Gyroscopes and IMUs

fullfatcabbageMechanics

Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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© 2012


Gyroscopes and IMUs

for Defense, Aerospace & Industrial



Multiple technology changes are fueling booming market
growth


KVH
-

CROWS II

Sagem

Embraer

Senlution

Saab Training
System

SeaTel

Sensonor

K
earfott

© 2012 •

2

Report
Content


Introduction, Definitions & Methodology






5

Executive Summary







17

1.
2010
-
2017 Market and Competition Overview





38


Global 2010
-
2017 gyroscope market


Gyroscope market evolution by sensor grade (value & volume)


Gyroscope market evolution by application category (value & volume)


Gyroscope market evolution by level of integration (value & volume)


Gyroscope market evolution by geography (value & volume)


Gyroscope 2011 market Shares (value & volume) and competitive trends


Accelerometer market evolution by application (value & volume)


Accelerometer market evolution by level of integration (value & volume)


Global 2010
-
2017 IMU market (value & volume)


IMU 2011 market shares (value)


2.
Industrial / Medical / Commercial naval / Offshore Applications




74



Overview: key specifications, market breakdown and market shares


Application description, trends, geographic breakdown, value chain and market evolution (value & volume) for: Stabilization s
yst
ems / GPS
aiding
-

Mobile mapping / Commercial ship navigation
-

gyrocompass / ROVs
-

AUVs navigation for offshore / First responder syst
ems / Drilling
(for oil and gas and mining survey) / Motion Capture
-

Life science / Other commercial applications


3.
Commercial
Aerospace Applications






108


Overview: key specifications, market breakdown and market shares


Application description, trends, geographic breakdown, value chain and market evolution (value & volume) for: Civil aircraft
nav
igation / AHRS
for general aviation / backup instrument / Flight control for civil helicopters and aircrafts / Flight control
-

navigation for
civil & paramilitary UAVs /
Space satellites, Spacecraft & skyrockets / Other commercial aerospace
applications


4. Defense Applications







132


Overview: key specifications, market breakdown and market shares


Application description, trends, geographic breakdown, value chain and market evolution (value & volume) for: Platform stabil
iza
tion (RCWS,
turrets, guns, gimbals..) / Missile guidance / Guided munitions
-

Bombs / Gyrocompass (ships, artillery…) / Military helicopter
s navigation
-

stabilization / Military fighter navigation and flight control / Military transport aircraft / Defense UAV & UGV navigation


c
ontrol / Armored
vehicle navigation / Combatant ship navigation / Strategic applications (submarine, ballistic missiles, specific space missio
ns…
) / Other defense
applications

© 2012 •

3

5.
Gyroscope Technologies






178


Technology classification and performance trends


2010
-
2017 technology evolution (value & volume)


Technology evolution per gyro grade


1990
-
2020 pricing evolution
by technology


6.
Silicon /
Quartz
MEMS
Gyroscopes






203


MEMS
gyro

classification,
principles

and
latest

trends


MEMS gyros: industrial chain, cost structure, pricing trends
, market shares and production level by competitor


Report
Content

7.
Fiber Optic Gyroscopes (FOG)







219


FOG classification, principles and latest trends


FOG: industrial chain, cost structure, pricing trends, market shares and production level by competitor


8.
Ring Laser Gyroscopes (RLG)






232


RLG classification, principles and latest trends


RLG: industrial chain, cost structure, pricing
trends, market shares and production level by competitor


9.
DTG & Other Mechanical, Vibrating
Piezo

Gyroscopes




243


DTG & other mechanical, vibrating
piezo

gyroscopes: classification, principles and latest trends


DTG & other mechanical, vibrating
piezo

gyroscopes: industrial chain, cost structure, pricing trends, market shares and production level by
competitor


10.
HRG and Emerging Gyro Technologies





255


11.
Accelerometer
Technologies






261


Technology classification, principles and latest trends


2011 technology breakdown


MEMS accelerometer market shares


Conclusion and Perspectives






279


© 2012 •

4

Objectives of the Report


The objectives of this report are the following:


To provide market data on high performance MEMS gyroscopes and gyroscope
-
based systems (gyro
assemblies, IMUs…): key market metrics & dynamics


Unit shipments and revenues by type of sensor


Average selling price analysis and expected evolution


Market shares for each category of application, for each technology and for each performance grade


To provide application focus on key existing markets and most promising emerging ones


Functions that are used, critical specification requirements, level of assembly and technology choices


What are the major drivers, how will the market be like in 2017?


