The Write Way!

forestsaintregisOil and Offshore

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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The Write Way!


Learn to write what’s right:

A right of passage for SEEK writers as they’re
writing and citing.

You can’t go wrong, right?


“I believe in miracles in every area of life except
writing. Experience has shown me that there are no
miracles in writing. The only thing that produces
good writing is hard work.”



American author Isaac Bashevis Singer


I
NTRODUCTIONS

S
O

WHAT
? W
HO

CARES
?


"Tell me something new about something I care about."








Canadian journalist Barbara Frum



An
introduction

is important. It is your paper’s first impression! It…


Introduces the topic


Gets the reader interested


Tackles the “So what? Who cares?” factor




When writing my paper do I have to write my introduction
first?


Absolutely not. Some students feel more confident launching into the body of
their paper and return to write the introduction later. However, other students
like to write the introduction first in order to set up the rest of their paper.



I
NTRODUCTIONS


There are a lot of ways to hook the reader and make your topic
fascinating.
Do not settle
for “I’m going to tell you about black holes”
or “My paper is about dogs.”


1. Begin with a
quotation
. Make sure you explain its relevance.




Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36
th

President of the United States, believed,
“the vote is the most powerful instrument ever devised by man for breaking
down injustice and destroying the terrible walls which imprison men
because they are different than other men.” I share the same sentiment as
President Johnson. In this election year, people must exercise their
responsibility to vote in order to champion those citizens of our own nation
who are denied the most basic of human rights…


2. Begin with a
question
.




Can you imagine the world without rock and roll? No longer will you
feel the rush of your heart and body recognizing that first thump of a beat

raw emotions expressed through a rhythmic blend of guitar and drums…


I
NTRODUCTIONS

3. Begin with an acknowledgment of an
opinion opposite

to the one
you plan to take.



Let’s face it, America is addicted to foreign oil, and gas prices for our
automobiles continue to soar. Our dependence on a resource that is not
readily available in our own country has caused many U.S. politicians to
propose lifting the ban on offshore drilling in Alaska because they believe
domestic oil will greatly reduce the cost of gas. Instead of drilling untouched
nature, the future lies in alternate fuel sources…




I
NTRODUCTIONS


4. Begin with a very
short narrative

or anecdote that has a direct
bearing on your paper.



I
NTRODUCTIONS


5. Begin with an
interesting fact
.



I
NTRODUCTIONS


6. Begin with a definition or
explanation of a term

relevant to your
paper.



I
NTRODUCTIONS


7. Begin with irony or
paradox
.



I
NTRODUCTIONS


8. Begin with an
analogy
. Make sure it's original but not too far
-
fetched.



T
HE

MIDDLE

OF

THE

PAPER

I
T

DOES

A

BODY

GOOD
!

Organizing the
middle

of your paper…



By
space
: begin with the big impression and then move gradually to
smaller details.



By
time
: chronologically. Begin with what matters

specific events but
not every one.



By
content
: group details together by subcategories.



By
perspective
: begin with a clear statement of your position. Then, lay
out the arguments in favor of it and against it.




T
HE

MIDDLE

OF

THE

PAPER

I
T

DOES

A

BODY

GOOD
!

Transitions
: connecting words and phrases help readers see how one
idea ties to another.


To show
location
: above, beneath, amid, beside, beyond, in front of,
in back of



To
compare and contrast
: similarly, but, however, conversely, even
so, otherwise, even though, on the other hand, in the same way



To show
time
: first, second, third, next, later, then, afterward, soon,
after a while, in the meantime



To
conclude or summarize
: finally, to sum up, to clarify, as a result, in
short, in summary, in conclusion



To
add information
: besides, in addition, for example, furthermore,
equally important



There’s more to a conclusion than just saying, “I learned a
lot. The End.”




The
conclusion

of your paper should…


Round out the writing


Tie up details

synthesize your information instead of
summarizing


Leave the reader with a feeling of satisfaction and resolution





There are many ways to do this…




C
ONCLUSIONS

1. Echoing the introduction:
Echoing your introduction can be a good
strategy if it is meant to bring the reader full
-
circle. If you begin by
describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your
essay was helpful in creating a new understanding.


