Topic 7 - The Processes of Life

gooseliverBiotechnology

Oct 22, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 1 (Introduction)


Who discovered penicillin?


A
-

Darwin


B
-

Newton


C
-

Fleming


D
-

Kelvin


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 2
(Introduction)


In which year was
penicillin discovered?


A
-

1925


B
-

1895


C


1791


D
-

1928



Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 3 (16.1
What are
microorganisms?)


Which of the following
does a bacterium not
have?


A
-

Cytoplasm


B


Cell membrane


C


DNA


D
-

Nucleus



Topic 7
-

The Processes of Life


Question 4 (16.1
What are
microorganisms?))


What type of
organism is yeast?


A
-

Alga


B


Bacterium


C


Fungus


D
-

Virus


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 5 (16.1
Useful microbes (1))


If material can be
rotted it is called ?


A
-

Transient


B


Biodegradable


C


Bioplastic


D
-

Metagenic


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 6 (7.1
Useful microbes (1))


Which of the following
is a decomposing
organism?


A
-

Hyena


B


Alga


C


Earthworm


D


Bacteria


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 7 (16.1
Useful microbes (2))


What is the name of
the solid part of sour
milk?


A
-

Yoghurt


B


Rennin


C


Curds


D


Whey


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 8 (16.1
Useful microbes (2))


What is the name of
the process which
makes bread rise?


A


Exfoliation


B


Photosynthesis


C


Decomposition


D


Fermentation


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 9 (16.1
Useful microbes (2))


What substance is
produced by yeast for
use by the brewing
industry?


A


Alcohol


B


Methane


C


Carbon Dioxide


D


Oxygen


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 10 (16.1
Microbes and
biotechnology)


What do you call the
modern science which
allows us to alter the DNA
of cells?


A


Transmutation


B


Contradefinition


C


Genetic Engineering


D
-

Physiology


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 11 (16.1
Microbes and
biotechnology)


Which substance can be
made by biotechnological
techniques?


A


Diamond


B


Copper sulphate


C


Ammonium Nitrate


D


Insulin


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 12 (16.2
Harmful Microbes)


Which of the following
is
NOT

a bacterial
disease?


A


Whooping Cough


B


Mumps


C


Tetanus


D


Pneumonia


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 13 (16.2
Harmful microbes)


Which of the following
is
NOT

a viral
disease?


A


Flu


B


German Measles


C


AIDS


D


Diarrhoea


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 14 (16.2
Harmful microbes)


Which of the following
is a disease caused
by a fungus?


A


Robin


B


Wren


C


Blue Tit


D


Thrush


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 15 (16.2
Defences against
disease)


What chemicals, that fight
disease, are produced by
white blood cells?


A


Antigens


B


Antagonists


C


Antibodies


D


Antidigestants


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 16 (16.2
Defences against
disease)


What name is given to
dead or weakened
microbes that can be
injected to protect against
disease?


A


Enemas


B


Antibodies


C


Vortices


D


Vaccines


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 17 (16.3
Chromosomes and
genes)


What is the chemical that
chromosomes and genes
are made of?


A


UDA


B


DNA


C


IRA


D


RAF


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 18 (16.3
Chromosomes and
genes)


What term is used for an
allele whose effect covers
the effect of another
allele?


A


Domineering


B


Recessive


C


Dominatrix


D


Dominant


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 19 (16.3
Chromosomes and
genes)


What term is used for an
allele whose effect is
covered by the effect of
another allele?


A


Insipid


B


Recessive


C


Translucent


D


Dominant


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 20 (16.3
Chromosomes and
genes)


What term is used for
different varieties of a
gene?


A


Chromatid


B


Mutant


C


Allele


D


Chromosome


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 21 (16.3
Chromosomes and
genes)


Which eye colour is
dominant in humans


A


Green


B


Blue


C


Grey


D


Brown


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 22 (16.3
Selective breeding)


The other name for
selective breeding is?


A


Artificial selection


B


Artificial
insemination


C


Artificial limb


D


Random selection


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 23 (16.3
Selective breeding)


Domestic dogs
descended from?


A


Jackal


B


Fox


C


Wolf


D


Guinea pig


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 24 (16.3
Selective breeding)


When stallions are
used for breeding
they are put out to ?


A


Grass


B


Stud


C


Link


D


Retire


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 25 (16.3
Cloning)


Genetically identical
individuals are called?


A


Copies


B


Models


C


Clones


D


Clines


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 26 (16.3
Cloning)


An example of natural
clones is?


A


A litter


B


Fraternal twins


C


Siblings


D


Identical twins


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 27 (16.3
Cloning)


In 1997 scientists at the
Roslin Institute near
Edinburgh cloned a
sheep. What did they call
her?


A


Dolly


B


Holly


C


Susan


D


Polly


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 28 (16.3
Cloning)


What do you call the
growing of new plants
from very small pieces


A


Nanotechnology


B


Micromanipulation


C


Microscopy


D


Micropropagation


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 29 (16.3
Cloning)


What do you call the
growing of new plants
from only a few cells


A


Culture club


B


Kleenex culture


C


Tissue culture


D


Cellular culture


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 30 (16.3
Cloning)


Which of the following is
NOT an advantage of
tissue culture


A


Quick


B


Needs no equipment


C


Does not take up
much space


D


Can be used all year
round


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 31 (16.3
DNA)


DNA stands for?


A


Deoxyribonucleic
Acid


B


Dinoble Acid


C


Decarboxyamino
Analine


D


D
on’t k
N
ow at
A
ll


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 32 (16.3
DNA)


The shape of the
DNA molecule is?


A


Linear


B


Cubic


C


Double Helix


D


Circular


Topic 16


Micro
-
organisms /
biotechnology


Question 33 (16.3
DNA)


Sometimes there is a
mistake in copying
the DNA molecule.
What is this called?


A


Faux pas


B


Geneaster


C


Mutation


D


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