To provide an analysis on the major technology trends:


Evolution expected for the current technologies: level of performance, price…


Insight about new technologies: AO / Cold atom, NMR gyros…


To provide a deep understanding of inertial sensor value chain, infrastructure & players for the inertial
business


Quasi
-
exhaustive list of sensor manufacturers worldwide with technology offer


List of key integrators worldwide


Industrial chain information for each application: who supplies to
who

© 2012 •

5

Introduction

New entrants are using game
-
changing MEMS IMUs to
target emerging
markets


Inertial Measurements Units (IMUs) is a large industry traditionally dominated by defense and aerospace
applications. 2011 was a stable year for IMUs with a market size of $1.75B.



We expect more dynamic growth in this market near term because of two factors:


In the defense and aerospace sectors: though the markets in the U.S. and Europe are best described as conservative and
mature, many new programs are being launched in Asia, Brazil, and the Middle East.


Many new applications are fueling the growth of the IMU market, benefiting from significant technology evolutions, such as th
e
continuous improvement of MEMS IMUs.



The IMU market is very concentrated; only a few big companies are dominant. Honeywell, Northrop Grumman
and
Sagem

are the clear leaders, but many newcomers are coming in to play, looking to enter the market with
low
-
cost MEMS
-
based products and a different approach to how things are done.

Honeywell

34.8%

Northrop
Grumman

19.4%

Sagem

9.4%

Others
36.4%

(
detailed
in
the report
)

2011 IMU market share (M$)

(Total
= $1.75B
)


Yole Développement

©
Aug
.
2012

© 2012 •

6

Introduction

Growth opportunities are positively impacting the
gyroscope
market


High
-
performance inertial sensors and systems is a dynamic market segment, as an ever
-
increasing number of platforms
require stabilization, guidance or navigation functions. The 2011 market for high
-
performance gyroscopes was estimated at
$1.29B, growing at a 4.3% annual rate, and is expected to reach $1.66B in 2017.


However
, this growth will not be global. Indeed, the most attractive opportunities will be concentrated in a select few
applications, geographies or technologies
:


Defense applications still account for half of the market and most players expect this to remain about the same, as budget cu
ts
made in the
U.S. and Europe will be partially compensated by strong demand in Asia.


Commercial aerospace represents close to 25% of the market. After a period of stability, an increasing number of business je
t,
helicopter and
civil aircraft orders will drive renewed inertial systems growth, starting in 2013.


The remainder of the market (composed primarily of industrial, naval and offshore applications) will be the most dynamic area
.
While it will
take time to adopt new
technol
-
ogies

in the more conservative areas, new industrial applications are appearing with each passing day,
benefiting from the increasing availability of low
-
cost inertial solutions
.


This report describes in detail each application in terms of market size, competitive analysis, technical requirements,
technology trends and business drivers
.

0
500
1000
1500
2010
2011
2012e
2013e
2014e
2015e
2016e
2017e
2010
-
2017
Gyro Market
($M)

Industrial/medical/commercial naval/offshore
Commercial aerospace
Defense
Yole

Developpement ©
Aug
. 2012

© 2012 •

7

Introduction

MEMS and FOG drive the change in the technology
mix


Currently, optical gyroscope technologies still dominate the market by a wide margin. In
particular, Ring Laser Gyroscopes (RLGs) are largely used in navigation systems and tactical
guidance; one example is the Honeywell HG1700 IMU.


