RFID for Healthcare and Life Sciences

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Nov 27, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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RFID for Healthcare and Life Sciences

April 4, 2005

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

BE05_0023
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RFID Has Created a Tsunami Within Many Organizations

Consumer Packaged Goods & Retail

Manufacturing

Process Industries

Healthcare

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Analysts Recognize and are Focusing on the Wave

Source


Bear Stearns and Co., Inc., June 2004

“Wal
-
Mart and DoD are requiring their 10,000 and 43,000
suppliers respectively to “equip all arriving pallets and cases
with RFID tags for tracking purposes”…

“RFID’s potential ROI for pharmaceutical companies is significant through improved
inventory management and product
-
recall capability, enhanced patient safety, and as a
guard against drug counterfeiting…Use of RFID by drugmakers will surpass CPG
within 18 months.”

Source


Meta Group, August 2004

Source


Gartner, June 2004

“Have a written RFID plan ready to share with your board and
senior management to show that you've completed an in
-
depth assessment of RFID”…

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Healthcare “Mandates”

Vendor

Date Announced

Compliance

Scope

September 2003

January 2006

RFID
-
enabled at case, pallet and item
packaging levels

February 2004

March 2006

Linear Bar Code label on the immediate
container of human drugs, blood and blood
products

2003

January 2005


All

January 2004 Hi Risk

Drug pedigree


Medical suppliers to the DoD will have to comply with the RFID requirement by January
2006 if they want to be a DoD Supplier


Bar Code Auto
-
ID capabilities have been mandated for pharmaceutical manufactures,

re
-
packagers, and re
-
labelers


Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) proposed a
medication bar code requirement for January 2007


Florida mandated a drug pedigree, first on a small number of at risk drugs, moving to all
drugs in 2005

RFID has not been mandated directly for healthcare. However, RFID and other forms
of Auto
-
ID are the best solution for a number of healthcare mandates

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Potential RFID Benefit Opportunities for Providers


Develop a “New and Improved” Hospital Management Solution


Track all mobile assets


For patients, leverage same infrastructure to monitor:


Location for census management and capacity management in specialty
areas, e.g., perioperative, radiology, cardiology, ED, Labor & Delivery


Status for safety, e.g., medication management, allergies


Administrative requirements, e.g., patient history, consents, insurance


To improve perioperative efficiency and inventory requirements
visibility, develop systems that create a bill of materials by DGR
on admission


Interface to existing applications that provide inventory
location and quantity for consumables and non
-
critical items


Develop a data warehouse for all hospital infrastructure (beds,
surgical rooms, X
-
ray etc.) and develop interfaces to update
status assignment


Provide management dashboard and exception disposition

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Pharmaceuticals, Medical Devices and Distributor Benefits


Drug anti
-
counterfeiting / authentication


Specimen tracking during drug development


Sample drug inventory management


Inventory tracking across the supply chain


Medical error reduction / patient safety


Automated replenishment at retailers and hospitals


Traceability for targeted recalls (1300 in 2001¹)


Tracking returns ($2B in 2002¹)


Medical device lifecycle management


Temperature monitoring


Etc. …

Sources:

1

2002 HDMA Industry Profile and Healthcare Factbook

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Drug Manufacturers are adding RFID tags to bottles of their
pills to fight counterfeiting

“Pfizer Inc. plans to start shipping bottles of Viagra with radio
frequency identification, or RFID, by the end of next year. We're starting
with Viagra because it is probably the best
-
known and one of the most
counterfeited pharmaceutical products“

Pfizer, which sells more than $1.5 billion worth of Viagra a year, will
spend several million dollars to add RFID tags to Viagra bottles.


Source: Bryant Haskins , Pfizer


Shipments of OxyContin bottles with the transmitters will begin this
week to two large customers … The new bottles also should help
authorities and the company in its battle against theft of OxyContin
from pharmacies. The company said it will donate 100 hand
-
held
scanners that can read the labels to law enforcement agencies.


Source: Aaron Graham, Purdue Pharma Security Chief


GlaxoSmithKline, said it too will begin using RFID on one of its
products in the next 12 to 18 months.


