Bangladeshi Software Industry

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Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Taking Steps to Boost the

Bangladeshi Software Industry

Presented by:

Dr. M. Mahfuzul Islam

Professor, Dept. of CSE, BUET

and

President, Bangladesh Computer Society

Knowledge Resources

Darwin’s Phrase
-

“Survival of the fittest”

Need to fight more
to survive

Top Ranking Students study
Computer Engineering

The Best Supplier of Talents



Strength for participating in
World Championship

Programming since 1998



Bangladesh tops the
Top Scorers

in ACM ICPC site



Average grade Bangladeshi Students top the
Reputed
Universities

of the World



Bangladeshi graduates work in
Microsoft
,
Google
,
Facebook
,
Samsung

for R&D and Programming



Bangladesh is still Living with Sick Software
Industry despite of initiative taken more than

15 years ago

Success Stories in Software Industry

“Puzzling Issues”
-


Backward economy to global player
with annual growth rate 30%
-
40%
:

Not
possible in contemporary development
economic theories.


Neoliberal Policy regime

(political view,
1960): Economic growth under
-



Social Justice



Minimal government Interference



Free market forces

Factors Behind Success
-


Political


Cultural


Policy Environment


First Phase (1995
-

2000)


Industry specific Infrastructure


Regulatory and labor policy reforms


Effort to improve labor skill


Second Phase (2001 to date)


Attracting more large companies


Link with international companies and
markets

Steps Taken

Kerala

Makes a noticeable Jump

in 2002 after Introducing

IT Policy, 2001

Critical Factors

Software
Industry

Adequate
skilled
labor

Specialized
Infrastructure

Pro
-
employer
Policy

Ethnic
Linkage

Technological
capability

Three Indian states did not
provide
specialized R&D

or
finance

to Industry

Kerala implemented “
Competitive
Flexibility Model
” through
incentives
on investment and tax concessions

Literacy rate

does not have any
impact on Software Industry

Skilled labor and Infrastructure are the
most successful factors

Attention for Skilled Labor

Software
Industry

Adequate
skilled
labor

Specialized
Infrastructure

Pro
-
employer
Policy

Ethnic
Linkage

Technological
capability

“… provide talents to abroad, but
shortage of adequate skilled labor
to boost our Software Industry… ”

Steps to Boost:


Lack of
commitment

by Skilled Employee
to complete the project


Lack of close relationship between
BASIS

and
BCS


Lack of support for employee’s
professional
development


University
curriculum

are not Software
Industry friendly


Lack of
communication

between Industry
and Scientists/Academicia

Knowledge
-
based Industry

Management

Specialized Infrastructure

Software
Industry

Adequate
skilled
labor

Specialized
Infrastructure

Pro
-
employer
Policy

Ethnic
Linkage

Technological
capability

“Development of
specialized
Infrastructure

still demand
attention”

Steps to Boost:


Software Industry demands independent
policy


No effective implementation of “
Hi
-
Tech
Park



Connectivity

demands more error
-
prune
and low cost


Policy requires to protect
leak out of
Incentives

Pro
-
employer Labor Policy

Software
Industry

Adequate
skilled
labor

Specialized
Infrastructure

Pro
-
employer
Policy

Ethnic
Linkage

Technological
capability

“No Effective Specialized Pro
-
employer
Labor Policy


Steps to Boost:


Labor policy based on Manufacturing
Industry is not suitable for boosting up
knowledge
-
based industry


Policy should improve the
employee
-
employer

relationship

Technological Capability

Software
Industry

Adequate
skilled
labor

Specialized
Infrastructure

Pro
-
employer
Policy

Ethnic
Linkage

Technological
capability

“Ignorance of applying
scientific
way

in software project by small
company”

Steps to Boost:


Software Industry need
specialized
professionals

like architect, analyst,
designers, security engineers, developers.


Technological
life cycle
to be followed

Latest
tools

and
methodology

shall be
exercised

Do not forget maintenance !!!!


Need life long
maintenance team

for the
software.


Software
upgradation

should be
free
,
charge

for
maintenance


Ethnic Linkage

Software
Industry

Adequate
skilled
labor

Specialized
Infrastructure

Pro
-
employer
Policy

Ethnic
Linkage

Technological
capability


Bangladesh company cannot
develop software like this, need to
purchase

it from abroad


Past away destructive attitude !!!

Don’t forget maintenance.

Steps to Boost:


Trust

our software industry and promote
them.


Avoid creating
barriers

for them to win


Facilitate expert
immigrants

to work and to
invest here

Summary of Government Policy


Critical
buyer

of software


Determine software
education

curriculum


Make available, quality and
affordable ICT
infrastructure


Shape legal and regulatory
framework


Enabling
business

infrastructure


Link with
foreign

software
networks

0.5%

5%

30
-
35%

40
-
50%

10
-
15%

The Technology Camel

Software Industry TO DO

IT project is 10% technical and 90% good business
practice.

The financial loss is large
and often unrecoverable!

Source: Survey of 256 UK companies

20% lack of

communication


14% inability

to cope with

new technology

17% failure to

properly define

objectives

32% poor

project management

17% unfamiliar project

scope/complexity

Why do Projects Fail ?

Concentrate on
Project Management
, take other steps