Course Structure and Syllabus of M.Tech (Geoinformatics)

foulchilianAI and Robotics

Oct 20, 2013 (4 years and 20 days ago)

174 views

1


Grams: “TECHNOLOGY”





P
hon


Phone
: Off: 0884
-
2300991


Email: director
_ap
@jntuk.edu.in





Fax: 0884
-
2300991


JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY: KAKINADA

KAKINADA
-
533003, Andhra Pradesh
(India)


Course Structure and Syllabus of
M.Tech

(
Geoinformatics
)





SEMESTER III

Semester IV



Seminar


Project Phase II



Project Phase


I






CODE

SEMESTER I

CODE

SEMESTER II

GI101

Principles of Ph
o
togrammetry

GI201

Advanced GIS

GI102

Fundamentals of
RS

GI202

GIS Project Planning and
Management

GI103

Fundamentals of
GIS

GI203

Applications of Geo
-
informatics

GI104

Principles of DIP

GI204

Internet GIS


GI105A


GI105B


GI105C

Elective
-
1

Fundamentals of Surveying,
Cartography and Geodesy

Introduction to Computational
Intelligence

GPS Concepts & Applications


GI205A

GI205B

GI205C


Elective
-
2

Advanced RS

Spatial Decision Support System

Digital Photogrammetry


GI106

Surveying, Cartography and GPS
Laboratory

GI206

D
igital
I
mage
P
rocessing
L
aboratory

GI107

Aerial and Satellite Data Interpretation
Laboratory

GI207

GIS & D
ata

A
nalysis

L
aboratory

2




GI101
-
PRINCIPLES OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY


Objective


To
Understand the basic concepts of photogrammetry, systems and techniques of
extraction and analysis of information from aerial/satellite stereo data.


U
NIT
-
I

Introduction:

Definition and terms, history of photogrammetry, concepts, principles and
types of photogrammetry, types of aerial photographs, vertical photographs, tilted
photographs, orthophotographs, aerial cameras
.


UNIT
-
II

Geometry:

Geometry

and scale orientation and measurements, distortions, displacements
and their corrections, rectification
.


UNIT
-
III

Stereoscopy:

Principles of stereoscopic vision, types of stereoscopes, stereoscopic viewing,
stereoscopic parallax,
Parallax eqns, Elevations by parallax differences
stereoscopic plotting
and mapping instruments, soft copy plotters
, Mosaics
.


UNIT
-
I
V

Analytical Photog
rammetry:

image measurements, control points, colinearity,
coplanarity, analytical interior orientation, analytical relative orientation, analytical absolute
orientation, analytical self calibration.


UNIT
-
V

Ground Control for Aerial Photogrammetry:

selecting photo control points number and
location of photo control, planning the control survey, traditional field survey methods for
horizontal control and vertical control, ground control surveys by GPS, artificial targets for
photo identifiable contr
ol points, indexing ground control.


UNIT
-
V
I

Aerotriangulation:

GPS supported AT, geometric relationship between a camera and GPS
antenna with respect to position, and attitude, synchronization of GPS coordinates with
camera exposures, entering GPS coordin
ates, and INS parameters in bundle block
adjustments for each exposure stations. Requirements with GPS and INS.


UNIT
-
V
II

Orientation Procedures:

Purpose of fiducial marks, image coordinate system and object
space coordinate system.



UNIT
-
V
III

Concept of
Block/Bundle/Strip Adjustments:

definition of block, types of block
adjustments, planning of photo control, selecting photo control images, number and location
of photo control, bundle block adjustment, (IO,EO) colinearity condition equations, epipolar
geo
metry, space resection, space intersection, reasons for digital AT superior over analogue
AT.







3




REFERENCE BOOKS:



1.

Elements of Photogrammetry with applications in GIS by Paul R Wolf and Bon A.
Dewitt, 3
rd

edition, 2004, ISBN 007
-
123689
-
9

2.

Aerial
Photography and Image interpretation second edition by David P paine, and
James D Kiser, 2003, John Wiley and Sons Inc. ISBN 0
-
471
-
20489
-
7

3.

Interpretation of Aerial Photographs : TE Avery

4.

Elementary Air Survey : W. Kilford.

5.

Manual of Photogrammetry: ASP Fal
ls Church Virginia.

6.

Modern Photogrammetry by Edward M Mikhail

7.

Photogrammetry Vol. I
-

Kranss



Kranss,J,
-

Springer
-
Verlay Publications.

8.


Ph
o
togrammetry

3
rd

Edition by Moffitt, Francis,H. & Mikhail, Edeverd M.,
-

Harper
and Row Publishers.



































4



GI102
-

FUNDAMENTALS OF REMOTE SENSING


Objective

To understand the basic concepts of remote sensing, systems & techniques of data
acquisition and to acquire

skills in image processing techniques and interpretation of remote
sensing
data.


UNIT
-
I

Introduction:

Definition of terms, Concepts and types of remote sensing; evolution of
remote sensing technology, stages in remote sensing technology, spatial data acquisition,
advantages of RS over conventional methods of survey and inventory
ing
.


UNIT
-
II

Principles of Remote Sensing :

Electromagnetic spectrum: Characteristics of electro
-
magnetic radiation; Interactions between matter and electro
-
magnetic radiation;
Wavelength regions of electro
-
magnetic radiation; Types of remote sensing with

respect to
wavelength regions; active and passive remote sensing, Definition of radiometry
.


UNIT
-
III

Basic
s

of Radiation and Reflectance:

Black body radiation; Reflectance; spectral
reflectance of land covers; Spectral characteristics of solar radiation;

Radiative transfer
equation; energy interaction in the atmosphere; energy interactions with the earths
surface
-

spectral reflectance curves


UNIT
-
IV

Sensors:

Types of sensors


passive sensors and active sensors; photographic sensors,
optical sensors, ima
ging sensors, microwave sensors, thermal sensors, atmospheric
sensors, sensor resolution


spectral, spatial, radiometric and temporal.


UNIT
-
V

Scanners:
Methods of scanning


across track, along track.



Theory of various scanners


optical, mechanic
al, line, push broom etc.,


UNIT
-
VI

Platforms

&
Remote Sensing

Satellites


Platforms:
Types of platforms
-

airborne remote sensing, space borne remote sensing;
Atmospheric condition and altitude; Attitude of platform; Attitude sensors; Orbital elements
of
satellite; Orbit of satellite; Satellite positioning systems
.


Remote Sensing

Satellites:

Sun
synchronous and geo synchronous; characteristics of IRS
series of satellites, LANDSAT, SPOT, INSAT, RISAT, CARTOSAT, IKONOS, QUICKBIRD,
WORLD VIEW etc.,



UNIT
-
VII


Image Interpretation and Analysis:

Fundamentals of satellite image interpretation;
Types of imaging, elements of interpretation; Techniques of visual interpretation;
Generations of Thematic maps



5



Unit
-

VIII

Introduction to advanced
Remote Sensing


Introduction and brief overview of Thermal remote sensing, microwave remote sensing,
hype
spec
tral

remote sensing.



REFERENCE BOOKS:


1.

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing: George Joseph

2.

Remote Sensing and Image Int
erpretation: Lillesand & Keifer



4
th

edition (2004)


John Wiley & Sons, New York.

3.

Manual of Remote Sensing: ASP Falls Church Virginia USA.

4.

Physical aspects of Remote Sensing: PJ Curran.

5.

Remote Sensing Principles
and Interpretation: F.F. Sabins., W.H.Freeman & Co,
New York

6.

Intro
duction to Remote Sensing: J.B. Campbell.

7.

Remote sensing Models nad methods for image processing by Robert A.
Schowengerdt, second edition, 1997, Academic Press

8.

Gibso,P., and Clare H. Power, 2000. Introductory Remote Sensing, Principles and
concepts, Rout

ledge, 1
st

edition, London.

9.

e
-
resources


















6



GI103
-
FUNDAMENTALS

OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS




Objective:

To understand the basic principles of GIS, creation of GIS database and develop basic
practical skills in the use of GIS software
for data inputting
,

error correction

and
preliminary analysis.


Unit
-
I

Introduction to GIS:

Definitions, Basic Concepts, history and evolution, Components,
Need, Scope, interdisciplinary relations, applications areas, and overview of GIS.


Unit
-
II

Data
Sources:

Data collection, modes of data acquisition
-

Primary and secondary
methods of acquisition of spatial and non
-
spatial data
-
surveying, remote sensing,
Photogrammetry, Database generation Data capturing, map scanning and digitizing, data
conversion fr
om other digital sources, data exchange standards, topology building, editing
and cleaning, linking of spatial and non
-
spatial data.


Unit
-
III

Data Types & Formats:

Data Types:
Spatial/Geometrical Data
-

Raster data, Vector data, Non
-
spatial / Attribute
Dat
a
.

Data Formats:

Raster data formats, vector data formats
, Merits and demerits of data
formats.


Unit
-
IV

Data Models:

Basic Data Models


vector, Spaghetti model and Topology model,

IMGRID;

Choice between data mo
dels; Advanced data models
-

GIRD
, TIN
, N
etwork
, C
ombination
.


Unit
-
V

Data Processing:

Updation, corrections, modifications, scale changes, Coordinate
thinning, geometric transformations and map projection transformations, conflation sliver
removal, edge matching, interactive graphic editing, rub
ber sheeting.


Unit
-
VI

Data Quality and Standards:

Definition of data quality, components of geographic data
quality


lineage, positional accuracy, attributes accuracy, temporal accuracy, logical
consistency and completeness; assessment of data quality. A
ccuracy, precision, error and
uncertainty. Sources and types of errors, error propagation and error management;
Geographic data standards components and types of GIS standards, international GIS
standards, interoperability of GIS, quality control.


Unit
-
VII

Spatial
Concepts and Patterns
:


Spatial Concepts: introduction to space, Spatial awareness, Euclidean space, Set based
geometry of space,

Topology of space, Network spaces, Metric spaces, Spatial elements
-

point, line, area, surface and network
-

spat
ial patterns, spatial data relationships,
topological relationships and geometrical relationships, proximal, directional relationships



7




Unit
-
VIII

Spatial Integration and
Data M
odels

Spatial

Integration:

Logic operations, general arithmetic operations, general statistical
operations, geometric operations, query and report generation from attribute data,
geometric data search and retrieval, complex operations of attribute data, classification
reclassificat
ion, integrated geometry and attributes, overlay, buffer zones, raster data
overlay, integrated data analysis
.

