Seminars for LBA2

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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Seminars for LBA2

Global Change Research and Development Research



Reflections on Synergies and Challenges for LBA Phase 2



Carlos A Nobre

CPTEC
-
INPE

LBA and Brazilian Amazonia Deforestation Rates



-

By the time that LBA started its planning (
1993
-
94
),
deforestation rates were about
13,000 km
2
/year


-

When LBA started its field phase (
1998
-
99
), they were
about
18,000 km
2
/year


-

Nearing the end of LBA Phase 1 (
1994
), rates have
increased to
26,000 km
2
/year

The Development Challenge

-

Water, Food and Livelihoods

UN

Millennium

Development

Goals

(MDG)


To

halve,

by

the

year

2015
,



the

proportion

of

the

world’s

people

living

in


absolute

poverty


the

proportion

of

people

suffering

from

hunger


the

proportion

of

people

unable

to

access

or

afford


safe

drinking

water

To

achieve

this

while

simultaneously

stabilizing

human

impact

on

climate
,

protecting

biological

diversity
,

stop

unsustainable

exploitation

of

water

resources,

combat

droughts

and

desertification,

by

adoption

the

principles

of

sustainable

development

Uppsala Meeting, GC and Development Oriented Funding Agencies

17
-
18 May 2005

Should Global Change (GC) research be top priority for
developing countries? Does it truly have priority along side
applied, needs based research on agriculture, freshwater,
health, energy, biotechnology, industrialization, etc…?


Does GC research provide relevant knowledge for the time
step of
prime

concern for development research?


Do we have evidence form GC research to convey to
stakeholder in development research which will/should
influence research agenda?


Is there a scope for a new science on global change research
for

development?

A new focus for LBA Phase 2?


Urgency is clear


GEC causing risks for global development
and jeopardizing an already unlikely

Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
fulfillment


Sustainable Development is constrained by
global environmental change


Social scale dimensions


Environmental Refugees,
vulnerability science


The role of ecosystem functions in building
resilience to mitigate shocks (slow and sudden)


social and ecological resilience


Major advances in our understanding of the Earth
System, scale interactions, dynamics of social
-
ecological systems (
LBA is a role model of IRS
)



The Global Environment Change Scene

Differences and Similarities between Global Change Research and
Development Research


Global Change Research

Development Research

Ecosystem paradigm

People centered paradigm
(agency and structure;
decision making; social
processes)

global


regional

scale


Global environmental
change

Local


r
egional


global
scale

Economic, political, social,
cultural globalization

Focus on long
-
term
changes

Focus on shorter term
changes

Differences and Similarities between Global Change Research and
Development Research (2)

Global Change Research

Development Research

Combination of fundamental and
applied research (explaining,
understanding).

Self
-
initiated research.




Knowledge for understanding

Knowledge for impacts

Strong solution orientation.

Reflection on the process of scientific
knowledge production (knowledge
and power), the negotiation of
knowledge and the translation of
knowledge into action


Knowledge for understanding

Knowledge for impacts

Knowledge for action

Actionable knowledge

Organized small communities

Diverse, fractious communities

Consensus

Diversity/tension are important for creative knowledge production.

Development strategies have to take climate change/ global
environmental change into account and GEC research should be
informed by development needs.


Effective mechanisms to translate GEC knowledge into action are
underdeveloped.

[
a perceived defficiency in LB A
]

What we could learn from each other ?

GEC research from Development Research
: Stakeholder
involvement, placed based research, comparison of case
studies, translation of knowledge into action.

Development Research from GEC research
:
Environmental teleconnections on a global scale and their
regional and local implications.


Integrated Regional Studies (e.g. LBA): a natural locus
where GEC research and Development Research can meet
and explore sinergies


(Ongoing) areas of collaboration

Adaptation


mitigation


resilience


vulnerability

Climate prediction

0

100

Adaptado de Nepstad, Folha Amazônica, 2004

Vicious Circle ...

LBA 1

Rigorous documentation of change in the region and
understanding the causes of change

State
-
of
-
the
-
science diagnostic tools and impact studies:
increased
anguish

of scientists and policy makers alike at
the unsustainable pathways of land use change


LBA2: more of the same?

Forest area

Jobs/Income

Governance Capacity

0

100

Virtuous Circle...

What is the role of LBA2 to contribute to the setting of

the ‘virtuous circle’?

The Great Challenge




LBA 2



In addition to the traditional scientific agenda of LBA1 (typically
Global Change Research), LBA2 must have a focus on developing a
robust scientific basis (and also technological basis to a large extent)
to support sustainable (ecologically, socially, economicaly) uses of
natural resources, with an emphasis on ecosystems goods and
services, and on increased resilience of life supporting systems.


In LBA1, such studies were not more than 10% of all studies


For LBA2, they should make a larger proportion of the scientific
agenda



Instituto do Milênio


LBA2 proposal: increased emphasis on
research relevant to regional developement


Instituto do Milênio


Uses of Amazon Biodiversity proposal (led by
UFPA, INPA, Embrapa, CBA, FUA, etc.): points out to research fully
in tune with S&T needs for sustainable development.

Example of bridging science for policy and
development: a conceptual model for LBA2?

Livelihoods &

Environment

GEC research (e.g. LBA1)

Vulnerability
Assessment

Action research
for resilience
building (also
with a strong
focus on
technology)

Policy &
dialogue
processes



The role of ecosystems and ecological resilience for human life support



Understanding vulnerability, building resilience for local life support

Seminars for Defining LBA2

Seminar I

Seminar in Brasilia with MCT



Coordination among MCT
´
s Amazonian projects (LBA,
GEOMA, PPBIO, PP
-
G7, etc.)



Strategic discussions on mission for LBA Phase 2 (GC research
and

Development
-
oriented research?)



Small group



To take place within the next two
-
months



Definition of organizing group for Seminar II



Discussion of results at LBA SSC 18 (November 2005?)

Seminar II

International Seminar



Goal: To advance the definition of a science agenda for LBA2



Larger group involving current LBA researchers and representatives of new
areas to be atracted,
and key stakeholders



Funding agency representatives (both Science and Development Funding
Agencies)



Final product: a document laying out the mission, the science (and
technology) questions and the implementation strategy for LBA2 for 2006
-
2010



Date: Jan
-
Feb 2006



Role of LBA SSC in the organization of Seminar


Potential future areas of collaboration

Identify existing structures for translation of scientific
knowledge into action or identify the needs for new
structures

Take advantage of existing donor platforms in S & T (e.g.
IFORD, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers; Millenium
Science Initiative)

Build fora for intellectual exchange (including
information exchange) between GEC research and DR.


LBA1

Environment

GEC research