Environmental Measurement Symposium 2011 - Laboratory ...

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 8 months ago)


Environmental Measurement
Symposium 2011

Bellevue, WA


Day 1: Monday August 15, 2011

Sessions Attended:

Key Note: “Coffee from Seed to Cup”

TNI Mentor Session: “Best Practices for Internal Audits”

Review of ASTM D7365
09a (Cyanide)

Cyanide Methods and the 2010 Update Rule

EPA’s Approval of Compliance Monitoring Methods

Ultra Trace Hexavalent Chromium Analysis

Optimizing Sample Preservation for Hexavalent
Chromium Analysis

“Coffee from Seed to Cup”

by James A Ameika MD FACS

Dr. Ameika provided information and insight into the growing and production
of Kona Coffee based on his research and ownership of a coffee plantation
in Hawaii.

Provided a step
step of the coffee process “from seed to cup” and the
parallels between the science of coffee and the science of heart surgery.

Stressed that by doing each step the best way possible is the key to

Went into details about caffeine chemistry and the benefits to the cardio
vascular system and other body systems.

Conclusions: Coffee is a fantastic drink!

Contact information:


Best Practices for Internal Audits

All labs Shall do internal audits of all systems and practices in place in the

Audits will be done by the quality manager (trained and qualified personnel
who is, when resources permit, independent of the activity to be audited).

Audit cycles SHALL be completed in one year.

Perfect internal audits are a “Red Flag” to Assessors.

Corrective actions Shall be done in a timely manner.

Customers Shall be notified (part of the corrective action) when audit
findings reflect negatively on any aspect of analyses preformed for

Everything will be recorded including audit findings, corrective actions,
customer notifications, and follow
up activities.

Policies in the laboratory shall specify time frame for customer notification

Laboratory Management will assure that all of the above is done within the
agreed upon time frame.

Prioritize findings: use levels 1. worst, 2. , 3. , etc.

Best Practices for Internal Audits

Internal Audit Scheduling and Preparation:

Make a list and include: methods analyzed in lab; document
control; PT results (lab need to track PT results in
house and not
depend on state); control charts; logbooks & records; training &
DOC’s; reagents (received, preped, used, expired, etc);
customer feedback including complaints; etc.

When to audit? Take into consideration lab work load, external
audit schedule, staff schedule, management schedule, etc.

What type of audit: Horizontal or Vertical?

Horizontal: follow a process from start to end, spanning many
different functions or departments. Time consuming.

Vertical: look in depth a particular function or department

Audits can span over the full year. Need to be time conscious in
regards to management system.

Best Practices for Internal Audits

Internal Audit Preparation:

Many ways to proceed (follow and SOP, checklist,
computer program, make it up as you go, etc).
Preparation is the key to success.

Review past audits, corrective actions, SOPs, methods,
QAM, etc.

Internal Audit Checklists Automated Audit Software has
the standards already in place and is a great tool and
time saver…if your budget allows.

The NELAC 2009 check list is free if you buy the 2009

copyrighted materials.

Best Practices for Internal Audits

Corrective Actions

Use control charts and set limits. Use LIMS if available.

The lab shall have a policy to implement corrective action for
nonconforming work, departures from policies and procedures and
technical operations.

The lab shall assign the appropriate authority to implement corrective

Procedures for corrective actions shall start with an investigation into
the Root cause(s) of the problem. This is the key and the most difficult.

Corrective actions most likely will correct and eliminate the problem and
hope to prevent a recurrence.

Corrective actions shall be to a degree appropriate to the magnitude
and risk of the problem.

The lab shall document and implement any required actions resulting
from corrective action investigations.

The lab shall monitor results to ensure corrective actions have veen

Best Practices for Internal Audits

Root Cause Analysis:

Basics: Identify what, why, and how

Root causes are underlying, preventable and controllable.

Ask Why 5 times.

Address the issues found and correct problem:

Is it isolated? Is it systematic? Is it a management issue?

Monitor results; prevent recurrence; follow up with verification.

Improve management system

Results of root cause investigation:

Improved training procedures; Updated SOP’s evaluation of work
loads & staffing and changes in procedures to prevent repeat

Best Practices for Internal Audits

Implementing Corrective Actions:

Create a spreadsheet (Excel) or other document to track

Include: deficiencies; sections; corrective action; due date;
completion date; verification date; comments

Verifying Corrective Actions:

Create an Audit coversheet. Provide details in sheet, not
just single reasons or words.