Spatial reference systems, trend surface analysis,
Network and Raster connectivity operations, Spatial interpo
lation and proximity
operations.

Da
ta
Model
s
:

Digital Terrain models, Hydrologic modeling,

Basic engineering GIS
applications (brief) GIS analytic models
.


REFERENCE BOOKS:


1.

Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information Systems CP Lo Albert K W Yeung,
2005 Prantice Hall of India.

2.

Principles of GIS for Land Resources Assessment by P.A. Burrough, Oxford : Science
publications, 1986.

3.

Geographic Information Systems


An introduction by Tor Bernhardsen, John Wiley
and Sons, Inc, New York, 2002.

4.

GIS


A computing Perspective by Micheal F
. Worboys, Taylor & Francis, 1995.

5.

Robert Laurini and Deek Thompson, “Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems”,
Academic Press, 1996.

6.

Fundamentals of GIS
-

by Michael N. Demers
-
Publishers: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

7.

Geographical Information Systems


Princ
iples and Applications, Volume I edited by
David J.Maguire, Micheal F Goodchild and David W Rhind, John Wiley Sons. Inc., New
York 1991.


8.

Geographical Information Systems


Principles and Applications, Volume II edited by
David J.Maguire, Micheal F
Goodchild and David W Rhind, John Wiley Sons. Inc., New
York 1991.










8



GI104
-
PRINCIPLES OF DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING


Objective

The course aims at introducing the various processing techniques used to enhance, interpret
images and extract

information
from images.


UNIT
-
I

Sensor and Data Models:

Introduction
-

Sensor model

Resolution
, spectral and spatial
response


Univariate & multi variable image statistics


Spatial statistics.



UNIT
-
I
I

Image Rectification

Image Rectification and Restoration:

Geome
tric correction
-

Radiometric correction


Noise removal


Rectifying Camera Image:

Perform Image to Image Rectification


Check Map Models


Orthorectification
-
Area correlation

Resampling
-

Multi
-
image fusion
-

Spatial and spectral
domain fusion.


UNIT
-
I
II

Image Enhancement

and
Manipulation

Image Enhancement:

Contrast Manipulation

Gray
-
Level Threshholding
-
Level Slicing
Contrast Stretching

Convolution


Edge Enhancement


Spatial feature manipulation

Fourier Analysis.


Multi Image Manipulation:

Spectral Ra
tioing

Principal and Canonical Components


Vegetative Components


Intensity


Hue


Saturation


Colour Space Transformation.


UNIT
-
I
V

Information Extraction:

Principal
-
Component Analysis
-

Ratio Images
-

Multispectral
Classification

Supervised Classifica
tion Stage
-

Minimum distance to means classifier,
parallelepiped classifier, Gaussian maximum likelihood classifier


Training Stage: Graphical
representation of the spectral response patterns, Quantitative expression of category
separation, Self
-
classific
ation of training set data, interactive preliminary classification,
representative and subsene classification


unsupervised classification
-

Hybrid

Classification

Classification of Mixed Pixels.


UNIT
-
V

Data Merging and GIS Integration
:

Multi

temporal
Data merging


Change detection
procedures
-

Multisensory image merging


Merging of image data with Ancillary data
-

Incorporating GIS Data in automated land cover classification.


UNIT
-
VI

Image Analysis

Image Analysis and Understanding:

Pattern recognition



Shape analysis
-

Textural and
contextual analysis

Decision concepts


Fuzzy sets and evidential reasoning.


Hyper
-
spectral Image Analysis and Radar image analysis:

Atmospheric correction


Hyper
-
spectral image analysis techniques.


9




UNIT
-
VII

Accuracy Assessment:
Error characteristics


Radiometric, Geometric, Sources of
classification error, Interpretation of the error matrix, measurements of maps accuracy.


UNIT
-
VIII

Introduction to Advanced Concepts:

Digital Terrain Modeling (DTM)


Stereo
images


Artificial intelligence and expert systems


Artificial Neural Network concepts.


REFERENCE BOOKS:


1. John R Jenson „Introducing Digital Image Processing” _ Prantice Hall. New Jersy 1986.

2. Robert A Schowengergt, „Techniques for Image Processing

and Classification in Remote
Sensing’;1983

3. Robert A Schowengergt, „Remote Sensing


Models and Methods for Image Processing‟
Academic Press 1997 Hord R M, Academic Press, 1982.


4. Digital image processing (3
rd

Edition) Rabael C. Gonzalez, Richard E.Wo
ods Prentice Hall,
2007

5. Anil K.Jain “Fundamentals of Digital image processing” Prentice Hall Publications, USA.
















10



GI105A
-
FUNDAMENTALS OF
SURVEYING, CARTOGRAPHY and
GEODESY


Objective

U
po
n

c
o
m
p
leti
o
n

o
f

t
h
i
s

s
u
b
j
e
c
t

s
t
u
d
e
n
t
s

s
h
ou
ld

h
a
v
e

g
a
i
n
ed

t
h
e

k
n
o
w
le
d
g
e

o
f

C
a
r
t
o
g
r
a
ph
y and
Ge
o
d
e
s
y
. T
h
e
y

also
b
e
c
o
m
e

f
a
m
iliar

w
ith

t
h
e

b
asic

pr
i
n
ci
p
l
e
s

a
n
d

t
h
eir

a
pp
licati
o
n
s

in

Ge
o
i
n
f
o
r
m
atics

project
s
.


Unit
-
I

Introduction to
S
urveying
:

Datum and Reference System, horizontal data and Vertical
data, Survey
operations, Field

work, Office work, Geodetic surveys, P
lain surveys and Shape
of earth.


Chapter
-
II

Classification of Surveys:
Classification of
p
lane

surveys, Topographical surveys,
Photographic surveys, Engineering surveys, Hydrographic

surveys, Mine su
rveys, Cadastral
surveys.


Chapter
-
III

Stages in Surveying:
Stages in Surveying, Control Survey, Planimetry and Height control
by triangulation and

Traverse, Height control by Spirit leveling, Detail survey by Plane
Tabling methods, Contour

survey and
Depiction of heights.


Chapter
-
IV

I
nt
ro
d
u
c
t
i
o
n
t
o C
a
r
tog
r
a
p
h
y
:
De
f
i
n
itio
n
s
, te
r
ms
, c
on
c
ep
t
s
,
t
y
p
es,
h
i
s
t
o
r
y
, a
pp
licati
o
ns
,
c
on
v
e
n
ti
o
n
al c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
ph
y
v
/
s
d
i
g
ital c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
ph
y
, c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
p
h
ic
pro
c
e
ss
, c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
p
h
ic
prod
u
cts,
c
a
r
t
o
g
r
a
p
h
ic
m
ate
r
ial
s
,

O
v
e
r
v
i
e
w of
cartography
:
-

C
a
r
t
o
g
r
a
ph
y

i
n

c
o
n
t
e
x
t

o
f

G
I
S,

P
r
i
n
ci
p
les

o
f

c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
p
h
ic

d
es
i
g
n

in

G
I
S,

c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
p
h
ic
g
e
n
e
r
aliz
a
ti
o
n
,

atlas
e
s

a
n
d

el
e
ct
ro
n
ic

atlase
s
,

h
y
p
e
r

m
a
p
s

a
n
d

d
i
g
ital

s
p
atial

li
br
a
r
i
es.


Chapter
-
V

M
a
p

Basics
:

T
y
p
es

o
f

m
a
p
,

m
ap

s
c
a
le,

cla
s
s
es

o
f

m
a
p
s
,

m
ap

c
o
m
po
s
iti
o
n
,

t
h
e

m
a
pp
i
n
g

pro
c
e
ss
,

m
ap
pr
o
j
e
c
ti
o
n

and types
, M
a
p

N
u
m
b
e
r
i
n
g
S
y
s
t
e
m
s
;

B
ase

M
ap
s

&

T
h
e
m
a
tic

M
ap
s
;

M
a
p

L
e
g
e
n
d
,

S
y
m
bo
ls

&

Bord
er
I
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n
;

D
e
s
i
g
n

&

L
a
y
o
u
t

o
f

M
ap
s
,

g
e
o
g
r
a
p
h
ic

c
on
te
n
t

o
f

t
h
e

m
a
p
,

la
b
el

p
lac
e
m
e
n
t, map Compilation.


Chapter
-
VI

I
nt
ro
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

t
o

G
e
o
de
s
y
:

D
e
f
i
n
itio
n
s
,

te
r
ms
,

t
y
p
es,

h
i
s
t
or
y
,

fu
n
d
a
m
e
n
tal

g
o
als

o
f

g
e
od
e
s
y
,

a
pp
licati
on
s
,

and overview
.


Chapter
-
VII

Pr
oj
e
ct
i
o
ns

a
nd

C
o
-
o
rdina
t
e

S
y
s
t
e
m
s:

C
la
s
s
i
f
icati
o
n
o
f

m
ap

pr
o
j
e
c
ti
o
ns
,

Dat
u
m

su
r
f
a
c
es

a
n
d

C
oord
i
n
ate
s
ys
t
e
m
,

T
r
a
ns
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
ns
,

I
n
t
r
od
u
cti
o
n

to

A
z
i
m
u
t
h
al,

C
o
n
i
c
a
l

a
n
d

C
y
l
i
n
dr
ical

pro
j
e
c
ti
o
n
s

w
i
t
h

e
m
p
h
a
s
is

o
n
L
C
C
,

P
o
l
y
c
o
n
ic

a
n
d

U
T
M.

G
e
o
m
e
t
ric
G
e
o
d
e
s
y
:

Ea
r
t
h
,
g
e
o
id

a
n
d

r
e
f
e
r
e
n
ce

Ellip
s
o
i
d
, E
v
e
r
est

S
p
h
e
ro
i
d
,
W
GS

8
4
,

Ve
r
tical

d
at
u
m
,

M
e
an Sea

L
e
v
el,

g
e
o
m
et
r
y
o
f

e
l
li
p
s
o
i
d
,

le
v
el

s
u
r
f
a
c
es,

p
l
u
m
b

li
n
e

a
n
d

d
e
f
lecti
o
n
o
f

t
h
e

v
e
r
tical,

c
oord
i
n
ate

s
y
s
t
e
m

in
g
e
od
e
s
y
.

