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guineanhillAI and Robotics

Oct 20, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Neural

Communication

Nervous

System

Lower

Brain

System

Cerebral

Cortex

Miscellaneous

Neural Communication
-

100

What is the branch of psychology that
deals with the relationship between
biology and behavior?

Answer: Biological Psychology

(Also behavioral neuroscience, neuropsychology, behavior
genetics, physiological psychologists, and
biopsychologists
)

Neural Communication
-

200

What is the electrical charge or
impulse that travels down the axon
called?

Answer: Action Potential

Neural Communication
-

300

What are the opiate
-
like
neurotransmitters linked to pain
control and pleasure?

Answer: Endorphins

Neural Communication
-

400

What is the layer of fatty tissue that
covers the axon and helps speed
neural impulses?

Answer: Myelin Sheath

Neural Communication
-

500

What is the neurotransmitter that
triggers muscle contraction and has a
vital role in learning and memory?

Answer: Acetylcholine

Nervous System
-

100

What is an automatic, inborn
response to a sensory stimulus?

Answer: A Reflex



Answer: The Central Nervous System

Nervous System
-

300

What is a neural network?

Answer: A cluster of neurons that
work together to perform functions
faster and more efficiently



Nervous System
-

400

Which part of the autonomic nervous
system calms the body in stressful
situations?

Answer: The Parasympathetic
Nervous System

Nervous System
-

500

Name the 2 components of the
peripheral nervous system and their
functions


Answer: The somatic nervous
system controls voluntary
movement of the body’s skeletal
muscles. The autonomic nervous
system controls the glands and
muscles of internal organs.

Lower brain structures
-

100

What part of the brainstem controls
heartbeat and breathing?

Answer: The Medulla

Lower brain structures
-

200

Also called the “little brain”, what
part of the brain coordinates
voluntary movement and balance, and
is also involved in implicit memory?

Answer: The Cerebellum

Lower brain structures
-

300

The brain’s sensory switchboard is
called what?

Answer: The Thalamus

What brain structure is the straight black arrow in the
picture located directly above pointing to?

Answer: The Hippocampus

Lower brain structures
-

500

Name four functions of the
Hypothalamus

Answer: Regulating body
temperature, eating, drinking,
emotions, endocrine system, sex
drive

Cerebral Cortex
-

100

Which lobe is associated with hearing
and auditory processing?

Answer: The Temporal Lobe

Cerebral Cortex
-

200

What are the cells in the nervous
system that support, nourish, and
protect the neurons?

Answer:
Glial

Cells

What lobe is the straight black arrow
pointing to and what are the functions
of this area?

Answer: Parietal Lobe,
mathematical and spatial
reasoning

Answer:
Broca’s

area is associated
with language expression and the
muscles involved in speech and goes
back to the motor cortex to form
words. The
Wernicke’s

area is
involved in language reception and
comprehension.

Cerebral Cortex
-

500

What is the function of the Corpus
Callosum
?

Answer: It is a large band of
fibers that connects the two brain
hemispheres together and carries
messages between them

Answer: A Lesion

Miscellaneous
-

200

Which scan takes a series of x
-
rays at
different angles and combines them
to form a composite photograph?

Answer: A CT or CAT Scan

Miscellaneous
-

300

The brain’s capacity for modification,
adaptability, and reorganization is
called what?

Answer: Plasticity

Miscellaneous
-

400

What are chemical messengers,
mostly those manufactured by the
endocrine glands, that are produced in
one tissue and affect another?

Answer: Hormones

Miscellaneous
-

500

What is impairment of language
caused by left hemisphere damage to
either the
Broca’s

area or the
Wernicke’s

area called?

Answer: Aphasia