Verify for implementation and effectiveness (This is one
of the places that corrective actions processes fail).
Suggest 30
45 days.

Monitor over the next several months.

Best Practices for Internal Audits

Misc. Information:

Teamwork in labs benefits everyone. Train new staff in tandem
with experienced staff; working through start to finish insuring
that new analyst is in sync with SOP’s and QAM. Works for all
size labs.

Good places to find help: Networking helps everyone.

Water Environmental Federation Association: post a problem and
they’ll respond. Add to corrective action plan.

Linked In

Water & Wastewater Forum

Environmental Laboratory Forum


Betsy Kent


David Caldwell


Standard Practice D7365
09a for Sampling, Preservation and
Mitigating Interferences in Water Samples for Analysis of Cyanide

Developing a standard practice for cyanide including
proper preservation in the field, checking for
interferences and analyzed with the appropriate
analytical method works to prevent (a +/

bias in the

Interference can lead to permit violations, fines, undetected
cyanide discharges into the environment.

Several cyanide methods have conflicting interference treatment
techniques, are outdated and do not reflect current technology.

Procedures are too complicated for field personnel.

EPA methods update (3/12/07) review raised many questions

See 40 CFR part 136.3, Table II footnote 6 for information

Standard Practice D7365
09a for Sampling, Preservation and
Mitigating Interferences in Water Samples for Analysis of Cyanide

ASTM D7365

Presented practice at 2009 NEMC.

Proposed during recent EPA MUR to replace current footnote.

Applicable for the collection and preservation of water samples
for the analysis of cyanide.

Addresses known interferences prior to the analysis of cyanide.

States the responsibilities of the field sampler and the laboratory.

Procedures recommended in this presentation are
recommended for the analysis of total cyanide, available
cyanide, weak acid dissociable cyanide and free cyanide by test
methods D2036, D4282, D6888, D6994, D7237, D7284 and

The information supplied in the presentation can also be applied
to other analytical cyanide methods (EPA 335.4)

Standard Practice D7365
09a for Sampling, Preservation and
Mitigating Interferences in Water Samples for Analysis of Cyanide


ASTM D19.06 Cyanide Task Group

US EPA Office of Water

Presented by :

John R. Sebroski for Bayer MaterialScience


Cyanide Methods and the 2010 MUR

OI Analytical has been working with the EPA in an effort to get the
new ASTM cyanide methods approved for NPDES reporting.

updated ASTM D2036 to include ion chromatography and FIA gas
difussion amperometry as determinative steps. Have also included
ASTM D7284. D7284 determines cyanide by FIA gas diffusion
amperometry following small scale distillation. Of course, ASTM D7511
is included as well.

Much work has been done on the Table of approved inorganic
methods to try and make it more readable, and also ofn Part 136.6.
Part 136.6 is “method flexibility” and the part has been expanded to
include example situations of what is allowed.

Presentation was an overview of cyanide chemistry, problems
associated with approved methods and solutions that are available
using the new ASTM methods.

Contact: William Lipps (AKA the Cyanide Guy)


For more information contact

Overview of the EPA Office of Water’s Alternate Test
Procedure Program

An alternate test procedure (ATP) uses the
same determinative technique as that used in an
approved method.

A new method uses a determinative technique
that is different from that used in a EPA
approved method.

Organized by analytical categories:

Chemical, Microbiological, Whole Effluent Toxicity and
Radiochemical methods

Process for gaining approval of ATP’s and new
methods for nationwide use in compliance
monitoring under the Clean Water Act

Overview of the EPA Office of Water’s Alternate Test
Procedure Program

Presentation covered the following topics:

ATP Program Management

ATP and New Method protocols

Performance criteria validation

Method defined parameters

Application requirements

Flexibility at 40 CFR part 136.6


Modifications that fall under flexibility include: the use of prepackaged reagents;
changes between manual flow analysis and discreet analyzer; changes in calibration

Modifications that require approval as an ATP or New Method include: changes to the
underlying chemistry of an approved method; changes to the determinative technique of
a approved method; changes to methods that measure method defined analytes