Source: ABC News Article, 15November 2004

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Financial Impact of Counterfeiting

Source: NACDS Leadership Council, Counterfeit Prescription Drug Initiative, Dec. 8, 2003

The FDA estimates that up to 40 percent of pharmaceuticals
shipped from countries such as Argentina, Colombia, and
Mexico may be counterfeit.
-

RFID Journal 10/03

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Why RFID Instead of Bar Code?


Auto capture


Unattended, hands
-
free
execution


No line
-
of
-
sight required


Reads multiple tags simultaneously


Dynamic, “real time” update of tag
information


Fast read/write throughput


Can hold more data than Bar Codes


Increased read range capability


Secure information


Withstands harsh/dirty environments

For the first time … your inventory talks to you!

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Radio Frequency Identification (
RFID)


A Family of Technologies


Technology developed in 1940s


Early application starting in 1980s


Livestock tag and trace


Toll Road Passes


Security Access Cards


Smart Labels


1998


The current RFID buzz is about
Smart Labels

A type of Auto
-
ID technology that uses radio waves to
automatically identify individual objects

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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RFID is Automated, Wireless, Data Input and Output

RFID is a tag/label with a unique identifier embedded within it that can have product
specific information written to or read from the tag. This information can be accessed
rapidly through RF without being in direct line of sight with the reader.

Tags


Device made up of an
electronic circuit and an
integrated antenna


RF used to transfer data
between the tag and the
antenna


Portable memory


Read
-
only or read/write


Active or passive

Antenna


Receives and transmits
the electromagnetic
waves


Wireless data transfer

Reader


Communicates with the
tag via antenna


Receives commands
from application software


Interprets radio waves
into digital information


Provides power supply to
passive tags

Data Accumulator /
Savant


Reads/writes data
from/to tags through the
reader


Stores and evaluates
obtained data


Uploads filtered event
data into an event filter
server

“Don’t get too enamored with RFID … It’s an enabler to capture data… real value
is in information systems.”

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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RFID is a Network of Hardware Technology


RFID is not “one size fits all”


What, how and when an item is
tagged makes a difference in
performance


Water absorbs (attenuates) RF


Metal absorbs and/or reflects RF


Successful application of the

technology considers


Tag Technology


Chip


Silicon capabilities


Frequencies


Antenna


Mounting


Environment


Building


Atmospherics


EMI


Product/Application Life Cycle

Key Differences: Auto
-
Capture, Unique ID of Item
and Organization and Robust Survivability

1

Raytheon

Divisions Ship



Data processed based

on each BU’s unique

requirements and ERP



ERP / SCM / CRM /

MES



Events initiated and

executed on

tag/shipment specific

basis



Data Management



Business Intelligence



Real time analytics



Business activity

monitoring



Complex event

correlation



Business process

management

4

Event

Management



Trading partner



Customer



DD25Q



Each BU retains

its unique outputs



BU

configuration

5

Outputs

2

RFID Middleware

Processing

3

Middle ERP

Update



Reader



Sort Data



Manage Facilities



Commission Tags



Filter



Reader & Device

Mgmt



EPC Functions



Apply BU Specific

Tag Counter



XXX



XXX

Benefits



XXX



XXX

Network

Centric

Systems

Integrated

Defense

Systems

Missile

Systems

Raytheon

Aircraft

Company

Intelligence &

Information

Systems

Raytheon

Technical

Services

Company LLC

Space and

Airborne

Systems

Network

Centric

Systems

Integrated

Defense

Systems

Missile

Systems

Raytheon

Aircraft

Company

Intelligence &

Information

Systems

Raytheon

Technical

Services

Company LLC

Space and

Airborne

Systems

6.

Enterprise

Transaction System

1.

Tag

includes a microchip with

an antenna which stores a

unique electronic product code.

3.

Tagged Item

wakes up and transmits

its EPC data including manufacturing

item number and unique serial “id”

within the item family back to the reader.

4.

Middleware

filters raw

data, controls the

reader/tag network and

applies local &

corporate business

rules.

Internet

Internet

Internet

Internet

Internet

Internet

9.

Radio tags

automatically identify

products, their movement, removal

from inventory and action required at

designated points within the supply

chain.

8.

EPC Network

contains

detailed information…

7.

