Mobile Media Devices

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Dec 10, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Mobile Media Devices

Jayme Johnson

High Tech Center Training Unit

7
-
27
-
2011

Overview

The Main Point

Explaining mobile devices

General considerations for digital media

Instructional considerations for mobile devices

Content considerations for mobile devices

Different types of mobile devices

The Main Point

Education : The tansference of knowledge

(not techno
-
lust!)


Required elements for education:

Message (design)

Communication (the art of)

Why it Matters

Students

bring technology to class

respond to technology

Good Teaching

responsive to students

maximize the power of instructional technology

Adoption of Mobile Devices

95% of college
-
age students own cell phone

Almost 75% have iPod or MP3 player

Ebook readers slow growth
-

(<5%)

Tablets account for approx 3%


Pew Research Center’s Internet and American Life Project (pewinternet.org)

... and then there’s always...

The LAW

Section 508 requires access to electronic
information and technology

California State Legal Code 11135 applies Section
508 requirements to all state entities.

Dear Colleagues...

OCR letter to administrators of higher ed institutions
(
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/collea
gue
-
20100629.html
)

Standards

Section 508

W3C

Best Practices for Mobile Web Content

Web Accessibility Initiative Mobile Web

Mobile Devices


Device Classifications

Dedicated reading machines

“Smart” phones

Tablets

Netbooks & Laptops

Users of Devices

Consider: Mobile devices become personal
accessories (similar to AT)...

Two basic types of users:

Media consumers

Media creators

Complexity emerges as the line between creation and
consumption of media is blurred.

Identity Crisis

Attempting to do too much will ultimately sacrifice the
quality of any one thing you do.

Generally, today’s mobile devices allow us to
consume media, and to a lesser extent, to create
media.

Variability

Beware of multiplicity
-

many differences between
devices, even within a classification

Data acquisition issues: on
-
demand vs. tethered

Differences between devices, OS versions, & service
providers

3rd Party Applications

Audio

Video

Print

Android

MP3, MP4

WAV, Ogg

MP4 (h.264),

WebM

Text, PDF, ePub,
HTML, MS Office

iOS

MP3, MP4,

WAV, AAC

MP4 (h.264),

M4V, MOV

Text, PDF, ePub,
HTML, MS Office

Amazon Kindle

MP3

-

Mobi, AZW

Plextalk Pocket

MP3, WMA,

WAV, Ogg

-

Text, HTML, DOC,
DAISY

Victor Reader
Stream

MP3, WMA,

WAV, Ogg

-

Text, HTML,

BRF, DAISY

Devices & Technical Capabilities

Video

Braille
Output

Visual
Enhancement
s

TTS
Content

TTS
Interface

Speech
Recognition

Android

Subtitles

(requires SRT
file)

-

Zoom

Yes

Depends

Yes

iOS

Captions,
Subtitles

Yes

(requires
display)

Zoom, Contrast,

Large Text

Yes

Yes

App

Amazon
Kindle

-

-

Large Text

Depends

-

-

Plextalk
Pocket

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

-

Victor Reader
Stream

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

-

Accessibility and AT Capabilities

Media Players & Content

Media Players

audio (dedicated)

video (dedicated)

software
-
based audio & video, games (dynamic)

As user control increases, so does complexity of
content creation. Hardware
-
based interface controls
are limited.

Media Creators & Content

audio (dedicated)

video (dedicated)

software
-
based & mixed content authoring (dynamic)


As portability increases, complex control is sacrificed
for ease of use. Creativity is reduced to filling in the
blanks...

“Smart” Mobile Devices

Facilitate the organization and use of media

Variable options for data transfer

Combines creation and consumption of media

Greater emphasis on user interaction

Limited capabilities compared to a desktop computer

Getting the Message

Data transfer is non
-
trivial!

Wireless access issues

Tethered to a location (anti
-
mobile)

Realtime vs. advance preparation

Different standards, best practices, & models


Media is the means of delivering the message...

