Structural Engineering Design and Drafting - Portal - UniMAP

frizzflowerUrban and Civil

Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Lecture 9:

Structural
Engineering
Design and Drafting

PREPARED BY: NOR HELYA IMAN BT KAMALUDIN

SCHOOL OF BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING

helya@unimap.edu.my

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PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

The Importance of CAD in
Industrial Biotechnology


To provide jobs for fresh graduates; space
manager or piping designer.


To design piping systems and equipments
related to biotechnology field; bioreactor,
autoclave,
fermenter
, etc.

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

2

Structural Drafting


Structural drafting:


Technical presentation of the structural
details in the form of drawing.


Structural drafting design:


S
erve all kind of structural drafting in
details together with the structural drawings
works.

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PTT 105: Engineering Graphics


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PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Structural Drawings




Assembly Drawing


Skeleton assembly drawing showing the relationship of various

parts to be fitted together in the finished structure


Engineering Design Drawing


Plan view (top view), Elevation view (front view), Bottom
section (bottom view) shows overall dimensions, location and
size of columns, beams, angles,
detail
of connections, typical
cross sections, various notes.


Manufacturing (shop or working) Drawing

Detail drawing of all parts of the structure, all dimensions to
the nearest 1/16 “, location of all holes for connections, detail
of the connection parts, required sizes of all materials

5

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Structural Drawings (cont’d)

Structural Shapes

6

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Structural Steel Drawings

Structural Materials
-

Structural steel, Aluminum, Wood, Glass,
Concrete (plain and reinforced), structural clay products, and
Stone masonry


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PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Structural Steel Drawings

Trusses



A
truss

is a configuration of structural elements
(triangle) that adds strength to a support, bridges and roofs.

Truss members carry tension or compression loads,
no bending.

8

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Roof Truss Detail Drawing

9

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Structural Connections

10

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Structural Connections


Gusset Plate

11

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Welding Drawings

A welded truss

12

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Welding Drawings

Pulley housing made by casting (A) and by welding (B)

13

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Basic Welds and Symbols

14

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Dimensioning of Welds

15

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Piping Drawings

Double

Line Drawing

Single

Line Drawing

16

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Piping Drawings

Isometric pipe drawing

Orthographic pipe drawing

17

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Piping Drawings

18

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

Bioreactor Drawings

PTT 105: Engineering Graphics

19

Thank You..

Good Luck..



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PTT 105: Engineering Graphics