Changes in ScOT thesaurus to support the Australian Curriculum: Science (senior years)

farrowbrainUrban and Civil

Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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1




Changes in ScOT thesaurus to
support the Australian
Curriculum:
Science

(senior
years)


This batch focuses on
science

concepts
developed from the Australian Curriculum
consultation draft
for years 11
-
12
(
consultat
ion.australiancurriculum.edu.au
)
.

Note that some
of

these

concepts occur
within the “Technology” branch of ScOT.


Abbreviations

CN

= Change Note

SN = Scope Note

UF = Used For

USE = Use

HL = Hidden label (same as Used for but not
displayed to the user)

MR = Machine read (same as Use but not
displayed to the user)

BT = Broader Term

NT = Narrower Term

RT = Related Term




New and modified concepts


Acoustic units

USE: Sound units


Actinides

CN: Removed BT Periodic table, added BT
Transition metals
.

UF: Actinoids

BT:
Transition metals

NT:
Americium


Berkelium


Californium


Curium


Einsteinum


Fermium


Lawrencium


Mendelevium


Neptunium


Nobelium


Plutonium



Actinoids

USE: Actinides


Aerobic respiration

CN: Removed USE R
espiration, added BT
Cellular respiration.

BT: Cellular respiration


Albedo

UF: Reflection coefficient


BT: Reflectivity

NT:
Astronomical albedo



Terrestrial albedo


RT:

Light


Alkali metals

CN: Removed BT Periodic table, added BT
Chemical elements.

BT: Chemical elements

NT:
Caesium


Francium




Lithium




Potassium




Rubidium




Sodium

RT: Main gr
oup elements


Alkaline earth metals

CN: Removed BT Periodic table, added BT
Chemical elements.

BT: Chemical elements

NT: Barium


Beryllium


Calcium


Magnesium


Radium


Strontium

RT: Main group elements


2


Aluminum

MR
: Aluminium


Animal tracking

CN: Changed from Acoustic tracks to Animal
tracking. Removed BT Animal tracks, added BT
Hunting.

BT: Hunting

RT: Animal movement


Animal tracks


Animal trapping

BT: Hunting

RT: Surveying (Data collection)


Anodes

CN: Removed BT Elect
rolytic cells, added BT
Electrodes.

BT: Electrodes


Aqueous solutions

BT: Solvents

RT: Water


Ash clouds

USE: Ash plumes


Ash plumes

UF: Ash clouds

BT: Volcanic eruptions

RT: Aviation safety


Astronomical albedo

BT: Albedo

RT: Sunlight


Bioaccumulation

CN:

Removed BT Food chains, added BT
Toxins.

BT: Toxins

RT: Food chains


Biogeochemical exchange pools

USE
: Biogeochemical cycles



Biogeochemical reservoirs

USE
: Biogeochemical cycles


Biomass pyramids

USE: Food chains


Bionic devices

USE: Implants


Biosphere

USE: Ecosystems


Biospherics

USE: Ecosystems


Biota

USE:
Living things


Biotech

USE: Biotechnology


Black body radiation

USE
: Thermal radiation


British thermal units

USE: Energy units


BTU

MR: Energy units


Calcification

CN: Removed BT Chemical
reactions, added
BT Metabolic disorders.

RT: Bones


Calcium


Limestone


Calories

USE: Energy units


Candelas

CN: Removed USE Energy units, added USE
Luminous intensity units.

USE: Luminous intensity units


3


Candelas

CN: USE Energy units removed, BT Un
its of
measurement added.

UF: Luminous intensity units


Units of luminous intensity

BT: Units of measurement

RT: Luminescence


Candlepower

USE:
Candelas


Cathodes

CN: Removed BT Electrolytic cells, added BT
Electrodes.

BT: Electrodes


Celcius scale

CN: BT Temperature units removed, BT Scales
(Measurement) added.

BT: Scales (Measurement)

RT: Kelvins


Centimeters

CN: BT Length units removed, USE Metres
added.

USE: Metres


Centuries

CN: BT Time units removed, USE Years added.

USE: Years


C
ell
-
mediated

i
mmunity

BT: Immune system


Cell potentials

USE: Electrodes


Cellular metabolism

MR: Cell metabolism


Cellular respiration

UF: Cell respiration

BT: Cell metabolism

NT: Aerobic respiration


Anaerobic respiration

RT: ATP


Respiration


Cesium

USE:
Caesium


Chemical bonding

MR: Bonding (Chemistry)


Chemical elements

NT: Actinides


Alkali metals


Alkaline earth metals


Halogens


Lanthanides


Metalloids


Noble gases


Nonmetals


Post
-
transition metals


Transition metals

RT: Periodic table


Chemical equilibria

USE: Chemical equilibrium


Chemical equilibrium

CN: Changed from Equilibrium to Chemical
equilibrium

BT: Chemical reactions

HL: Chemical equilibria


Chemical polarity

USE:
Electronegativity


Chemical symbols

USE: Chemical elements


Chemoluminescence

BT: Luminescence

NT:
Bioluminescence


Circular motion

USE: Rotational motion

OR

Circular motion

4


BT: Motion

RT: Polar coordinates


Climax vegetation

USE: Ecological succession


Composting

USE:
Compost


Compounds (Matter)

USE: Chemical compounds


Controlled testing

MR:
Scientific control


Controlled tests

USE:
Scientific control

Covalency

MR: Covalent bonding


Covalent bonds

MR: Covalent bonding


Covalent compounds

USE: Covalent bonding


Crop cu
ltivation

CN: Changed from Cultivation to Crop
cultivation.

