Bioinformatics Training for Dental Researchers - Dental Informatics ...

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Oct 2, 2013 (4 years and 11 days ago)

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Bioinformatics Training for Dental
Researchers

Lynn Johnson, Ph.D.

University of Michigan

Topics


Need for Bioinformatics Training


“Core” Competencies


Progress Report


Collaboration Case Study

Need for Bioinformatics
Training: The Clinical Impact

Dental Perspective

Contributions to Bioinformatics

Dental Perspective

Scientific & Technological Advances


Human Genome Project


Dental caries


Periodontal disease


Miniaturization


Dental lasers


Intraoral cameras


Dental Perspective

Communication Technologies


Teledentistry for clinical consultations


Videoconferencing for education &
professional collaboration


Web for information dissemination to
patients & remote clinicians


Dental Perspective

Information Management


Decision support tools assist


Complex treatment planning


Integrate numerous and varied clinical
information


Diagnostic codes assess


Treatment efficacy


Patient outcomes


Practice outcomes

ADA’s Perspective

ADA, Future of Dentistry

Today’s Vision: Tomorrow’s Reality

“The decades ahead will be witness to
advances in science and technology as yet
unforeseen. Dentistry will benefit from these
advances and must be intimately involved in
their progression.”

Contributions to Bioinformatics


Standardized vocabularies


Databases of information and subsequent
knowledgebases


Algorithms to extract knowledge from data


Simulations of biological systems


Robotic devices that link knowledge to the
sensing manipulatable world


Software for education and professional
competence

What are the “Core” Biomedical
Informatics Competencies for Dental
Researchers?

Bioinformatics Training Goals

Match the mission and culture of each
school/post
-
doctoral program.

Computer and
Information
Sciences

Clinical
Sciences

Biomedical Informatics

Facts of Information Technology


Technology is short
-
lived; change is
guaranteed


Expect current technology skills to help
learn/understand future ones


Competencies should be independent of
current technology


Proposed Approach

1.
Core concepts in one course


Biomedical informatics overview


Needs assessment/Problem analysis


Writing software specifications (outcomes)


Outcomes evaluation


Project and team management


Database modeling (relational & objective
oriented)


Communication & collaboration technologies

2.
Applied integration of concepts throughout
courses…

Dental Education Progress Report

1
st
) Informatics Faculty


Current leadership has
diverse training and
backgrounds. Here are a few
examples….


Dental informatics graduate
programs:


Columbia University


University of Pittsburgh

2) Informatics Courses

Course Evaluations?


Is the curriculum effective?


Will it sustain their research?


Who has an Informatics course?


Marquette University?



What are the accreditation standards?

Hurdles to overcome…


Lack of expertise in each dental school


Lack of courses


Lack of accreditation requirements



Potential Solution

Clinical Nursing & Health Informatics
Consortium


University of Iowa


Indiana University


University of Michigan


University of Wisconsin
-
Madison



Committee on Institutional
Cooperation (CIC)

CIC

Potential Solution


Course
--
Integrated Seminar in Nursing
Informatics


Combined IP videoconferencing, Web course
management & traditional mentoring


Leveraged faculty expertise at four institutions


11 geographical locations bridged for each class


Pilot for CIC CourseShare


Students participate in inter
-
institutional course


Students pay tuition & receive credit at home
institution

ADA’s Perspective

ADA, Future of Dentistry

Today’s Vision: Tomorrow’s Reality

“Dental schools should explore
regionalization in dental education in which
dental schools collaborate to reduce costs
and enhance quality in dental education.”

Closing Questions

1.
What is the cost to the profession and to
patients because graduate students do not
have this understanding?

2.
If nursing education can begin to solve the
problem, why not dental education?


Comments? Questions?

Lynn.A.Johnson@umich.edu