West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan - Teaming to Win

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Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Presentation Identifier (Title or Location), Month 00, 2008

West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan
Preliminary Results

Steve
Bossart

Director, Integrated Electric Power Systems

Office of Systems Analysis and Planning


‹#›

The West Virginia Smart Grid
Implementation Plan is the
first

state
-
wide
Smart Grid strategy in the nation!



It is only the second publicly available
Smart
Grid strategy document.

‹#›

Smart Grid & West Virginia Connection


This plan used the NETL Modern Grid Strategy
(MGS) vision for the Smart Grid



In June 2008, this NETL MGS vision became the
Smart Grid vision for the nation



Senator Byrd influenced Congress to fund the
original research and vision development (2005
-
07)



The MGS team in West Virginia has been at the
center of the Smart Grid debate for the last 4 years

‹#›

Smart Grid Vision

Principal Characteristics of a Smart Grid:


Enable active participation by consumers


Accommodate all generation and storage options


Enable new products, services, and markets


Optimize asset utilization and operate efficiently


Provide power quality for the digital economy


Operate resiliently against attack and natural
disaster


Anticipate & respond to system disturbances (self
-
heal)

Powering the 21st Century Economy

‹#›

Smart Grid Vision

Key
Success
Factors
Performance
Principal
Characteristics
Key Technology
Areas
Metrics



Enable active participation
by consumers




Accommodate all
generation and storage options



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Provide power quality for the
digital economy



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and ope牡瑥⁥晦楣楥湴t



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Integrated communications




Sensors and measurements




Advanced control methods




Advanced components




Improved interface and decision support




Reliable




Secure




Economic




Efficient




Environmentally
friendly




Safe

Perform in relation to the
KSFs

Metrics in relation to the
KSFs

‹#›

West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan

Powering the 21st Century Economy


$540K project jointly funded through
Attachment H process by NETL, RDS,
Allegheny Power, AEP, State of West
Virginia, WVU, and DOE OE


Results will describe approach and
value proposition of implementing
Smart Grid in West Virginia


Cost & benefit analysis comparing the
state of current electricity grid and
future Smart Grid in West Virginia


Address the role of coal in Smart Grid


Support economic development in State of West Virginia


Only state
-
wide Smart Grid implementation plan


Establishes West Virginia and NETL as leader in Smart Grid


Only second Smart Grid study to be published


‹#›

Implementation Plan Process

Gap
Analysis



Current State



Future State

Solutions

Business
Case

Implementation
Plan

‹#›

WV Future State

Characteristic

Smart Grid Description

Enable active
participation by
consumers

•AMI deployment completed in specific regions •DR
in place with smart meters •consumers active in
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area networks •activity with RTO underway to link to
consumer •dynamic real time rate structures in place

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潰瑩潮s

•New tariffs incent DER deployment •integrated
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a single feeder •central DER coordination at
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•Access to RTO markets available in specific regions
•value of consumer involvement well understood,
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RTO's in real time •AMI communications
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•DR, DER and energy efficiency programs in place
•transmission congestion eliminated

‹#›

WV Future State (cont.)

Characteristic

Smart Grid Description

Optimize asset utilization
and operate efficiently

•Regionally deployed health and condition sensors
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-

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condition based maintenance, outage
management, system loss reduction, work
management, customer service, engineering,
•Modeling, simulation and visualization tools
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•Enterprise
-
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deployed and integrated with AMI, GIS, OMS, DA,
DR, DER, work management, etc.

Provide power quality for
the digital economy

•Minimally acceptable PQ levels for all customers
established •PQ metrics established and
performance trends tracked •Advanced technology
deployments include: remote PQ Sensing, static
VAr compensation, power electronic PQ devices,
spike and harmonic filters, and PQ parks.

‹#›

WV Future State (cont.)

