Translations for Francophonie assignment - iSites - Harvard University

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Feb 2, 2013 (5 years and 3 months ago)



French S

Harvard University

Summer 2011

Francophonie assignment


Rob Ames

Henri Corbin (1903
1978), Orientalist and philosopher, is one of the most eminent
thinkers of the twentieth century. [A] disciple of Etienne Gilson and of Louis
Massignon, whom he succeeded in [/as] chair of The Study of Islam at the EPHE of
the Sorbonne, he was also one of the fundamental pillars

with C.G. Jung and M.
Eliade, among others

of the “Eranos” circle from 1949
1977, director of the
Department of Ir
anology of the Franco
Iranian Institute of Tehran from 1946
professor for more than thirty years at the University of Tehran and founding
member of the Saint
John University in Jerusalem.

Henri Corbin has opened Western eyes to the existence of a hi
unknown world; the deep spirituality of major Shi’ite mystics and the philosophy of
the Muslim world developed in the East, in particular
in Iran, after the death of

Joanna Beinhorn

Northern Alps, language and literature: tal
es and legends

Nourishing a fertile imaginary, tales and legends devote themselves/are devoted to
giving an explanation of the mysteries of nature. Thus according to the legend, a
splendid city stretched itself [out to] the place where Lake Aiguebelette’
s peaceful
waters flow. One evening, while they were joyously celebrating, the inhabitants
scornfully chased away a stranger [who had] come seeking charity. Only a poor old
lady who lived at the margins [of the city] opened her door to him. The next
ning, upon waking up, the old lady saw that a lake had drowned the whole city.
She only had the time to make out a silhouette which was heading out as if walking
on the waters. Only her house and her daughter’s emerged on the two small islands
that can
be seen today.

As elsewhere, numerous beliefs of sometimes ancient origins have long subsisted,
despite the efforts of parish priests and a sincere Christianization. One thus tells the
story of the Sarvan, the small protector genie of the chalet that one

must appease by
leaving a plate of milk on the windowsill, under penalty
of bearing the brunt of his


Brandon Bloch

An unacceptable “justice spectacle”

Point of

5/20/11 2:07 p.m. Printed 5/20/11 4:17 p.m.

By Michel Fize, sociologist,

national delegate of the MUP

The American “justice spectacle”, which is certainly in keeping with Hollywood
productions, is purely abominable. The images of Dominique Strauss
leaving the Harlem police station, under the crackling of flashes, h
ands cuffed
behind his back, surrounded by sinister
looking police officers

[images] which do
not, additionally, fail to recall those of Lee Harvey Oswald, presumed assassin of JFK,
leaving a Dallas police building in November 1963, similarly escorted (

would be
directly slaughtered by Jack Ruby

DSK perhaps got off easily there!), these images
are therefore unbearable and especially unworthy of a nation which likes to think of
itself as a great democracy:
one would almost be reduced to loving the Fren
judicial system, which, at least, since 2000, does not authorize the diffusion of such

This “space parade”, we are told, is American, is done to simultaneously humiliate
the accused (however presumed [to be] innocent!) and deter would
be crimin
from committing crimes. On this last point, we must repeat that no penalty or
staging has ever deterred anyone whatsoever from violating the law, legal violations
obeying [or, more idiomatically, “stemming from”], for every man, particular social
or p
ersonal motivations.

On the first point of humiliation, the
goal is fulfilled (to the rest of these images will
be added not less degrading ones showing DSK, looking defeated, in the courtroom,
holding himself upright with difficulty in front of a judge w
ho will even dare to fake
a smile for the audience.)

