NEPTUNE Canada: Status and Future

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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NEPTUNE Canada: Status and Future



Chris Barnes



NEPTUNE Canada, University of Victoria, Victoria,

BC V8W 2Y2, Canada


crbarnes@uvic.ca



www.neptunecanada.ca www.venus.uvic.ca www.oceannetworks.ca


2


Earth
-
ocean processes and systems

3


Transforming the ocean sciences


NEPTUNE Canada: international collaboration and leadership



International collaboration:



With US through NSF/UVic MOU (now OOI/ONC MOU, 2010)



With US through OOI and IOs (Regional Science Nodes;







Cyberinfrastructure)



Through MOUs with Ifremer, France (lead institute for ESONET), National


Marine Institute, Ireland (Celtnet), Tongji Univ., China, JAMSTEC, Japan


(DONET), agencies in Taiwan (MACHO), and Spanish observatories




Leadership position:



Building on smaller, coastal, specialized observatories (e.g. LEO 15,



VENUS, MARS)



NEPTUNE Canada is the world’s first regional cabled observatory, being


operational in late 2009; cf. DONET, MACHO, ESONET/EMSO, OOI




-

all likely to be operational in 3
-
7 years

Principal elements in building a regional
cabled observatory: the last decade


Vision, articulation, concept


Science priorities, experiments


Ownership and liability


Funding proposals/O&M costs


Science requirements:

engineering, DMAS


Engineering: network design,
power and communications, wet
plant, shore station, backhaul


Permits and Rights of Way


Route surveys, node sites, GIS


Operation/Data Centre


DMAS/Cyber: in
-
house
development, evolving
technologies,

distributed databases, storage


Education and outreach


Special stakeholders: First
Nations, fishers, navies


Communications: sci/public
communities, media, partners


Partnerships: institutions,
funders, foundations, internat.


Socio
-
economic benefits


Time, contingency, renewal,
expansion costs


NEPTUNE Canada Funding Awarded to Date


Installation and Operating Funding awarded 2003
-
2012


Funding Source

$M

Canada Foundation Innovation

39.9

BC Knowl. Development Fund

38.5

Other Government Agencies

3.1

University of Victoria

2.0

In
-
kind support: Industry

In
-
kind support: partner labs

17.0

4.5

CFI/NSERC/BCKDF/CANARIE Oper.


38.2


Total

143.2


Locations of scientific interest (RFP 262; 2005)







NEPTUNE STAGES 1 & 2

Regional Scale Nodes, OOI

Acquisition Plan

Stage 1

Wet plant: Alcatel contract $39M, October 2005; 2
-
yr
RFQ/RFP process

Extensions and Secondary Nodes

Route Surveys: ‘05 and ‘06

Science instruments: Agreements in Q1 ‘06

Shore Station: Port Alberni, purchased Sept ‘04

Backhaul (Shore Station to Victoria; CANARIE)

DMAS and Observatory Control

Internet access


Power and the Internet into the oceans

Nodes

L3 MariPro and Alcatel
-
Lucent

seismic

tsunami

Networks

chemical

current

visual

Major instrumentation

Tethered Crawler

400m Vertical Profiler

Complex new technology developments

Jacobs Univ., Bremen, Germany

NGK Ocean, Japan

Benoît Pirenne, Victoria, Sep 29, 2009

DMAS System: Overall Structure


Science Research Themes

Plate tectonic processes and earthquake
dynamics

Dynamic processes of fluid fluxes and gas
hydrates in the sea bed

Regional ocean/climate dynamics and effects on
marine biota

Deep
-
sea ecosystem dynamics

Engineering and computational research


TEMPO
-
mini: for Endeavour vents




Designed by Ifremer
(France)



An instrument module
designed for study of
hydrothermal vent
communities



Video, temperature,
oxygen, and iron sensors



Coordinated antifouling
system

Wildlife Computer Mk10 PAT


Popup Archival Transmitting

Satellite Tag
-

TOPP

Transition to Acoustic Archival Download (AAD) tags for the 21
st

Century

A POST salmon smolt

V9
-

2y program

V9
-

>4 mo life

V7
-

>4 mo life

V6
-

pre
-
production

VEMCO R
-
code

Acoustic Tags

Lotek Geolocating Archival Tags

Hybrid Acoustic/Archival Tags remain small, but increase recapture rate

Jackson et al.
Mar. Freshwater Res.

2005

Integrated AAD tags could download a salmon’s entire life history

to POST/OTN curtains on spawning migration without recapture!


All to same scale

TOPP + POST =


NEPTUNE Canada: Governance and Management



Management structure in applications approved with funding

awards from CFI, BCKDF and NSERC, with external reviews



ONC established in 2007 with Board of Directors and Executive

Council: overall management of NC, VENUS, ONCCEE



ONCCEE established by $13.2M CECR award to ONC in 2008



CFI Governance and Management Review of ONC and NC in

2008
-
09 by external consultants


(c. 250p.

report to CFI; few

issues)



NC also reports to the UVic VPs Research and Finance and

Administration and through them to the Board of Governors

(reports made at each meeting)



NC: Executive Committee, Science Advisory Committee,

DMAS Advisory Committee, Cybersecurity Committee; under

review in now moving into operating phase

NEPTUNE Canada: possible future
expansion options


CFI factors

Overall Performance Evaluation and Value
-
for
-
Money Audit of the CFI


As part of its Funding Agreement with the Government of Canada, the CFI must
carry out an overall performance evaluation of its activities at least every five
years, as well as a value
-
for
-
money audit. This requirement was completed and
submitted to Industry Canada for a March 31, 2010 deadline
.