Introduction



From the parking lot, I could see the towers of the castle of the Magic
Kingdom standing stately against the blue sky. As I entered the gate, Main Street
stretched before me with its quaint shops evoking an old
-
fashioned small town so
charming it could never have existed. I was entranced. Disney World may have
been built for children, but it brings out the child in adults.

Conclusion



I thought I would spend only a few hours at Disney World, but here I was
at 1:00 A.M., closing time, leaving the front gates with the now dark towers of the
Magic Kingdom behind me. I could see tired children, toddling along and
struggling to keep their eyes open as best they could. Others slept in their parents'
arms as we waited for the tram that would take us back to our hotels around the
resort. My feet ached, and I felt a bit sad to think that in a couple of days I would
be leaving Orlando, my vacation over, to go back to being a fulltime college
student. But then I smiled to think that for at least a day I felt ten years old again.


C
ONCLUSIONS

C
ONCLUSIONS

2.
Challenging the reader:

By issuing a challenge to your readers,
you are helping them to redirect the information in the paper, and
they may apply it to their own lives.



Though serving on a jury is not only a civic responsibility but also an
interesting experience, many people still view jury duty as a chore that interrupts
their jobs and the routine of their daily lives. However, juries are part of
America's attempt to be a free and just society. Thus, jury duty challenges us to be
interested and responsible citizens.


3.
Looking to the future:

Looking to the future can emphasize the
importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought process. It
may help them apply the new information to their lives or see things
more globally.



Without well
-
qualified teachers, schools are little more than buildings and
equipment. If higher
-
paying careers continue to attract the best and the brightest
students, there will not only be a shortage of teachers, but the teachers available
may not have the best qualifications. Our youth will suffer. And when youth
suffers, the future suffers.


C
ONCLUSIONS

4.
Posing questions:

Posing questions, either to your readers or in
general, may help your readers gain a new perspective on the topic,
which they may not have held before reading your conclusion. It
may also bring your main ideas together to create a new meaning.




Campaign advertisements should help us understand the candidate's
qualifications and positions on the issues. Instead, most tell us what an idiot the
opposing candidate is, or they present general images of the candidate as a
family person or God
-
fearing American. Do such advertisements contribute to
creating an informed electorate or a people who choose political leaders the same
way they choose soft drinks and dish washer detergent?



F
ORMALITY
:

WHO

ARE

YOU

TALKING

TO

ANYWAY
?


C
ITING

Y
OUR

S
OURCES


Why?


We need to give credit for where our information comes from
both for plagirism reasons so others can refer back to original
sources if needed/desired.



What?


MLA format (Modern Language Association)… more than just
citations!



Where?


In
-
text citations = throughout your paper


Bibliography = at the end



Need Help!?!

Call the OWL


http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/


I
N
-
T
EXT

C
ITATIONS


How it works



The basic rules to parenthetical citations…


Use when quoting or paraphrasing from your text


Do NOT use when stating common knowledge


Place the citation immediately following the quote or
paraphrased idea


Format:

(Author’s last name + page number)


I
N
-
T
EXT

C
ITATIONS

Examples
:



Although many people enjoy the paintings of Monet, Renoir, Van Gogh
and Gauguin today, “one of the chief criticisms of Impressionist and
Postimpressionist painting, with its preference for land
-

and cityscapes
and scenes from private or leisure life, was that it carried no inspirational
message” (Weber 155).

________________



Students should learn that “the world is not tied up in neat little packages
and that authorities do not always have correct answers” (Grasha 219)
even when certain authority figures claim to.




I
N
-
T
EXT

C
ITATIONS


What if there isn’t an author?


Give a shortened version of the work’s title in quotes instead of the
author’s name

(“Modern Accounting Practices” 12)



What if it’s a website?


Still cite the author and page number if this information exists



If there is no page number, just give the author

(Thomas)



If neither author nor page number are given, give the corporate author…

(National Park Service)



Or abbreviated title

(“Underwater Basket Weaving”)



I
N
-
T
EXT

C
ITATIONS


Another way to do it:


If you use the author’s name in your sentence, only put the page number
in parenthesis.



For example:



As Saint
-
Exupery put it best, “I need to put up with two or three caterpillars
if I want to get to know the butterflies” (27).


_________________



“In most areas of the city the bomb blast had not only demolished the
buildings, but swept up the wreckage as well” (202) appearing as if,
according to Snyder, Nagasaki had never been a city to begin with.