Whether DSK is guilty or not, it is unacceptable to treat a man this way, first because
he is a human being, and then because he was, all the same, still director general of
the IMF. Let us be quite c
lear: like everyone, I believe

and am therefore

to the principle of equality among all citizens in front of the law.
Nevertheless I think that there are people who, because of their eminent
responsibilities or of services rendered to their n
ation or to the world

and this is
the case for DSK

have the right, at least, to certain respects, to a certain
consideration, which signifies neither the impunity of their acts nor any particular
mitigation of sanctions. And yet, it appears that in th
is case, Mr. SK was not treated,
and is not treated, respectfully, that he is even more poorly treated, that an
“ordinary person” subject to the legal system; this is not, from my point of view,


Dan Breidenbach

The week’s debates are marked

by [language of the] sites of reconstruction. What
type of army [ought we have] for twenty
first century France, asks François
Chauvancy. We must reconstruct the political left, write Henri Emmanuelli and
Rémi Lefebvre. We must especially reconstruct t
he life of man, emphasizes Jean
Marie Rouant, in calling for a new judgment for Omar Raddad. As for the
reconstruction of Palestine, a group of European ex
directors say, we must simply
recognize its independence. Even greater still, for Ulrich Beck, rec
onstruction of the
world happens by entry into the post
nuclear age; “the old world, with a strong
belief supported by low energy prices is dead from here on out”,
Yves Cochet.

Farshid Emami

May Ziadeh

Born in Nazareth on February 11, 1886, to
a Lebanese father, May Ziadé did her
primary and secondary studies at the Collège des Visitandines in Antoura
(Lebanon), then rejoined her parents in Nazareth in 1904 where she passionately
pursued her own individual culture.

In 1910 she published her fir
st collection of lyric French poetry: “Dream Flowers”,
under the pseudonym Isis Copia.

In 1914 [lit. “since”, though “in” makes more sense if we translate “entretint” as

May started an excited and exciting

with Gibran Khalil

Gibran, who was in New York. Despite the seven thousand kilometers that
separated them
, according to Gibran’s words, and despite the unfavorable
circumstances that prevented them from meeting each other, this unique
relationship in the literary annals la
sted seventeen years, that is to say, until the
disappearance of the author of “The Prophet.”

Imbued with Western culture, May went on several academic trips in Europe. From
1928 on, May encountered the unpleasant side of this. She lost, in
the people who were dearest to her, her mother, her father, then Gibran. Feeling
very alone, toward the end of her life, she fell into a crippling depression.

She returned to Lebanon stricken with
dark depression in 1939 and spent six
months in a mental asylum. First neglected then flooded with sympathy by her
writer friends, she regained her lucidity. And after one year in Freyké, in Amine
Rihani’s circle, she returned to Cairo where she ultimate
ly succumbed to her
physical and moral ailments on October 17, 1941.

May Ziadé made herself especially known through her feverish efforts to
emancipate women, first of all, from ignorance, then from the yoke of anachronistic


traditions so that they could
compare themselves to men and deserve their right to

May considered women as a foundational element in all human society. A slave
mother, she said, can only nourish her children with her own milk, a milk that
strongly reeks of slavery.

Alex G

First letter: on wealth

Joseph Sieyès

You are dealing, sirs, with the means for


happiness and public
prosperity. As such, you are very respectable writers. I have brought
to our

all the attention and all the in
terest that one owes to the most important
discussions, and I have said to myself: why isn’t error uniquely due to chimerical
and futile undertakings? And why must it be that the sensitive and upstanding men
who seek the good of their peers be also subjec
t to losing their way?

The science of man’s happiness can become that of their misfortune/unhappiness, if
false principles take the place of truth. It is without a doubt just as praiseworthy a
fear that made you present to the public your system of gover
nment of an
agricultural kingdom; it [the fear] also leads me to propose some critical reflections
on your principles. I have no
other motives, and I beg you to believe me on this,
when I publicly declare that it would have

been much nicer for me to thank


the kindness of

[having offered the]

truth, than to have to demonstrate to you that
you have not found it [truth].

Nancy Khalil

Yemen: Saleh returning to his country?

Arab world

the Yemeni president has been in Saudi Arabia since June in ord
er to
receive medical attention there

[lit. “to be cured there”]

Ali Abdallah Saleh will not return from here to Yemen on Sunday without his
doctors’ approval in order to celebrate here [in Yemen] the thirty
third anniversary
of his rise to power, a spok
esman for his party declared on Friday.

