Agricultural Biotechnology

greasedenmarkBiotechnology

Oct 22, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Agricultural Biotechnology

Type of course: Elective
Teaching hours: 2 hours theory + 2 hours
laboratory
Typical Semester: 5th-7th
Credits (ECTS): 5 (3 theory and 2 lab)
Objective of the course:
To familiarize students with the concepts
of genetic engineering and its applications in agriculture. To enable them understand
the potential of biotechnology to solve major problems
in plant production.
Content of the course:
(A) Introduction to Molecular Biology and Plant Biotechnology:
Structure and physicochemical properties of biological macromolecules.
Plant gene structure. (B) Genetic and Biotechnology  basic Technologies:
Technology of recombinant DNA. Cloning of the DNA. Genetic transformation.
Isolation of desired gene. Genomic and cDNA libraries.
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Enzyme Technology. Fermentation.
Biotransformations. Cell cultures. (C) Applications of Biotechnology in Agriculture:
Gene transfer in plants: Direct and indirect gene transfer. Current applications of
genetically modified plants. Diagnostic methodologies in Agriculture. Selecting
desired genotypes. Molecular markers (RFLP - RAPD - AFLP etc). In vitro
cultivation of plant tissues and cells. Protoplast technology. (D) Industrial
Applications and Future Possibilities of Biotechnology: Food and drinks.
Environmental Biotechnology - Environment Biodegradation of environmental
pollutants. Bio fuels and Energy (E) Biotechnology and Society. Regulations for the
release of GMOs (genetically modified organisms).
Benefits and risks of using GMOs.