S
at
ellite

G
e
o
de
s
y
:

I
n
tr
od
u
ct
i
o
n



N
or
m
al

orb
it
s
,

E
q
u
ati
o
n

o
f

m
o
ti
o
n

a
n
d

l
a
w
s

o
f

Ke
p
l
e
r
,

g
e
o
m
e
t
r
y

o
f

elli
p
tic

orb
it, li
n
e
orb
it in
s
p
a
c
e,
p
e
r
t
u
rb
ed
orb
i
t,
L
a
g
r
a
ng
e
a
n
d Ga
u
ss
i
a
n

P
la
n
eta
r
y e
qu
ati
o
ns
, G
r
a
v
itati
o
n
al

p
e
r
t
u
rb
ati
o
n
,

D
opp
ler

su
r
v
e
y
i
ng
.

11




Chapter
-
VIII

I
nt
ro
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

t
o

G
PS:

De
f
i
n
i
ti
o
n
,

c
o
n
c
ep
t,

G
P
S

w
or
k
i
n
g

pr
i
n
ci
p
le,

h
i
s
t
o
r
y a
n
d

t
i
m
el
i
n
e,

o
v
e
r
v
i
e
w
.

T
e
c
h
n
ic
a
l

D
e
s
c
r
ipti
o
n

a
n
d

G
PS

O
b
s
e
rva
ble
s
:

S
y
s
t
e
m

S
e
g
m
e
n
ta
t
i
o
n



S
p
a
c
e

s
e
g
m
e
n
t
;

c
o
n
tr
o
l

s
e
g
m
e
n
t,

u
s
er
s
e
g
m
e
n
t
-

t
y
p
e
s
o
f

r
e
c
ei
v
e
r
s
.


REFERENCE

B
OOKS:



1.

Surveying and Mapping, Volume I and II by David Clarke

2.

Elements of Cartography, Robinson, A.H. et al, 6th Edition, 1995 John Wiley & Sons
Etobicoke ON ISBN 0
-
471
-
55579
-
7

3.

Thematic
Cartography and Visualization, Slocum, T., 1999, Prentice Hall

4.

Ivan I, Mueller and Karl H TAmsayer, Introduction to Surveying, Frederick Ungar

Publishing Co., New York

5.

Teunissen P.J.D., GPS for Geodesy, Springer, 2nd Edition, 1998.

6.

GPS satellite surveying:

Alfred leick
.

7.

Anson R.W. and F.J.Ormeling, Basic Cartography for Students and Technicians. Vol
-
I,
II and III Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, 3
rd

Edition, 2004.

8.

John Campbell, Introductory Cartography, Third Edition, Wm. C. Brown Publishers
2004.
















12



GI105B
-
I
N
T
R
O
D
UC
T
I
O
N

T
O

C
O
M
PU
T
A
TI
O
NAL

I
N
T
E
L
L
I
G
E
NCE


Objective

On c
o
m
p
leti
o
n

o
f

t
h
e

s
u
b
j
e
c
t,

s
t
u
d
e
n
ts

sh
o
u
ld

b
e

a
b
le to

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t

t
h
e

b
asic

t
oo
ls

o
f

c
o
mp
u
tati
o
n
al

i
n
te
l
li
g
e
n
ce

f
o
r

G
I
S.


Unit


I

C
o
m
p
u
tat
i
o
n
a
l

I
nt
e
lligenc
e
:

An

o
v
e
r
v
i
e
w

o
f

c
o
m
p
u
ta
t
i
on
al

i
n
tell
i
g
e
n
c
e
:
v
a
r
i
o
u
s

p
a
r
a
d
i
g
m
s

-

E
x
p
e
r
t

S
ys
t
e
ms
,
A
r
t
i
f
icial

N
e
u
r
al

Ne
t
w
or
k
,

F
u
z
z
y

L
o
g
ic,

Ge
n
e
tic

A
l
g
or
it
hm
s
/
P
ro
g
r
a
mm
i
n
g
,

Hi
s
t
o
r
y

a
n
d

d
e
v
el
o
p
m
e
n
t.


Unit


II

E
x
pert

S
y
s
t
e
m
s:

An

O
v
e
r
v
i
e
w
o
f

e
x
p
e
r
t

s
ys
t
e
ms
,

K
n
o
w
l
e
d
g
e

R
e
pr
es
e
n
tati
o
n
,
S
ym
bo
lic

R
e
pr
ese
n
t
a
ti
o
n
,
R
u
l
e
-

B
ased

S
y
s
t
e
ms
,

L
o
g
ic

P
ro
g
r
a
mm
i
n
g
,

K
n
o
w
le
d
g
e

A
c
q
u
i
s
i
ti
o
n
,

He
u
r
i
s
tic

C
l
a
ss
i
f
ica
t
i
o
n
,

T
oo
ls

f
o
r

B
u
il
d
i
n
g

E
x
p
e
r
t

S
y
s
t
e
ms
,

M
a
c
h
i
n
e

L
e
a
r
n
i
n
g
,

H
y
br
id

S
ys
t
e
m
s



Unit


III

A
r
ti
f
icial N
e
u
r
al N
e
t
w
o
r
k
s
-
Fu
n
d
a
m
en
ta
l

Co
ncep
t
s
:

I
n
t
r
od
u
cti
o
n

to

Ne
u
r
al

n
e
t
w
o
r
ks
,

B
i
o
l
o
g
ical

n
e
u
r
o
n
s

a
n
d

t
h
eir

m
a
t
h
e
m
atic
a
l

m
od
e
l
s

su
c
h

as

M
c
C
u
ll
o
c
h
-
P
itt
s
,
P
e
r
c
ep
tr
o
n

a
n
d

A
d
a
L
i
n
e,

L
i
n
e
a
r

s
e
p
a
r
a
b
ili
t
y
prob
l
e
m
,

D
i
ff
e
r
e
n
t

t
y
p
e
s

o
f

lea
r
n
i
n
g al
g
or
it
h
m
s
:

S
u
p
e
r
v
i
s
e
d
,

U
n
s
up
e
r
v
i
s
ed

a
n
d

R
e
i
n
f
or
c
e
m
e
n
t

l
e
a
r
n
i
n
g

a
l
g
or
it
h
ms
.


Unit


IV

M
ulti
-
l
a
y
er

Fe
e
d

F
o
r
w
a
rd Ne
t
w
o
r
k
s
:

M
u
lt
i
-
L
a
y
e
r

P
e
r
c
ep
tr
o
n
(
M
L
P
)

w
i
t
h

g
e
n
e
r
aliz
e
d

d
elta

r
u
le,

d
elta

r
u
le
w
i
t
h
m
o
m
e
n
t
u
m

te
r
m
,

R
a
d
ial
B
asis

fu
n
cti
o
n

n
e
t
w
or
k

(
R
B
F)

a
n
d

its
lea
r
n
i
n
g

a
l
g
or
it
h
ms
,

N
e
u
r
al

n
e
t
w
o
r
k

d
es
i
gn
:
s
ele
c
ti
o
n
o
f

h
i
dd
en

l
a
y
e
r
,

h
i
dd
en

n
od
e,

lea
r
n
i
n
g

r
ate,

nu
m
b
er

o
f

e
po
c
h
,

i
n
i
t
ializati
o
n
o
f

w
e
i
g
h
t

m
at
r
i
x

a
n
d
s
ele
c
ti
o
n

o
f

tra
i
n
i
n
g

a
n
d

tes
t
i
n
g

p
atte
r
ns
.

A
pp
licati
o
n

to

f
u
n
c
ti
o
n

a
ppro
x
i
m
ati
o
n
,

p
atte
r
n

c
l
as
s
i
f
icati
o
n
.


Unit


V

C
o
m
pe
t
iti
v
e
a
nd

Re
c
urr
e
nt

Ne
t
w
o
r
k
s
:

C
o
m
p
etitive

n
et
w
o
r
k:

He
b
b
ian

lea
r
n
i
n
g

a
l
g
or
it
h
m
,

W
i
nn
e
r
-
T
a
k
e
-
All lea
r
n
i
n
g
,

Se
l
f
-
O
r
g
a
n
iz
i
n
g

f
e
at
u
r
e

m
ap

n
e
t
w
or
k
,

P
r
i
n
ci
p
al

c
o
m
po
n
e
n
t

n
e
t
w
or
k

a
n
d

Ind
e
p
e
n
d
e
n
t c
o
m
po
n
e
n
t
n
e
t
w
or
k
,

Re
cu
rr
e
n
t

n
et
w
o
r
k:

B
asic

m
od
els,

H
op
f
ield

n
e
t
w
o
r
k
:

n
e
t
w
or
k

d
yn
a
m
ics,

lea
r
n
i
n
g

m
e
t
h
od
s
,

a
pp
licati
o
n to

p
atte
r
n

r
e
co
gn
ition

a
n
d

s
t
or
a
g
e

prob
le
ms
.


Unit


VI

Fuzzy

L
og
i
c
:

I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n

a
n
d

b
a
ck
g
rou
n
d

to

f
u
z
z
y

l
o
g
ic:

L
i
n
gu
i
s
tic

v
a
r
ia
b
les,

M
e
m
b
e
r
s
h
ip
fu
n
cti
on
s
, F
u
z
z
i
f
icati
o
n
,

De
f
u
z
z
i
f
icati
o
n
,
B
asic

op
e
r
ati
o
n
s

o
n

f
u
z
z
y

s
ets,

F
u
z
z
y

r
ela
t
i
o
ns
,

F
u
z
z
y

c
-
m
e
a
n
s

c
l
u
s
te
r
i
n
g
,
A
pp
licati
on
s

to

p
atte
r
n

r
e
co
g
n
itio
n
,

d
ata

a
n
a
l
ys
i
s
.


Unit


VII

G
ene
t
ic

Al
go
ri
t
h
m

a
nd

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
ing

I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n

a
n
d

b
a
c
kg
rou
n
d

to

g
e
n
etic

al
g
or
it
h
m
,

Da
r
w
i
n
ian

pr
i
n
ci
p
le,

Ge
n
e
tic

op
e
r
a
t
or
s
,

Sc
h
e
m
a

t
h
e
or
e
m
,

Fi
tn
e
s
s

a
n
d

s
c
a
li
n
g

prob
l
e
m
s
,

I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n

to

Ge
n
etic

pro
g
r
a
mm
i
n
g
,

I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n

to

A
u
t
o
m
a
tical
l
y

De
f
i
n
ed

F
u
n
cti
on
s

-
-

R
e
g
r
e
s
s
i
o
n

e
x
a
mp
le.