Validation Studies and Requirements (including table & explanation) and Results

Approval through rule making

Rule making process can take one year or more

Contact Information: J. Kevin Roberts, CSC


Overview of the EPA Office of Water’s Alternate Test
Procedure Program

Successful ATP’s and New Methods

Proposed Method Update Rule published 9/23/11

HACH Method 10360 (LDOR) in Water

Situ Incorporated’s Method 1002
2009 DO by Optical

Situ Incorporated’s Method 1003
2009 BOD by
Optical probe

Situ Incorporated’s Method 1004
2009 CBOD by
Optical probe

Mitchell Method M5271 Turbidity in Wastewater

Mitchell Method M5331 Turbidity in Wastewater

Thermo Scientifics' Orion Method AQ4500 Turbidity in

Systea Scientific, LLC’s Systea Easy Nitrate Method

Trace Analysis of Hexavalent Chromium
using IC
MS: Presentation

Analytical Methods for Cr(VI) Analysis

Method 7196: colorimetry

Method 7199/218.6 Ion Chromatography


Various preconcentration Methods:

Followed by colorimetry, FAAS, ICP
MS detection

Evolution of IC
UV Methods: Dionex AS7 4mm column; 1mL
injection loop; 0.018 ppb detection limit.

The new method (DL = 0.001 ppb); injects 1 mL of buffered sample.

Matrix Effects for Blanks: Ca, Mg and transition metals (Fe, Mn and

Cr(VI) Analysis using IC
MS: providing <10 ppt detection
limit for >10 years.

Cr(VI) can be a problem for DW Utilities due to treatment system

Trace Analysis of Hexavalent Chromium
using IC
MS: Presentation

Presentation went into method specific
detail. For information, see handout or
contact the following:

Hakan Gurleyuk, Ph.D.


Russ Gerads

Ben Wozniak

Tyler Kennedy

Jacob Meyer

Optimizing Sample Preservation for Hexavalent Chromium
Analyses in Waters: Presentation


Background information; regulatory update;
common analytical methods

EPA Method 218.6

Instrumentation; optimization & performance; sample


Contact information:

Dr. Yongtao Li


Day 2: Tuesday August 16, 2011

Sessions Attended:

“Collaborative Opportunities for Meeting the USEPA’s
Measurement and Monitoring Needs”

Electronic Management of Analytical Data

Selecting the Proper LIMS

Importance of Low Level Analysis (Nutrient Analyses)

Accurate Measurement of Nitrogen and Phosphorus

Monitoring & fractionation of low
level Phosphorus

Key Note: Update on Activities of TNI

The important of analytical methods and data interpretation

Colorimetric P Speciation Analysis

Low level Detection of Ammonia

Overview of Approved Methods and candidate method

Collaborative Opportunities for Meeting the US
EPA’s Measurement and Monitoring Needs

Presented by Lara Autry, US EPA

Contact info:


Stated what EPA needs to support more method development and enforce data quality and

Spoke about the purpose and initiatives of the OSA (office of the science advisor), the STPC
(science and technology policy council) and the FEM (forum on environmental

Presented the monitoring assessment timeline

Agency’s mission to protect human health and the environment

Now in the monitoring strategy March 2011 thru present

Provided definition of the process

Inventory of efforts

Focused on routine programs and database

Stated the data gaps & needs

Administrator’s priorities

Common themes

Measurement & Method development

Data management

Data analysis assessment

Emergency response

Program’s Challenges: REOURCSES

Need more available resources

Strains on existing resources

Ability is constrained by resources

Collaborative Opportunities for Meeting the US
EPA’s Measurement and Monitoring Needs

Better, Cheaper, Smaller, Faster!!

Monitoring needs to be:

Real time (continuous, automated)

Low cost

Multi pollutant



Specific prioritized opportunities

Both more feasible and less feasible projects

Specific identified opportunities

Stated list of what is current

The Agency is working to

Support method development; establish a framework for all data and enforce
data quality.

What’s next

Identify more specific needs projects; explore use of what is available; establishe
collaborative relationships; identify funding; establish new funding; develop plan
to meet future needs; develop system to sustain inventory; continue outreach.

NEMC Analytical Electronic Data Integrity

Attended two am sessions

Electronic Management of Environmental Analytical Data

Anand Mudambi, USEPA

Contact info:


Stressed the importance of moving forward towards the use of paperless
exchange of data

General environmental flow needs to be electronic

Need to work with established data management frameworks such as the
ERLN, WLA, etc.