The Yemeni president is healing in Saudi Arabia after being wounded in an attack
agains his presidential palace in Sanaa at the beginning of June. Since then, rumors
are flowing freely in Yemen about his eventual r
eturn date.


Tarek al Chami, spokesman of his party, denied on Friday that he would come back
from here on Sunday. “It is not true. It’s up to the doctors to decide the president’s
return date”, he said.

Clashes in the north of the country

Tens of thousands of demonstrators are gathering daily in numerous cities in Yemen
to call for Ali Abdallah Saleh’s departure. As [it has been] since January,
demonstrations have still taken place on Friday[s] in Sanaa and in Taâz, the
country’s third lar
gest city, where
shellfire on neighborhoods thought to be aiding
armed men assuring the protection of the demonstrators have caused at least six

In the north of the country, fights between Shiite rebels, baptized Houssis, and
armed members of the
main opposition party, the Sunni Islamite group Islah, have
lasted seven days and have cause about sixty deaths, according to the pan
Al Hayat.

The Houssis and the opposition were united, until now, in their hostility to Ali
Abdallah Saleh but
divisions have appeared since armed opposition members took
control of military and government sites.



Jason Leyk

Emmanuel Le Roy
Ladurie, born July 19, 1929, is a French modernist historian.

Holder of the chair of the history of modern civilization at the Collège de France and
disciple of Fernand Braudel, he was one of the major organizers of the Annales
school and became, in the 1970s, an emblematic figure of New History.


However, the majo
r contributions of Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie in the domain of
historical knowledge concern the economic and social history of the rural world and
the history of the environment, notably through his pioneer work on the history of
climate that conferred upon h
im major international prestige.


At the beginning of the 1970s, Ladurie participated in the
wave of “New History.”
He was a pioneer of micro
historical analysis. His most well
known work,
Occitan village

(1975), is founded upon the notes o
f the Inquisitor
Jacques Fournier, bishop of Pamiers (1318
1325), translated into French by Jean
Duvernoy, in order to reconstitute the life of a small village in the Languedoc at the
time of the Cathar movement.


He also became a specialist in historical

hropology, which allows [us] to
understand men of the past in the entirety of their environment.

An eclectic researcher, he was also interested in the history of regions, and played a
pioneer role in the history of climate through his studies of pheno

Maria Lindquist

Guy Laliberté, Daniel Gauthier

Quebec, Canada

Date of birth: September 2, 1959; September 5, 1958

Place of origin: Quebec, Montreal, Canada

Guy Laliberté

is the president
founder of the Cirque du Soleil, and Daniel Gauthier,
president, his longtime partner. In 1982, at the moment of the Baie
carnival, a new troupe of young acrobats mixed with the crowd of tourists. It was
the High Heels Club,
of which our co
founders were part. Perched on stilts, they
juggled, played the according, and spat fire. The crowd was delighted.

One was
witnessing then the first steps of what would become the Cirque du Soleil, the first
Quebecois circus with an inte
rnational reputation. This saw the light of day in 1984,
at the festivities for the 450

anniversary of the arrival of Jacques Cartier, where our
protagonists were invited to delight the public. The original concept was created: a
surprising dramatized
mixture of arts, circus, and the street, under enchanting
lighting and with original music. There were no animals; they distinguished
themselves from traditional circus. The first production was presented at Gaspé,
then the Circus got going in ten other
cities in the province; its first big top was able
to accommodate eight hundred people. Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier had to
convince business people [investors] to get on board with this new circus concept.
Despite their inexperience, they succeeded

in selling their ideas by betting on the
originality of their concept, but especially on the audacity of their youth. Then, they
developed a network of partners throughout the world in order to allow the Cirque
du Soleil to spread abroad.

Sam Parler

ission civilisatrice

This concept provided an ideological framework for French imperialism of the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Its origin goes back to the Revolution, but the
idea that France has the specific mission of civilizing those whom she c
backwards peoples found its apogee under the Third Republic. Politicians,


missionaries, colonists, merchants, all of them
lay claim,

in their own way


contributing to

France’s mission overseas.