A
pp
licati
o
n

o
f

GP

to

p
atte
r
n

r
e
co
gn
iti
o
n

prob
le
ms
.


13





Unit


VIII

Role of RS & GIS in Computation Intelligence:
RS & GIS based Fuzzy models, RS &
GIS based ANN models; Expert systems
in RS & GIS domain


R
E
F
E
R
E
N
C
E

BOO
K
S:


1.

E
x
pert

S
y
s
t
e
m
s

a
nd

A
p
p
li
e
d

Ar
t
ifici
a
l

I
n
t
elli
g
enc
e
,

E.

T
u
rb
a
n
,

M
a
c
m
ill
a
n
,

199
2


2.

I
nt
ro
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

t
o

E
x
pert

S
y
s
t
e
m
s
,

P
eter

J
a
c
ks
o
n
,

Ha
r
l
o
w
,

E
ng
l
a
n
d
:

A
dd
i
s
o
n

W
esl
e
y

L
ong
m
a
n
,

1999
.


3.

Neur
a
l

ne
t
w
o
r
k
s
:

A

c
o
m
pr
e
hen
s
i
v
e

F
o
u
n
d
at
i
o
n
,

S
i
m
o
n

H
a
yk
i
n
s
,

P
r
e
n
tice

Hall

I
n
c
.
,

1999
.


4.

Fuzzy

s
e
t
s
,

u
n
c
e
r
ta
inty

a
nd

inf
o
r
m
at
i
o
n
,

Ge
ro
g
e

J
. Klir,

Ti
n
a

A
.

F
o
l
g
e
r
,

P
r
e
n
tice

Hall

i
n
c
.
,

20
0
0
.


5.

G
ene
t
ic

A
l
go
ri
t
h
m
s

i
n

Se
a
r
ch,

O
pt
i
m
iz
at
i
o
n,

a
nd

M
a
chine

L
e
a
rning,

G
o
l
db
e
r
g
,

D
a
v
id

E
d
w
a
rd
,
A
dd
i
s
o
n
-
W
esl
e
y

P
u
b
.

C
o
.,

1
9
8
9

6.

G
ene
t
ic

Pr
og
r
a
m
m
ing:

O
n

t
he

Pr
og
r
a
m
m
ing

o
f

C
o
m
p
ut
e
rs

by

M
e
a
ns

o
f

N
at
ur
a
l

Selec
t
i
o
n,

J
.K
o
z
a
,

T
h
e

M
I
T

P
r
es
s
,

1
992
.

7.

e
-
Resources














14




GI 105 C
-

CONCEPTS OF GPS AND APPLICATIONS

Unit


1

Introduction to Geodesy:
Definitions and fundamentals

of Geodesy, Earth, Geoid and Ellipsoid
of rotation, Reference surface, Geodetic systems, Indian Geodetic System, Coordinate systems in
Geodesy.


Unit


II

Fundamentals of GPS
: Introductions, Space segment, User segment and Control segments,
Observation pr
inciple and signal structure, Orbit determination and representation, Intentional
limitation of system accuracy, system development, Point positioning and relative positioning.


Unit


III

GPS Receivers:
Receiver Concepts and main receiver components, Ex
amples of GPS receivers,
Classical receivers, Examples of currently available geodetic receivers, Navigational receivers,
Future developments.


Unit


I
V

GPS Observables and Data
Processing
:

Code and
carrier phase observables, Linear
combinations and
derived observables, Concepts of parameterization, Solutions of ambiguity,
Cycle slips, Receiver independent exchange data format
-
RINEX


Unit


V

Methods of surveying with GPS:

Static, Pseudo
-
kinematic, Semi
-
kinematic and Kinematic
positioning, Navigation
with GPS


Unit


V
I

Differential GPS:

DGPS Concepts, Data Formats, Data Transmission, Real Time Kinematic
GPS, Multiple reference stations.


Unit
-
VII

Erro Budget and Corrections:

Basic considerations, Satellite geometry, Accuracy measures,
Orbits and clocks, Signal propagation, Tropospheric and lonospheric effects, Multipath,
Summary and issue of integrity.


Unit


VIII

GPS Applications:
Setting up an observation plan, Practical a
spects of field observations,
Observation strategies, Network design, Geodetic control survey of zero 1
st
, 2
nd
, 3
rd

and 4
th

order.
Height Determination, Cadastral Surveying. GIS



15




TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Satellite Geodesy

by GUNTER SEEBER, copy Right 2003 by WALTER

DE
GRUYTER 1993, ISBN: 3
-
11
-
017549
-
5.

2.

Global Positioning system


Theory and Practice



Hofmann W.B, Lichtenegger. H,
Collins. J
-
Springer Verlag Wein, New York.











































16




GI106
-

SURVEYING
, C
ARTOGRAPHY

&
GPS LAB
ORATORY


Surveying:

Surveying with Theodolite
-

Electronic Survey.


Cartography:

1. Preparation of Simple Vector Map

2. Preparation of Contours

3. Preparation of Planimetrically controlled thematic Map

4. Toposheet interpretation

5. Preparation of Cross sections

6.

Topographic profiles for Toposheet

7
. Preparation of 3D block diagrams

8. Map Projections


Constructions



GPS

GPS Mapping: Conventional


Static


Kinematic


Semi kinematic (Stop &Go)
-

Rapid static, Mobile Mapping.

































17




GI107
-

AERIAL AND SATELLITE
DATA INTERPRETATION LAB
ORATORY



1. Stereo vision Test and Anatomy of Pocket, Prism & Mirror Stereoscopes.

2. Decoding, Marking & Transfer of Principal Points, Base line drawing, Flight line

marking,


3D Observation, Tracing

details, Transfer the details to base map.

3. Determination of scales of Aerial Photographs.

4. Height and Slope measurements.

5. Interpretation of Aerial Photographs (Stereo vision).

6. Study of Various Visual Remote Sensing Equipments.

7. Decoding of Di
fferent Satellite data.

8. Interpretation of Black & White and False colour Multi Band Imagery.

9. Interpretation of Thermal & Microwave Imagery.

10.

Transfer of Information from Imagery to Base Map.




















18




SEMESTER


II


GI201
-
ADV
A
N
C
E
D

GE
O
G
RA
PH
I
C

I
N
FO
R
M
A
TI
O
N

SY
S
T
E
M
S


Objective

U
po
n c
o
m
p
leti
o
n
o
f

s
t
u
d
y
o
f

t
h
is

s
u
b
j
e
c
t

t
h
e

s
t
u
d
e
n
t

w
o
u
ld

b
e

a
b
le

to

m
od
el

a
n
d

a
n
a
l
ys
e

t
h
e

s
p
atial

d
ata,

u
til
i
ze

G
I
S

as

n
a
v
i
g
ati
o
n

gu
i
d
e,

d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

s
u
ppor
t

a
n
d

e
x
p
e
r
t

t
oo
l.

U
n
d
e
r
s
t
a
n
d

h
o
w to

us
e

a

w
i
d
e

r
a
ng
e

o
f

v
e
c
t
o
r
-
b
ased G
I
S t
oo
ls

to

a
ddr
ess

q
u
est
i
o
n
s

r
ele
v
a
n
t

to

n
a
t
u
r
al

r
es
o
u
r
ce

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t.

A
n
a
l
ys
e

t
h
e

r
e
q
u
i
re
m
e
n
ts

o
f

a
propo
s
ed
a
pp
licati
o
n

a
n
d
s
yn
t
h
es
i
s
e an a
ppr
o
pr
iate
s
o
l
u
ti
o
n

a
n
d

c
us
t
o
m
i
z
e a G
I
S.


Unit


1

G
e
o
d
ata
b
a
s
e
:
T
y
p
e
s

o
f

g
e
od
ata
b
ase,

A
d
v
a
n
t
a
g
es

o
f

g
e
od
ata
b
ase,

B
asic

g
e
od
ata
b
ase

s
tr
u
c
t
u
r
e,

T
opo
l
o
g
y
,
r
elati
o
n
al

cl
a
ss
es,

g
e
o
m
et
r
ic

n
e
t
w
ork
s
,

r
aster

d
ata

-

C
r
e
a
t
i
n
g

g
e
od
ata
b
ase,

or
g
a
n
iz
i
n
g

d
ata,

d
e
f
i
n
i
n
g
d
ata
b
ase
s
tr
u
c
t
u
r
e

-

U
n
d
e
r
s
t
a
n
d
i
n
g

s
p
atial

r
e
f
e
r
e
n
ce

i
n

g
e
od
ata
b
ase

-

M
o
d
if
y
i
n
g

s
p
atial

d
o
m
a
i
n
,

S
i
m
p
le

f
e
a
t
u
r
e

c
r
e
a
ti
o
n in

g
e
od
ata
b
ase,

C
r
e
a
ti
n
g

a
n
d

e
d
iti
n
g

m
ap

t
opo
l
og
y
,
-

T
y
p
e
s

o
f

g
e
od
ata
b
ase

a
n
n
o
tati
o
n

-

A
dd
i
n
g

b
e
h
a
v
i
o
r

to

a
g
e
od
ata
b
ase
.

Unit


II

S
u
r
fa
ce

An
a
l
y
s
is
:

Slo
p
e

a
n
d

as
p
e
c
t

-


H
y
dro
l
o
g
ic

f
u
n
cti
o
n
s

-

Vi
e
w
s
h
e
d
s

-

S
h
a
d
ed

r
elief

m
a
p
s

S
p
atial

a
n
a
l
y
s
is

-

S
u
r
f
a
c
e
a
n
a
l
ys
is

-

3
-
D

a
n
a
l
y
s
is

-

M
a
p

al
g
e
br
a

-

C
e
l
l

stat
i
s
t
i
cs

D
E
M,
D
T
M a
n
d

T
I
N


Unit


III

Spatial Models
:

W
h
y

b
u
ild

m
o
d
els

-


A
n
at
o
m
y
o
f

a

m
od
el

-


M
o
d
el

ele
m
e
n
ts

-

I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n

to

s
c
r
i
p
ti
n
g
.

T
h
e

o
b
j
e
c
t

m
od
el

in G
I
S.