Although
RLGs will be robust for high
-
performance, Yole
Developpement

expects two other
technologies to make a large contribution to 2011
-
2017 growth: Fiber Optic Gyroscopes
(FOGs), which are currently very popular for stabilization applications, and should rapidly
progress to eventually replace other navigation technologies; and MEMS technology, which
will have the largest impact on the industry.


New
applications are enabled by low
-
cost MEMS sensors, and when it comes to

tactical grade applications, a lot of progress has been achieved in just the past few years in
terms of reliability. MEMS are now accepted in high
-
reliability environments, and are even
starting to replace FOGs and other technologies in tactical applications. Of course, other
technologies must be considered as well: Hemispheric Resonant Gyroscopes (HRGs) are
making progress and are now designed for navigation;
Coriolis

vibrating
piezo

gyroscopes are
finding increasing success in a large variety of end
-
markets while new disruptive gyro
technologies are still in lab
-
phase; and finally, DTG and other mechanical gyro technologies
are still used in some retrofit systems for 2
-
axis stabilization systems or for gyrocompass, but
this trend points to a decline.


Many
factors are shaping tomorrow’s competitive landscape: technology capabilities,
products’ maturity level, geography, value chain, and others. As such, competition trends are
carefully analyzed in this report. Honeywell is still the global leader by far, with great success
in RLG
-
based systems and successful deployment of MEMS technology. Northrop Grumman,
Sagem

and other market leaders are next on the list with a variety of technologies and new
product lines that should have big market impact. Newcomers will play a role as well, from
startup companies developing disruptive sensors, to MEMS manufacturers, IMU integrators
and large end
-
users willing to pursue internal inertial technologies.


This
report highlights market share analysis by application field and technology, as well as
global company shipments and technology breakdown.


0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Industrial (>
6°/h)
Tactical (0.5-
5%/h)
Short term
navigation
(0.05-0.5°/h)
High-end
navigation /
strategic
(<0.04°/h)
Share in value (%)

Gyro bias stability

2011
Gyro

Market

($M)
-

Techno
breakdown

-

Total = $1289M
-

HRG / others
Other mechanical / vibrating
gyros
DTG
RLG
FOG
Yole Developpement ©
Aug
.

2012

© 2012 •

8

Introduction

A report designed to be a reference in the 2012 inertial
sensor
industry


This report is the third update of
Yole’s

best
-
selling “IMU Markets” report, which was first released in 2008.
This latest edition is a completely new version, with substantial changes since the last edition:


The
scope of study is broader: stand
-
alone gyroscopes and assemblies of 2 or3
-
axis gyroscopes are accounted
for in the market numbers


The
market is quantified for each gyroscope technology, and each company’s yearly shipments are estimated


Market
metrics are provided for each grade of gyroscopes: each application is positioned according to
performance level and corresponding market size


Applications
are described in a more synthetic way in order to provide rapid access to key information (functions,
specification, technical solution, geography, trends, and market evolution) and graphical representation of the
industrial chain



This report combines the best of
Yole’s

knowledge in the high
-
performance inertial sensor industry. Yole
regularly participates in industry conferences and tradeshows worldwide, and has close relations with most
market leaders. This report’s data has been validated by industry experts and augmented by the expertise of
Mike
Perlmutter
, a recognized expert in navigation. With a totally different format than before, this report
synthetizes the status of the 2012 inertial sensor industry in a thorough and completely new way.

