Study Guide For The

frizzflowerUrban and Civil

Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Study Guide For The
Exam

By: Elise Candies

Writing Process Definitions


Pre
-

Writing: brainstorming


Attention Getter: the first sentence in the introduction


Thesis Statement: the last sentence in the intro. Paragraph


Intro: the first paragraph introducing the 3 main topics


Body: paragraphs describing and identifying your 3 main points


Conclusion: last paragraph restate thesis, summarizes, and
clinches/projects


Essay Structure: the formation of the essay



Clincher: last sentence in the final paragraph proving your main point


Transition: links main body paragraphs to the next one


Preview: gives the reader an idea showing what the essay will be about


Revising: checking for grammar mistakes


Publishing: submitting your final work or turning your final work in


6+1 Definitions


Ideas: the heart of the message, the content of the piece of writing,
the main theme, together with details that enrich and develop that
theme.


Organization: the internal structure of the piece, the thread of
central meaning, the logical pattern of ideas in the piece.


Voice: feelings and convictions of the individual writer coming
out through the words.


Word Choice: the use of rich, colorful, precise, language that moves
and enlightens the reader.


Sentence Fluency: the rhythm and flow of the language how the
writing sounds


Convections: the mechanical correctness of a piece of writing


Presentation: focuses on the form and layout of your writing;
this includes MLA format, neatness, and any graphics.


6+1 Questions


What involves essay structure? Organization


Pre
-
writing falls under? Ideas


What do you check spelling and punctuation for?
Conventions


What involves precise nouns? Word Choice


To check for this, you should read your writing
aloud? Sentence Fluency


Shows the writer’s personality and writing style? Voice


For this you must have correct MLA format?
Presentation





True and False


U
sing a graphic organizer is a pre
-
writing strategy. True


You should really worry about spelling and grammar in the
drafting phase. False


Publishing involves sharing your writing with others. True


The sentences in a paragraph that tells the main idea is the
supporting sentence. False


Your thesis statement should include three main points.
True


Each body paragraph in your essay should explain one of
your main points. True


Your conclusion should restate your thesis. True


You should always have at least two peer
-
editors. True

Formal or Informal Writing


B.B.Q. informal


Emails informal


Text messages informal


Wedding invitation formal


Business letter formal


Essays formal


Linking Verbs


Is


Am


Are


Was


Were


Be


Being


Been

Subject
-
Verb Agreement


On the sidewalk
are
many little lizards sunning
themselves on the hot concrete.


Not only the Smiths but also Tonya
has

agreed
to try one of the world
-
famous chocolate
-
broccoli muffins.


The Smiths, along with Tonya,
hope

avoid
indigestion after eating these weird muffins.


Grandpa claims that Martian measles
causes
green and purple spots to erupt all over a
person’s body.

Steps of an Essay

Sentences, Fragment, or Run
-
ons


Discovering what the wilderness is all about.
Fragment


Mary loves reaching out to other people,
which is why she volunteers. Sentence


Readers love the new book by this famous
author the author writes books that they
love to read. Run
-
On


To find a resolution to the problem that
satisfies everyone. Fragment

Passive and Active Sentences


The banana is bright. Passive


The bright yellow banana shined in the sun.
Active


The boy was crying. Passive


The boy burst into tears when he dropped his
ice cream. Active


The breeze is cold. Passive


The cold winter breeze blew by. Active


Expository Writing


Inform


Explain


Explore


This is what Expository Writing is used
for.


It also helps readers figure out the main
point!

Persuasive Writing


It tends to involve the types of appeal.


Logical Appeal
-

appeal to reason, clear thinking, why
something is the right thing to do


Emotional Appeal
-

appeals to people’s hearts, their emotions,
and feelings about an issue


Ethical Appeal
-

shows your credibility and character, shows
the reader can trust you


Expert Testimony
-

statements by people who are recognized
authorities on the issue


Call to Action
-

challenge your reader to take action to help
your cause


It provides evidence behind your appeals


Also provides opposing arguments

Narrative Writing


T
o recount a personal experience or original story



Examples
-

Novels, short stories, journals, plays


Also includes:


Setting


where and when the story takes place


Characters


participants in the story



Plot


events that happen in the story, including:

±
Conflict


struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces in
a story

±
Rising Action


where most of the action takes place; conflict begins
to develop; events that lead up to the climax

±
Climax


the moment in a story when a conflict reaches its highest
point of tension

±
Resolution


wraps up the story, resolves conflict


Other Literary Elements (flashbacks, foreshadowing, irony,
symbolism, themes)




Narrative Writing Continued


Do Not Forget:


Create authentic characters with real feelings and
interesting things to say


Identify where and how the story begins


Center the story around an unusual conflict,
problem, or question


Order the events of the plot to keep the reader wanting
to know what will happen next


Include a resolution to the conflict, problem, or
question


Include a story ending that’s satisfying to the reader