Despite the vague and polymorphous nature of the

discourse of civilizing, it was not
a simple justification of the violence exerted against the colonized

even if this
legitimizing function is obvious. Certain recurring themes structure what
contemporaries mean by “civilization”, this concept reflecti
ng the historical
evolution of France itself. The thematics of the
mission civilisatrice

colonial policy, with sometimes unexpected consequences. To be civilized is

demonstrate a mastery of self and of nature, according to the conceptions o
liberalism and of capitalism which were developed in the nineteenth century.
thus considered as “non
civilized” [the] societies organized according to
different political norms, or not having “developed” their natural resources
according to t
he modern wage system: they therefore needed to be freed through
French leadership.

Becca Scofield

Céline Dion, from her full name Céline Marie Claudette Dion, is a Canadian singer
born on March 30, 1968 in Repentigny, in Quebec.

Quebecoise and French
speaking, she released her first two albums in 1981, and
then her first disks are released in Quebec. There, she met an almost immediate
success. In France, she made herself known in 1983 with the title
[Of] Love or [of]
Between 1986 and 1989, she changed fashion and musical styles, signed
with CBS (future Sony BMG), then she learned English, in preparation for an
international career.

A first album in English, entitled
, came out in 1990
, and allowed her to make
rself known in the United States and throughout the world. She then alternated
albums in French and in English, and succeeded in establishing herself as one of the
most important [female] singers in these two languages. In 1999, at the height of
her succ
ess, the singer nevertheless announced a two
year hiatus, with the goal of
starting a family and of spending time with her husband (who was diagnosed with
cancer). She made her comeback in 2002, and signed a three
year contract (later
extended to close to

five years) to appear five times per week at the Coliseum of
Caesars Palace, in Las Vegas.

Céline Dion’s music brings together diverse influences, going from pop/rock to
classical. Despite often lukewarm critical response to her albums, she is well
rded for her technically competent voice. Céline Dion has sold more than 200
million disks throughout the world. At the World Music Awards ceremony in 2007,
she received the Legend Award, in recognition of her “worldwide success and for
her exceptional c
ontribution to the music industry.”


John Shakespear

Thérèse Kuoh
Moukoury was born in Yaoundé on February 7, 1938. She is
originally from the Wouri region and the city of Douala. She was raised in a family
of eight children. Her father, Jacques
Moukouri, is the author of an
autobiographical work entitled “Black Fingers.” He was
Director of Overseas
France. T. K
M finished her secondary and university studies in France. A student at
the Institut des hautes études d’outre
mer, she specializ
ed, after a legal education, in
public office concerning children. She has lived in Paris for many years, but her
activities led her to travel to a great many countries. She was president of the
of African and Malagasy Women. T K
M is a consultant

in a professional civil society
for matters of communication and organization. She often worked for international
organizations or as an expert on African governments in matters of social

Taro Tsuda

Fifth Republic

French government fou
nded by the Constitution of October 4, 1958.

Like the governments which preceded it, the Fifth Republic resulted from a crisis:
that of the Algerian war, which brought General de Gaulle back to power in May,
1958, and brought about the end of the Fourth Re
public. Led by the hopes of the
liberation, the Fourth Republic was a very parliamentary regime that was made
fragile by party, popular, and personal disputes. The major ministerial instability
that flowed from these prevented any wide
reaching political

plan, whereas France
had to evolve in a context marked by the cold war and colonial wars.

The institutions of the Fifth Republic, notably inspired by General de Gaulle’s ideas,
put into place a semi
presidential regime.

The 1958 constitution effectively

juxtaposed a presidential
style regime

the president of the Republic, head of state,
had numerous prerogatives, such as/including the right to dissolve the National

and a parliamentary regime, characterized by the reinforcement of
power held
by the Prime Minister, head of the government.

The Constitution of the Fifth Republic has proved its flexibility, by allowing, again
and again, for leadership changes from party to party at the highest levels of State,
as well as “cohabitation”, with a Pr
and Prime Minister from opposing
political parties. It [the Fifth Republic] is characterized by the stability of political
life, [and] privileged by the reorganization of the political chessboard around two
major parties.