ICT Development in Nepal

friendlybathMobile - Wireless

Nov 12, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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ICT Development in Nepal


Shiv Bhushan Lal

Director

Nepal Telecom

Central Regional Directorate

Birgunj

ICT is changing the way of life:


The

way

we

do

business,


(E
-
commerce,

E
-
Procurement,

Online

banking)


The

way

we

communicate,


(Mobile,

SMS,

MMS,

3
G

Video)


The

way

government

functions


(E
-
Governance,

Digital

signature)


The

way

we

entertain


(Online

games,

Internet,Chhating)


The

way

we

share

information


(Internet,

Virtual

library)


The

way

services

delivered


(E
-
Health,

E
-
Learning,

Shopping,

Online

banking)

Maitland report (
missing link
)

1985

1st to Identify Digital Divide

“Not all people were sharing the
social and economic benefits that
telecommunication creates”

From Third World to First



Lee Kuan Yew (Former Prime minister of Singapore)


“The new divide in the world will be
between those with the knowledge and
those without. We must learn and be part
of the knowledge
-
based world.”

Harsh Reality ICT in Nepal


Information poor and information rich
communities.


Mismatched tele
-
density in urban and rural
area.


Local language on Internet


Poor Access to information for rural people.


Knowledge sharing is weak.


Nepal Telecom’s Infrastructure


Number of telephone exchanges

: 236 + 1


PSTN Subscribers

: 5,42,623


CDMA subscribers

: 6,17,444


GSM subscribers

: 20,74,677


Total Internet Subscriber

: 10,651


Total ADSL Subscriber

: 13,115


Total PDSN Internet (CDMA)

: 29,422


Total Internet Bandwidth(Intl GW)

: 625Mbps


VSAT terminals

: 484


VDC Covered by NT services

: 3209


International circuits

: 3410


Tele Density Total

:
12 %



Ref: NT’s MIS of Mangsir 2065

Upcoming Technologies


Next Generation Network (NGN)


GSM 3G Services (800 Subcs. In Kathmandu)


CDMA EVDO Services (IP CDMA)


National IP Backbone


STM 64


ADSL service with Telephone/Internet/IPTV


New Value added services


Fiber link with China


Internet Gateway STM 4


SIP Phones


Mobile Commerce

Value added services


PCC Prepaid Calling Card


AFS Advance Free Phone Service (Toll Free
Phone)


HCD Home Country Direct


PCL Prepaid Credit Limit


UAN Universal Access Network



Eg
-

IVR(interactive
-
voice
-
record)



Notice Board, VMS, Quarry Bill etc.

Mobile User’s Rate


Postpaid


GSM / CDMA


6.00 AM to 8.00 AM

Rs. 1.00/min


8.00 AM to 6.00 PM

Rs. 1.60/min


10.00 PM to 6.00PM

Rs. 0.75/min


6.00 PM to 10.00 PM

Rs. 1.00/min


Prepaid


GSM


6.00 AM to 10.00 PM

Rs. 2.00/min


10.00 PM to 6.00 AM

Rs. 0.75/min


CDMA


6.00 AM to 10.00 PM

Rs. 1.80/min


10.00 PM to 6.00 AM

Rs. 0.75/min


SMS


Rs. 0.50/sms



New Charges in Landline


No installation Charges for 2 months


Charges for CID Rs. 200 (Prev. Rs. 500)


Monthly Rental Charges Rs. 200 (175 calls
free)


6.00 AM to 8.00 AM 1 call for 4 mins.


8.00 AM to 6.00 PM 1 call for 2 mins.


6.00 PM to 10.00 PM 1 call for 4 mins.


10.00 PM to 6.00 AM 1 call for 8 mins.


Program of Nepal Telecom for

F/Y 065/66


PSTN




: 1,42,026 Lines


NGN Based Switch


: 464,000 Lines


ADSL Switch



: 62,946 Ports


GSM




: 2.0M Lines out of 3.5 M


GSM BTS



: 800 Nos.


CDMA BTS



: 100 Nos.


OPTICAL FIBER CABLE LAYING : 400 km


No of Exchanges


: 10 Nos.


Birgunj Regional Directorate at

A Glance


Total Working Man Power

610


Telephone Distribution




Telephone Exchanges


36 + 1 = 37


PSTN Telephone Lines


45657


GSM Mobile Telephone


236586




Post Paid



7125




Prepaid



229461


CDMA Telephone Lines





C
-
Phone Post Paid


6953



C
-
Phone Prepaid


20300



SKY Phone



45219



GSM BTS DETAILS (
upto 600 K
)

S/N

District

No of Existing
BTS

New Add. BTS
in 600K

1

Chitwan

13

09

2.

Makwanpur

05

04

3.

Bara

04

03

4.

Parsa

04

07

5.

Rautahat

02

02

6

Dolkha

0

04

7

Ramechhap

0

04

8

Sindhuli

0

04

9

Dhanusha

03

05

10

Mahottari

01

02

11

Sarlahi

03

02

Total

35

46


Total Number of BTS

:

81


Site Commenced


:

74


Site Cancelled


:

6


Equipment Shifted

:

1


to MWD


81



GSM BTS Summary (upto 600 K)

CDMA BTS DETAILS

S/N

District

No. of Existing BTS

New Add. BTS
in F/Y 065/066.