ONS server

matches the

EPC number from a tag.

5.

CSC’s RFID IT

Infrastructure

2.

Reader

sends a radio signal

that wakes up the chip and

reads its data.

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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EPC Global Network for RFID

Reader

Savant

Items with RFID

Object

Name

Server

Object Name Service

(ONS) database, which
acts like a reverse
telephone directory


it
receives a number and
produces an address of a
PML server which has
extensive information
about the product

PML Server(s)

Physical Mark
-
up Language (PML)

file will store information about each
product such as a product’s name,
category, when it was made and
where, its expiration date, etc

The tags “wake up”
and start broadcasting
their individual EPCs

Event Server

Savant receives all the EPC
from the reader and sends a
query over the internet to an
Object Name Service seeking
information about what the
RFID Tag is attached to.

Mainframe
Applications receive the
information about the
product from the Savant

Mainframe
Source of Item
Information

Mainframe
Source of Item
Information

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Corporate RFID Serialization

Alternative to alternative EPC Net

Reader

Savant

Lite

Items with RFID

The tags “wake up” and start
broadcasting their individual EPCs

Event Manager

Savant receives all the EPC from
the reader and sends information
from the RFID Tags to the
application.

Mainframe
Applications receive the
information about the product
from the Savant

EDI

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

BE05_0023
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Healthcare Supply Chain Applicability of RFID

Application

Process Area

Business Area

Suppliers

Factory


Product/Inventory Management


Shipping Track and Trace


Delivery


Manufacturer

Factory

Warehouse

Transportation


Routing Stages/Steps


In
-
Process Location


Tool Tagging

Distributor

Warehouse

Transportation


Lot Traceability


Location Tracking


Cycle Counting


Program Segmentation


Outbound and Inbound In
-
Transits

Provider

Warehouse

Point
-
of
-
Care


Asset Tracking


Utilization & Product Lifecycle
Management


Patient Safety


Billing

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Potential Vision to Secure Supply Chain

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Use Case: Pharmaceutical Manufacturers World

API Production


Drug Product/

Secondary Production

Organic Chemical

source

Packaging

Distribution

Center

Logistics

Track Totes and product from:


Chemical Source (1), to


API production (2), to


Secondary Production (3), to


Packaging (4), to


Warehouse/DC (5)

1

5

4

3

2

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

BE05_0023
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Pharmaceutical Manufacturer Operations
: RFID Tags on key movement
containers, dollies and buggies allows perpetual location tracking, and
proactive management to improve flow

Receiving Dock

Shipping Dock

Linking location info through ERP allows connection to MES and LIMS,
allowing for anticipation/elimination of bottlenecks

Carton to
DC

Shipping
Tote

Blending

Granulation

Samples to Lab

Each movement tracked for
perpetual location ID

RFID Location
Tracking Server

Product
Info DB/
ERP

MES Info

Location
Info

Compression

Tableting

Encapsulating

Bottling Line

QC Lab

LIMS Info

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Similar opportunities and benefits can accrue for
Medical Device Manufacturers

as well

Receiving Dock

Shipping Dock

Recieve
tagged items

Unpack


stow / to line

ID tracker
Server

ERP/MES

DBs

package

ship

Manufacture/
assemble

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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RFID Application

Description

Patient
Identification


RFID wristbands and tags can be used to positively identify
patients and serve as portable patient databases, thereby
reducing medical errors

Error Reduction at
Point of Care


RFID tags provide portable databases of information attached to
medications and supplies, supporting proper usage (type,
quantity, timing) for a given patient.

Supply Chain


RFID tags enable tracking and monitoring of supplies throughout
the supply chain, and allow the healthcare provider to identify
cases of counterfeiting, theft and tampering

Status Monitoring
and Threat
Detection


RFID and “smart tag” technology allows the healthcare provider
to monitor status and identify threats associated with patients or
supplies

Real
-
Time
Location


RFID and technology enables the healthcare provider to track
and locate equipment and people (patients, staff, visitors) in real
-
time, and automatically record events associated with their
location.