The
evaluation of the CFI was conducted by an independent third party (KPMG). It

focused on the
achievement of the CFI against its national objectives and
addresses global questions regarding results, design and delivery, and relevance
.

The
audit of the CFI, also conducted by an independent third party (KPMG),
examined
the
management practices and processes
in place to achieve the CFI
national objectives and whether they are carried out
efficiently, effectively and
economically.

The evaluation and audit were supplemented by an independent report by an

International Review Panel (IRP). The IRP was tasked with overseeing a high
quality, credible process that would
deliver valuable information for accountability
and management decision
-
making purposes
. As part of its mandate, the IRP was
asked to formulate overall conclusions and recommendations on the performance
of the CFI

NC: Expected requirements for refunding
of operations (2012
-
)


a
long
-
term vision
extending over the projected operating lives of the observatories, c. 10 yrs


a set of
strategies and implementation plan

for realizing the vision and maximizing impacts


a credible
business plan
for the re
-
funding period (c. 5 yrs)


priorities for choosing where to put effort and funding


describing
operational policies
including allocation of services, user fees, management of
MOUs/contracts, Intellectual Property Policy, use for development and commercialization
objectives


describing
efficient management

to manage risks and to keep the facility on track and on budget.
Management could include one or more Science Advisory Boards


human resources operating the facility,
HR policies


communications plan


providing a
budget

justifying the funding request


a set of shorter term (c. 2 yrs) goals and targets to indicate whether the facility is performing as
expected and if and where effort should be re
-
directed


annual reviews of observatory performance
, including any available indicators of impacts on
research, Canadian business, highly qualified people and public policy


science quality verified by international peer review

NEPTUNE Canada: possible future
expansion options


CFI opportunity

Budget 2010 and future CFI competitions


In the recent federal budget, the Government of Canada reiterated its ongoing

commitment to support the CFI’s future activities,
including one or more new

competition(s) to be launched by December 2010
.


The CFI expects to soon finalize a funding agreement with the Government of
Canada on
the allocation of the $600 million from Budget 2009
. We remain
committed to making
strategic investments in current and new infrastructure that
promotes leading
-
edge research; fostering partnerships among universities,
colleges and business researchers that encourage private
-
sector innovation; and
ensuring that world
-
class research facilities in Canada maintain their global
leadership role
.


Our next update will provide more details on CFI programs allocations and the
proposed timelines of future competitions.

NEPTUNE Canada: possible future
expansion options
-

questions



How should a Canadian science megaproject evolve and maintain a competitive

leadership position and provide a Return on Investment of public funds?



What scientific areas were deemed a priority but could not be funded in 2006

($39M requested but only $13M available for experiments/instruments)?



What new areas of inquiry/technology have emerged since 2006?



Given the power and bandwidth capacity and installed infrastructure, what new

developments can add scientific impact to this initial investment?



Given the observatory’s location, footprint and 5
-
6 nodes, what other ocean

processes can be addressed by additional sensors/robotics?



Future funding sources include CFI, NSERC, WED, Government

Departments,

industry, foundations, etc



Anticipated new federal program for funding operations of Major Science Initiatives

(MSIs)


hence our current two
-
year CFI award (2010
-
12; $19.3M)


NEPTUNE Canada: possible future
expansion options
-

examples

Possible new developments/instrumentation/experiments for NC expansion (no
order of priority):



Additional profiler(s) for water column studies (complementing VPS)



Additional broadband seismometers for plate
-
wide seismology studies



Daisy
-
chained extensions to reach to the Pacific and Explorer plates



Additional cameras (HD) for improved imagery and outreach activities



Add the node ($2.7M) to the Middle Valley TRF and add instruments planned

earlier (c.$2
-
3M), connecting to CORKed boreholes



Enhanced instrumentation for ocean acidification studies



Connect coastal acoustic receiver lines from Folger for Ocean Tracking Network

project



Add gliders, especially for shelf transects



Add AUVs with node docking capabilities for long
-
term deployments



……Consideration of scientific impact and significance



……Consideration of socio
-
economic benefits



NEPTUNE Canada: policy applications & socio
-
economic benefits



Hazard mitigation/Public safety



Tsunami warning system (Emerg. Preparedness)



Earthquakes: urban power shutdown systems



Security and sovereignty; port security



Non
-
renewable resources



Gas hydrates as future energy resource/climate threat



Sensor networks for offshore drilling platforms



Renewable resources



Sustainable fisheries: water mass changes, nutrient fluxes, Ocean


Tracking Network data



Ocean/climate change



Regional temperature changes at various depths



Regional hypoxia



Ocean acidification



Impacts of regional ocean/climate change







An invitation to interact


In participating in the scientific experiments, robotics,
technology developments and commercial opportunities


Free real
-
time subsea data, imagery, video and HDTV:

wiring the oceans
-

transformative science


The oceans on
-
line: short
-
term events; longer
-
term


trends; climate change effects; impacts on marine life


Current leadership: coast
-
to
-
coast national facility


Contact:
neptune@uvic.ca


Visit our updated website:
www.neptunecanada.ca


Also visit:


www.venus.uvic.ca


www.oceannetworks.ca


www.onccee.ca