Ve
c
t
o
r

a
n
d

r
aster

d
ata

e
x
tra
c
ti
o
n

f
o
r

m
od
el
i
ng
,

L
a
n
d

u
s
e clas
s
i
f
icati
o
n
,

T
e
m
por
al

la
n
d

us
e

a
n
a
l
ys
i
s
,

S
p
atial

m
od
el
i
n
g

pro
c
e
d
u
r
e,

C
ell
u
lar

a
u
t
o
m
a
t
a

m
od
el
i
ng
,

M
e
t
h
od
s
o
f

s
p
atial

i
n
te
rpo
lati
o
n
.


Unit


IV

D
at
a

Ac
c
ur
a
c
y
,
E
r
ro
r

As
s
e
ss
m
ent

a
nd

Pr
o
p
agat
i
o
n
:

S
p
a
tial

d
ata

s
ta
n
d
a
rd
s
,

P
o
s
itio
n
al

a
c
c
u
r
a
c
y
,

M
e
t
h
od
s

o
f
m
e
a
s
u
r
i
n
g

d
ata

a
c
c
u
r
a
c
y
,

A
c
c
u
r
a
c
y

m
e
a
su
r
e
m
e
n
t,

E
rro
r

in

l
i
n
e
a
r

a
n
d

a
r
ea

f
e
a
t
u
r
e, La
n
d

u
s
e

cl
a
ss
i
f
icati
o
n a
c
c
u
r
a
c
y
,

A
ttri
bu
te

a
c
c
u
r
a
c
y
,

E
rro
r

pr
o
p
a
g
ati
o
n

in

s
p
atial

at
t
r
i
b
u
te


Unit


V

Ad
va
nced

C
a
r
tog
r
a
p
h
y
:

A
n
n
o
tati
on
s
,

la
b
els,

a
n
d

m
eta
d
ata;

M
a
p

m
a
k
i
n
g

w
i
t
h a
d
v
a
n
c
e

tric
ks
Wor
k
i
n
g

w
i
t
h la
b
els

a
n
d

a
nn
o
tati
o
n
s

-

M
an
a
g
i
n
g

(or
g
a
n
i
z
i
n
g

a
n
d

m
od
i
f
y
i
ng
)

la
b
els

a
n
d

a
nn
o
tati
o
n
s

-

M
e
ta
d
ata

f
ile

c
r
e
a
ti
o
n a
n
d

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t
w
i
t
h

n
e
w

t
oo
ls


Unit


VI

M
ulti
-
Cri
t
e
r
ia

De
c
i
s
i
o
n A
n
a
l
y
s
is

a
nd

SD
S
S

:
El
e
m
e
n
ts

o
f

mu
l
t
i
-
c
r
i
te
r
ia

d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

a
n
a
l
y
s
i
s
,

cl
a
ss
i
f
icati
o
n

o
f
d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

prob
le
ms
,

e
v
a
l
u
ati
o
n

c
r
ite
r
ia,

h
ie
r
a
r
c
h
ical

d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

alte
r
n
a
t
i
v
es
a
n
d

c
o
ns
tra
i
n
t
s
,

alte
r
n
a
ti
v
e
s a
n
d
d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

v
a
r
ia
b
l
e
s
,

d
ete
r
m
i
n
i
s
tic

v
a
r
ia
b
les,

c
r
ite
r
ia

w
e
i
g
h
t
i
n
g ,

e
s
t
i
m
ati
o
n

w
ei
g
h
t
s
,

r
a
nk
i
n
g

m
e
t
h
od
s
,

d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n
r
u
les,

m
u
lt
i
-
att
r
i
b
u
te
d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

r
u
les,

s
e
n
s
it
i
v
i
t
y
a
n
a
l
ys
i
s
,

m
u
l
t
i
-
c
r
ite
r
ia

s
p
atial

d
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

s
u
ppor
t

s
y
s
t
e
m
s

(
S
D
S
S
)
. SDSS

f
o
r
l
o
c
a
ti
o
n

p
la
n
n
i
n
g
,
a
pp
licati
o
n
-
s
p
e
c
i
f
ic

c
ap
a
b
ili
t
i
es
;

r
e
q
u
ir
e
m
e
n
ts

o
f

a S
D
S
S
.


Unit


VII

E
x
pert

G
I
S

:
I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n

to

c
o
n
c
ep
ts

o
f

E
x
p
e
r
t

G
I
S,

Data

f
o
r
m
ats,

P
ropr
ieta
r
y
f
ile

for
m
a
t
s
,

tra
n
s
lat
o
r

a
n
d tra
n
s
f
er

f
o
r
m
a
t
s
,

op
en

f
o
r
m
a
t
s
,

s
ta
n
d
a
rd
s
,

m
eta
d
a
ta,

s
t
a
n
d
a
rd
s

19


g
a
z
ette
er
,

XML
a
n
d

GM
L
,

S
p
atial

d
ata
b
ase
s
,
r
elati
o
n
al

d
ata
b
ase
s
,

ob
j
e
c
t
d
ata
b
ase
s
,

G
I
S

a
n
d

d
ata
b
ase
s
,

a
d
v
a
n
c
e
d

d
ata
b
ase

tec
hn
o
l
og
y
,

d
e
r
i
v
ed

m
a
pp
i
n
g



g
e
n
e
r
aliz
a
ti
o
n
,

te
x
t

p
lac
e
m
e
n
t,

a
u
t
o
m
ated

c
ar
t
o
g
r
a
ph
y
,

d
a
t
a

f
r
o
m

i
m
a
g
e
r
y
,

W
eb

G
I
S,

s
i
m
p
le

m
a
p
s

i
n

w
eb
p
a
g
es,
i
n
te
r
n
e
t

m
a
pp
i
n
g

s
i
tes,

i
n
te
r
n
e
t

s
o
f
t
w
a
r
es,

M
o
b
ile

G
I
S


po
s
itio
n
i
ng
,

l
o
c
a
ti
o
n
b
ased
s
e
r
v
ic
e
s
,
p
e
r
s
o
n
al

a
n
d
v
e
h
i
c
le
n
a
v
i
g
ati
o
n
,

L
B
S

f
o
r

m
ass
m
a
r
k
et,

tel
e
m
ati
c
s
.


A
pp
l
i
c
a
ti
o
n
s
.


Unit


VIII

E
nt
e
rpr
i
s
e

G
I
S

:
U
s
er

n
e
e
d

as
s
e
ss
m
e
n
t
;
o
ld

a
n
d

n
e
w

s
p
atial

d
at
a
b
ase

m
od
els,
S
DE

l
a
y
e
r
s
,

Geo

d
ata
b
ase, a
r
c
h
itec
t
u
r
e

d
esig
n
,

c
ap
a
c
i
t
y
p
la
n
n
i
n
g

(
Ha
r
d
w
a
r
e
)
,

s
e
c
u
r
i
t
y

p
la
nn
i
n
g
,

R
D
B
MS

s
o
f
t
w
a
r
e

s
ele
c
ti
o
n
,

G
I
S

s
of
t
w
a
r
e
s
ele
c
ti
o
n
,

p
la
n
n
i
n
g

f
o
r

m
i
g
r
at
i
o
n
.

E
n
te
rpr
i
s
e

G
I
S

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t.



R
E
F
E
R
E
N
C
E

BOOKS


1.

G
I
S

a
nd

M
ult
i
-
cri
t
e
r
ia

decis
i
o
n

a
n
a
l
y
s
is
b
y

J
a
c
ek

M
a
lcz
e
w
s
k
i,

J
oh
n

W
il
e
y

a
n
d
s
o
ns
.

2.

E
x
pert S
y
s
t
e
m
s

b
y

P
eter
J
a
c
ks
o
n
, t
h
ird e
d
itio
n
,
1999
,
P
e
a
r
s
o
n

E
d
u
c
a
ti
o
n
.

3.

C
o
ncep
t
s

a
nd

T
e
c
h
n
i
q
u
es

o
f
G
e
og
r
a
p
h
ic

I
nf
o
r
m
at
i
o
n

S
y
s
t
e
m
s

C
P

L
o

A
l
b
e
r
t

K W

Ye
u
ng
,

200
5 Pr
a
n
tice

Hall

o
f
I
n
d
ia.

4.

G
e
og
r
a
p
h
ic

I
nf
o
r
m
at
i
o
n

S
y
s
t
e
m
s



An

in
t
r
o
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

b
y

T
o
r
B
e
r
nh
a
rd
s
e
n
,
J
o
h
n

W
il
e
y

a
n
d S
o
ns
,
I
n
c, N
e
w

Y
or
k
,
2002
.

5.

R
e
m
ot
e
s
e
n
s
i
ng
a
nd

I
m
ag
e interpr
etat
i
o
n

b
y

T
h
o
m
as

M
.

L
ill
e
s
a
n
d
a
n
d
R
al
p
h

W
.

Kie
f
e
r
,

J
o
h
n
W
il
e
y

a
n
d S
on
s

I
n
c
.
, N
e
w

Y
o
r
k
,
1994
.

6.

G
e
og
r
a
p
h
ic
a
l

I
n
fo
r
m
a
t
i
o
n

S
y
s
t
e
m
s


P
r
i
n
ci
p
les

a
n
d

A
pp
licati
o
ns
, V
o
l
u
m
e I e
d
ited
b
y

D
a
v
id
J
. M
a
g
u
ire,

Mic
h
e
a
l

F

G
ood
c
h
i
l
d a
n
d Da
v
id

W
Rh
i
n
d
,
J
o
h
n

W
il
e
y

S
on
s
.
I
n
c
.
,
N
e
w

Y
or
k

1991
.

7.

G
e
og
r
a
p
h
ic
a
l

I
n
fo
r
m
at
i
o
n

S
y
s
t
e
m
s



P
r
i
n
ci
p
les

a
n
d

A
pp
licati
o
ns
, V
o
l
u
m
e
I
I e
d
ited
b
y

Da
v
id

J
. M
a
g
u
i
r
e,

Mic
h
e
a
l

F

G
ood
c
h
i
l
d a
n
d Da
v
id

W
Rh
i
n
d
,
J
o
h
n

W
il
e
y

S
on
s
.
I
n
c
.
,
N
e
w

Y
or
k

1991
.

8.

Fundamentals of GIS


by Michael N.Demers


Publishers: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

9.

e
-
resources.











20


GI202
-
GIS PROJECT
PLANNING &
MANAGEMENT


Objective

The objective of this subject is to enable the students to formulate, plan, execute and
manage Geoinformatics projects.