RFID in Healthcare
has the potential to impact clinical, operational,
and financial aspects of health care delivery

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

BE05_0023
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Instrument flow through the OR


Simplified view


Hospital specific variants


Structure


Policy


Procedures


Workflow


Operating Room
From OR
Inspect
Clean
Put in Wash Rack
Washer
Sterilizer
Trash
Instrument
Store
Linen
Single
Use
Items
Specials
Tray & Pack
Assembly
Steam
Sterilizer
OR
Store
Case Cart
Assembly
Dirty
Clean
Implants
SPD Clean
OR Suite
Case Carts
Implants
Drugs
Delecates
Specials
Case Cart
Case Set-Up
Case
Clean-Up
Unused
Equipment
Trash
© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

BE05_0023
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RFID Applications in the OR


Track & Trace


Instruments


Track & Trace


Specials



Count


Operating Room
From OR
Inspect
Clean
Put in Wash Rack
Washer
Sterilizer
Trash
Instrument
Store
Linen
Single
Use
Items
Specials
Tray & Pack
Assembly
Steam
Sterilizer
OR
Store
Case Cart
Assembly
Dirty
Clean
Implants
SPD Clean
OR Suite
Case Carts
Implants
Drugs
Delecates
Specials
Case Cart
Case Set-Up
Case
Clean-Up
Unused
Equipment
Trash
© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Where to start: Develop an RFID Strategy


Identify real “compelling events” that must be addressed


The physics and environmental implications of RFID
technologies are important and should be carefully considered


Keep the focus of effort on “The Data”


not how it is collected!


Make sure that your organization understands …


The range and technologies and suppliers associated with RFID
networks and how they integrate with existing enterprise and ERP
systems

Strictly follow the same ROI based guidelines that have
always preceded IT expenditures

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Where to Start?

1.
Business Process


Readiness Assessment

2.
Strategy and Business Case

3.
Design

4.
Test and Refine

5.
Evaluate

6.
Implement


STRATEGIC
ADVANTAGE
Attention
to Physics
Architecture That’s
Designed to Evolve
Business Process
Improvement
© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Designing and Deploying RFID Networks can be Complex

Applications

Data Management

Hardware/Readers

Chips/Tags

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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RFID Case Studies

Sears wanted to increase their understanding of how RFID can benefit their
business.


Validated that RFID can yield significant business gains in their business:


Distribution Center



Significant savings opportunity: Use RFID to capture and
eliminate excess handling and reduce damage in White Goods SC.


Jewelry



reduce inventory counts, increase DC efficiencies


High Value Electronics



Increase inventory visibility, reduce theft, improve
customer service

Approach

Results


Provided on
-
site education for Sears team about RFID technology and future trends


Designed and deployed onsite RFID test lab to evaluate a wide range of technology


Base
-
lined business processes and performed RFID proof of concepts around:
Distribution Center(s); Jewelry and High Value Electronics


Identified and validated several new potential business improvements in each of
these areas in the retail stores, distribution centers, and suppliers


Developed a RFID roadmap that defines the future steps

Savings via RFID Enabled Tracking System for the “White Goods” Supply Chain
projected to exceed $ 10 Million

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

BE05_0023
27

BHP Billiton Quality Control


Hostile Environment

Problem:


Processing of copper ore involves an electro
-
winning activity which harvests pure
copper through catalytic reaction in a tank house


Quality and quantity of copper relates to the quality of the re
-
usable stainless steel
cathodes


Poorly performing cathodes are identified by manual observation and as much as
40% copper can be off
-
grade as a result

Acidity

Dirt/Grease

Electromagnetic

Fields

Solution:


Use RFID to track individual
stainless steel cathode blanks, and
link that identity to information about
copper quality, copper weight,
cathode maintenance, and operating
conditions within the tank house
environment


Achieve optimal performance and
maximize automation of the electro
-
winning tank house

RFID Case Studies

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Summary


RFID is a new technology that will significantly enable the
Healthcare Supply Chain


Understanding and planning for the “physics” of RFID is critical


Don’t rush into it without a plan and an ROI!

© 2005 Computer Sciences Corporation

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Speaker Contact Information

Glenn A. White

Partner, Global Health Solutions

CSC Consulting Group

1160 West Swedesford Road, Suite 200

Berwyn, PA 19312

610.407.5647

gwhite26@csc.com

Experience. Results.