1

Chitwan

04

01

2.

Makwanpur

03

03

3.

Bara

03

03

4.

Parsa

02

04

5.

Rautahat

03

3

6

Dolkha

0

04

7

Ramechhap

0

04

8

Sindhuli

0

01

9

Dhanusha

02

04

10

Mahottari

02

03

11

Sarlahi

03

03

Total

22

25

Summary of CDMA BTS


Total Number of BTS

:

46


BTS Commenced


:

30


Equipments in Store

:

0



S/N

District


No. of
BTS

House Rent
Completed

3 Phase
Supply

Remarks

1

Chitwan

13

12

12

2.

Makwanpur

6

0

0

3.

Bara

13

5

0

On Process

4.

Parsa

16

8

3

5.

Rautahat

8

5

3

6

Dolkha

3

0

0

7

Sindhuli

1

0

0

8

Dhanusha

29

7

0

9

Mahottari

9

4

0

10

Sarlahi

17

4

2

Total

115

45

20

CURRENT STATUS OF BTS (3.5m)

NT’s Value Added Services


Voice Mail for PSTN, GSM & CDMA


PDSN Packet Data for CDMA Customers


Prepaid Calling Card


Home Country Direct


PSTN Bill Enquiry through IVR


GSM Bill Enquiry through SMS


GSM Bill payment through ATM, Banks and E
-
Bank


Bills on Internet


Web SMS


Caller Ring back tone


SMS Value Added Service (2626, 2323, 2722, 5151)

Value Added Services

in coming days


National IP Backbone


Virtual private networking


ADSL based Internet and Telephone


SMS Service between GSM & CDMA


CTD (Cell time Discount)


LBS (Location Based Service)


MVPN (Mobile Virtual Private Network)


MMS (Multi Media Service) to all GSM
Subscriber


Services of NT

PSTN

STD

Dial up

Internet

PSTN VMS

SKYDATA

ISD

Call

Forwarding

Call

Waiting

CDMA

VMS

GSM Mobile

prepaid

GSM Mobile

Postpaid

CDMA Fixed

Postpaid

VMS

AFS

Caller ID

PCL

CDMA Fixed

Prepaid

Night surfing

Internet

CDMA Mobile

Prepaid

Email

Pay Phone

Leased Lines

GPRS

3G

21

xDSL Technology



Refers collectively to all types of
digital subscriber lines



Categories: 2 main



1) Asymmetric DSL (ADSL)




2) Symmetric DSL

(SDSL)



xDSL is technology backed by telephone companies to


provide next generation high bandwidth services to the


home using the existing telephone copper cabling


infrastructure.





Promises bandwidths up to theoretically 8.448Mbps.



Data rates depends on Distance and line quality conditions.

22

xDSL and PSTN


POTS


Plain Old Telephone Service


Local Loop


On Hook, Off Hook


Dial Tone, Ringing tone


Transmit receive sound signal


(300Hz to 3.4Khz)

PSTN
Exchange

23

How xDSL works


Utilise more bandwidth on copper
(Frequency above 3.4 Khz)


Local Exchange is bypassed



PSTN
Exchange

Modem

Modem

End Devices

End Devices

24

ADSL

25

At your Desk

Managed Office

Whatever
you’re doing

(applications)

In the Air

On the Road

Email

Collaboration



In Town

PDA

Cellular

Phone

Wherever you are

(across various access types)


Whatever

you’re using

(devices)

At Home

Video

Web
Apps

PC

Life is easy with

NT’s Internet Services

Mobile Broadband




A

mobile

phone

or

cell

phone

is

a

long

rang,

portable

electronic

device

used

for

mobile

communication
.


In

addition

to

the

standard

voice

function

of

a

telephone,

current

mobile

phones

can

support

many

additional

services

such

as

SMS

for

text

message,

email,

packet

switching

for

access

to

the

internet

and

MMS

for

sending

and

receiving

photo

and

video
.




GPRS

NETWORK

VLR

MSC

GMSC

HLR

AUC

VLR

MSC

Abis

BSC

BTS

BTS

BSS

SGSN

Gb

GGSN

PDN

PCU

PSTN

Inte
rnet

A

Note: AUC= Authentication Centre


HLR= Home Location Registr.


VLR= Visitor Location Reg.

Short Message Service
(SMS)

Enhanced SMS
(EMS)

Multimedia Messaging
Service (MMS)


The roadmap of Messaging Service: SMS
-
EMS
-
MMS

Happy
Birthday

Nice flower

The Evolution of Messaging Service

Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)


The

multimedia

message

service

(MMS)

is

a

kind

of

new

message

service

developed

on

the

basis

of

short

message

services
.

The

contents

of

multimedia

messages

include

text,

graph,

image,

audio,

video,

etc
.


Mobile Network

Application Mode of MMS

E
-
mail user

SP

Handset to handset

Handset to E
-
mail

Handset to SP(Service Provider)

MMSC




Thank

you