LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT - UNPS Forum

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Dec 13, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Session:
Leadership Training in BIPA


LEADERSHIP FOR

THE
TRANSFORMATIONAL
GOVERNMENT


By:
Ishaq

Mohammed
Ameen
,

Executive Director


Leadership Programs, BIPA

25
-
26
June
2013

UNITED NATIONS PUBLIC SERVICE FORUM WORKSHOP
7

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Government Expenditure of Training in Bahrain


How much is it?

Total government expenditure
on training during
9
years (
2003
-
2011
) was

230
,
856
,
532
Bahraini Dinars

(US $
610
,
731
,
566
)

Inside Bahrain
40
Million Dinars

17
% of the total expenditures

Year

Inside

Bahrain

Outside Bahrain

2003


1,834,973.00


13,044,818.00

2004


2,597,731.00


13,859,109.00

2005


2,869,682.00


16,515,748.00

2006


4,272,458.00


20,240,624.00

2007


4,977,711.00


17,570,811.00

2008


4,861,606.00


20,691,363.00

2009


6,309,629.00


30,138,684.00

2010


5,692,678.00


29,745,812.00

2011


6,591,064.00


29,051,371.00

Total


40,007,532.00


190,858,340.00

Source:

Source: Ministry of Finance

Kingdom of Bahrain



About

BIPA

BIPA Mission Statement


Acting as
change Agent for
sustained Transformation
through training, learning and
development
(Research &
Consultancy) in
the public
sector

BIPA Vision

Partner of choice Developing
First Class Civil Servants

BIPA's ambition
is to become a ‘
Think
tank
'
for the
Public sector and proactively respond to
strategic
issues in the Public
Sector

Established by a Royal Decree in
2006
… Actual Operation and
budget allocated
2009
….Number of Employees: Approximately
55

Develop human
capacity

Develop
organizational
capacity

Develop a strategic
agenda for Public
Sector in line with
Vision
2030

Develop an
evidence
-
based
research agenda
within BIPA

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Main Questions to be Answered


What were main attempts of BIPA and contributions to
provide leadership development programs for the public
sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain in the past
4
years?




Where does BIPA fit within the concept of
transformational Government?



Are BIPA leadership development programs tuned and in
line with the concept of Transformational Government (t
-
Gov
)?



What actions are necessary based on the answers for Q
1
and Q
2
?

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

BIPA Mandate

Article
2
:

BIPA will work for the purpose of
improving public administration in the
Kingdom of Bahrain and providing training
for government entities to develop
Government employees in a way that
enhances PA and supports economic and
social plans.

BIPA

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Gov.
Entity

Vision
2030
and National Economic
strategy (derived out of it) stated:

“Create a prestigious leadership program
to develop leaders in the public sector.
Top
-
quality government requires top
-
quality talent in its ranks”.

Establishment of BIPA &
2030
National
Economic Vision Role

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

e
-
government is:

“.. a technological innovation and move
from an inefficient and mainly
unaccountable bureaucracy to a new
entrepreneurial culture”.
Blackstone et al
(
2005
)

The
expressions: transformational government, transformative e
-
government,
reinventing government, innovative government and citizen
centric
government
are
often used in close proximity, by both politicians and academics
.


Bannister &
Connolly (
2010
)


Transformational Government….
encompasses a new "virtual" business
layer within government which allows an
integrated, government
-
wide, citizen
-
focused service to be presented to citizens
across all channels, but at no extra cost
and without having to restructure
government to do
so..” OASIS


Government transformation is about
change management facilitated by
technology


t
-
Government would seem to be a
mixture of e
-
government, business process
re
-
engineering and business scope
re
-
definition

Bannister & Connolly (
2010
)


The Concept of Transformational
Govt.
(T
-
Gov
)

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

T
-
Government

Leadership

Building

Capabilities at
all Levels

Streamlining
and Change
Managemen
t

E
-
Gov

Capabilitie
s

The Importance of Leadership in the Context of
Transformational Govt.

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

A
study
by the
University of Manchester

found
that
35
%
of e
-
government projects in developing countries
resulted in total failures; and that
50
% were partial
failures
.


Source: Working Paper,
University of Manchester,
U.K
. Higher Education Admission Center (HEAC)
Heeks, R.

The Concept of Transformational Govt.

