Presentation - College of Engineering

foamyflumpMobile - Wireless

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Tunnel
Safety
System
Using Wireless Sensor
Networks (WSNs)


U
nited
A
rab
E
mirates
U
niversity

C
ollege of
E
ngineering









Graduation Project Code:


EEF2
-
6




Group members:




Hanan

El
-
Sayed

Mohammed

200337350




Khulood

Abdel
Qader


200337808



Razan

Radwan

Nijem


200337756



Majdeyah

Aziz Al
-
Awadhi

200313002





Project Advisor:

Dr.
Hend

Alqamzi


Motivation

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs




In

2006
,

the

death

average

was

one

car

every

28

hours
.



In

2006
,

the

number

of

accidents

represents

an

increase

of

61
%

compared

to

2005
.



Emirates

Road

continues

to

remain

the

most

dangerous

road
.



In order to decrease the accidents, three safety factors should be
considered:



The Vehicle Safety

o
airbag, sensors, and cameras



The driver , and Road Safety

o

'black
points‘ rule

o
loop detectors
, and radar



“Tunnel

Safety

System

Using

WSNs”

will

improve

the

roads'

and

drivers'

safety

inside

tunnels
.



Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



WSN Overview

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs






WSN

is

one

of

the

ten

top



technology

nowadays
.




WSN

is

a

network

that

consists

of

tiny

devices

called

sensors

that

communicate

wirelessly
.



Sensors

are

small

semiconductor

devices

with

a

mechanical

structures

that

sense

fields

and

forces

in

the

physical

world
.



Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



WSN Overview

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs





It

is

inexpensive

(Future

View)




Low
-
power

communication

devices




Sensors

can

be

deployed

in

almost

any

environment

because

of

it’s
:



Flexibility


Low

cost


Ability

to

self
-
organize

in

an

ad
-
hoc

network

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



Project Description

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs





Design

objective
:



Designing

and

implementing

a

new

system

to

improve

the

roads’

and

drivers’

safety

inside

tunnels

utilizing

WSN
.



Design

description
:



A

tunnel

will

be

equipped

with

wireless

sensors
.

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



Project Description

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs






Physical

phenomena
:


Temperature



Fire

detecting



Light

intensity


Presence

of

vehicles

(traffic

congestion)









Based

on

the

sensors’

information,

related

devices

may

be

operated

by

the

system

such

as

alarms,

ventilation

fans,

or

traffic

lights
.


Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



Project Description

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs



Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



sensor

sensor

Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



Abstract

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs




Using one of the new technologies in the word.



Two phases
:


1.
GPI:


literature review.


WSN manufacturers.


Learning about existing system.


2.
GPII:


A
prototype.


Recommendation to “Abu
-
Dhabi Traffic Control
Center “.

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



WSNs Applications

Motivation


Network Set up


WSN Overview


Project Description


Abstract


Applications



Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs



Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



1.
Monitoring.


Battlefield surveillance.


Monitoring friendly forces.


Monitoring patient's health.


2.
Controlling.


Environmental control.


Managing inventory control.


local control of actuators.


3.
Tracking.


The movements of birds, small
animals, and insects.


Vehicle tracking and detection.


Tracking doctors inside a hospital.



Conclusion

Hardware

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




IRIS

Starter Kit

Hardware

2
Sensor
nodes

1
Gateway

(Base station)

Software

MoteView

MoteWork

MoteConfig

Conclusion

Sensor Node

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




a.
Processor/Radio Board:



IRIS
modules to enable the low
-
power
wireless sensor networks measurement system.



b.
Sensor Board:


MTS
400
multi sensor board, can sense:


Temperature


Humidity


Barometric pressure



Ambient light

Conclusion

Base Station

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




a
.

Processor/Radio

Board
:


IRIS

module

functioning

as

a

base

station

when

connected

to

the

USB

PC

interface
.



b
.

USB

PC

Interface

Board
:


MIB
520

Gateway

provides

a

USB

Interface

for

data

communications
.

Conclusion

Network Architecture

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




Conclusion

Software Tiers:


Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




Conclusion

Software Tiers:


Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork





The
Client Tier:


provides GUI for managing the network.




MoteView



The Server Tier:

provides the bridge between the wireless motes and the
clients.


Xserve



The Mote Tier:


Where
XMesh

resides, is the software the runs on the cloud of
sensor nodes forming a mesh network.


The
XMesh

provides the networking algorithms

Conclusion

1
-
Mote View:

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork





Mote View
is an interface between a user and a
deployed network of wireless sensors.




Mote View
designed:


To simplify deployment and monitoring.


Makes it easy to connect to a database, to analyze,
and to graph sensor readings.


Conclusion

1
-
MoteView:

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




Conclusion

2
-
MoteConfig:


Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork





Mote Config
is a Windows
-
based GUI utility
for programming Motes.




Mote Config
allows the user to configure:


Mote ID


Group ID


RF channel


RF power





Conclusion

2
-
MoteConfig:


Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork




Conclusion

3
-
MoteWork:


Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit



Hardware




Software




MoteView



MotConfig



MoteWork





Mote Works
is provided with a set of
software development tools for custom Mote
applications.




Mote Work
Provides:


Programmer’s Notepad
2

nesC

code .


Cygwin

Unix language.

