Unit III: Biology and Psychology Advanced Placement Psychology Mr. Landry 2011-2012

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Oct 20, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Unit
I
I
I
:
Biology and
Psychology

Advanced Placement Psychology

Mr. Landry

20
1
1
-
201
2

Major
C
oncepts to Know



Background & History



Neurons
:
s
tructure

&
f
unction



Neurotransmitters
:
major ones &
their f
unction




Nervous system
:
p
arts

&
f
unction

-

Central Nervous System

&
Peripheral Nervous System




The Brain
:
m
ajor
p
arts
& t
heir
f
unctions



Endocrine system
:
f
unction,
m
ajor
h
ormones &
m
ajor
g
lands

Background & History

Phrenology (why important)


Neurons

Know:



What they are



What their
three main
functions are



What their basic structure is

& the function of each
structure



Major t
ypes: Sensory (afferent)
,
& Motor (efferent)
,
Interneurons



Sensory rec
eptor

(what they are/function)




Effector cells

(what they are/function)

Neuroanatomy


parts of the neuron

Know:

o

The function of each

o

How each part works

o

The location of each

Make sure you know the alternative names for each of the parts



Dendrites



Soma



Axon hillock



Axons



Myelin sheath



Nodes of Ranvier



Terminal Branches/axon branches



Axon Buttons



Synaptic vesicle



Synapse


Neuron functioning

Know
:


o

H
ow a neuron functions
(charge in the axon vs. outside, its role in neuron functioning, etc.)

o

R
oute of the
neural impulse from dendrite to axon button, major functions involved,
what exactly is going on,
etc.



All or non
e law



Excitatory signal/neural impulse



Inhibitory signal/neural impulse



Threshold



Intensity of signal

(how do we tell
an intense stimulus from a weak
one)



Resting potential



Selective permeable



Action potential



Refractory period



Sodium Potassium pump



Pre
-
synaptic neuron



Post
-
synaptic neuron



Stopping action of neurotransmitters



Reuptake (know what it is
, how it works,
purpose, etc.
)



Agonist



Antagonists


Neurotransmitters

Know
:

o

W
hat
are
they

o

What
the major ones

o

A
re they inhibitory/excitatory


o

W
hat their functions are
?


o

W
hat disorders are associated with each

(lack of/excessive)

o

Binding with neuroreceptors



Acetylcholine (ACH)



Dopamine



Gama
-
aminobutric acid (GABA)



Serotonin



Norepinephrine (noradrenalin)



Glutamate



Endorphins



Agonist

(what they do, etc.)



Antagonists

(what they do, etc.)



Withdrawal



Tardive dyskinesia


Nervous system

o

Know the parts
&
the functions of each



Central Nervous systems

(
Spinal cord

&
Brain
)



Neural networks



Peripheral nervous system

(know parts and function of
PNS)



Somatic nervous system



Automatic nervous system



Homeostasis




Neural networks



“Fight or flight”



Sympathetic nervous system



Parasympathetic nervous system

The Brain

Know:

o

What the major functions of each

o

If the part is made up of other parts, what those parts are

o

If the part is part of something else, know what that something else is



Myelencephalon



Metencephalon



Mesencephalon



Diencephalon



Telencephalon



Hindbrain



Midbrain



Forebrain



Brainstem



Medulla oblongata



Pons



Reticular formation



Cerebellum



Inferior Colliculi



Superior Colli
culi



Pituitary gland



Thalamus



Hypothalamus



Limbic System



Amygdala



Hippocampus



Cingulate gyrus



Basal ganglia



Caudate nucleus



Cerebral Hemisphere



Cerebrum



Olfactory bulb



Cortex



Cerebral Cortex



Gyri
-

ridges



Sulci


valleys



Glial cells



Left

hemispheres



Right

hemispheres



Corpus callosum



Lobes



Frontal lobe



Parietal lobe



Occipital lobe



Temporal lobe



Primary motor cortex



Association areas

(function)



Frontal lobe

(which
association functions
associated with)



Temporal lobe

(which
association functions
associated with)



Broca’s area



Wernick’s area



Angular gyrus



Plasticity



Split brain



Aphasia



Lesion



Localization of brain
functions



Redundant systems


Imaging


What is the difference between each one (pros/cons of each)
?

Which ones can detect only activity, the structure, or both?



EEG (electroencephalograph)



CAT/CT scan (computerized axial tomography)



PET scan (position emission tomography)



MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)



f
-
MRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)


Endocrine system

o

What is its purpose?

o

What are the major hormones
&
their functions?

o

What are the major glands
&
hormones associated with each?

o

How are hormones different from neurotransmitters?