© 2012 •

9

Scope of the report


«

High performance

» inertial sensors




This refers to the applications: we take into account all the inertial sensors
except the consumer / mobile and the automotive applications


It means that we take into account industrial, medical, aerospace, defense
applications
(even industrial applications are considered as “high
-
performance” applications, as
opposed to consumer ones)


In some cases: «

consumer

-
grade

» MEMS gyroscopes (for instance few
°
/s bias
stability) are used in industrial applications


th楳i楳ip慲t ⁴h攠e数ert



To simplify the representation, the performance level has been divided in 4 parts:


The only parameter which is considered is the bias stability


In the 50
°
/h range: «

industrial

» grade (but it doesn’t mean that this is industrial applications: for
instance many missile and bomb guidance require moderate bias stability and enter in this category)


ab楬楴y to get data on angu污r rates ⼠on mot楯n


In the 1
°
/h range: «

tactical» grade


poss楢楬楴y to get ang汥s


In the 0.1
°
/h range: «

short term navigation

» grade


poss楢楬楴y for short term nav楧ation (for 䝐S
outage) and a穩zuth detect楯n


In the 0.01
°
/h range: «

high
-
end navigation & strategic

» grade


ab楬楴y to nav楧ate


Day to day bias stability is considered for navigation grade, this is the most
significant parameter


In
-
run bias stability is used for industrial and tactical grade because:


In the past 20 years, MEMS has appeared and expressed performance in terms of «

in
-
run

» parameters


Use of inertial sensors is now in conjunction with GPS, meaning that bias repeatability in not significant
anymore (for tactical / industrial grade)


Other parameters need to be considered as well: depending on the application
other parameters such angular random walk or scale factor will be more
important than parameters

Gyroscope

In
-
Run
(for industrial / tactical)

or day to
day (for navigation /
strategic)
Bias Stability

Correspondi
ng
Grade

100
°
/h

5
°
/h

1
°
/h

0.5
°
/h

0.1
°
/h

0.05
°
/h

0.01
°
/h

0.0001
°
/h

High
-
end


navigation


& Strategic

Definition of
application grades

Tactical

Short term

Navigation

Industrial

© 2012 •

10

Scope of the report

PRICE level

LEVEL OF INTEGRATION

IMU = 3 mutually
orthogonal gyros
and accelerometers

Cluster of
gyroscopes

Clusters of
accelerometers &
gyroscopes

INS


(Inertial
Navigation
System



䥍唠

䭡Kman

晩f瑥爩

Cluster of
accelerometers

Gyroscopes

Accelerometers

INS / GPS

(


晵f楯渠w楴i G偓P

-

-

+

+

AHRH

(Attitude and
Heading

Reference System


IMU +
magnetometer

+
software)

IMU
market

(
standalone

+
IMUs

integrated

in
systems

such

as AHRS, INS…)

Gyro

market

=

Market

for
standalone

gyros

/
assemblies

of
gyros

+
market

for
gyros

integrated

in
IMUs

and
other

systems

(AHRS, INS…)

ADAHRS

(Air Data Attitude &
Heading

Reference
System


晵f楯渠
w楴i

a楲i摡瑡)


GADAHRS

(GPS
aided

ADARS


晵f楯渠
w楴i

G偓P


© 2012 •

11

EXAMPLE

OF APPLICATION
DETAIL
: CIVIL
AIRCRAFT

NAVIGATION

© 2012 •

12

Civil
aircraft

navigation

Application description

Function:


Main purpose: navigation system for commercial
aircrafts, cargos and business

jets


Additional feature: to monitor deformations of the body


Flight test instrumentation systems when testing the
aircrafts (low quantity: <1% of the fleet)

Key specifications


0.01
°
/h bias repeatability


〮〰M
°
/栠f潲ot敳琠獹獴敭e


Civil 慥r漠捥牴ifi捡瑩cn


䱯湧
-
t敲e 獵s灬y g畡r慮t敥

Inertial

solution


Integrated in IMU/INS with high
-
perf

electromechanical
accelerometers


r獥s i渠r敤畮摡湴n獹獴敭猺 ㈠INp f潲o湡rr潷
-
扯摹
慩r捲慦ts

t漠㌠INp f潲ol慲ae
-
扯摹 慩r捲慦ts


ey扲楤慴楯渠wit栠hmp (w桩捨ci猠i渠愠獥s慲慴攠灡捫慧攠
f潲om潲攠fl數i扩lity)