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

BIPA leadership development programs have gone through the
following milestones:

200
8

200
9

201
0

201
1

201
2

201
3

Some initiatives
existed but were
not systematic

Design &
development of
leadership
programs
started

Systematic Training
started

(Programs started)

Qeyadat Program started

Kawader Program started

A draft policy for
National
Leadership
Development
brought up

National Policy for
Leadership
Development to be
endorsed

Other Programs to
start in
2014

Nokhba &
Takween

International
Partners engaged
with BIPA

e.g. NSG, Oxford,
AHRI

BIPA more visible on
the International
Arena

BIPA National Leadership Programs Timeline

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

BIPA Training Priorities in the first
4
years

BIPA worked in the first
4
years of operation on the following priorities
:



Build
reputation

for BIPA as training provider for the public sector “Who
are you?)


Build
track record
for its training capability


Build enablers (
Infrastructure for the training process
) to take place
smoothly and with sustainable quality


Build Training
facilities, a general framework for training
in BIPA, a
network of skilled trainers, facilitators, coaches, developers etc…


Building
experience

and developing expertise in leadership development


Building
partnership

with international bodies specialized in related
fields to BIPA work


Building leadership development programs which are
tailored

to the
needs of the public sector in Bahrain.



LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

National Leadership Program Objectives

BIPA leadership development programs generally focus on the following strategic
objectives:


Endeavoring
to develop government officials in terms of
performance and potential
following structured and established methodologies


To familiarize Program participants with major
current and future challenges
that they
may face in the public sector


To equip participants with
tools

to better understand self and others in the workplace


To provide opportunities for the participants to widen their
networks
and develop
relationships within the public sector toward a corporate culture as much as possible


To contribute to the achievement of the goals as per Bahrain’s National Economic
Vision
2030
and the program of the Government


To provide opportunities for participants and their public organizations to
learn from
each other

by sharing best practices related to common areas of interest.


To familiarize Program participants with the
major laws and statutory requirements
which govern the public sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain.


In the Future: To introduce trainees to “
Evidence
-
based policy Making
” skills

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Important Terms

National Legislations
means
laws passed by the legislature or
the legislative authority in the
country and are bound
-
laws,
upon which the government
issues the appropriate policies
as executive authority.


ذيفنتلا تايلآو تاردابم

لمعلا تايجيتارتسا

ةيموكحلا تاسايسلا

تاعيرشتلا
ةينطولا

Work Execution

Strategies

Government
Policies

National
Legislations

Government policies
can be

defined as the rules and

regulations governing the

work or the way the rules are

set for the work by

senior government

authorities which vary

depending on the policy

of the state or the

government curriculum.

Strategy

is the method of
work according to the
system established by the
state or government, in
other words it is the way of
reaching the goals that are
set in accordance with
existing policies in the state.

Implementation

mechanisms


are the means, methods

and operational tools that
are

used to complete the work

in accordance with

the strategies.

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Strategies that were followed by BIPA

Determining the general strategic directions of the design and
implementation of the training programs.

Training & Learning Framework

E
-
Learning/E
-
Training

GPMP

Short Courses (Single Competency)


Induction to Government


PR & Media

HRM

MPA

Apprenticeship

SP

PFP

Qeyadat

Top Leaders Program

Nokhba

Consultancy & Research

Assessment Center

ICT

G Stat P

Specialized
Programs





















Kawader



Takween


LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Strategies that were followed by BIPA

A General framework for government leadership development programs was tailored

Tailored Courses

Induction to Senior Civil Service

Qeyadat

Section Heads

National Leadership Development Program

Kawader

Directors

Assistant Undersecretaries & Undersecretaries

Takween

Supervisors/Group
Leaders

Duration

Target
Group

Nokhba

16
Weeks

12
Weeks

6
Weeks

TBD

The above is a process that is about to be endorsed by the Civil Service Council as a government policy

Our Leadership Building Approach:( Hands
-
on,
Theoretical, Practical and Involves all Parties
)

Action

Learning

Field

Visits

Case
Studies

Projects

Mentoring
and
Coaching

IDPs

Knowledge

Sharing

Theories

Interactive
lecturing
and
Interviews

BIPA

Public

Sector

Private

Sector

International

Professional
Partner

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Strategies that were followed by BIPA

Designing training programs in accordance
with national models related to the local
nature and prevailing educational patterns

Learner
-
Focused

Linking leadership and training
programs and courses with Major laws
governing the public sector in Bahrain,
such as: Civil Service Law, Tender Law,
National Audit Court,

and others

Tailored Courses

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Strategies that were followed by BIPA