Characteristic

Smart Grid Description

Operate resiliently
against attack and natural
disaster

•AMI penetration growing, providing tool for more rapid
service restoration •Service restoration faster where
AMI deployed •regional advanced detection,
diagnosis, and autonomous corrective action in place
•cyber security standards are well defined and
incorporated in new designs •more than half of
consumers have back
-
up power •local micro
-
grids
emerge

Anticipate & respond to
system disturbances
(self
-
heal)

•System Integrity Protective Systems (SIPS) ensure
regional reliability, adaptive relaying deployed •system
-
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would be too slow •DER and DR integrated with DA
and feeder backup is underway •islanding services
available to customers • all critical system assets are
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‹#›

Smart Grid Solutions for WV

Solution

Description

Advanced Metering

Infrastructure (AMI)

All Residential, Commercial and Industrial Customers
represented by 998,317 meters

IT Integration

A CIS Upgrade to accommodate AMI and DR
functionality & Outage Management

Demand Response

(DR)

The aggregated sum of 104 MW of DR from
Residential, Commercial and Industrial Customers

Distribution

Management
System (DMS)

The automated fault clearing & restoration of service,
circuit monitoring and control of the Distribution
System to include 707 circuits of 1107 total circuits

Distributed

Energy
Resources (DER)

100MW of Base Generation, 800 MW of Peak
Generation, 250 MW of Advanced Storage and 100
MW of Wind Resources all capable of being
dispatched on demand

Transmission Systems

Not used in this plan since there are transmission
upgrades well underway

‹#›

Preliminary


Business Case Results


Still working on refining the business case, but in
general terms……


NPV Cost: $1.4B
-

$1.7B


NPV Benefits: yielding a 2:1 to 3.5:1 value


The team has taken many conservative approaches
to the calculation of benefits, and expect the actual
results that WV will see several years from now, will
be even greater.

‹#›

Benefits


Utilities


Operational

Metering & billing, outage & work force
management, reduced energy losses, optimize asset utilization


Asset Management

System planning, maintenance



Consumer


Reduced business loss, information access, energy
management, participate in DR programs, connection of DG
and storage, participate in electricity markets, reduce
transportation costs



Societal


Downward pressure of electricity prices, reduced emissions,
economic development, improved reliability, improved grid
security, revolutionize transportation sector, reduced
dependence on foreign oil



‹#›


(may extend for AEP)

Implementation Plan Summary

2010

2011

2013

2012

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

AMI

IT Integration

Demand Response

Distribution Mgmt System

Distributed Energy
Resources

RD&D

‹#›

Development and Demonstration


AMI Pilot



It exercises a small number of AMI
meters from the chosen vendor using the Meter Data
Management System (MDMS) in a minimally
-
integrated role. The pilot allows the utility to test the
communication infrastructure, messaging, and data
collection against requirements.


Demand Response Pilot



A small number of load
management Demand Resources are deployed and
tested. The pilot allows the utility to test DR
program rules, business rules for load management,
economic and reliability message requests and their
load management results, expected vs. actual load
management results, in home device results, and
participant behavioral patterns.


‹#›

Development and Demonstration (cont.)


Distributed Energy Resource Pilot



The DER pilot
allows the utility to test generation management
(rather than load management) and occurs during a
similar timeline in the overall DR and DER
implementation solution schedule.


Distribution Management System Pilot



With the
DMS system, it is likely that several different devices
and strategies will be used over time. The pilot is
not anticipated to test everything, but rather provide
a simple, baseline system that allows the DMS
enterprise systems an opportunity for testing and
experimentation.


‹#›

Conclusions


There are gaps in technology, regulation, and
consumer preparedness that are necessary to
address to realize the benefits of the Smart Grid in
WV.


The five Smart Grid solutions presented working
together will generate benefits to WV that far exceed
the cost of implementation and operations of these
solutions.


The implementation of a Smart Grid in WV will take
about 8 years.


It is prudent to begin immediately with pilot projects
for AMI, DR, DER, and DMS to reduce the risks of the
larger state
-
wide deployment.

‹#›

How This Project Will Be Used


Basis for discussion within the state


Division of Energy


Public Service Commission


Economic Development


Utilities


Consumer and environmental groups


Legislators


Reference for policy change


Reference for business case development in rate
-
making and creation of incentives for change

‹#›

Contact Information



For additional information, contact

Modern Grid Strategy Team

http://www.netl.doe.gov/moderngrid/

304
-
599
-
4273 x101



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