Uses advised against

No information available