Applied the principle of

“Locally design and Internationally
recognize”


Global

Spread

Best Practices

Linking the design of training programs with the
strategic constants for the Kingdom


Tailored Courses

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

A Clear Model that focuses on the customer and
Delivering Results

Build a clear yet simple
model for leadership
programs designed by
BIPA

Set Direction
& Lead

Develop your
team

Control &
Develop your
Organization

Take Care of
Customers &
Stakeholders

Deliver
Results

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Strategies that were followed by BIPA

* Focusing on local expertise in training delivery


Leadership programs adopted the concept of



Leaders as Teachers



and hence utilizing the expertise from within the
local public sector.

* Partnering with international bodies specialized
in leadership
development

International Recognition

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Outsourcing

The use of a range of qualified trainers and the formation of a
network of relationships with
them

Cooperation with others to develop
National
p
olicies and Legislations that
impact the process of training in the
public sector

ذيفنتلا تايلآو تاردابم

لمعلا تايجيتارتسا

ةيموكحلا تاسايسلا

تاعيرشتلا
ةينطولا

Work Execution

Strategies

Government
Policies

National
Legislations

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Outcome of the Strategies followed

BIPA has yet to conduct a thorough study on the impact of leadership programs
conducted by BIPA (
2009
-
2013
) Some indicators for the level and quality of the
results obtained to date do exist

25

25

15

19

20

20

17

24

25

13

19

20

20

45

41

50

44

46

44

42

0
20
40
60
80
100
ةعفدلا
1

ةعفدلا
2

ةعفدلا
3

ةعفدلا
4

ةعفدلا
5

ةعفدلا
6

ةعفدلا
7

No. of Participants & Graduates

رامعلاا طسوتم

نيجيرخلا دادعا

نيكراشملا دادعا

2

1

1

3

1

8

14

4

11

8

9

8

2

2

1

2

12

8

9

4

8

10

8

1

1

1

1

1

0
5
10
15
20
25
ةعفدلا
1

ةعفدلا
2

ةعفدلا
3

ةعفدلا
4

ةعفدلا
5

ةعفدلا
6

ةعفدلا
7

Levels of Qualification

ةماع ةيوناث

سيرولاكب

يلاع مولبد

ريتسجام

هاروتكد

16

13

12

13

15

15

12

9

12

3

6

5

5

5

0
5
10
15
20
ةعفدلا
1

ةعفدلا
2

ةعفدلا
3

ةعفدلا
4

ةعفدلا
5

ةعفدلا
6

ةعفدلا
7

Gender Distribution

ركذ سنجلا

ىثنا سنجلا

141

121

312

8

62

7

59

5

96

45

0
100
200
300
400
All Batches

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Outcome of the Strategies followed

There are many success stories that are not
documented and need proper research

88.75

89.79

84.23

86.58

88.16

86.67

89.67

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Batch 1
Batch 2
Batch 3
Batch 4
Batch 5
Batch 6
Batch 7
Overall Satisfaction
Level of Satisfaction by Participants

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Conclusions


Transformational Government needs proper leadership and hence BIPA
has been engaged in this process since it started its activities in
2009
.




Transformational government cannot be as such transformational if it is
not the result of a negotiated process between a number of actors or within
a network. It has to be configured beyond the boundaries of government
operations and out of the box marked: e
-
government
"
Quote from workshop
ToR



The transformation Government must satisfy two components: the
Hardware and the Software:

1.
The
Hardware

is the latest technology available

2.
The
Software

is the negotiated process between a number of actors within
the network which includes training, building trust, leadership
development, collaboration, etc…

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Conclusions


There are a number of government entities which need to interact and
complement each other in the effort for adopting and implementing the
concept of t
-
Gov. These include but not limited to BIPA, e
-
Gov

and CIO.





All above entities have to work together and to engage other pubic
sector entities to achieve objectives of the transformational government



The concept of t
-
G to be imbedded within leadership programs in BIPA



A government policy to be issued to further formalize and strategize the
process of leadership development in the public sector



Government policies can be further supported by national legislations to
protect policies endorsed



It would be ideal to come up with a national policy regarding adoption of
the concept of t
-
G which could be endorsed by the cabinet

LEADERSHIP FOR THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Thank You



Ishaq

Mohamed
Ameen

BIPA






Kingdom of Bahrain