Ontological Engineering and Semantic Web

grassquantityAI and Robotics

Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Brain Storming Meeting on

Semantic Web in Indian Language

16
th

March 2012

Department of Information Technology, New Delhi

Ontological Engineering

and

Semantic Web



Navjyoti

Singh

Center for Exact Humanities

International Institute of Information technology

Hyderabad

Basic Interest: Formal Ontology, Ontology of Language/Arts


Theory


Developing Neo
-
Vaisesika

Formal Ontology (NVFO)


Generative Graph Grammar of NVFO


ThingNet
,
PurposeNet

(resources)


Formal Ontology of Verb Sense


OntoEtymos

(resource)


Ontology of the Constitution of India

Applications


Ontological tagging of Videos


Sports: Badminton based on Event Grammar


Film: Micro
-
Indexing and Search on Cinema Archive


Dance: Scripting of Dance Movement


Semantic Wiki’s of Gandhi, Tagore, Mahabharata, Lexicons etc.


Triple rendering of Mahabharata Stories as Linked Data


Socionity
: Mobile Applications for crowd
-
sourcing content

Theory

Neo
-
Vaisesika

Formal Ontology

S
A
i

V
i

S
W

U
q

U
i
p

A
i
k

Q
i
j

U
k

U
j

A
m

Q
n

U
m

U
n

Inherence

Rajesh Tavva, Navjyoti Singh
(2010), “Generative Graph
Grammar of Neo
-
Vaiśesika
Formal Ontology (NVFO),” in
GN Jha (ed)
Sanskrit
Computational Linguistics
,
Springer,

Semantic Web needs Graph Grammar

Theory

Ontology of the Constitution of India

Enti ty

Natural

Consti tuted

Fi at

Human
bei ng

Ti me

Space

Weal th

Land

Offi ce

Insti tuti on

Terri tory

Peopl e

Cul ture

HumanBeing

conducts

Activity

HumanBeing

inhere

Sovereignty

HumanBeing

partiallyTransfer

Sovereignty

Sovereignty

accumulatesIn

State

Sovereignty

dischargedBy

President

Sovereignty

bestows

Power

Sovereignty

bestows

Function

Sovereignty

bestows

Privilege

Sovereignty

bestows

Responsibility

President

devolves

Power

President

devolves

Function

President

devolves

Privilege

President

devolves

Responsibility

1. Navjyoti Singh, Abhishek Sainani (2008), “Towards a
Semantic Web of e
-
Governance: An Ontological Schema of
the Constitution of India”, G. P.Sahu, ed.,
Emerging
Technologies in E
-
Government
, GIFT Publishing, Global
Institute of Flexible System Management, New Delhi.

2. Abhishek Sainani, Navjyoti Singh (2010), “Constitution,
Information and Transparent Governance: Ontology of the
Information Registrars of the Government of India,”
UCLNA
2010 Proceedings

3. Yaso Vardhan, Navjyoti Singh (2010), “Unique
Identification Number, One
-
Form per Citizen and the
Protection of Privacy,” in Conference on
Privacy Law,
Technology Policy and Internet

Natural

entities

Fiat

entities

Constitutional

entities

[
347

entities

invoked

in

Constitution]

person,

man,

woman,

child,

parent,

grandparent,

old

age,

date,

duration,

number,

power,

question,

trade,

speech,

work,

avocation,

dignity,

discipline,

freedom,

health,

strength,

disability,

sickness,

sex,

youth,

childhood,

action,

interest,

limit,

environment,

river,

wildlife,

monument,

lake,

breed,

animal

husbandry,

land,

area,

brotherhood,

harmony,

matter,

compassion,

leisure
.

Religion,

race,

caste,

tribe,

territory,

boundary,

territorial

constituency,

estate,

language,

community,

scientific

temper
.

Republic,

Union

territory,

state,

district,

mandal
,

village,

metropolitan

area,

municipal

area,

welfare,

aid,

income,

pay,

maternity

relief,

living

wage,

shareholder,

corporation,

rank,

authority,

ownership,

legal

aid,

social

justice,

economic

justice,

political

justice,

liberty,

thought,

expression,

belief,

faith,

worship,

equality,

fraternity,

status,

opportunity,

report,

equal,

free,

self
-
government,

constitution,

voter,

election

petition,

domicile,

bill,

lease,

license,

constitutional

remedy,

duty,

tax,

uniform

civil

code,

scheduled

caste,

scheduled

tribe,

public

health,

level

of

nutrition,

nation,

national

anthem,

national

flag,

public

property,

scheme,

money,

explanatory

memorandum,

revenue,

constituency,

spatial

planning,

draft

development

plan,

public

accounts

of

India,

penalty,

civil

capacity,

civil

service,

defense

service,

Indian

Administrative

Service,

Indian

Police

Service,

resident,

evidence,

affidavit,

post,

complaint,

punishment,

physical

resource,

natural

resource,

schedule,

provision,

procedure
.