Conclusion

Installation

Installation



Configuration


Prototype








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

1.
MoteView,
MoteWork
, and
MoteConfig was installed.


2.
USB drivers for the Gateway
was set up.


3.
Sensor Nodes were activated.


4.

MoteView was initiated.


5.
The sensors data were logged.

Conclusion

Programming Sensors

Installation



Configuration


Prototype








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

Conclusion

Programming Gateway

Installation



Configuration


Prototype








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

Conclusion

Prototype Design

Installation



Configuration


Prototype








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


The prototype is designed to investigate the use of
WSNs in tunnel safety application.

Gateway

Tunnel

Sensors

Conclusion

Installation



Configuration


Prototype








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

Prototype Design


Prototype

test

the

following

sensor

abilities
:


1.
To

response

to

certain

events

such

as

an

increase

in

temperature

or

decrease

in

light

intensity
.


2.
To

activate

small

devices

such

as

Red

LED


3.
To

communicate

with

other

applications

such

as

the

traffic

light

control

system
.

Conclusion

Prototype Dimension

Installation



Configuration


Prototype








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


The prototype dimensions are:


Total length =
130
cm and the tunnel length =
100
cm


Total width =
70
cm and the tunnel width =
50
cm.


Total height =
35
cm.


Conclusion

1
. Sensor Calibration

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


The

optimum

distance

of

the

height

and

the

motes

separating

distance

were

determined
.

Distance Between

the
Gateway & Sensor (m)

Measuremen
t Updating

h= 0 cm

Measuremen
t Updating

h= 30

cm

20

_

Regularly *

40

_

Regularly *

60

_

Irregularly

80

_

Irregularly

100

_


Irregularly

120

_

_

*

Every

7



8

seconds

-

No

response


Conclusion

2
. MoteView Alert Manager

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


MoteView

Alerts

Manager

allows

users

to

define

alert

conditions

based

on

any

sensor

data

of

any

sensor

node
.



When

sensor

temperature

and

light

intensity

exceed

certain

threshold

values,

an

alert

manager

program

notifies

the

traffic

control

center
.



Alert Action:


Send Alert Email


Pop
-
up Form

Conclusion

Send Alert Email

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


The

mail

settings

were

configured


Conclusion

Send Alert Email

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


The

mail

settings

were

configured


Conclusion

Pop
-
up Alert

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


Pop
-
up

alert

appears

directly

when

any

new

alert

is

received


Conclusion

3
. Red LED Activation

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit



Based

on

the

sensors'

report



small

device

is

activated

by

individual

sensors
.




In

prototype
:




RED

LED

on

the

sensor

board

is

activated
.



This

mimics

the

ON/OFF

switch

of

a

device

like

a

fan
.


Conclusion

4
. Controlling Traffic Light System

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


Sensors’

reading

are

stored

internally

by

MoteView

on

the

PC

connected

to

the

gateway
.




Readings

can

be

read

automatically

by

the

traffic

light

application

program

every

interval
.




In

prototype
:


C

program

that

internally

reads

the

sensors’

text

file
.


C

shows

the

action

to

be

taken

by

the

traffic

light

system

on

the

output

screen
.

Conclusion

4
. Controlling Traffic Light System

Sensor Calibration



MoteView Alerts
Manager



Red LED Activation



Controlling Traffic
Light System




Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

Conclusion

Conclusion

Conclusion



Recommendation



Problems Faced








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


The

objectives

of

the

project

were

met
.



A

prototype

is

implemented
.



Recommendations

prepared

to

be

provided

to

the

Traffic

Control

Center

in

Abu
-
Dhabi
.

Conclusion

Real world implementation


Conclusion



Recommendation



Problems Faced








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit



AL
-
Salam Tunnel project:


D
optimum

=
48
m


H
optimum

>
30
cm


L
Tunnel

=
2.4
km


W
Tunnel

=
15
m

(
4
sectors+
2
pavements)


N

sensors in tunnel
= N

sensors LS

+ N

sensors RS




=
26
+
25
=
51
sensors


H
sensor

from ground level

=
1
m

Conclusion

Real world implementation


Conclusion



Recommendation



Problems Faced





Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

1
m

Conclusion



Conclusion



Recommendation



Problems Faced






Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit

Components

Unit Price
(DHS)

No. of Units

Total Price
(DHS)

IRIs Sensor Starter Kit

3355

1

3355

Shipping

510

-

510

custom house

260

-

260

Aclerk

sheet

125

1

125

Cutting
Aclerk

sheet

50

-

50

Poly carbonate sheet

250

1

250

L shape angle

10

8

80

Landscape

75

1

75

Nail

30

1

30

Wood Base

130

1

130

Glue

10

1

g10

Modeling car

15

2

30

Green

37

1

37

Total Budget
(DHS)

4942

4125
DHS

817
DHS

The Overall Cost


Conclusion

Problems

Conclusion



Recommendation



Problems Faced








Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Result

Conclusion


Introduction



IIRIS Kit


MDA
100
expansion board


Installation:


Two different versions of manuals were provided.


No enough figures were provided.



Activating external devices:





Time:



More time was needed.


Huge manuals to read.









LabVIEW

Conclusion

Thank you for Listening

Tunnel Safety
System Using
WSNs

Methods & Techniques


Results

Conclusion


Introduction

IIRIS Kit