Need to provide standard templates, formats, procedures, etc for all

Needs to be non
proprietary, use international standards and provide

Needs data reporting tools

Data assessment tools (automating data review and identifying data quality)

Stated the benefits

Ease of: data exchange; data storage; data retrieval; verification of reported data;
data reuse.

Getting to this point

Need to: change attitudes; have everyone cooperate; adopt standards

NEMC Analytical Electronic Data Integrity


Selecting the Proper LIMS

Robert Walla, Astrix Technology Group

Contact info: rwalla@astrixinc.com
0400 ext 12

Presented a systematic approach to guarantee a success
implementation of a LIMS system into a laboratory

High level requirements

Must be: user friendly; operate on Windows; operate on the internet;
be able to track samples; perform QC; generate reports; etc

Many LIMS meet the above requirements but at least 50% of all
LIMS on market DO NOT meet expectations

How to find a LIMS:

Ask a colleague; internet search; conference; vendor demo; etc

Take a systematic approach

Evaluate and analyze; request proposal and score; extensive vendor

Create and RFP and stick with it. Do a cost analysis

NEMC Challenges of Low Concentration
Nutrient Analyses

Attended three am sessions

Importance of Low
Level Analysis in Comparison to Sample
Timing, Handling and Other Methods to Obtain Representative
Phosphorus Measurements in Lake Water

Gertud Nurnberg, Ph.D.

Contact info:


Accurate Measurement of Particulate Nitrogen and Phosphorus
in Environmental Water Samples

Carl Zimmermon, Carolyn Keefe, & Jerome Frank

Contact info: carlz@umces.edu 410

Monitoring and Fractionation of Low
Level Phosphorus in Water
and Environment

Wei Ning YAP, kok Yong LIM, Wei ZHANG, Zhongxian GUO

Contact info:


NEMC Challenges of Low Concentration
Nutrient Analyses

All three presentations were geared

Freshwater / surface water research

Case studies of specific Lakes

Target specific to phosphorus and nitrates

Methods and specifics

Update on the Activities of the NELAC

KeyNote Address: Steve Arms, FL DOH

Contact info:


Presented the 2010 Accomplishments

Most notably: major reorganization; new lab standards; draft quality management plan;
strategic management plan 2010
2015; funding awards; new organizations and
accreditations; new work groups; new templates and the new expert committee.

Consensus Standards Development

Expert Committee Activities

Involved in many NELAC committees to update, implement and interpret standards, requests and

Environmental Measurement Methods Expert Committee

Goal: New consensus standards developed by 2012. funding support provided by cooperative
agreement with EPA

Work on LOD, LOQ, Instrument calibration and other concepts

Standards Interpretations NELAP and NEFAP

Online request form

Interpretation process

NOT to be used to with a dispute between a laboratory or an FSMO and an AB

Laboratories should attempt to reconcile all such interpretations witht eh applicable method publisher
or EPA program

Update on the Activities of the NELAC

NELAP Accomplishments

New process for AB evaluations

SOP for general complaint resolution

Consistency Improvement Task Force focus on assessor competency

Increased number of Accreditation Bodies to 15

Web application for endorsing SIRs

Comprehensive plan for implementation of 2009 NELAC standards


Implement 2009 Standards

Continue renewal evaluations for AB’s

Implement national database of accredited labs (LAMS)

Finalize small lab handbook


Program applies to field sampling and measurement organizations (FSMOs)

4 AB’s accredited and ready

Conduct training and outreach

PT program Accomplishments

potable Water update: review to be completed this summer

FoPT table review to be completed within a year

Update on the Activities of the NELAC

PT Program Plans

Implement updates and tables for all areas

Two new FoPT tables: Field (Lead in paint) and Protozoa (Crypto)

Define and process for removal and addition of analytes to FoPT tables

PT Program Summary

TNI recognized PT provider accreditors: A2LA and ACLASS

Updates on Boards, groups, support, administration

See actual presentation handout for complete information and Updates of committees

TNI Cooperative Agreements with EPA

NEW (2010
2015) $750,00 to develop measurement tools, accreditation standards and
technical support. $500 to manage the National Environmental Monitoring Conference

Measurement Tools

Educational Delivery System

New Quality Manual template is available for purchase

2011 and Beyond: Continue to adopt, implement, develop, refine the Standards that

Has over 850 active members!

