IMO Activities to enhance

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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1

IMO Activities to enhance
Maritime Security

Captain Kyung


Rae Min

Head, Cargoes and Facilitation Section

Maritime Safety Division

IMO

2

11 September 2001

3

Resolution A.924(22)

(20 November 2001)



-

A call for a review of measures and

procedures to prevent acts of terrorism

which threaten

the security of passenger

and crews and the safety of ships;


-

A boost to the Organization’s technical

co
-
operation programme of £1.5 million

to help developing countries to address

maritime securing issues.

4

Limburg


October 2002

5

Diplomatic Conference

December 2002

Conference resolution 1


Amendments to SOLAS



Chapter V



Chapter XI
-
1



Chapter XI
-
2

6

Diplomatic Conference

December 2002


Conference resolution 2



International Ship &


Port Facility Security Code


(ISPS Code)



Part A


Mandatory


Part B
-

Recommendatory

7

Diplomatic Conference

December 2002 (1)

Other Conference resolutions:


Resolution 3 .
-

Further work by the International
Maritime Organization pertaining to the enhancement of
maritime security;


Resolution 4 .
-

Future amendments to Chapters XI
-
1
and XI
-
2 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention on special
measures to enhance maritime safety and security;


Resolution 5 .
-

Promotion of technical co
-
operation
and assistance;


Resolution 6 .
-

Early implementation of the special
measures to enhance maritime security;

8

Diplomatic Conference

December 2002 (2)


Resolution 7 .
-

Establishment of appropriate measures
to enhance the security of ships, port facilities, mobile
offshore drilling units on location and fixed and floating
platforms not covered by chapter XI
-
2 of the 1974 SOLAS
Convention
;


Resolution 8 .
-

Enhancement of security in co
-
operation
with the International Labour Organization;


Resolution 9 .
-

Enhancement of security in co
-
operation
with the World Customs Organization;


Resolution 10 .
-

Early implementation of long
-
range
ship’s identification and tracking; and



Resolution 11 .
-

Human element
-
related aspects and
shore leave for seafarers.

9

SOLAS Chapter XI
-
2 (1)

Regulations:



1 Definitions

2
Application

3
Obligations of Contracting Governments
with respect to maritime security

4 Requirements for Companies and ships

5
Specific responsibility for Companies

6
Ship security alert system

10

SOLAS Chapter XI
-
2 (2)

Regulations:



7 Threats to ships


8 Master’s discretion for ship safety and


security


9 Control and compliance measures

10 Requirements for port facilities

11 Alternative security agreements

12 Equivalent security arrangements

13 Communication of information

11

ISPS Code (1)

Preamble

Part A and Part B

1 General (introduction, objectives and


functional requirements) / Introduction

2 Definitions

3 Application

4 Responsibilities of Contracting

Governments

5 Declaration of security

12

ISPS Code (2)


6 Obligations of the Company


7 Ship security


8 Ship security assessment


9 Ship security plan

10 Records

11 Company security officer

12

Ship security officer

13 Training, drills and exercises on ship


security

13

ISPS Code (3)

14

Port facility security

15

Port facility security assessment

16 Port facility security plan

17 Port facility security officer

18 Training, drills and exercises on port


facility security

19 Verification and certification

for ships

14

Rationale

-
-

Risk management activity

-

Appropriate security measures

-

Risk assessment

-

ISPS Code standard framework



evaluating risk


change threat level


change vulnerability of ships/port facility

-
Functional security requirements for
ships and port facilities

15

Responsibilities of Governments (1)

-
Determination of
Port Facilities

-
Designated
Authorities

-
Recognised
Security
Organizations


(RSOs)


16

Responsibilities of Governments (2)

Three security levels
:


Security Level 1
, normal: at which ships
and port facilities normally operate


Security Level 2
, heightened: applying as
long as there is a heightened risk of a
security incident


Security Level 3
, exceptional: applying for
the period of time when there is the probable
or imminent risk of a security incident

17

Responsibilities of Governments (3)


-
Port Facility Security Assessment

-
Approval of security plans

-
Communication of information

18

Responsibilities of Governments (4)

-
Verification and certification for ships

-
International Ship Security Certificate
(ISSC)

-
Seafarer identification document

19

Responsibilities of Governments (5)



-
Port state
control

-
Additional
control
measures

20

Responsibilities of the Company
and the Ship (1)

-
Company security
officer (CSO)

-
Ship security
officer (SSO)

-
Ship security
assessment (SSA)

-
Ship security
plan(s) (SSP)

21

Responsibilities of the Company

and the Ship (2)

-
International Ship Security Certificate
(ISSC)

-
Automatic identification system (AIS)

-
Ship security alert system (SSAS)

-
Declaration of Security (DoS)

-
Training

22

Responsibilities of the Port
Facility (1)

-
Port facility security
assessment (PFSA)

-
Port facility security
officer (PFSO)

-
Port facility security
plan(s) (PFSP)

23

Responsibilities of PFSO (1)

-
Operational and
physical security
measures

-
Respond to
security level

-
Declaration of
security (DoS)

-
Training

24

ISPS Code

Set Security Level

Manage Different

Security Level

Request Declaration

of Security

PFSA

Contracting

Government

Port Facility

Security Officer

Company

Security Officer

Ship Security

Officer

Local

Administrator

SSA

PFSP

SSP

25


SOLAS AMENDMENTS

AND THE ISPS CODE
ENTRY INTO FORCE


1 JULY 2004


26

Recent Progress

27



Provision of SSAS


MSC/Circ.1072



Directives for MRCCs on acts of

violence


MSC/Circ 1073



Interim guidelines for the

authorization of RSOs


MSC/Circ

1074



Revised performance standards for

SSAS


MSC.147(77)



Amendments to resolution A.890



Safe

Manning

MSC 77 (1)

(May/June 2003)

28



Guidance on implementation


of SOLAS XI
-
2 and ISPS Code

(MSC/Circ.1097)





Mobile and immobile floating units



International Ship Security Certificate



Issuance



Subsequent failures or suspension



Training and Certification



Implementation of the new regime

MSC 77 (2)

(May/June 2003)

29

Future Work Programme


30

-
Long
-
range identification/tracking

-
Functional requirements

-
Carriage requirements

-
Co
-
operation between IMO/WCO

-
Co
-
operation between IMO/ILO


-

Seafarer ID


-

Joint ILO/IMO WG on Port Security

Future Work Programme

(1)

31

-

Model courses for CSO, SSO and
PFSO

-
Review of resolutions A.787 and
A.882 (Port State Control)

-
Guidance on control and

compliance

-

Further guidance on uniform and
consistent implementation of SOLAS
XI
-
2 and ISPS

Future Work Programme

(2)

32

-

Review of facilitation aspects


-

FAL Forms


-

EDI

-

Review of resolution A.872


Prevention and suppression of illicit
smuggling of drugs


Future Work Programme

(3)

33

-
Review of cargo related IMO instruments:

1
Recommendations on the safe transport of dangerous
cargoes and related activities in port areas
(MSC/Circ.675);

2
IMO/ILO/UNECE Guidelines for packing of CTUs
(MSC/Circ.787); and

3
Model course on safe packing of CTUs (3.18)



Future Work Programme

(4)

34

Co
-
operation IMO / WCO

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

-
Integrity of the multi
-
modal transport chain

-
Container examination

-
Container sealing

-
Ship/port interface

-
Exchange of information

-
Project activities

-
Reciprocal

representation

35

www.imo.org


IMO
-

Safe, secure and

efficient shipping on


clean oceans