Unit

-

I

Introduction
:
Definition of plan, project, program and scheme. Functions of planning and
management. Components of Geoinformatics project. Overview of Geoinformatics projects,
types of projects.


Unit
-

I
I

GIS Project Planning

:
Project phases and
Project life cycle, project stakeholders, system
development lifecycle, Software development models, Project initiation, systems planning
and methodology, systems analysis and user requirements studies, GIS software evaluation
and selection, Hardware cons
iderations and acquisition, Geographic database design


conceptual, logical, and physical data modeling, planning and database issues
-

screening of
project ideas, selection of project based on techno
-
economic feasibility analysis, project
formulation, pr
oduct and project design, project report preparation. Project proposals. A
case study.


Unit
-

II
I

Project Costs

:
Elements of cost, costing techniques, resources planning, cost components
of a geo
-
informatics project
-

men, Hardware and software costs, c
ost of Remote Sensed
Data /Imageries, Maintenance cost, organizational cost, service charges, outsourcing cost,
pricing the product / service. Cost budgeting.



Unit
-

V
I

Project Appraisal

-

Project appraisal Methods
-
Discounting and non discounting
techni
ques, Benefit Cost Ratio, Break Even Point Analysis, Cost and Return simulation,
return on investment.

Project Time, Quality and Cost Management


Unit
-

V

Project scheduling
-

network analysis, PERT and CPM techniques, Gant chart, time and
cost crashing.
Project cost and time control, feed back mechanisms, quality control /
quality assurance. Data standards, interoperability, ISO standards.


Unit
-

V
I

Project Scope and Risk Management
:

Project scope definition,

scope verification, scope change

control, risk management
planning, project risk identification, quantitative and qualitative risk analysis, risk response
planning, risk monitoring and control.




21


Unit
-

V
I
I

GIS Organi
z
ations

-

Vision, mission, goals and objectives,
organizational chart,
organizational approaches
-

democratic, authoritative, roles and responsibilities of
personnel, recruitments, training, motivation, organizational behaviour, conflict resolving,
team building, promotion/ demotion.


Uni
t
-

VII
I

Management Issues
and Trends in GIS

Management Issues
:

Making GIS efficient, effective and safe to use, data as management
issue, GIS as a management tool, impact of broad societal issues.


Trends
:
Enterprise GIS, Corporate GIS, BPO in GIS, Spati
al Data Warehouse,
Interoperability and Open GIS, NSDI.


REFERENCE BOOKS:


1.

A guide to the Project

Management

Body

Of

Knowledge
-
2000 edition,
Project Management Institute, USA


2.

The Design and Implementation of Geographic Information Systems, John E.
Harmo
n, Steven J. Anderson by Wiley Publishers ISBN: 0
-
471
-
20488
-
9


3.

Geographic Information Systems, abridged by Paul A Longley, Michael F Goodchild,
David J.

4.

Maguire, and David W. Rhind, second edition, 2005


5.

Project Management using PERT / CPM


Weist & Levy,
PHI


6.

Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information System by C P Lo Albert K W
Yeung, 2002, EEEPrantice Hall of India Private Ltd.


7.

Project Management PERT / CPM & Precedence Diagramming Moder, Philip, Galgotia


8.

UNIDO Guide to Project Appraisal


9.

e
-
reso
urces.






22


GI203
-
Applications of Geo
--
informatics


Objective

Developing skills in utilization of technologies
namely remote sensing, GIS &

GPS in
natural
resources,
forest
ry and ecology,
agricultural
and disaster
management
, utilities and
Facilities
management
.


Unit
-

I

Natural

Resources Exploration
: Mineral resources exploration, Mineral mapping and
Mineral Resources Information System; mineral prospect zonation, Mapping mining area,
encroachment mapping, GIS in mine remediation and mine reclamation
.


RS & GIS based
Oil and gas exploration
studies.



Ground water resources
-

ground water prospect zonation. Locating sites suitable for ground
water recharging,

groundwater contamination
.



Watershed studies


Delineation and Codification, action plan for

watershed development,
watershed prioritization, impact assessment.


Unit
-

II

Forest and Ecology

Applications
:
Image enhancement technique and its application for
forest mapping. Forest cover mapping and monitoring, Forest fire surveillance and
forecasting, forest fire monitoring, forest burnt area mapping, fire risk zonation, fire spread
modelin
g.

Wild life ecological applications.


Unit
-

III

Biodiversity Applications:
Biodiversity characterisation and conservation planning,
ecorestoration and

ecodevelopment
,

deforestation / afforestation / encroachment mapping
and monitoring. Impact assessment of mining in forest area on forest ecology.




Unit


IV

Soil

and Agricultural Applications


Soil Studies:

Soil survey, soil mapping, soil classification
, soil series establishment, profile studiesLand
capability, soil irrigability, land irrigability and hydrosoil map preparation, surface soil
moisture estimation, soil salinity mapping, soil erosion mapping
.

Agricultural Applications:
Agro
-
climatic zonatio
n, crop acreage estimation, crop
inventory, crop production forecasting, RS based yie
ld model, production estimation.


Unit
-

V

Land Use/Land Cover

and Land Management
:

Land use classification
Land use / land
cover mapping, monitoring and management. Wastel
and and wet land mapping.


Unit


VI

Disasters and Coastal zone management

Natural Disasters:
Cyclones, floods, tidal waves, earth quakes, land subsidence and land
slides, droughts, well known Indian examples.


23


Coastal Zone management:

concepts models
and information systems, Remote sensing
satellites for coastal zone studies. Application of remote sensing of and GIS in coastal zone
studies.


UNIT


VII

Location Based Services Applications:
Vehicle tracking: Automatic vehicle location(AVL)


Component
s of AVL; Alarms used in Vehicle Tracking, Fleet Management


Vehicle
Navigation


Emergency call; Address Geocoding, Distress call Application.


UNIT


VIII

Land Information System and Utilities:
Land Information System


Tax mapping
Utilities


Water uti
lity, Electric utility and Telecommunications.


REFERENCE BOOKS:



1.

Lo.C.P. and Yeung, Albert KW, Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information
System, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.

2.

Robert Laurini and Derek Thompson, Fundamentals of Spatial Information
Systems,
Academic Press, 1996.

3.

Laura L.,Managing Natural Resources with GIS, ESRI Press, 1998.

4.

Alan L., MD Melnick, Introduction to Geographic Information Systems for Public
Health, Aspen Publishers, 1
st

Edition, 2002.

5.

Amim Hammad, Hassan karimi, Telegeoi
nformatics: Location
-
based Computing and
Services, CRC Press, 1
st

Edication 2004.

6.

Allah Brimicomber, GIS Environmental Modeling and Engineering, Taylor and Francis,
2003

7.

Savigny D De and Wijeyaratne.P.GIS for Health and Environment, Stylus publication,
199
4.

8.

Paul A Longley, Michael F Goodchild, David J Maguire, David W Rhind, Geographical
Information Systems, Volume I and II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1999.

9.

Van Dijk M.G.Bos, GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques in Land
-
And
-
Water
-
Management, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, 2001.

10.

Juliana Maantay, John Ziegler and John Pickles, GIS for the Urban Environment,
ESRI Press, 2006.

11.

Laura Lang, GIS for Health Organizations, ESRI Press, 2000.

12.

Lisa Godin, GIS in Telecommunications Managements, ESRI Press, 1
st

Edition, 200
1.

13.

Applications in Coastal Zone Research Management, Martin, K.St. (ed), U.N. Institute
for Training and Research, 1993.

14.

Integrated Ocean and Coastal Management, Sain, B.C., and Knecht, R.W.,UNESCO
Publication, 1998.







24


GI204
-
INTERNET GIS


Objective

On
completion of study of this subject, students would have a sound knowledge about the
Web GIS and its Applications for serving the geospatial data to the clients. One would be
able to web design utilizing web GIS software’s.


Unit


I

Introduction to Web GI
S
: Definition, concept of Web GIS, History of Web GIS,
components of web GIS, internet, web GIS v/s Internet GIS, Fundamentals of computer
networking


network environment


network communication models

protocols


TCP/IP.
Applications of web GIS, users a
nd stake holders of web GIS, advantages and limitations of
web GIS, overview of Web GIS.


Unit


II

Client/server Computing
: Client


server


glue


client/server system partition


layered
architecture


advantages and disadvantages of client server archi
tecture. Distributed

component framework


web mapping


static and interactive web mapping


open GIS
web map server.


Unit


III

Distributed geographic information services
: Principle


components


logic and data
components. Geographic Markup Language:
Principles


characteristics
-

commercial web
mapping programs


mobile GIS. Distributed GIS in data warehousing and data sharing.


Unit


IV

Web GIS Data
. Classification of WEB GIS data, Geospatial data, type, characteristics,
distribution, GIS interactiv
e maps,
-

general maps at regional level, very detailed maps
down to lot level. Level of Service (LOS) Level of Contents (LOC) Level of GIS Functions or
Level of Functions (LOF). A Cross Tabular Matrix (CTM) approach Stake

holders, users,
owners and organi
zations of web GIS, policies and laws pertaining to web GIS,
Watermarking Geo
-
Spatial Data


Unit


V

Web GIS

Functions
:

Display of general information for the public, display of planning
information, interactive display of spatial information, sharing and distribution of spatial
data as well as management of spatial data.


Design of User Graphic Interface User friendly int
erface, characteristics, menus and icons,
common terms.Graphic Appearance
-

colours, sizes, fonts, scales and arrangement.


Unit


VI

Web GIS Software:

Brands of software used to develop web GIS at the server and client
sides. Evaluation of different brands, ArcIMS, Map Objects, Mapguide, Map Server,
Geomedia webmap, Fulcrum, Vectoreyes.


25


Unit


VII

WEB GIS

Applications

-

I
:

Participatory GIS
-
Web
-
based
GIS For Collaborative Planning
And Public Participation, Digital Democracy for planning, web GIS An Aid To Local
Environmental Decision
-
making, web GIS for regional and local level planning. Community
GIS
.


Unit


VIII

WEB GIS

Applications



II:

Applicatio
ns in intelligent transportation systems, planning
and resource management. E
-
Governance, Electronic Government Proposals
.


REFERENCE BOOKS:


1. Korte,G. B., (2001})”The GIS book”: 5th Edition, Onward press, Australia.

2.Cartwright, W., M.P. Peterson, G. G
artner (Eds) “Multimedia Cartography’,
Berlm:Springer.