Hormones



Major hormones



Major glands



Testosterone



Estrogen



Progesterone



Adrenal gland



Pituitary gland



Thyroid gland



Gonads



Ovaries



Testes


Misc. Section

Know what
each
one is



Explicit memory/learning



Implicit memory/learning



Stimulus



Homeostasis



Mnemonic: a
fferent
neuron
a
rrives

and an
e
fferent
neuron
e
xits
















SR
-
> A
-
> CNS
-
> E
-
> E

1.

Stimulus converted to electrical impulse

2.

Moves along afferent cells to CNS

3.

CNS makes decision

4.

Moves from CNS along efferent cells

5.

From efferent cell to effector cell

FRQ terms

1.

Acetylcholine

2.

Action potential

3.

Adrenal glands

4.

Amygdala

5.

Association areas

6.

Automatic nervous
system

7.

Axon

8.

Biological psychology

9.

Brainstem

10.

Broca’s area

11.

Central Nervous System

12.

Cerebellum

13.

Cerebral cortex

14.

Corpus callosum

15.

C(A)T Scan

16.

Dendrite

17.

Electroencephalogram

18.

Endophins

19.

Endocrine system

20.

Frontal lobe

21.

Glial cell

22.

Hormones

23.

Hypothalamus

24.

Interneurons

25.

Lesion

26.

Lim
bic system

27.

Medulla

28.

Motor cortex

29.

Motor neurons

30.

MRI

31.

Myelin sheath

32.

Nerves

33.

Neural network

34.

Nervous system

35.

Neuron

36.

Neurotransmitter

37.

Occipital lobe

38.

Parasympathetic nervous
system

39.

Perieal lobe

40.

Peripheral Nervous
System

41.

PET Scan

42.

Pituitary gland

43.

Plasticity

44.

Reflex

45.

Reticular formation

46.

Sensory cortex

47.

Sensory neurons

48.

Split brain

49.

Somatic nervous system

50.

Sympathetic nervous
system

51.

Synapse

52.

Temporal lobe

53.

Thalamus

54.

Threshold

55.

Wernicke’s area


Vocabulary: Due the day of the test

1.

Afferent neuron

2.

Agonist

3.

All or None Law

4.

Antagonists

5.

Aphasia

6.

Arousal

7.

Effector cell

8.

Efferent neuron

9.

Excitatory (neuron/neurotransmitter)

10.

Explicit memory

11.

Implici
t memory

12.

Inhibitory (neuron/neurotransmitter)

13.

Phrenology

14.

Refractory period

15.

Resting potential

16.

Reuptake

17.

Sensory receptor

18.

Stimulus


Previous test question breakdown
: Versions A & B



Background information: 1, 31



Psychological perspectives: 2
-
7, 24



Psychological subfields: 8
-

11



Major concepts/questions in early psychology:
12
-
13, 17
-

21



Early Schools & Views of Psychology: 14
-
16



Important People: 14, 16, 22
-

23, 25
-

26, 28
-

37



Early History & Evolution of Psychology: 27, 33



Theories related to the l
imitations of intuition & common sense: 38


43, 47




Scientific method:
44


47



Methods of research


General: 48



Methods of research


Descriptive: 49


58



Correlation: 57


72



Experiments: 73


85



Statistics: 84
-

100


Reading assignment due dates

Assignment

Topics covered

“A” Day due date

“B” Day due date

Reading/FRQ’s
(Unit III: Biology
of Psychology) 57
-
61

*Neurons: parts

*Neurons: functions

Monday, September 19

Tuesday, September 20

Reading/FRQ’s (Unit III: Biology
of Psychology) 61
-
68

*Neurons: functions, continued

*Neurotransmitters

*Parts of the nervous system

Wednesday, September 21

Thursday, September 22

Reading/FRQ’s (Unit III: Biology
of Psychology) 69
-
80

*Windows to the Brain

*Parts of the brain

Friday, September 23

Monday, September 26

Reading/FRQ’s (Unit III: Biology
of Psychology) 80
-
96

*Association ar
eas

*Misc. concepts related to the brain

*Endocrine

Tuesday, September 27

Wednesday, September 28

n/a

Catch
-
up day, video
-
clips, review, etc.

Thursday, September 29

Friday, September 30

Test/outline/vocab: unit III


Monday, October 03

Tuesday, October 4