Need volunteers: join a committee!

Contact TNI:



NEMC Challenges of Low Concentration
Nutrient Analyses

Attended four pm sessions

Importance of Analytical Methods in the Interpretation of Data
from Natural Systems

Nancy Simon, USGS

Contact info: nssimon@usgs.gov 703

Evaluation of Colorimetric Phosphate Speciation Analysis Using
Long Path Lengths and Model Compounds

Scott Smith

Contact info: ssmith@wlu.ca 519

Low Level Determination of Ammonia

Edward Askew Ph.D.

Contact info:


Low Concentration Nutrient Determinations in Water

Overview and Candidate Method Capabilities

William Lipps

Contact info:


NEMC Challenges of Low Concentration
Nutrient Analyses

All four presentations were geared

Freshwater / surface water research

Case studies of specific Lakes

Target specific to phosphorus, algae, ammonia
and nitrates

Methods: new, specific, validation, candidates
and capabilities

Day 3: Wednesday August 17, 2011

Sessions Attended:

Plenary Session: “Monitoring Response to Environmental Disasters”

Responding to Environmental Disasters

Stages of Incident Response from a Laboratory Perspective

Research Needs from the Gulf Oil Spill

BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Generating Meaningful Environmental Information During the Chaos of
an Emergency Response

Radioanalytical Emergency Response

A State Perspective

Standardizing Electronic Data Deliverables: Public Health Laboratory
Emergency Response

Emergency Response

Field Support for Sample Integrity

Making Progress Detection, Quantitation, and Calibration Activities of

Laboratory Selection During Emergency Response Actions

Plenary Session: “Monitoring Response to
Environmental Disasters”

Attended four am sessions

Responding to Environmental Disasters

Stan Meiburg, USEPA Region 4

Contact info:

Types of disasters: manmade or natural

Involved in Response to Katrina and BP Oil Spill

The Role of information in Environmental Emergency Response

Type of Information necessary to EPA’s response (Air, water,
sediment, waste sampling and monitoring). Tech assistance, data
management and community outreach

Many partners and organizations involved in a disaster response

Details about responses (EPA, partners, FEMA) to disasters

STRESS a unified command. Set up Data management and
Operations divisions Set up an assessment and recovery process

Infrastructure support

Incident timelines

Plenary Session: “Monitoring Response
to Environmental Disasters”

Testing in Response to Environmental Disasters

A Laboratory Perspective

David Friedman

Contact info:


Four stages (determine nature of problem, the severity and extent, remediation of the situation and
demonstrating remediation accomplished)

Discussed both disasters and incidents that presented both a health and environmental impact

Stage One: Labs need to assess considerations for samples, hazards, staff, etc.

Stage Two: severity and extent of contamination

What to test for

Number of samples

Turnaround time

Data management

Stage Three: supporting remediation process

Becomes more routine

Indicator analytes

Stage Four: problem over

back to normal

Laboratory networks





Plenary Session: “Monitoring Response
to Environmental Disasters”

Research Needs from the Gulf Oil Spill

Danny Reible

Contact info:


The Deepwater Horizon (DH) oil spill released approximately 4.9
million barrels of oil to the northern GOM and about 2 million gallons
of applied chemical dispersants. This oil spill exceeded that of the
Exxon Valdez

and ultimately became the second largest oil spill in
history, trailing only the Persian Gulf spill during the Gulf War in
1991. The oil and chemical dispersants released during the DH spill
may have both short

and long
term impacts on Gulf of Mexico

Despite a long history of oilfield activity in the Gulf of Mexico, we
were remarkably unprepared to predict the behavior and effects of
the oil and propose effective, low impact means of mitigating and
remediating the spill.

Presentation summarized the behavior of the spill, focusing on the
current status of the spill and its effects in the Gulf of Mexico and
particularly in the near shore areas and on beaches and marshes.

Plenary Session: “Monitoring Response
to Environmental Disasters”

BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: An Industry Perspective

Al Verstufyft Ph.D.

Contact info:


Lessons learned in the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Operational Discipline, Safety Culture,
and the Value of Measurement and Testing.

The BP Incident Report Executive Summary and Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation
Report identified the primary issues.

The annulus cement barrier did not isolate the hydrocarbons.

The shoe track barriers did not isolate the hydrocarbons.