Technology trends


RLG technology dominates, FOG is an alternative


eod i猠敭敲gi湧


pl潷 t散e湯l潧y 捨c湧攠i渠慶i潮i捳c扥捡c獥s潦 flig桴h
捥牴ifi捡瑩c湳n N潴o獨srt t敲e wi摥 慤潰ti潮 潦 MbMp


Tr慤iti潮慬ly: 慩r捲慦t m慫敲e獥s散琠t桥 灲業慲y INp
m慫敲e(潦t敮 e潮敹w敬l) 慮搠t桥 獥捯湤 獯sr捥c慳a
慬t敲湡eiv攠(潦t敮 Nd) 獯st桡t 慩rli湥 捯浰慮c敳e捡c
捨c潳o. T桩猠捨c湧敤 r散e湴汹 i渠獯n攠捡獥猺 Air扵猠
獥s散瑥搠潮ly T桡l敳ef潲oA㌵〠慮搠潮ly
p慧敭

f潲o
A㐰き

Key gyro players


Honeywell, Northrop Grumman, Thales,
Sagem

(
HRG
INS named

GADIRS)

Airbus A320 Neo

Boeing 787 Dreamliner

© 2012 •

13

Civil
aircraft

navigation

Market

data

Major gyro integrators


Gyro

integrated in assemblies or IMUs / INS by:
Honeywell, Northrop Grumman, Thales,
Sagem



b湤
-
畳ur猺 bAap Air扵猠C ATo, B潥i湧, ClMAC,
a慳獡畬t

Avi慴楯測nB潭扡牤o敲e䱥慲a整e bm扲慥爬
Boeing…

Geographical
description


For

gyros: North America 85% market / Europe 10% / Asia 5%


䙯r 敮d
-
畳ur猺 N潲o栠Am敲楣e 㔰┠m慲a整 / b畲潰攠㐰┠/ A獩愠㄰a

Market

drivers


Steady growth of the market for the next 5 years (3
-
5%/y)


Retrofit market is significant:

it is
estimated that 25
-
30% of the market correspond to upgrades. Indeed
cycle time for such electronics is estimated to 10
-
15 years, INS are thus changed 2 or 3 times in the life
time of an aircraft


N敷 灬慴a潲os 獵捣s獳s畬ly g潴om慳獩v攠潲摥r猠(A㌲〠N敯,

B㜸㜠
a敡mli湥r
, COMAC…) leading to a
boom in the inertial market in 2013
-
2014 timeframe


o散ev敲e 數灥捴敤 i渠n桥
扩zj整

獥捴潲, 慦t敲 愠扡搠㈰〸
-
㈰ㄲ 灥ri潤

2 010
2 011
2012e
2013e
2014e
2015e
2016e
2017e
K Units
18.3
18.7
19.8
21.0
22.0
22.9
23.6
24.3
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Market (Kunits)

2010
-
2017 Civil aircrafts navigation
-

Gyro
Market
(Kunits)

Yole

Developpement © Aug. 2012

2 010
2 011
2012e
2013e
2014e
2015e
2016e
2017e
$M
141.3
143.4
151.2
159.5
166.6
172.4
176.7
181.1
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
Market

($M)

2010
-
2017 Civil aircrafts navigation
-

Gyro
Market
($M)

Yole

Developpement © Aug. 2012

© 2012 •

14

Civil
aircraft

navigation

Value
chain

Airbus

Boeing

COMAC



Honeywell

Gyroscopes

IMU/INS

Aircraft maker

Airbus

Thales

Sagem

EADS ATR,
Dassault

Aviation,
Bombardier
Learjet,
Embraer…

Airbus

Boeing



Northrop
Grumman

© 2012 •

15

Companies Cited in this Report

Al
Cielo
, Analog Devices,
AOSense
,
Arazim
,
Astrium
,
Autoflug
, CASC China
Aerospace,
Colibrys
, Doosan,
Elektropribor
,
Emcore
,
Endevco
, Epson
Toyocom,
Fitzoptika
,
Freescale
, Garmin, GEM Electronica, Gladiator
Technologies, Goodrich / AIS, Hitachi, Honeywell, IAI,
iMAR
,
Innalabs
,
InterSense
, InvenSense,
iXBlue
, JAE,
Kearfott
, Kongsberg, KVH, L3
Communication,
Litef
,
Lumedyne

