STORY TEMPLATE: Future perfect

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Oct 30, 2013 (3 years and 1 month ago)

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STORY TEMPLATE: Future perfect


Description:

The article provides an in
-
depth coverage of a technology that will have a great
impact on the planet.

Word limit:

300 to 500

Storyline:

1.

Title

2.

Asset: Image

3.

What’s happening right now

4.

Trends (Timeline of
developments till date related to the subject)

5.

The concept

6.

Asset: Infographic

7.

The advantages (Discuss how far it is better than existing related systems in use)

8.

The impact (Discuss how it will impact us and create a difference in the near future)

9.

Asset
-

S
lideshow (Slideshow of trends)

10.

Asset
-

Trivia (Infographic containing interesting facts of the product/technology)




RESEARCH NOTES


Future perfect
-

Low
-
cost solar energy generation



Asset: Main image


Image Link:

http://www.aboutmyplanet.com/wp
-
content/blogs.dir/10/files/2010/08/solar
-
panels
-
600x399.jpg


Image Source Link:

http://www.aboutmyplanet.com/environment/school
-
district
-
solar
-
panel
-
agreement
-
a
-
model
-
for
-
others/





What’s happening right
now?


Solar energy
generation and its consumption
is currently only a small piece of the total
solar
energy. In order for solar energy to gain a larger share of the market, it must be cost
-
competitive with other primary energy sources.

Conventionally generated e
lectricity ranges
between 5 and 18 cents per kilowatt hour (the amount of money to get a kilowatt of power for
an hour) but in most places it's below 10 cents, according to the Energy Information Agency.
Solar thermal costs around 15 to 17 cents a kilowatt

hour, according to statistics from Schott, a
German company that makes solar thermal equipment.


Reference Link:

http://news.cnet.com/Shrinking
-
the
-
cost
-
for
-
solar
-
power/2100
-
11392_3
-
6182947.html





Trends


1.

Efficient Solar Cells from Cheaper Materials


Researchers at IBM have increased the efficiency of a novel type of solar cell made largely from
cheap and abundant materials by over 40 percent. According to
an article published this week
in the journal Advanced Materials, the new efficiency is 9.6 percent, up from the previous
record of 6.7 percent for this type of solar cell, and near the level needed for commercial solar
panels. The IBM solar cells also hav
e the advantage of being made with an inexpensive ink
-
based process.

The new solar cells convert light into electricity using a semiconductor material made of
copper, zinc, tin, and sulfur
--
all abundant elements
--
as well as the relatively rare element
sele
nium (CZTS).


Reference Link:

http://www.technologyreview.in/energy/24521/



2.

Oxford’s solar cell technology manufactured from cheap, non
-
toxic materials


Oxford Photovoltaics
, a company recently spun out from the University of Oxford by Isis
Innovation Ltd., has developed a new solar cell technology that is manufactured from cheap,
abundant, non
-
toxic and non
-
corrosive materials and can be scaled to any volume. Harnessing
the
sun’s energy, the solar cells are printed onto glass or other surfaces, are available in a range
of colours and could be ideal for new buildings where solar cells are incorporated into glazing
panels and walls.


Oxford PV predicts that manufacturing costs
of its product will be around 50% less than the
current lowest
-
cost thin film technology and expects its new mechanism will eventually match
the unsubsidised cost of electricity generated from fossil fuels.


Reference Link:

http://eetimes.eu/en/printable
-
solar
-
cell
-
technology
-
manufactured
-
from
-
cheap
-
non
-
toxic
-
materials.html?cmp_id=7&news_id=222905425


3.

Swiss wins
million
-
dollar prize for low
-
cost solar cells


A Swiss professor who developed a low
-
cost solar power cell using cheap materials such as dye
squeezed from berries won a million
-
dollar technology prize in Finland.

His cells have only started being used in c
onsumer products, but since they are very efficient in
ambient light, they could help make innovations such as autonomous street lamps with no
outside power supply a reality.


Reference Link:

http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/swiss
-
wins
-
milliondollar
-
prize
-
for
-
lowcost
-
solar
-
cells
-
1996629.html



4.

Scientists make solar cells with cheap metal oxide


University of Oxford scientists
have discovered a way to make solar cells from a metal oxide
found in toothpaste.

A team led by Dr Henry Snaith at the physics department combined the oxide with a thin dye
printed on to glass to turn the sun's energy into electricity.

After making some sh
ort of the experiments on this side, the researchers can make very cheap
solar technology. Because the manufacturing process uses abundant, non
-
toxic materials the
carbon footprint is considerably smaller than rival technologies.


Reference Link:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk
-
england
-
oxfordshire
-
12323647



5.

Breakthrough solar technology a step towards cheap full
-
spectrum panels


Wladek Walukiewicz and Kin Man Yu at the U.S. Department o
f Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley
National Laboratory have developed a new full
-
spectrum solar cell that uses common
production methods.

Cheap, common solar panels in production now typically only use a small percentage of the
light hitting their surface, as th
e semiconductor materials in them only respond to certain
segments of the solar spectrum. The results of the breakthrough may not be instant, but this is
a large step towards cheap, highly
-
efficient solar panels and their wide
-
spread

application.


Referenc
e Link:

http://www.mobilemag.com/2011/02/01/breakthrough
-
solar
-
technology
-
a
-
step
-
towards
-
cheap
-
full
-
spectrum
-
panels/





The
concept




Wladek Walukiewicz and Kin Man Yu

at the

U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley
National Laboratory have
developed

a new full
-
spectrum solar

cell that uses common
production methods.



T
hey’ve created a new multiband semiconductor alloy,
gallium arsenide nitride, which uses
the industry’s most common semiconductor fabrication method:

metalorganic chemical
vapor deposition. Their tests show that the prototype cell based on this new semiconductor
reacts strongly with every segment of the sol
ar spectrum.



The results of the breakthrough may not be instant, but this is a large step towards cheap,
highly
-
efficient solar panels and their wide
-
spread application.


Reference Link:

http://www.mobilemag.com/2011/02/01/breakthrough
-
solar
-
technology
-
a
-
step
-
towards
-
cheap
-
full
-
spectrum
-
panels/





The advantages


1.

The first economic benefit solar power has is its low cost. Solar
panels can deliver
electricity to power your lights and household appliances at a lower cost than what you
would pay for electricity from the grid.

2.

The affordability of solar power extends its benefits beyond the walls of residential
buildings. By making e
lectricity cheaper, solar power helps small and micro businesses
to become profitable by lowering their operating costs.

3.

Since fossil fuels are the main source for electricity production in the world, the existing
system requires nations to pour large amou
nts of money into things such as the
gathering, refinement and transportation of resources. Add on top of that the costs
associated with running huge power plants and electric grids, and the result is a
substantial price for the consumer to pay for electri
city.


Reference Link:

http://www.ehow.com/list_7255497_economic
-
benefits
-
solar
-
power.html





The impact


We know that the solar energy is the biggest and renewable
energy resource.

Solar is free
energy that's completely clean and as abundant as sunlight.
The cheap solar energy generators

can be use widely by the common mass and maximum of the energy resource will be the sun
-

the never ending resource. This will make
the environment clean.