The negative
pressure test was accepted although well integrity had not been established

Influx was not recognized until hydrocarbons were in the riser.

Well control response actions failed to regain control of the well.

Diversion to the mud gas separator resulted in gas venting onto the rig.

The fire and gas system did not prevent hydrocarbon ignition.

The BOP emergency mode did not seal the well.

The Federal Oil Spill Commission found that the
Deepwater Horizon
disaster was
foreseeable and preventable.

Errors and misjudgments by three major oil drilling companies

BP, Halliburton, and

played key roles in the disaster.

Government regulation was ineffective, and failed to keep pace with technology
advancements in offshore drilling.

The well blowout was the product of human error, engineering mistakes, and management
failures. These errors, mistakes, and management failures were not the product of a single,
rogue company, but instead reveal both failures and inadequate safety procedures by three
key industry players that have a large presence in offshore oil and gas drilling throughout the

NEMC Environmental Monitoring Needs
Following Environmental Disasters

Attended five pm sessions

Generating Meaningful Environmental Information During the Chaos of an
Emergency Response

Ruth Forman

Contact info:


Presented similarities and differences between large scale responses

PPL Martins Creek Fossil Plant

TVA Kingston Fossil Plant

BP Deepwater Horizon

Presented project background information and event facts

Stated what Environmental Standards Involvement was

Global and specific recommendations

Data management

Presented Project accomplishments

Notes of Interest: Activities & challenges


Need to establish incident command and who is in charge

Develop a QA plan

Full cycle data management process and data management plan

NEMC Environmental Monitoring Needs
Following Environmental Disasters

Radioanalytical Emergency Response

State Perspective

Jack Bennett

Contact info:


Not a Matter of “if” but of “when” preparation is the key. National planning
scenario #11

Enhanced capacity of the CDC to analyze 500 samples/day for any priority

FDA has set up labs to analyze food

EPA has set up labs to analyze environmental samples

CT applied for EPA grant in 2007 to enhance analytical capacity

Implementation of rapid methods

New state of the art Public Health Laboratory

Enhanced “safe” area

Discussion of lab’s capabilities (methods, protocols, personnel, etc)

Need for RAD safety plan

Isotopes of future concern

Get more labs up to speed on rapid methods

Lab method validation


NEMC Environmental Monitoring Needs
Following Environmental Disasters

Standardizing Electronic Data Deliverables: Public Health Laboratory Emergency

Jack Krueger

Contact info:


Environmental health laboratories provide data routinely and during

Common practice to request laboratory data in a standardized electronic format
also known as an Electronic Data Deliverable (EDD).

Issues: different / unique message formats. Sending data with multiple formats
requires significant time during emergencies and compromises coordination of

An approach to standardization is to base data element selection on the
laboratory analytical sequence and include in the EDD key quality control data or
measurement quality objectives (MQO). These MQOs assure the real time
quality of data and adds to the capability demonstration that certification offers.

Presentation discussed efforts by the Association of Public Health Laboratories
(APHL) to standardize the EDD and improve the ability of public health
laboratories to participate interoperably during emergency responses.

A White Paper on this topic is also available, “Environmental Laboratory Electronic Data

LIMS vendors also seek standardization;

NEMC Environmental Monitoring Needs
Following Environmental Disasters

Emergency Response

Field Support for Sample Integrity

Charles Newton

Contact info:


Reality vs Expectation


Natural disasters; industrial accidents; transportation issues; field activity incidents

Chaotic event with multiple parties collecting samples and submitting to many labs

Goals & Objectives

Set up a sample receiving protocol


Provide to all parties of interest

Data quality

Reduce need to resample

Common sample receipt issues

Special considerations (identify up front if possible)

Roles and Responsibilities (prepare ahead)

Take pride in the service you provide and in what you do

Plan ahead

Document everything

NEMC Environmental Monitoring Needs
Following Environmental Disasters

Laboratory Selection During Emergency Response Actions

the Need for Quality Data with the Need for Quick Data

Jennifer Gable

Contact info:


Disasters happen…plan for it

Select labs carefully (establish criteria in advance)

Take into consideration location, capabilities, services, ability for data

Communication is key


Lack of organization

Immediate need for data / quick turn

No time to plan ahead

Intense scrutiny

Develop concise technical specifications (normalize handling and
reporting protocol across many labs)

Discuss price in Emergency response plan

NEMC Operational and Advocacy Issues Impacting the
Environmental Laboratory Industry

Making Progress on Detection, Quantitation and Calibration

Richard Burrows

Contact info:


Current and planned activities of the EMMEC

TNI sub committee

Create & adopt standards to support a strong technical approach to
quantitation, detection and calibration. Standards need to be usable across
various EPA and state programs.