Technologies,
MEMSense
,
Microstrain
,
Moog / Crossbow, NG Italia, Northrop Grumman,
Optolink

, PCB
Piezo
, Perm,
Physical Logic, Raytheon
Anschütz
,
Sagem
, SBG Systems, Schlumberger,
Senlution
,
Sensonor
,
Sensorex
, Silicon Design, Silicon Sensing System, ST
Microelectronics,
Systron

Donner Inertial,
Tamagawa
,
Teknol
, Thales, Tokyo
Keiki,
Tronics
,
VectorNav
, VTI, Watson Instruments,
XSens



© 2012 •

16

Who Should be Interested in this Report?


High
-
performance accelerometers and gyroscope suppliers


Understand the system level technology trends and
requirements for each application


Evaluate market potential for your components
depending on performance and technology


Understand the differentiated value of your products and
technologies


Identify new business opportunities and partners


Monitor and benchmark your competitor’s
advancements


IMU module and AHRS / INS suppliers


Evaluate the market potential of your product portfolio


Define diversification strategies on new applications


Find the best technologies to integrate and the best
suppliers depending on your target markets


Identify new business opportunities and partners


Have an exhaustive analysis of the competition on a
broad range of IMU field


Material supplier, manufacturing service companies


Spot new business opportunities and prospects


Understand the level of activity of your customers


Understand what are the applications that will drive the
volumes in 2017


Integrators
of inertial solutions, government agencies


Find
the best technologies to integrate and the best
suppliers depending on your target markets


Understand
what will be the future applications to develop
by taking benefit on the recent advances in inertial
technologies


Define
technology roadmap / evaluate the benefits of
using new technologies in end system, design
architectures for the next generation of systems


Screen
potential new suppliers able to provide new
functionalities, or cost and size savings


R&D
centers


Evaluate
market potential of future technologies and
products for new applicative markets


Identify
the best candidates for technology transfer


Financial
& strategic investors


Understand
the structure and value chain of the high
-
end
inertial industry


Estimate
the potential of new technologies
(tactical/inertial navigation MEMS, navigation
-
grade
HRG…)


Get
the list of main key players and emerging start
-
ups of
this industry worldwide

© 2012 •

17

Available MEMS Reports


Trends in MEMS
Manufacturing &
Packaging

MEMS Cosim+

MEMS
Manufacturing
Cost Simulation
Tool

Ferro
-
Electric

Thin

Films

MEMS Microphone

Permanent Wafer
Bonding

Motion
Sensors

for
Consumer & Mobile
applications

New!

Thin

Wafer

Handling

New!

Sensor fusion of
acceleros
,
gyros &
magnetometers


New!

Infrared Detector Market,
Applications and
Technology Trends

New!

New!

MEMJET

Technology Trends for
Inertials MEMS

New!

RF Filters, PAs, Antenna
Switches & Tunability for
Cellular Handsets

Trends in MEMS
Manufacturing &
Packaging

IMU &High
Performance
MEMS

MEMS &
Sensors


for Smartphones

Ferro
-
Electric

Thin Films

Motion
Sensors

for
Consumer & Mobile
applications

CMOS Image
Sensors

Uncooled IR Cameras &
Detectors for
Thermography & Night
Vision

MEMS for Cell Phones
and Tablets

Uncooled Infrared
Imaging:

Commercial & Military
Applications

New!

New!

New!

New!

© 2012 •

18

Yole activities in MEMS







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Reports

Market
Research

Consulting services

Market
research,

Technology & Strategy

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