Careers in Engineering

goodyearmiaowMechanics

Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Careers in Engineering

What are the Different Fields in
Engineering?


Electrical and Computer


Mechanical and Civil


Aerospace


Petroleum and Chemical


Industrial


Acoustics


Biomedical


Materials


Nuclear


Agricultural


Environmental


Ocean

http://www.hku.hk/bse/about
-
bse.htm


What is Engineering?



An engineer is a person who
uses scientific knowledge to
solve practical problems




Engineers create new things
and make old things better


What will you study as a
Engineering student?


Forces, motion, structures
: statics, dynamics, kinematics, mechanics of
solids, and fluids.


Energy
: thermodynamics, heat transfer, chemical reactions


Materials
: materials engineering & processing, manufacturing.


Design
: graphics, computer design applications.


Electronics:

Circuits and electricity


Economics
: engineering economic analysis, cost engineering.


Human and Social Studies
: arts, humanities, social sciences, history,
government, ethics, law.


Overall foundation
: math, physics, chemistry, biology, analysis skills,
communication skills, computation skills.


What Engineers Do?


Engineers cover a variety of tasks
in general. They create and fix
almost everything.


Some of the major fields in
engineering are:


Mechanical


Civil


Electrical


Computer


Ocean


Agricultural


Environmental


Petroleum


Aerospace


And Chemical

http://www.fotosearch.com/DGV130/064002


Aerospace Engineering


Design, analyze,
model, simulate,
and test aircraft,
spacecraft,
satellites, missiles,
and rockets


This field also
focuses on
electronics and
computer
technology rather
than just physical
dynamics.


Aerospace Engineering


Includes more than just
designing aircraft


Aerospace deals with
the motion of flight
outside and inside the
Earth’s atmosphere


This includes motion of
satellites, control
systems in unmanned
aircraft, and even
machines and tools
created specifically for
the exploration of
space like the Mars
Rover


http://aero.tamu.edu/photos/slides/s_d0d48734cc1b532b29bddb27bb28b8e8350648ad.JPG

Foundations in Aerospace


Includes the study of:


Mathematics


Physical dynamics


Heat transfer


Fluid dynamics


Electrical circuits


Design analysis

http://aero.tamu.edu/photos/slides/s_43f64e20904b04f3975ea83caadc79815e5440b8.JPG

Foundations in Aerospace


Should develop the fundamental skills
necessary for:



the design,


synthesis,


analysis and research development of aircraft,


spacecraft and other high technology flight
systems


Careers in Aerospace


Design and test different
technologies for space and
motor vehicles


Work with communications and


navigation systems


Design and test different types
of helicopters or other airborne
technologies for governmental
use


Locations for careers are very
diverse throughout united states


Aerospace engineer at Boeing
Airline company


Engineer for NASA


Engineer for military and other
government controlled agencies


Air Traffic controller for any
airline company


Ford, Honda, Toyota, or any
other motor vehicle company


Pilot Astronaut


Professor/teacher


Working for a scientific,
professional, or technological
service firm


Electrical Engineering:


Electrical engineering is a
field of study with a broad
scope and significant impact
on society


Is an engineering field that
deals with the study and
application of electricity,
electronics and
electromagnetism

Foundations in Electrical


Physics


Mathematical
analysis


Optics


Circuits


Electricity flow


Computer systems

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/HitachiJ100A.jpg/514px
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HitachiJ100A.jpg

Careers in Electrical


Design, develop, test and supervise the
deployment of electrical systems and
electronic devices


Usually specialize in circuit design,
communications, controls and signal
processing, computer engineering, and
different types of power systems


Study in this field can branch into
computer engineering and/or computer
science


Patent lawyer (law degree required)

Software designer for animation

software (Pixar)

Artificial intelligence researcher

Computer game designer

Special effects engineer for movies

Information security (cryptography)

Race car designer (electrical

components)

Alternative energy systems developer

(wind power, electric cars)

Electronics designer

Digital assistant/cell phone/iPod

developer

Optical laser scientist and developer

Chemical Engineering


Chemical Engineers use
their knowledge of
chemistry to discover and
manufacture better
plastics, paints, fuels,
fibers, medicines and all
other kinds of chemicals,
by carrying out chemical
reactions and
purifications.

