through collective action for sustainability &

halffacedacidicManagement

Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Greening the economy of Mountain regions
through collective action for sustainability &
poverty reduction








BMS
Rathore
, Joint
Secretatry

.


Ministry of Environment & Forests , Govt. of India







Pleasant be thy hills, O Earth,

Thy snow
-
clad mountains and thy woods !



Whatever I dig from thee, Earth,

May that have quick growth again,

O purifier, may we not injure thy vitals or thy
heart.

Hymn to Mountains


yatharva

veda
,
Bhakti

Suktam




Let’s contextualize our discussion in such
cultural ethos , particularly from IHR

Rio+20


shift evident ( from bio
-
physical
to holistic)


Mountains got prominence in Rio+20
declarations for its high vulnerability, poverty,
biodiversity and water resources



Rio+20 does provide political commitment
and call for international co
-
operation for
supporting sustainable mountain
development;


Mountains: Rich source of water , food ,
energy


Water, Food and Energy are the most
critical issues of 21
st

century;



Their natural supply will be critical for SD
strategies of mountainous regions;



Glaciated and snow
-
clad mountains are the
world’s water towers, supplying more than
50 percent of the fresh water needs of the
world’s population


Role of mountain ecosystems & SD


Mountains

provides

more

than

50
%

0
f

fresh

water

and

15
%

of

the

world’s

energy

-

all

clean



Mountains

can

conserve

&

store

water

and

recharge

ground

water




Mountains

are

critical

to

provide

energy

security


Role of mountain ecosystems in SD


Mountain

systems

moderate

&

regulate

regional

&

global

climate




Mountain

ecosystems

mediate

carbon,

energy,

and

water

balance

at

the

land

surface



The

HKH

influence

the

two

rainfall

patterns

of

the

region

-

monsoon

and

westerly
.

Mountains: gene pools for future food


Mountain communities are custodians of rich
agro
-
biodiversity.



A no. of wild relatives of rice, citrus, and
domesticated crops, fruits and vegetables are
found in Mountains and hills;



In case of crop epidemics, we may have to
tap them


Rio+20


a platform of opportunities


Rio+20 outcome document recognized these global
values of mountain ecosystem services to promote SD
and green growth;



Encourage States to adopt a long
-
term vision and
holistic approaches, including incorporating mountain
-
specific policies into national sustainable development
strategies, which could include, inter alia, poverty
reduction plans and programmes for mountain areas,
In this regard, we call for international support for
sustainable mountain development in developing
countries.

SD potentials of Mountains

Mountains

can

help

achieve

global

sustainability
:


Diversification

of

livelihoods

requires

high

natural

capital

base

and

socio
-
cultural

capital

-

mountains

have

both


Key Challenges in Mountain regions


Employment


-
Feminization

,

losing

out

youths/families




Poor

infrastructure




Poor

markets



Natural

Resource

Degradation

(

land

,

biodiversity,

glaciers)

,

natural

hazards




Unsustainable

Tourism



Balancing

development



conservation





Climate

induced

challenges


Major elements of new Mountain agenda


Need for global support for mountains for improved livelihoods
and sustainability



Recognize and valuation of Mountain ecosystems goods and
services



Role of mountains ecosystems to support other ecosystems
(low lands)



Fill in knowledge gaps, build capacity and develop mountain
friendly technologies, making use of socio

cultural capital.



Regional cooperation to address issues like biodiversity loss
etc;



Way Forward


Rio+20 outcome document is a good reference point
to build on future actions and programs



Key requirements are mountain friendly technologies,
finance and capacity building, and no to green
protectionism



COP11 of CBD and COP18 of the UNFCCC are the
next opportunities to mainstream new Mt. agenda




Thanks