RESOURCES REVIEW Topic: Genetically Modified Organisms ...

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Dec 3, 2012 (4 years and 9 months ago)

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RESOURCES REVIEW

Topic: Genetically Modified Organisms

Harris Hydrie

DeVry University

HUMN432
-

TECHNOLOGY SOCIETY AND
CULTURE







#46: FDA Approves Food From Cloned Animals | Nutrition | DISCOVER Magazine. 2012. #46:
FDA Approves Food From Cloned Animals | Nutrition | DISCOVER Magazine . [ONLINE]
Available at: http://discovermagazine.com/2009/jan/046. [Accessed 21 March 2012].

The Di
scover Magazine is an online science
magazine that

is committed to providing new and
insightful articles on topics such as Health & Medicine, Mind & Brain, Technology, Living World
and Environment, among a host of others.


This particular article titled “F
DA Approves Food
From Cloned Animals


by

Sarab Webb, published in the January 2009 issue writes about the
safeness of milk and milk products from cloned cattle, pigs, and goats and their offspring
too.


Nevertheless, the FDA has proposed guidelines for reg
ulating the use of genetically
engineered animals for food and pharmaceuticals.


I am going to be using this article in my
essay to elaborate on the acceptability that GMOs have gained recently.


This article will also
help me to write about the skepticism

consumers have as regards c
lone
-
derived food is
concerned


Animal Cloning and Food Safety. 2012. Animal Cloning and Food Safety. [ONLINE] Available
at: http://www.fda.gov/forconsumers/consumerupdates/ucm148768.htm. [Accessed 21
March 2012].

The U.S. FDA i
s an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services. Its
organization consists of the Office of the Commissioner and four directorates overseeing the
core functions of the agency: Medical Products and Tobacco, Foods, Global Regulatory
Operations

and Policy, and Operations. Regular consumer updates are provided by the FDA by
way of timely and easy
-
to
-
read articles covering all FDA activities and regulated products.


This
article on Animal Cloning and Food Safety talks about and extensive study of
animal cloning and
related food safety done by the FDA, as a consequence of which the FDA released three
documents in January 2008: a risk assessment, a risk management plan, and guidance for
industry. For the purpose of my research paper, this article can

provide valuable inputs


such
as the definition of cloning, FDA’s concern over animal cloning, and

how consumers view
cloning.

Science and Biotechnology Blog:
Assessment

of Cloned Animal Products. 2012. Science and
Biotechnology Blog:
Assessments

of Clon
ed Animal Products. [ONLINE] Available at:
http://science
-
biotech.blogspot.in/2007/09/assesment
-
of
-
cloned
-
animal
-
products.html.
[Accessed 21 March 2012].

The Science and Biotechnology blog gives us an insight into the US FDA’s assessment on
products from c
loned animals.


In 2007, a number of articles appeared in the Washington Post,
elaborating on why the FDA does not consider cloning as a form of genetic engineering, limits
posed by current food safety procedures and the nature of cloned animals, and the s
ubtlety of
cloning hazards.


For the purpose of my paper, this blog will prove very helpful, in the sense
that I will be able to write about how cloning is going to be an important part of many current
and future approaches to genetic engineering.


2012
.
[
ONLINE] Available at: http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org/pubs/fact%20sheet.pdf.
[Accessed 21 March 2012].

This Food Safety Fact Sheet published by Centre for Food Safety expresses concern over the
FDA’s proposed approval of milk and meat products from clon
ed animals and their
offspring.


The CFS is skeptical of the ease with which FDA seems to be setting aside important
concerns related to animal cloning.


This factsheet will be extremely helpful to me in my
research paper, because I can write about animal
welfare issues like pre
-
natal failures,
surrogate suffering (large offspring syndrome) and post
-
natal animal health.


Besides, I can also
address the moral and ethical dilemmas Americans face about animal cloning.


The factsheet
also raises other valid que
stions like the need for more scientific research before such food can
be sold without labeling it as ‘cloned animal product’.


Moreover, I can talk in my paper how


when it comes to food safety, billions of dollars are at stake, and how this technology b
enefits a
few corporate factory farms at
the expense of family farmers.

Animal Cloning: ...Old MacDonald's Farm Is Not What It Used To Be (
Action Bioscience
). 2012.
Animal Cloning: ...Old MacDonald's Farm Is Not What It Used To Be (
Action Bioscience
).
[ONL
INE] Available at: http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/pecorino.html. [Accessed
21 March 2012].


This article provides a lucid introduction that offers readers an essential overview and
understanding of the development and process of cloning.


It goes
on to explain the science
behind animal cloning, the future viability of cloning, and what lies ahead in terms of genetic
manipulation of cloned animals.


For the purpose of my research paper, this article will be
helpful as it helps me explore the benefit
s and costs of cloning, the challenges of cloning and
also its viability as a technology for reproducing human carbon copies.