Catalysing Network-enabled Collaboration ... - PRAGMA Grid

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Dec 12, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Catalysing network
-
enabled
collaboration

--------------

PRAGMA and Networks

George McLaughlin

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Good networks aren’t enough


Well supported networks
without

compelling applications

that provide
new/enhanced opportunities for research, education and societal benefit
are of limited value


Need an
enthusiastic

user base

and

champions

that have the
tools and
capabilities

to
exploit

the opportunities presented


Need a
framework

that ensures that applications benefit researchers,
educators and society in a powerful, inclusive, reliable and easy
-
to
-
use way


The underlying complexities of the routing/switching infrastructure and
collaboration tools should be
transparent

to the end users


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PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Current R&E networks within Asia & to US/EU


Note


In Asia there is no continent
-
wide equivalent of the NSF or the
European Commission
-

different approach to putting things in place


Show maps

3

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

The story from the maps


US is a beneficiary of network investment by Asian countries for network
-
enabled collaborations with Asia


A “free” service may have a significant network cost in Asia (depending on
location relative to content source)


Japan, Korea, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, India have multiple
multi
-
Gbps

international circuits


BUT


Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Laos, Philippines,
Indonesia have only 45
-
155Mbps AND Mongolia, Myanmar,
Papau

New
Guinea, East Timor and most South Pacific Islands have satellite only (cost)


This latter group are among the most susceptible to natural disasters
(floods, tsunamis, typhoons, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, sea level rise)

4

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Observations/Assumptions


PRAGMA isn’t just about high
-
end services/applications


wider scope


It is an organisation with a social conscience


It is one where members with greater resources can make (some of) those
resources available to others


Natural disaster modelling/prediction/impact mitigation is high on everyone’s
agenda


Application systems allow for different bandwidth constraints?

5

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Predictions about networks over next 5 years


Individual circuit capacities will continue to grow but at a slower rate, but still
by at least an order of magnitude


Total utilised fibre capacity (number of circuits) will grow massively, largely
as the result of increased demands to backhaul huge traffic increases from
wireless and cellular networks


LTE (4G) already providing “real” 30Mbps to
smartphones
/tablets in several
countries, and this is early days


LTE (or other 4G, maybe 5G) will be the
norm within this timeframe (note
-

CSIRO (802
devlopers
) and others
already demonstrating multi
-
gigabit wireless technology


Even in countries poorly connected internationally, often have a high
penetration of cellular devices within country (
videocomms
, built
-
in sensors,
positioning, processing
-

wide scale alerts for DM)

6

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

7

PRAGMA and Network Collaboration

things that we have found to work


Identify a defined and manageable number of disciplines/topics for
meaningful progress toward developing action plans


Bring together researchers, network professionals and funding agency
people


Network professionals get good understanding of real needs of user
communities

-

ensure that the optimal engineering, protocols and
performance attributes are in place in a way that provides intuitive user
experience


User communities exposed to opportunities for network
-
enabled collaboration


Funding bodies involved early to get buy
-
in


Identify effective champions


Demonstrate exemplars of effective network
-
enabled collaborations

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Some examples and events


Firewatch

Indonesia


Using satellite data from NASA/others and systems
developed for Au bushfires, provide near
realtime

“hotspot” maps and alerts
when wildfires start


massive cut in response time and improved mitigation


Specialist paediatric
teleconsultation

between Royal Children’s Hospital, AU
and National Paediatrics Hospital, Hanoi


Astronomical transient events using sky survey data and comparing with
historical data to identify transients (up and running in short period between
Caltech and Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics,
Pune
)


US
-
India Network
-
enabled Collaboration Workshop

http://internationalnetworking.iu.edu/us
-
india
-
workshop

(
skype

ref)



8

PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011

Some thoughts/suggestions


Tack on a one day PRAGMA/Networks workshop to a PRAGMA or APAN
meeting (APAN also has applications as well as future Internet working
groups)


Network people from APAN Members and US would be involved


Homework on both PRAGMA and Network sides needed to flesh out and
scope


Indentify topic area of focus for network
-
enabled PRAGMA cloud
collaboration (Disaster Management?)


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PRAGMA 21 Meeting, Sapporo, 19 October 2011


Common concerns including:


transboundary

water management;


infectious diseases (like dengue and pandemic influenza);


vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters


the LMI seeks to support a common regional understanding of
these issues and to facilitate an effective, coordinated
response

10

Another thought
-

Lower Mekong