3. Kraak, M., and A. Brown (2001)” Web Cartography: Development and Prospects,
London”:

Taylor and Francies.

4. Kraak, M. and F. Ormeling (2003) “Cartography: Visualization of Geospatial Data”, Delhi:
PearsonEducation.

5. Internet GIS: Distributed Geographic Information Services for the Internet and Wireless
Networks


Zhong


Ren Peng and Ming


Hsidng Tsou.

6. Network GIS


Yang, Chaowei, Wong, David W.S., Kabates, Menas, ISBN:978
-
3
-
540
-
36768
-
0

7. On
line resources or e
-
resoureces.

























26


GI205A
-
ADVANCE
D

REMOTE SENSING


Objective

U
po
n

c
o
m
p
leti
o
n

o
f

t
h
is

su
b
j
e
c
t

st
u
d
e
n
ts

s
h
ou
ld
h
a
v
e

g
a
i
n
ed

t
h
e
k
n
o
w
le
d
g
e
o
f

op
tical

a
n
d
m
ic
r
o
w
a
v
e

r
e
m
o
te

s
e
n
s
i
n
g

a
n
d also

t
h
e
y

b
e
c
o
m
e
f
a
m
iliar

w
i
t
h

t
h
e
b
a
s
ic

pr
i
n
ci
p
les

a
n
d
a
d
v
a
n
ta
g
e
s

o
f

t
h
e
r
m
al

a
n
d Mic
r
o
w
a
v
e

R
S.


Unit


I

P
a
ss
i
v
e

M
icr
o
w
av
e Re
m
ot
e

Sen
s
i
n
g
:

B
asics

ph
y
s
i
c
s
o
f

R
A
D
AR

w
a
v
e
s
,

s
p
e
c
tral

c
h
a
r
a
c
te
r
i
s
tics
o
f

R
A
D
AR
w
a
v
es,

m
i
cr
o
w
a
v
e
r
a
d
i
o
m
ete
r
s
,

p
as
s
i
v
e

m
ic
r
o
w
a
v
e
s
c
a
nn
e
r
s a
n
d

s
e
n
s
or
s
,

a
pp
licati
o
n
s in

a
t
m
o
s
p
h
e
r
e,

o
c
e
an a
n
d la
n
d
.


Unit


II

Active
M
ic
r
o
w
av
e

R
e
m
ot
e

Sen
s
i
n
g

-

I
:

R
A
D
A
R
-

d
e
f
i
ni
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

d
e
v
el
o
p
m
e
n
t,

R
a
d
ar

S
ys
t
e
m
s


ai
rbor
n
e

a
n
d
s
p
a
c
e

bor
n
e

S
L
R
s a
n
d

t
h
eir

c
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t
s
,

i
m
a
g
i
n
g

s
ys
t
e
ms
,

t
y
p
ical

i
m
a
g
e
s
,

r
a
d
ar

w
a
v
el
e
n
g
t
h
s
,

s
c
a
tte
r
i
n
g t
h
e
o
r
y
,
R
A
D
AR

e
q
u
a
ti
o
n
,

De
p
r
es
s
i
o
n
a
n
g
le,

s
l
a
n
t

r
a
n
g
e

a
n
d

g
rou
n
d

r
a
n
g
e

i
m
a
g
es,

s
p
atial

r
es
o
l
u
ti
o
n

a
n
d

t
h
e
or
etic
a
l l
i
m
i
t
s
,

a
z
i
mu
t
h
r
es
o
l
u
ti
o
n
,

r
e
a
l

a
p
e
r
t
u
r
e

a
n
d

s
y
n
t
h
etic

a
p
e
r
t
u
r
e

R
A
D
AR

s
ys
t
e
ms
,

g
e
o
m
et
r
ic

c
h
a
r
a
c
te
r
i
s
tics

o
f
r
a
d
ar

i
m
a
g
e
r
y

a
n
d

tra
n
s
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

c
h
a
r
a
c
te
r
i
s
t
ics

o
f

r
a
d
ar

s
i
g
n
a
l
s
, SLR

s
te
r
e
o
s
c
op
y

a
n
d

R
A
D
A
R
g
r
a
mm
e
t
r
y
.


Unit


III

Active
M
ic
r
o
w
av
e

R
e
m
ot
e

Sen
s
i
n
g



II:
R
A
D
AR

r
et
u
r
n
a
n
d

i
m
a
g
e

s
i
g
n
i
f
ica
n
c
e
,

c
o
h
e
r
e
n
c
e
,

p
h
ase

un
w
r
a
pp
i
ng
,

po
la
r
izati
o
n
,

i
m
a
g
e

r
e
g
i
s
trati
o
n
,

b
asel
i
n
e
d
ete
r
m
i
n
a
t
i
o
n
,

m
e
a
s
u
r
e
m
e
n
t

o
f

s
u
r
f
a
c
e t
opo
g
r
a
ph
y

a
n
d
d
e
f
o
r
m
ati
o
n

a
n
a
l
y
s
i
s
,
s
a
tellite

r
a
d
ar
s
ys
t
e
m
s

a
n
d
i
m
a
g
e
s
,
i
m
a
g
e

pro
c
e
ss
i
n
g
,

R
A
D
AR
i
m
a
g
e

i
n
te
rpr
etati
o
n
.

S
AR i
n
t
e
r
f
e
r
o
m
et
r
y
-

pr
i
n
c
i
p
le,

i
m
a
g
e

pro
c
e
ss
i
ng
,

d
i
f
f
e
r
e
n
ti
a
l
S
A
R
i
n
te
r
f
e
r
o
m
et
r
y
,

f
a
c
t
or
s

a
f
f
e
c
ti
n
g

S
A
R

i
n
te
r
f
e
r
o
m
et
r
y
,

A
pp
licati
on
s
o
f

R
A
D
A
R

s
o
il

r
es
po
ns
e,

v
e
g
eta
t
i
o
n
r
es
po
ns
e,

w
a
ter a
n
d ice

r
es
pon
s
e,
u
rb
an

a
r
ea
r
es
po
ns
e
.


Unit
-

IV

T
he
r
m
a
l

R
e
m
ot
e

S
e
n
s
ing

-

I
:

T
h
e
r
m
al

r
a
d
iati
o
n
pr
i
n
ci
p
les,

pro
c
e
ss
es

a
n
d

t
h
e
r
m
al

prop
e
r
ti
e
s
o
f

m
ate
r
ia
l
s
, t
h
e
r
m
a
l c
o
n
d
u
ct
i
v
i
t
y
,

t
h
e
r
m
al

c
ap
a
c
i
t
y
,

t
h
e
r
m
al

i
n
e
r
tia,

t
h
e
r
m
al

d
i
f
f
u
s
i
v
i
t
y
,

e
m
i
s
s
i
v
it
y
,

s
e
ns
i
n
g

r
a
d
ia
n
t t
e
m
p
e
r
at
u
r
e
s
,
r
a
d
ia
n
t

v
e
r
s
u
s

k
i
n
etic

t
e
m
p
e
r
at
u
r
es,

b
lac
k
bo
d
y
r
a
d
iati
o
n
,

a
t
m
o
s
p
h
e
r
ic

e
ff
e
c
t
s
,

i
n
te
r
a
c
ti
o
n

o
f

t
h
e
r
m
al

r
a
d
iati
o
n
w
i
t
h

te
rr
ain
el
e
m
e
n
t
s
,

I
R

d
et
e
cti
o
n
a
n
d

i
m
a
g
i
n
g

te
c
h
n
o
l
og
y
,

t
h
e
r
m
al

s
e
n
s
or
s

a
n
d

s
c
an
n
e
r
s
,

ai
rbor
n
e

I
R

su
r
v
e
ys
,
s
atellite

t
h
e
r
m
a
l

I
R

i
m
a
g
e
s
,

s
p
atial

r
es
o
l
u
ti
o
n a
n
d

g
rou
n
d

c
o
v
e
r
a
g
e,

t
h
e
r
m
al

I
R

b
r
o
ad

b
a
n
d

s
c
a
nn
e
r

a
n
d
m
u
lti
s
p
e
c
tral

s
c
a
nn
e
r
,

g
e
o
m
e
t
r
ic

c
h
a
r
a
c
te
r
i
s
tics

o
f a
cro
s
s

t
r
a
c
k

a
n
d

al
o
n
g

tra
c
k
I
R

i
m
a
g
e
r
ies,

d
i
s
t
or
ti
o
n
s

a
n
d
d
i
s
p
lac
e
m
e
n
t
s
,

r
a
d
i
o
m
et
r
ic

c
a
li
br
ati
o
n
o
f
t
h
e
r
m
a
l

s
c
an
n
e
r
s
.



Unit
-

V

T
he
r
m
a
l

R
e
m
ot
e

S
e
n
s
ing



II:
I
n
te
rpr
etati
o
n
o
f t
h
e
r
m
al

I
R

i
m
a
g
e
r
y
,

t
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e
m
a
pp
i
n
g

w
ith
t
h
e
r
m
al

s
c
a
n
n
e
r

d
ata, t
h
e
r
m
al

i
n
e
r
tia

m
a
pp
i
n
g
,

a
pp
a
r
e
n
t

t
h
e
r
m
al

i
n
e
r
tia,

a
pp
licati
o
n
s

o
f t
h
e
r
m
al
r
e
m
o
te
s
e
n
s
i
n
g

i
n

g
e
o
l
o
g
y
,

h
y
dro
g
e
o
l
og
y
,
u
rb
an

h
e
a
t

b
u
d
g
e
t
i
ng
.