http://www.engin.umich.edu/dept/cheme/images/sean.jpg

Foundations in Chemical


Study the fundamentals of:



chemistry (basis of field)


physics and mathematics


Thermodynamics


Material physics


Microelectronics


Reaction engineering


Education in this field will allow you to use
elements from all areas of engineering, science,
mathematics

Careers in Chemical


Frequently specialize in a
particular chemical process
such as polymerization or
oxidation


Can specialize in a particular
field, such as materials science,
or the development of specific
products such as and pesticides,
fertilizers, chlorine bleach, or
automotive plastics


Professor/Teacher


Working for a scientific,
professional, or technological
service firm


Working for governmental
agencies:


Military interaction


Working for industries such as:


Pharmaceutical


Oil and Natural Gas


Nuclear energy


Minerals and metals


Textiles


Petroleum Engineering


Petroleum engineers use their
knowledge of physics to extract
valuable oil and natural gas from
beneath the earth.


Petroleum engineers design,
drill and operate wells and
well systems, and integrate
this into the management of
the underground reservoirs
in which the resources are
found

Foundations in Petroleum


Study the fundamentals
of:


Geology


Physics


Mathematics


Fluid dynamics


Reservoir Development


Heat transfer

http://www.pe.tamu.edu/homepage/graphics/homepics/pe6.jpg

Careers in Petroleum


Best employment opportunities
are in other countries


U.S. Careers are mostly located
in the southwest such as Texas
and Louisiana


Design and construct different
methods of extracting natural
resources from the earth




Reservoir engineer (working in
close relation to geologists)


Mud engineer (examines and
tests oil content)


Design engineer for companies
such as ConocoPhillips and BP


Construction engineer for
contracting companies such as
Trinidad, Nabors, and Grey
Wolf


Professor/Teacher


Civil Engineering



Civil engineers
design and build
many systems that
are central to
everyday life


Civil engineers plan,
design, construct,
operate, maintain,
inspect and manage
bridges, buildings,
offshore structures,
airports, seaports,
railroads, highways,
waterways, dams and
water treatment
plants, and many
other public facilities.

http://sf.metblogs.com/archives/images/2006/06/160593862_65cb0d993d_b
-
thumb.jpg

Civil Engineering


They work to prevent or minimize damage
due to natural disasters


Civil engineers also work to reduce air,
water and soil pollution, develop alternative
energy sources and improve congested
transportation systems.

Foundations in Civil


Mathematics


Physics


Structural Analysis


Materials Science


Fluid dynamics


Thermodynamics and heat transfer

Careers in Civil


Design facilities that vary
widely in nature, size, and
scope and include space
satellites and launching
facilities, offshore
structures, bridges,
buildings, tunnels,
highways, and many
more!


Opportunities all across
the world as a civil
engineer


Bridge Design


Water
-
way and waste
treatment design


Traffic control


Beach Protection (coastal
civil engineering)


Tunnel design


Mining (ocean and land)


Wildlife protection

Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical engineering is
one of broadest studies in
engineering


The design and creation of
mechanical technologies
that benefit society


They utilize power to
work with all types of
mechanical devices, and
all types of manufacturing
and plant designs

http://www.mengr.tamu.edu/news/articles/1.gif

Foundations in Mechanical


Mathematics


Physics


Thermodynamics and
heat transfer


Materials science


Gears and systems


Fluid mechanics


Structural Analysis


Careers in Mechanical


Work in a diverse range of
industries from automotive to
aerospace and petroleum


Can be applied to other
engineering fields as well


Develop everyday power
-
using
machines such as refrigerators
and air conditioning units


Design and test different types
of mechanical parts such as
gear systems and jet engines


Law firm (law Degree required)


Jet engine design (General
electrics)


Mechanical gears technician


Race car design


Aircraft Design (NASA,
Boeing)


Offshore drilling and natural
gas extraction (BP,
ConocoPhillips)


Automotive transportation
(General Motors, Ford, Honda)


Professor/Teacher


Ocean Engineering


Engineers in this field
design and test
different technological
systems that withstand
the harsh conditions of
the ocean


http://oceaneng.civil.tamu.edu/Images/22_sm.jpg

Foundations in Ocean


Mathematics


Physics


fluid mechanics


structural mechanics


ocean wave mechanics


geotechnical engineering


environmental fluid


mechanics


marine structures


naval architecture


underwater acoustics

http://oceaneng.civil.tamu.edu/Images/wave.jpg

Careers in Ocean



Involved in:


exploration and exploitation
of offshore gas and oil
fields by working in
conjunction with petroleum
engineers,


designing fixed and floating
offshore structures,


searching for economical
methods for extracting
energy from the oceans,


Research Firms



Professor/Teacher



Marine navigation and other
governmental agencies



Offshore Drilling companies



Analysis and design of deepwater
and coastal structures


Beach nourishment


Bridge scour



Environmental Engineering


Utilizes different
techniques that improve
the environment:


Includes water and air
pollution control,
recycling, waste
disposal, and public
health issues


Environmental engineers
also work in conjunction
with civil engineers to
evaluate impact of
construction on the
environment

http://cagesun.nmsu.edu/programs/environment/front.jpg

Foundations in Environmental


Most environmental engineers begin as Mechanical, civil,
or chemical engineers


Mathematics


Physics


Chemistry


Thermodynamics and heat transfer


Materials science


Gears and systems


Fluid mechanics


Structural Analysis


Reaction engineering






Careers in Environmental


Involved in water and air
pollution control, recycling,
waste disposal, and public
health issues


Study and attempt to minimize
the effects of acid rain, global
warming, automobile
emissions, and ozone depletion


Also involved in the protection
of wildlife


Environmental engineers help
to comply with environmental
regulations and to clean up
hazardous sites


Wildlife protection


Water treatment plants


Beach restoration


Pollution control


Government and military
interaction


Containment engineering




Agricultural Engineering


Applies engineering
technology to
agricultural production
and processing, and to
the management of
natural resources


Agricultural engineers
design agricultural
structures, equipment,
and agricultural
machinery, that benefit
the production of
natural resources

http://www.unb.ca/civil/hydro/standre.JPG

Foundations in Agricultural


Mathematics


Physics


Fluid Dynamics


Biology


Thermodynamics


Biological materials

Careers in Agricultural


Designing and managing
food production systems


Protecting surface and
ground water quality


designing natural resource
management systems


Designing animal
production facilities and
environmental control
systems


Can work anywhere in the
United States



Food safety research


Soil restoration


Crop Production


Design irrigation systems


Design controlled farm
structures (housed
livestock, greenhouses,
silos)


Flood and water control



Other titles and careers in
Engineering:


SALES ENGINEER


RESEARCH SCIENTIST/ENGINEER


ARRANGEMENT ENGINEER (M/F) POWER PLANT ENGINEERING


PIPING ENGINEER/CALCULATION SPECIALIST (M/F)


SPECIALIST (M/F) FOR VALVE TECHNOLOGY


MARKETING ENGINEER


TRANSPORTATION ENGINEER 3


SR. QUALITY ENGINEER FOR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT SR. SUPPLIER
QUALITY MANAGEMENT (SQM)


CIVIL ENGINEER/STRUCTURAL


REGISTERED CIVIL ENGINEER/STRUCTURAL PROJECT DESIGN ENGINEERING
PLANNER
-
SCHEDULER


TEACHER/PROFESSOR


SECURITY SYSTEMS ENGINEER IV


VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEER REGIONAL SALES ENGINEER/SALES
EXECUTIVE


PROCESS ENGINEER MODELING ENGINEER I


ASSOCIATE INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER MECHANICAL ENGINEER


STRUCTURAL ENGINEER SOLIDWORKS DESIGNER


APPLICATIONS ENGINEER

Career Paths in General


Industry


Teaching/Education


Graduate School


Entrepreneur/Business Owner


Research Labs


Military


Government


Preparation for other Professions (law,
medicine, etc.)

Skills associated with engineering:


Strong interest in math and science


Strong social awareness and concern for quality of
life


Desire to put ideas into action


Strong academic background


Ability and determination to succeed; continuing
education


Good communication skills


Teamwork


Conclusion


Engineering is a field that requires
dedication and focus.


If you enjoy math and science, this is a
great field to pursue.


It is a challenging but also exciting and
highly satisfying career

References


http://www.me.utexas.edu/~me302/classnotes/ME
-
intro_files/frame.htm


http://www.kids.net.au/encyclopedia
-
wiki/me/Mechanical_Engineering


http://www.discoverengineering.org/cool_things/cd/index.asp


http://www.discoverengineering.org/Engineers


http://www.engcen.com/


http://thinkbig.tamu.edu/


http://www.wikepedia.com


http://www.abe.iastate.edu


http://www.collegegrad.com


http://careerservices.rutgers.edu/

Questions and Discussion