How to use Spanish characters with any PC running Msdos and Windows

footballenoughSoftware and s/w Development

Oct 30, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Capitals

Á

ALT+0193

É

ALT+0201

Í

ALT+0205

Ó

ALT+0211

Ú

ALT+0218

Ñ

ALT+0209

Ü

ALT+0220





Lowercase

á

ALT+0225

é

ALT+0233

í

ALT+0237

ó

ALT+0243

ú

ALT+0250

ñ

ALT+0241

ü

ALT+0252




Punctuation


¿

ALT+0191

¡

ALT+0161

º

ALT+0186
(Masculine Ordinal)

ª

ALT+0170 (Feminine Ordinal)

«

ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)

»

ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)



ALT+0128



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How to use Spanish characters with any
PC running Msdos and Windows

Note:

This page is now a bit out of date. It is now very easy to change keyboards
on most computers. However, we have left this page because it is still useful.

Intro:

We often get emails asking us how to write the Spanish
cha
racters and accents eg, á é í ó ú ü ñ ¿ ¡ ºª on a non Spanish
keyboard. If you didn't buy your computer in a Spanish speaking
country then you key board won't be set up for Spanish. Here are
some solutions.

Solution 1: ALT KEYS:
If you are using an IBM com
patible computer
using Ms dos or windows you can use alt keys. You can write any
character if you know the ASCII code number. You must have a
keyboard with a number pad (normally on the right).

To write a character with alt keys you must have your "num loc
k"
enabled. (on my keyboard I can switch the "num lock" on and off with
the first button on the left at the top of the number pad).

If you want to write an ñ first we have to know the ASCII code which
is alt 164.


To write an ñ press and hold the ALT key. While holding down the ALT
key, enter the 3
-
digit decimal code for the extended ASCII
character you want to generate (in this case 164) then release the
ALT key. You should be able to do this in almost any programm
e.

Try doing it in this text box: (click on the box and then write the ñ
using alt 164)


If it worked then you will be able to use all the Spanish characters
the only problem is knowing which numbers to use: Here is a list of
Spanish characters with thei
r alt numbers.

á

160



¿

168

é

130



¡

173

í

161



ª

166

ó

162



º

167

ú

163



Ñ

164

É

144



ñ

165

Note: According to the powers that be at the RAE (Real Academia
Española) it is still obligatory to use accents with capital letters.
However, it is
very common to see unaccentuated capital letters such
as Á Ú Í Ó and in certain places such as neon signs etc it is difficult
to actually do.

By the way: Here are a few more useful "alt" numbers: @ 64 (called
the arroba in Spanish) ~ 126, ÷ 246, ½ 171, ¼ 1
72, £ 156

Solution 2: Keyboard Configuration

If you use windows you can change the configuration of your keyboard.
It is possible to make a little icon appear on the control bar at the
bottom of your screen so that you can change from one keyboard to
another very quickly. Go into your control panel a
nd choose the
keyboard icon. Choose languages. Choose "add". You will see a list of
many languages. Choose a Spanish keyboard. Afterwards you will be
able to change from Spanish to English or visa
-
versa very easily.


Below is an image of the Spanish keyboa
rd from Spain. The keys in
yellow are the important ones that you will need when writing in
Spanish.


Notes: We don't know anything about Macintosh computers but
apparently the easiest way of using Spanish accents in Macintosh is
using the "sticky keys" t
echnique. Look in your help system for more
info.


Here are 2 more suggestions that we have been sent

Interesting links:
How to use accents in Spanish


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