Categories of Digital Media

Text

Image

Audio

Video

Complex

Media as Environment

Content (the message or purpose)

Container (the media)

Obvious (?) Accessibility

The role of Assistive Technology (AT)

Mobile Media:


Device

Data TX

Media

iPod

Tethered

audio, image,video, text,
complex

Kindle

Wireless

text, image, audio

BlackBerry

Wireless & Tethered

audio, image, video, text,
telecom, complex

iPad

Wireless & Tethered

audio, image, video, text,
telecom, complex

DAISY

NIMAS

ePub

MS Office

Bookshare

RFB&D

Audible

Android

Not Yet

-

App

App

-

-

App

iOS

App

-

App

App

Not Yet


App

App

Amazon
Kindle

-

-

-

-

-

-

Yes

Plextalk
Pocket

Yes

Yes

-

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Victor Reader
Stream

Yes

Yes

App

(SoftPak)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Print
-
based File Types

General Considerations

Audio & Video authoring tools

Legal Considerations

Copyright, Sect 508, ADA, Institutional Policies

Scalability

Archives, Timeliness, Meta
-
information

Logistical Support

Audio Information

File Size

Encoding Rate

Page/Chapter per file

Navigability

Naming scheme

Enhancing access via ID3 tags

Transcript should always accompany

Video Information

File Size

Format
-
dependent

Total pixel dimensions (320x240, 640x480)

Scalable delivery options

Open vs. Closed Captions

Playback Context

Time
-
coded transcript enables video
searching.

Captioning Tools

Adobe CS5 (ENCORE):
www.adobe.com

MacCaption & CPC Caption Maker:
http://www.cpcweb.com
/

NCAM/CC for Flash:
http://ncam.wgbh.org/webaccess/ccforflash/index.ht
ml

Hi
-
Caption Studio:
www.hisoftware.com/hmcc/

MAGpie:
http://ncam.wgbh.org/webaccess/magpie/

Macaw:
http://www.whitanderson.com/macaw/

Subtitle Workshop:
www.urusoft.net/products.php?cat=sw


Media Meltdown...

Ultimate goal: enhancing the educational experience

Multimedia = multiple options and concerns

Use what you have, the best that you can


“Let your intentions create your methods, and not the
other way around”


Stay flexible, reasonable, calm...

Instructional Considerations


Questionable Motives

Supporting a learning objective (directly vs. generally)

Unique & novel learning experiences

Currency with modern times and technology

Engaging an otherwise apathetic audience

Focus

What are you trying to accomplish?

What are you able to support?

What are the expectations of your:

students

faculty & staff

administrators

A word of caution...

Understand the difference between
acknowledging the existence of mobile devices
vs. actively designing and supporting any mobile
technology.

Discrimination via technology? There’s an app
for that
-

but only on the Palm Pixi...

At the end of the day...

Modern mobile devices are a part of life

Increase/enhance communication

Provide SUPPLEMENTARY avenues of
communication

Can significantly impact the educational experience

Part of the “basic” toolkit of a modern digital citizen.

Information Breakdown

FACTS
-

specific or unique data or instance

CONCEPTS
-

classifications that associate and differentiate by
key characteristics

PRINCIPLES
-

rules that express relationships between
concepts or facts

PROCEDURES
-

series of steps leading to a specific result

INTERPERSONAL
-

art of communicating with other people

AFFECTATION/ATTITUDE
-

feelings, perceptions, motivations,
etc.

Message vs. Media

FACTS

CONCEPTS

PRINCIPLES

PROCEDURES

INTERPERSONAL

AFFECTATION/AT
TITUDE

TEXT

IMAGES

AUDIO

VIDEO

COMPLEX


Accessibility & Digital
Media


Top 3 Access Issues

Semantic markup (structural definition)

Non
-
textual content

Tables and other complex information

Best Practices for Media

Media types
-

know what you’re dealing with

Access strategies
-

based on relationship between AT
and digital media

Workflows
-

vary according to media type and
application

Basic Access Strategies

Text
-

12 pt fonts, headings, lists, table markup

Images
-

provide textual description

Audio
-

provide transcript

Video
-

provide captioning

Complex
-

all of the above, plus Section 508
(interactivity & applications)

Solutions for MS Word

Use the styles and formatting options to identify
headings

Avoid using tables or text boxes to control layout
and positioning of MS Word documents



use the column tool instead for multi
-
column layouts

Include text descriptions when adding content
-
rich
images

Specify column headers for data tables

Solutions for PDF
Documents

Start with accessible MS Word/PowerPoint
documents

Styles applied in MS Word can automatically create
PDF Bookmarks

Need to be using MS Word 2000 or later AND Adobe
Acrobat 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9.

