RFID - Nemug

guineanscarletElectronics - Devices

Nov 27, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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What’s Happening

with RFID?

Faith Lamprey

Aurora Technologies

(401) 765
-
3721

aurora@auroratechedi.com

www.auroratechedi.com


NEMUG

November, 2009

Radio Frequency Identification
(RFID) is the use of an object
(RFID Tag) applied to or
incorporated into a

Product, Animal, or PERSON

for the purpose of

identification and tracking.


RFID Components


Reader Antenna Tag (
chip+antenna)

RFID Tags


Active


A tag that has its own power source (battery).


It “chirps” or sends out a signal that says “Here I am!”



Passive


One type has no battery and requires an external source to provoke
signal transmission.


A second type BAP (battery assisted passive) requires an external
source to wake up, but can transmit over a greater range.


RFID in the Supply Chain



Used to improve the efficiency of inventory tracking and
management.
Smart Boxes




A fair cost
-
sharing mechanism between the retailer and
consumer good supplier is essential for sustainable RFID
adoption to take place.

RFID Supply Chain Mandates



Since January 2005 Wal
-
Mart has required top 100
suppliers to use RFID tags on all shipments.



Since January 2008 Sam’s Club charges a service fee if
single item pallets shipped to their Texas DC or directly to
a store do not have an RFID tag.



DoD has strict requirements for RFID tags on packages.
They label every shipping container (over a million!) that
travels outside of the U.S. with active tags.

RF



Uses an RF tag that contains the new EPC
(Electronic Product
Code
)


Tags:


Chip and antenna inside a traditional label


Built into a plastic or rubber RF tag


Chips built into packaging


RFID Tags

RFID Trends


Miniaturization



Earlier this year British researchers glued
microtransponders to live ants to study their behavior



RFID Trends


Miniaturization


Hitachi has developed the world's smallest and thinnest
RFID chip. It measures only 0.15 x 0.15 millimeters in
size and 7.5 micrometers thick. The new chips have a
wide range of potential applications from military to
transportation, logistics and even consumer electronics.
Nicknamed "Powder" or "Dust", these chips consist of
128
-
bit ROM (Read Only Memory) that can store a 38
-
digit number.




RFID Dust by Hitachi

Human hair

RFID tracking tag from the
movie “Mission Impossible”

Current Uses of RFID


As the price of the technology
decreases, RFID is becoming
increasingly prevalent.


Let’s look at some current uses
of RFID technology.




Mobil’s Speedpass

Car key and the
Speedpass

U.S. Passports


Since August 2007, the U.S. has been issuing only e
-
passports.



The U.S. Electronic Passport (e
-
passport) is the same as a
regular passport with the addition of a small contactless
integrated circuit

(computer chip) embedded in the back
cover. The chip securely stores the same data visually
displayed on the photo page of the passport, and
additionally includes a digital photograph.



The inclusion of the digital photograph enables biometric
comparison, through the use of facial recognition
technology, at international borders.


RFID Network


Episode 4: RFID
-
Enabled Lift
-
Truck Solution
Eliminates Operator Scanning





Other Current Uses


Mobile Payment Cards, Phones, and other Devices


Mass Transit (subways, trains, busses, ferries, bridges)


Asset/Inventory Management (hospitals, animals,
baggage, libraries, museums)


Lap/Race Scoring


ID for Children (clothing, ID cards)


Driver’s Licenses


Prison Inmate Tracking


Golf Balls


Casino Chips




Future Uses?

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipe
dia/commons/9/99/RFID_hand_1.j
pg



The Future Market


IBM RFID Commercial
-

The Future Market



Shopping in the Future




Places for More Info


www.RFID.net



www.RFIDRadio.com



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio
-
frequency_identification





The End

www.auroratechedi.com