Institution
:

Parliament,

House

of

the

People,

Supreme

Court,

Election

Commission,

Finance

Commission,

Legislature

of

a

State,

Legislative

Assembly

of

a

State,

High

Court

of

a

state,

Subordinate

Court,

District

Court,

District

Council,

Wards

Committee,

Panchayat
,

Gram

Sabha
,

National

Commission,

Anglo
-
Indian

Community
.

Office
:

President,

Vice
-
President,

Prime

Minister,

Cabinet

of

ministers,

member

of

Parliament,

speaker

of

Parliament,

deputy

speaker

of

Parliament,

Election

Commissioner,

Chairman

of

Election

commission,

Chief

Justice,

Judge

of

Supreme

Court,

Attorney

General

for

India,

Comptroller

and

Auditor
-
General

of

India,

Secretary,

Treasurer,

Director,

Governor,

Lieutenant

Governor,

Chief

Minister,

member

of

legislature,

Advocate

General

of

a

State,

Judge

of

High

Court,

Judge

of

Subordinate

Court,

Judge

of

District

Court,

Chairman

of

Wards

Committee,

Chairperson

of

Panchayat
.

Applications

Gandhi wiki
-


http://ltrc.iiit.ac.in/gwiki/index.php/Main_Page

Rabindra wiki (in Bangla)
-

http://ltrc.iiit.ac.in/gwiki/index.php/Rabindranath_Tagore:Collected_Works

Mahabharata wiki
-


http://ltrc.iiit.ac.in/gwiki/index.php/Mahabharata:English

Sanskrit wikitionary (in Sanskrit)
-


http://shiva.iiit.ac.in/SabdaSaarasvataSarvasvam/index.php/

Constitution wiki
-

http://ltrc.iiit.ac.in/gwiki/index.php?title=Special%3AAllPages&from=&namespace
=110

Vyakarana wiki (in Sanskrit)
-

http://shiva.iiit.ac.in/SabdaSaarasvataSarvasvam/index.php/Vyakaran:Index_page


Wiki
-
s built in CEH

(Move towards Semantic Wiki)

Applications

Mahabharata Stories: Linked Data

Story HAS
Theme

Story HAS
Characters


character TYPE
active_character


character TYPE
passive_character

Story HAS
Relations

Story HAS
Things

Story HAS
Locations

Story HAS
Phenomenon

Story HAS
Point_of_Narrative


Point_of_Narrrative

TYPE Event


Point_of_Narrative

TYPE Consideration


Story is
consistent

iff there are no two entities in the narrative that
cannot be knitted. That is, there exists a path between any two entities.


Story is
complete

iff between any two entities, that participate in the
story, a new punctuator exists whose relationalContext is chains of
point
-
triples from the rest of the story.


Story is
comprehensible

iff relationalContext (middle terms of points)
are logically analyzable.

Point
-
triple p
r
(e
x
|e
y
) with structure

e
x
|e
y
,
R

,
where
R

is relational context, is specified in a
format (called ‘point’)






entity
1

RELATIONALCONTEXT entity
2

;


Story is rendered as *list of the points of
narrative* which are knit together in a
narrative framework.


1. SivaReddy, Abhilash Inumella, Navjyoti Singh, Rajeev Sangal (2010), “Hindi
Semantic Category Labeling Using Semantic Relatedness Measures,”
Proceedings of
Global Wordnet Conference

2010.


2. RajeshTavva, Navjyoti Singh (2010), “Generative Graph Grammar of Neo
-
Vaiśesika
Formal Ontology (NVFO),” in GN Jha (ed)
Sanskrit Computational Linguistics
, Springer,


3. Navjyoti Singh, Abhishek Sainani (2008), “Towards a Semantic Web of e
-
Governance: An Ontological Schema of the Constitution of India”, G. P.Sahu, ed.,
Emerging Technologies in E
-
Government
, GIFT Publishing, Global Institute of Flexible
System Management, New Delhi.


4. Abhishek Sainani, Navjyoti Singh (2010), “Constitution, Information and
Transparent Governance: Ontology of the Information Registrars of the Government of
India,”
UCLNA 2010 Proceedings


5. Yaso Vardhan, Navjyoti Singh (2010), “Unique Identification Number, One
-
Form
per Citizen and the Protection of Privacy,” in
Privacy Law, Technology Policy and
Internet


6. P. Kiran Mayee, Rajeev Sangal, Soma Paul, Navjyoti Singh (2008), “PurposeNet: An
Ontological Resource Organized Around Purpose,” in
Proceedings of ICON
-
08,
International Conference on Natural Language Processing
2008.

ORAL WEB

Number of Languages Spoken in India 1,652 (1961)


Build Web based Spoken Language Resources


Plan for Mobile as a Web device


Standardize Voice Terms for Navigation in Application/Web


Blending of Voice/Sound and Text/Graph


Various Written and Spoken Language Tools


Oral UIs; Voice Box; Linked Data; Text to Speech; Speech to Text

T.B. Dinesh (tbdinesh@gmail.com)
http://a11y.in/

RE
-
NARRATION WEB