Unit


VI

LI
D
A
R

R
e
m
ot
e

S
en
s
ing:

A
l
ti
m
et
r
ic

L
iD
A
R
:

P
h
ys
i
c
s

o
f

la
s
e
r
,

s
p
e
c
tral

c
h
a
r
a
c
te
r
i
s
t
ics

o
f
l
ase
r
,

laser
i
n
te
r
a
c
ti
o
n
w
i
t
h

ob
j
e
c
t
s
,

A
ir
bor
n
e

A
lt
i
m
et
r
ic

L
i
D
A
R
:

pr
i
n
ci
p
le,

M
u
l
ti
p
le

r
et
u
r
n
,

C
o
m
po
n
e
n
ts

o
f
L
i
D
AR

s
y
s
t
e
m
,

I
N
S tec
hn
o
l
o
g
y
,

I
N
S
-
G
P
S

i
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
i
o
n
,

m
e
a
s
u
r
e
m
e
n
t

o
f

l
a
s
er

r
a
ng
e,

c
a
li
br
ati
o
n
,

f
li
g
h
t

p
la
n
n
i
ng
,

laser
r
a
n
g
e

to

x
y
z c
oord
i
n
ates,

a
c
c
u
r
a
c
y

o
f

v
a
r
i
o
u
s

c
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t
s

o
f

L
i
D
A
R
,

e
rro
r

a
n
a
l
y
s
i
s

o
f
d
ata

a
n
d

e
rro
r

r
e
m
o
v
al,

r
a
w
d
a
ta

o
f D
E
M

27


pro
c
e
ss
i
n
g
,

f
ilter
i
n
g

o
f

d
ata

us
e
s

o
f
r
e
t
u
r
n

s
tr
e
n
g
t
h
/
wa
v
e
f
o
r
m
,

d
ata

cla
s
s
i
f
icati
o
n

t
e
c
hn
i
q
u
es,

L
iD
A
R

d
ata i
n
t
e
g
r
ati
o
n

w
i
t
h

s
p
e
c
tral

d
ata,
L
i
D
AR

a
pp
licati
on
s


Unit
-

VII


Hyper
-
spectral Remote Sensing:

Hyper
-
spectral Imaging: Hyper spectral concepts, data
collection systems, calibration techniques, data processing techniques; preprocessing, N
-
dimensional scatter
-
plots, Special angle mapping, Spectral mixture analysis, Spectral
Matching, Mixture tuned ma
tched filtering, Classification techniques, airborne and space
-
borne hyper
-
spectral sensors, applications. High resolution hyper
-
spectral satellite
systems: Sensors, orbit characteristics, description of satellite systems, data processing
aspects,
applications.


Unit


VIII

Pr
e
cis
i
o
n

R
e
m
ot
e
S
en
s
in
g
:

I
n
tr
od
u
cti
o
n
:, S
p
ati
a
l, S
p
e
c
tral,
T
e
m
por
al

pr
e
c
i
s
i
o
n

a
n
d t
h
eir

r
e
q
u
ir
e
m
e
n
t.



REFERENCE BOOKS:


1.

Fawaz T Ulaby, Richard K Moore and Adrian K Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing
active and passive, Vol. 1, 2
and 3 Addison


Wesly Publication company 1981,
1982, and 1986.


2.

Philip N Slater, Remote Sensing, optics and optical systems. 1980


3.

Robert M Haralick ad Simmonet, Image processing for remote sensing 1983.


4.

Robert N Colwell Manual of Remote sensing Volume1,

American Society of
Photogrammetry 1983.


5.

Travett J W Imaging Radar for Resources surveys, Chapman and Hall, London 1986.


6.

Remote sensing and Image Interpretation by Thomas M Lillesand and Ralph W.
Keifer fourth

7.

Edition, 2002, 2003, John Wiley and Sons In
c.


8.

Remote Sensing Geology by Ravi P Gupta, Second edition, 2003, Springer


9.

Remote Sensing Principles and Interpretation by Floyd F abins,1997, W H Freeman
And Company












28




GI205B
-
SPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM


Objective
:

On c
o
m
p
leti
o
n

o
f

t
h
e

s
u
b
j
e
c
t,

s
t
u
d
e
n
ts

sh
o
u
ld

b
e

able to understand the structure and
working principle of decision support and also to use it effectively during their analysis work
.


Unit
-

I

Introduction to Spatial Decision Support System
: Definition


Concepts


Multicriterian

Approach


Usefulness

Designing of Spatial Database: Identification of Geographic features


attributes &

data layer


Defining the storage parameters for each attribute


ensuring of
co
-
ordinate

registration


map projection


Transformation.


Unit


II

Non spatial Database
:
Designing
Creation of data table file to hold the attributes

Adding
up of description attribute values to table


Different types of sources of data

entry


Checking for errors.



Unit


III

Linking of Spatial Database & with Non sp
atial Database
: Verifying of common

item,
availability and joining of attribute


table with existing spatial records


spatial

display of
non spatial data.


Unit


IV

Designing QUBIS
: Planning for the user requirement


preparation of

spatial & Non
spatial
relational databases


Unit


V

Coding of
QUBIS
:

QUBIS Coding

-

Testing, Error handling, Monitoring, User interface
Development.


Unit


VI

Facility Management principles
: Cost distances capacity and accessibility concepts and

standards Single
facility versus multiple facility location
-
Multi
-
criteria evaluation and

decisions


Unit


VII

Map algebra and spatial modeling

-

data driven and knowledge driven models, fuzzy
logic for spatial analysis



Unit


VIII

Spatial information for modeling and
decision making

-

multi
-
attribute and multi

Objective
-
Spatial decision support systems
-

development of DSS


Reference Books
:


1. Jeremiah Lindemann, Lisa Markham, Robert Burke, Janis Davis, Thad Tilton,


Introduction to Programming ArcObjects with VBA, E
SRI , USA. 2004.

2. Kang
-
Tsung Chang, Programming ArcObjects with VBA, A Task Oriented


Approach, CRC Press.

3. ArcObjects Developer’s Guide


ArcInfo 8, ESRI INC., California, 1999.

29


4. Andrew Macdonald, Buiding a Geodatabase


ArcInfo 8, ESRI INC.,
California,

1999.

5. Michael Zeiler, Modelling Our World


The ESRI Guide to Geodatabase Design,

ESRI INC.,



California, 1999.

6. Kang
-
tsung chang, Introduction to Geographic Information Systems, McGraw Hill,

2002

7. e
-
resources.
















































30


GI 205C


DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY



Unit


I

Analytical Plotters:
Analytical plotters, system components and method of operation,
advantages of analytical plotters, Analytical Plotter Orientation, Modes of use of analytical
plotters, Comparison between three phases of Photogrammetry (Analogue, Analytical and
digital potogrammetry)


Unit


II

Digital Photgrammetry, Work station and Softwares:
Digital Photgrammetric system,
Digital Photogrammetric work station and its configura
tion, Advantage of Digital
Photogrammetry, Inputs to Digital Photogrammetric work station, Digital Photogrammetry
software’s, Photogrammetric scanner, Principle and method of scanning, Various formats of
raster data, Coordinate systems in Digital Photogram
metric Work Stations.


Unit


III

Image measurements, Orientation and display:
Image measurements, Orientation
Procedures, Epipolar geometry, Digital Imnage Matching, Methods of 3D visualization in
digital environment (Anaglyph, Optical, Polarization, like

interleaved, quad buffered),
Display of images, Zooms and sub pixel displacement.


Unit


IV

Feature Extraction and Classification:
Feature Extraction, by 2D and 3D mode, Data
models, Symbols library, Feature classification, Feature coding, Layer concep
t, EO
Parameters. Accuracy assessment of block triangulation, digital camera and its orientation,
Future scope of digital photogrammetry.



Unit


V

Orientation Procedure in Digital Photogrammetry:

Camera calibration certificate and
its use, Purpose of f
udicial mark, E.O Procedure in Digital photogrammentry, advantages of
digital I.O over the analogue and analytical system, advantages of digital E.O over the
Analogue system.


Unit


VI

Introduction to generation of digital terrain and surface models:

Def
initions of DTM,
DSM, DEM, DHM interpolation techniques: GRID, TIN, Break lines, Mass points, randam
points, factors influence choice of sampling patterns, DTM generation precess: Pre
-
processing, main processing, post processing, Automatic production of di
gital orthophote,
advantages and uses of orthophoto, comparison of orthophoto, aerial photograph and map.


Unit


VII

SamplingTechniques:
Manual, semi automatic, automatic sampling techniques, storage,
of GRID, TIN and its database structure. Data sources
: data sources/input to DTM: direct
and indirect data collection method: field survey, Photogrammetry & Remote sensing data,
maps quality assessment of different DTM collection techniques.


Unit


VIII

Airborne Laser terrain mapping (ALTM):
Concepts of
ALTM, Definition, Objectives of
ALTM, Applications & Advantages of ALTM, system components of ALTM.


31



Text Books

1.

Elements of photogrammetry with application in GIS(3
rd

Edition) by Paul
R.Wolf&Born A. Dewitt
-
Mcgraw Hill

2.

Digital photogrammetry by Michel
kasser and Y.Egels


Reference

1.

Manual of Photogrammetry
-
American society of Photogrammetry & R.S By ALBERT.D

2.

Modern

Modern Photogrammetry


Deward M.Midhil

3.

Photogrammetry
-
Vol
-
1 by druss j. springler
-
verlag publication

4.

Aerial photographic interpretation by L
ueder, D.R.M.C Grew hill

5.

e
-
resources.




























32


GI206
-

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING Laboratory



1. Generation of Histogram, cumulative frequency curve.


2. Generation of Linearly stretched & non linearly stretched images using calculator


3.

Generation of Filtered, Ratioed & Normalised ratioed Images using calculators


4. Generation of PC1 PC2 and PC3 using Statistical software.


5. Image Processing of Test Window


various combinations of FCC


6. Image Processing of Test Window


Linear, Non

linear stretching.


7. Image Processing of Test Window


Filtering, Ratioing and Normalised Ratioing



8. Image Processing of Test Window


PC, NDVI analysis


9. Image Processin
g of Test Window


Image Classification Techniques


10. Image Processing of Test Window


Image fusion Techniques































33


GI207
-

GIS & DATA ANALYSIS L
aboratory



1. Scanning and Geo referencing of Thematic map

2. Onscreen
Digitization, Editing, Labeling and Preparation of vector layers

3.Projection and Transformation of vector layers & length / area calculation for

geometric objects

4. Generation of non
-
spatial data base with Unique
-
Id

5. Linking of Spatial and Non Spati
al data, Query based Retrieval and Spatial display

of non
-
spatial data6 Hrs.

6. Data pre
-
processing for GIS analysis


Regrouping, Dissolving / Merging

7. GIS Analyses (Buffering and Overlay) & Preparation of Look
-
up table

8. Data / Map Presentation in a
suitable layout

9.

Spatial interpolation
-

Thematic mapping
-
located bar diagrams

10.

Ground truth support: Use of GPS for siting and routing; GPS with field data

attributes

11
. Generation of 3D images

1
2
. Exposure to various GIS packages (GRAM++, Arc View).