Title: The Study of Speech Interaction Style in Web Based Personal Digital Photo Annotation.

foregoinggowpenSoftware and s/w Development

Nov 4, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Title: The Study of Speech Interaction Style in Web Based Personal Digital Photo Annotation.


Digital photo technology has encouraged more users to have large collections of personal digital
photo. However, effective digital photo retrieval is not always easy especially when the
collection grows into thousands of photo. Therefore, the users need an

effective way to retrieve
their digital photos. From observation, both digital photo annotation and their retrieval process
are mutually related to each other. Therefore, effective annotation process for digital photos is
necessary since this process will

affect the effectiveness of the retrieval mechanism. Thus, the
purpose of this study is to design, develop and evaluate an interactive Web
-
based personal digital
photo annotation that allows users to annotate the photo using multimodal interaction. This s
tudy
uses human
-
computer speech dialog based on semantic keywords that have been categorized into
four metadata: time, subject, event and place. A prototype is developed to allow users to
personally annotate digital photo in bulk. The prototype interaction

style is developed using Web
programming scripting language that comprises of Javascript, eXtensible HyperText Markup
Language (HTML), Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) and Speech Application Language Tag
(SALT). From the usability evaluation, different statis
tical tests are conducted using the
proposed speech interaction style and Microsoft Vista speech interaction style. The results show
that the reduction in annotation performance time due to proposed speech interaction style was
64.72% compared to the Micro
soft Vista speech interaction style. Meanwhile, the score for
users’ satisfaction has increased by 1.428 units for annotation process that uses the proposed
speech interaction style compared to the Microsoft Vista speech interaction style.