Stated various weakness of calibration practices in EPA methods

Suggested solutions to calibration

Pros / cons


Tools needed are not currently available in most instrument software

Need to be compliant with EPA analytical methods

Need to be consistent with quality systems standards

Working draft standard for consideration at January TNI meeting 2012

Day 2: Thursday August 18, 2011

Sessions Attended:

KeyNote Address “Observing Puget Sound”

Laboratory Readiness for Large
Scale Environmental Incidents

Practice Makes Perfect

EPA Region 9 and 10 Exercise

Use of a Work Cell Model to Successfully Manage Large

The Role of LC and LC/MS in the Environmental Laboratory

Eliminating the Secondary Extraction pH Step in the Automated
Solid Phase Extraction of Semi
Volatile Organic Compounds
from Water For EPA Method 8270D

Also sat in on some TNI committees

Observing Puget Sound

Jan Newton

Contact info:


Great presentation of the on going monitoring of this unique

Compared to Chesapeake Bay

Unique currents and tidal range

Highly productive (biota) but also highly retentive (contaminants)

Experiences coastal upwelling

Puget Sound Partnership (protect & restore)

17 federal agencies

WA Tribal Associations

Formed a council


NEMC Monitoring Needs Following
Environmental Disasters (Continued)

Laboratory Readiness for Large
Scale Environmental Incidents

Makes Perfect

Barry Pepich

Contact info: pepich.barry@epa.gov 360

Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9

Develop nationwide laboratory networks for food, veterinary, plant health, and water
quality that integrate existing Federal and State Lab resources, are interconnected and
utilize standard diagnostic protocols and procedures


Managed by EPA

National Network that can be accessed during a national incident

Intended to address chemical, biological and radiological threats in Environmental

EPA regional Laboratory responsible during events

Case Study of Region 10 Exercise and tour of the virtual Lab

Joint Region 9 & 10 full scale exercise August 20
27, 2010

41 Roles; 25 participating laboratories; 4 utilities; CDC involvement

Benefits of exercise:

Coordinated effort between labs, agencies, states, etc

NEMC Monitoring Needs Following
Environmental Disasters (Continued)

EPA Region 9 & 10 Exercise

A Participating
Laboratory Perspective

Blaine Rhodes

Contact info:


Presented scenario of exercise and work done by

Level 3, 2 and 1 labs involved

Exercise incorporated laboratory errors, equipment
failures, weather conditions and ultimately shipment
across country to an east coast lab

Ultimately all challenges were met

Communication was outstanding

Some issues but worked through

NEMC Monitoring Needs Following
Environmental Disasters (Continued)

Use of a Work Cell Model to Successfully Manage Large Projects

Chuck Neslund

Contact info: cjneslund@lancasterlabs.com 717
2300 ext 1819

Presented problem: busy lab needs to accommodate many samples for an
indefinite period of time

Staffing and space not readily available

Quality systems and expectations must be maintained

Normal workload must be maintained

Client specific needs for quick turn
around must be met


Borrow (work cells and cross functional team modeling)

Work cells improve quality and efficiency, reduce lag time, eliminate waste, improve

Establish Work cell in lab to focus exclusively on project

Presented steps of process (general lab procedures starting with receipt); work
cells skip the sample holding step and close gap between receipt, analysis and

Cross train staff prior to event

Concluded this was a success


Attending this year’s Environmental Measurement Symposium in
Seattle WA was a valuable learning experience both personally and

The seminars, presentations and exhibits enabled
me to obtain key information that will assist the Manchester Water
Works’ laboratory to improve efficiency and streamline testing the
city’s drinking water in order to maintain the quality of water to our

Overall the experience was a positive one and a benefit to not only
the Manchester Water Works and myself, but to the City as a

Ensuring the quality and safety of this city’s water is of the
upmost importance and training like this insures that we are up to
date on technologies, regulations, methods and standards.

I would like to thank LANH for allowing me this opportunity and
sponsoring this wonderful experience.

I encourage others to take part in this Symposium in the future