Can also use the Microsoft Save as PDF plug
-
in in
Office 2007

Reading order of PDF can be evaluated by using the
"Save As..." and "Text (Accessible)" option

Complex Considerations


Complex Media

End
-
user control is ultimate goal

Interactivity issues

Social Media

Distribution & Organization: Wiki’s, LMS, CMS, Blogs,
Podcasts, websites, documents...

Emerging technology

Content vs. Container

Recognizing the difference

Access capabilities for content

Access controlled by author

Access capabilities for containers

Access not controlled by author

Container limitations must be alleviated through
content design when possible.

Example: Video

Content = video information (visual, audio, text)

Container = digital media type (.avi, .mov, .flv)

Presentation = Browser, standalone player, mobile,
etc.



Access capabilities relate to content, container, and
final presentation/distribution.

Apps for Students in
Higher Education

Android & iOS:

There’s an app for that...

Competing platforms

Similar capabilities

Communities of users (fanboys & zealots)

Bleeding edge of innovation

Educational Uses

Note taking

text entry vs. audio recording

Reading

mainstream media vs. specialized formats

Studying

-
3+ stars and greater than 60% positive reviews
for current version

-
No major bugs or crash issues in reviews or
testing of current version

-
Compatibility with common desktop applications

-
Ongoing update cycle

App Evaluation Criteria

Sound Paper

-
synchronizes text with audio recording



Evernote

-
Cloud
-
based notetaking allows access to notes from
different platforms



Auditorium Notes

-
records audio while entering text information, but
not synchronized

Notetaking
-

iOS

Extensive Notes
-

Notepad

-
Supports audio recordings, media attachments, and
TTS



Evernote

-
Cloud
-
based notetaking allows access to notes from
different platforms



Catch Notes

-
Capture text, audio, images, and synch with web.

Notetaking
-

Android


iBooks

-
ePub and PDF reader

-
Supports VoiceOver interactions




Stanza

-
ePub and PDF reader




ReaddleDocs

-
PDF, MS Office, and iWorks
reader

Reading
-

iOS


Aldiko Book Reader

-
ePub and PDF reader




FBreaderJ

-
ePub and PDF reader

-
online library support




Moon+ Reader

-
Supports txt, html, epub, umb, zip, opds

-
Full visual control of color, line spacing,
font size, orientation, and more

Reading
-

Android


InDAISY

-
Full
-
text/Full
-
audio DAISY player

-
Supports DAISY 2.02 & 3 formats




VOD (Voice of DAISY)

-
Full
-
text/Full
-
audio DAISY 2.02 player




RFB&D Player

-
RFB&D Audio
-
only DAISY books

DAISY Players
-

iOS

Idea Mapping
-

iOS

iThoughts HD

-
Mind Manager/Inspiration
-
style
interface

-
Import & Export support for many

desktop applications

(e.g., MindManager, Freemind,
MindGenius)

Idea Mapping
-

Android

Thinking Space

-
Mind Manager/Inspiration
-
style
interface

-
Import & Export support for many

desktop applications

(e.g., MindManager, Freemind, xMind)

Flash Cards
-

iOS

AnkiMobile

-
Expensive, but desktop application is
free

-
Supports variety of media formats





Study Cards

-
Text
-
based flash card interface


Flash Cards
-

Android

AnkiDroid

-
Free

-
Compatible with Anki 1.2.5

-
Many free decks available






Any Memo Free

-
Supports many media formats (audio &
image)

-
TTS support

-
Import & Export between Mnemosyne,
Supermemo, CSV, QA txt, and more


Mobile Devices Revealed


Let’s take a look at some real examples of:

Different types of devices

Different types of media

Questions?

Thank You