Engineering Majors - Department of Electrical and Computer ...

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 2 days ago)

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Engineers…


Invent


Design


Develop


Manufacture


Test


Sell


Service

Products and Services which improve the lives of
people.








1

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.1
-

Introduction









2

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.2


Engineering Functions

A Function describes what an engineer might do in
a job environment.


Functions include:


Research and Development (“R and D”)


Test


Design


Teaching


Sales








3

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Aerospace

Agricultural

Architectural

Biomedical

Chemical

Civil

Computer


Electrical

Environmental

Industrial

Marine / Ocean

Materials

Mechanical





Mining

Nuclear

Petroleum

+ others




4

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Aerospace



Involves flight within our atmosphere (aero
-
) and flight
outside our atmosphere (space)

Studies aerodynamics, propulsion, structures, control
systems, orbital mechanics.



Agricultural

Involved with processing/production of agricultural products

Studies harvesting methods, food processes, soil/water
resources, electrical/information technology, bioengineering





5

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Architectural



Different from, but complementary to, the field of
Architecture

Four main divisions: (1) Structural, (2) Electrical and
Lighting, (3) Mechanical systems, and (4) Construction
Engineering and Management



Biomedical

Grew out of Mechanical Engineering, now encompasses
several other fields, including the life sciences

Relatively new major, may cover Bioengineering, medical
engineering, and clinical engineering






6

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Chemical



Large emphasis on chemistry: different from other majors

Most common employment: design, development and
operation of
large
-
scale chemical production facilities.

May be employed by pharmaceutical, petroleum or food
-
producing companies.



Civil

One of the oldest of all majors, dates to prehistoric times

Subsets include structural, architectural, environmental,
transportation, traffic, water resources, surveying, urban
planning, and construction.






7

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Computer



Often combined with EE in university engineering
depts

Focus on computer
hardware

(
Computer Science
focuses
mainly on computer software)

Involved with operating systems, computer architecture,
printers, other peripherals



Electrical

The most populated of all engineering majors

Studies communication technologies, electronics, electrical
circuits, digital controls, instrumentation, signal processing,
and power.






8

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Environmental



Branched off from Civil Engineering major

Has evolved to improve and protect the environment, while
maintaining the rapid pace of industrial activity.

Three main parts: (1) Disposal, (2) Remediation, and

(3) Prevention




Industrial

Defined as the design, improvement and installation of
integrated systems of people, material and energy.

Four main areas: (1) Production, (2) Manufacturing,

(3) Human Factors, and (4) Operations Research







9

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Marine & Ocean Engineering



Marine Engineering
: focus on design, development and
operation of ships and boats

Ocean Engineering
:
focus on everything outside of Marine
Engrg
, including ocean
-
going structures, submersible vehicles,
underwater pipelines, offshore drilling platforms




Materials

Study material structures, properties, processes, performance

Sub
-
groups include metallurgy, ceramics, polymers,
composites, and semi
-
conductor materials

Biomedical applications include artificial knee/hip joints







10

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Mechanical (ME)




One of the largest and broadest of all engineering
majors


Two main divisions:

(1)
Design & Controls
, (2)
Thermal Sciences


MEs design and implement engines, power generation
systems, heating/ ventilation / air conditioning (HVAC)
systems, manufacturing processes, robotics and
applications in biomedical engineering









11

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Nuclear



Concerned with use/control of energy from nuclear sources

Involves electricity production (fission reactors), propulsion
systems (e.g., submarine), waste disposal and radiation
applications (e.g., medicine)





Mining

Study material structures, properties, processes, performance

Sub
-
groups include metallurgy, ceramics, polymers,
composites, and semi
-
conductor materials

Biomedical applications include artificial knee/hip joints







Petroleum



Maintain the flow of petroleum and natural gas in
a safe and reliable manner


Involved in


Exploration for crude oil deposits


Works with geologists and geophysicists to
identify potential reserves


Removal of oil


Transporting/Refining oil








12

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3
-

Engineering Majors

13

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.3


Engineering Majors

Other Engineering Fields:





Automotive

Acoustical

Applied Math

Bioengineering

Engineering Science

Engineering Management

Excavation Engineering

Fire Engineering

Forest Engineering

General Engineering

Genetic Engineering

Geological Engineering

Inventive Design

Manufacturing Engineering

Packaging Engineering

Pharmaceutical Engineering

Plastics Engineering

Power Engineering

Systems Engineering

Theatre Engineering

Transportation Engineering

Welding Engineering

Engineering Fields are constantly changing

Some emerging Fields include:



Smart

Building Technology


Nanotechnology


Information Technology









14

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.4


Emerging Fields

15

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.5


Closing Thoughts


Try to pick a major and/or career that is
right for you



Try to pick a major and/or career for which
you have a
passion
: one that will be both
enjoyable and rewarding



An Engineering degree opens up a wide
range of jobs upon graduation.








16

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.6


Engineering and Technical Organizations

A short list (page 1):


American Chemical Society (ACS)


American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)


American Institute of Chemical Engineers (
AIChE
)


American Nuclear Society (ANS)


American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)


American Society for Heating, Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)


American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)


Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE)








17

Chapter 2:
Engineering Majors

Section 2.6


Engineering and Technical Organizations

A short list continued (page 2):


National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering,
Inc (NACME)


National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)


National Science Foundation (NSF)


National Society of Black Engineers (NSBE)


Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)


Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers (SHPE)


Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME)


Society of Women Engineers (SWE)


Tau Beta Pi (Engineering Honor Society)









In Class Project

Describe a typical day for an electrical engineer
with the given title in the listed industrial sector.




18


Medical equipment


Consumer products


Energy


Defense contractor


Design engineer


Research engineer


Test engineer


Sales engineer