WIC Green Jobs Study Group Completing the Green Jobs Occupation Worksheet

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Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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WIC Green Jobs Study Group

Completing the Green Jobs Occupation Worksheet

Draft 5/
6
/09



Purpose


The green jobs occupation worksheet is to be used to record judgments about what occupations
may be considered “green” and the rationale for this judgment.
Results of this exercise will be
use
ful to the WIC Green Jobs Study Group in developing a measurable definition

or definitions

of green jobs.


Format

of the worksheet


Column A is a sorting column only.
[this column could be deleted]


The worksheet lists
all non
-
military detailed 2000 Standard Occupation Classifications (SOC) in
Columns B through D, which show the SOC code, SOC level, and SOC title.


Columns E through M indicate draft categories of green economic activity, as developed by BLS

and describ
ed further below
, and

an

“Other”
category
(Column M).


Column N is for noting the rationale for assigning the occupation to one or more of the green
economic activities in Columns E through M.


What is a “green economic activity”
?


To develop a definit
ion of green jobs, it is useful to start with defining
“green
” economic
activities

and then identifying the jobs involved in conducting these activities.
This approach is
consistent with the fact that demand for workers is derived from demand for products
and
services. Producing these products or services constitutes an economic activity.


T
he
green economic
activities
shown on the worksheet
are
defined

below
, with some illustrative
examples
. Note that the examples
demonstrate that some activities can be
a
ssigned to
more than
one category, since some activities have more than one green result (e.g., both energy
conservation and greenhouse gas reduction).




Renewable energy except nuclear
. Research on and development, production,
storage, and distribution of
energy (electricity, heat, and fuel) from renewable
sources, including hydropower, wind, biofuels, biomass, geothermal, solar, tidal
energy, hydrogen fuel cells
.

Examples include
:
solar PV manufacturing, wind turbine installation and
maintenance, design of renewable energy plants and equipment, distribution of
energy from renewable sources.

Examples do not include
:
[Oregon excludes electrical power distribution, but
distribution is

specifically mentioned in the definition. A discussion item.]



Nuclear energy
. Research on and development, production, and distribution of
electricity from nuclear sources.

Examples include
:
design, construction, and operation of nuclear power facilities
.

Examples do not include
:
[distribution?]



Energy
efficiency and
conservation
. Research on and development and
implementation of energy
efficiency and
conservation practices, including energy
efficient manufacturing, distribution, construction, installati
on, and maintenance
.

[Michigan defines energy efficiency as “all changes that result in a reduction of the
energy used for a given energy service (i.e., space heating or lighting) or level of
activity.”]

Examples include
: designing and building LEED certif
ied buildings
;

conducting
energy audits
;

designing and implementing building retrofits to improve energy
efficiency
; designing, installing and operating the “smart grid”
to enable more
efficient use of
electricity
;

design and production of energy efficien
t household
appliances;
mass transit administration.

Examples
do not
include
: improv
ing

the energy efficiency of a business by things
such as replacing light bulbs, reducing office thermostat temperatures, purchasing
fuel efficient fleet vehicles, carpooli
ng.



Greenhouse gas reduction
. Research on and development and implementation of
practices to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through approaches other than
renewable energy generation and energy conservation.

Examples include
:
monitoring carbon emissions;
developing, implementing and
operating technologies to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse
gases

[name them]
;
developing alternative fuel vehicles;
mass transit administration
.

Examples do not include
:
reducing greenhouse gas emissions

by worker carpooling;
enforcement of regulations to reduce emissions (these activities should be included
under “Education, compliance, public awareness, and training” below).



Pollution abatement and hazardous waste removal
.

Examples include
:

hazardous w
aste clean
-
up, including Superfund sites; developing,
implementing, and operating other technologies to reduce emissions of air, water,
ground and other types of pollution.

Examples do not include
:
enforcement of regulations to reduce pollution (these
acti
vities should be included under “Education, compliance, public awareness, and
training” below).



Recycling and waste reduction.
Research on and development and implementation
of practices to c
ollect

and recycl
e
materials and waste water.

Examples include
:
providing trash and materials recycling services, waste water
treatment.

Examples do not include
:
workplace paper recycling practices.



Bioscience and agricultural activities

such as wildlife, soil, and water conservation
.




Examples include
:
wetlands resto
ration,
wildlife conservation,
developing and
implementing practices to reduce
soil

erosion
, water conservation,
[
developing and
implementing
farming practices that reduce or elim
inate the use of petrochemicals


note that this is a production process, not

an output. See discussion at end of the
document.]

Examples do not include
:




Education, compliance, public awareness, and training

related to green economic
activity.


Examples include
:
policy analysis; development, implementation and enforcement of
public policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption or to
promote production and use of renewable energy.

Examples do not include
:


How should occupation
s

be assigned t
o the green economic activities?


Jobs are classified into occupations on the basis of the work performed.
Users of the
green jobs
occupation spreadsheet are
therefore
asked to consider each SOC occupation and indicate by an
“x” in the appropriate colum
n whether workers in the occupation perform
tasks
that
contribute
directly to the performance the green economic activities

presented in Columns E through M.


C
ontribut
ing

directly to the performance the green economic activities

means that the
performance of the workers’ tasks lead
s directly
to at least one of the following

outcomes
:

1.

Design, development, or p
roduction of a
product or service

that is described in the green
economic activity definition.

Example
:
A
n electrical engineer who designs
improvements in solar PV technology is
performing work that
leads to the
development of energy

from renewable sources
. This
occupation
can be assigned to

the

Renewable energy except nuclear

category
.


2.

Design, development, or p
roduction of a
product or serv
ice

that is an input to the
production of a product or service described in the green economic activity definition.

Example:

A machin
ist
in a
machine shop
who
operates a machine
tool to
produce
component parts for a wind turbine

is performing work that is

an input to the production
of renewable energy from wind.

This occupation can be assigned to

the

Renewable
energy except nuclear

category
.

3.

Research

on, or
development or implementation

of a
production process

that leads to an
outcome that is described i
n any of the
green economic activity definitions.

Example
:
An industrial engineering technician monitors and troubleshoots a production
process that reduces the production of wastewater. This occupation can be assigned to the
Pollution abatement and
hazardous waste removal

category.


[QUESTION for the Study Group: The three outcomes listed capture the end production of a
product or service, the supply chain for production of a product or service, and the production
process. Does the Study Group all three of these to be in scope? If s
o, should we try to capture
the distinctions between the jobs related to end production of green outputs and jobs in the
supply chain and jobs related to the production process? We may or may not be able to
recommend ways to measure employment for the seco
nd and third types of outcomes. ]