BT:
Agricultural production

NT: Crop yields


Harvesting


Planting density


Sowing


Threshing


Tillage

RT: Crops


Irrigation


Pest control


Crustal rocks

USE: Tectonic
plates


Crystallography

USE: Diffraction


Crystal structure

UF: Crystal lattices


Lattice structure

BT: Molecular structure

HL: Crystalline lattices

RT:
Crystallisation


Diffraction




Ionic bonding


Cubic centimetres

CN: BT Volume units
(Dimensions) removed,
USE Cubic metres added.

USE: Cubic metres


Cubic decimeters

CN: BT Volume units (Dimensions) removed,
USE Cubic metres added.

USE: Cubic metres


Cubic metres

CN: Change from Volume units (Dimensions)
to Cubic metres.

UF: Capacity
units


Cubic centimetres


Cubic decimeters


Hectolitres


Litres


Millilitres


Volume units (Dimensions)


Units of volume

RT: Volume (Dimensions)

BT: Units of measurement


Decades

CN: BT Time units removed, USE Year
s added.

USE: Years


Diamonds (Gemstones)

CN: Changed from Diamonds (Gemstones) to
Diamond (Mineral). Removed BT Gemstones,
added BT Carbon.

BT: Carbon

RT: Gemstones


5


Dipoles

CN: Removed BT Bonding (Chemistry), added
BT Molecular forces.

BT
:

Molecular forc
es

RT:
Magnetic moments




Electronegativity


Displacement reactions

UF:
Replacement reaction
s

BT: Redox reactions

RT: Neutralisation reactions


Distributed generation

UF: On
-
site generation



Decentralised generation





Decen
tralised energy



Dispersed generation



Distributed energy



Embedded generation

HL:

Decentralized generation



Decentralized energy

BT: Power generation


DNA mapping

MR
: Genomes


DNA maps

USE: Genomes


DNA profil
es

UF:
DNA profiling


DNA test
s


DNA typ
es


Genetic fingerprinting

BT: Genomes

HL: DNA testing


DNA typing


DNA replication

MR: Protein synthesis


DNA sequencing

USE: Genomes


DNA synthesis

USE: Protein synthesis


Domains (Taxonomic rank)

CN: Changed from Domains to
Domains
(Taxonomic rank).

USE: Taxonomic rank


Earth hazards

USE: Environmental hazards


Earthquake
-
resistant structures

USE: Shock resistant construction


Earth’s core

CN: Changed from Core to Earth’s core.

NT: Inner core


Outer core


Ecological
pyramids

USE: Food chains


Ecosystem diversity

USE: Biodiversity


Ecosystems diversity

MR: Biodiversity


Ectotherm
ic animals

USE: Warm
-
blooded animals


Edges (Wings)

USE: Aerofoils


Egg cells

CN: Changed from Ova to Egg cells. Removed
BT Sexual
reproduction, added BT Gametes.

UF: Female gamet
e
s


Female gametophytes


NT:

Ova




Ovules

HL: Ovum

RT: Eggs


Electrical charge

MR: Electric charge

6



Electrical conductivity

CN: Changed from Conductivity to Electrical
conductivity.

UF:
Electrica
l resistivity

BT:

Properties of matter

NT:

Semiconductivity


Superconductivity


E
lectrical resistance

units

USE
:
Ohms


Electrical resistivity

USE:

Electrical conductivity


Electrical insulation

UF:

Insulator (
E
lectricity)



Electrical insulators


Nonconductors

HL:
Electric insulators


Electric insulat
ion


Electrical substations

UF: Electricity substations




Power substations



Transformer substations

HL:
Electrical sub
-
stations




Electricity sub
-
stations




Power sub
-
stations



Transformer sub
-
stations

BT: Power transmission





Electric current units

UF: Amperes???


Electric lamps

USE: Light bulbs


Electrode potentials

USE: Electrodes


Electric resistance

USE: Electrical conductivity


Electrodes

UF: Cell potentials


Electrode potentials

BT: Batteries

NT: Anodes

Cathodes


Electromagnetic induction

BT: Electromagnetism

RT: Electric engines


Generators


Transformers


Electromagnetic waves

USE: Electromagnetic radiation


Electromotive force

USE: Voltage


Electron microscopy

USE: Electron microscopes


Electron shells

UF: Atomic orbitals


Molecular orbitals


Valence electrons


Valence shells

BT:
Electrons

RT:
Covalent bonding


EMF

MR: Voltage


Endocytosis

USE: Membrane transport


Endothermic animals

USE: Cold
-
blooded animals


Energy resources

UF: Energy sources

BT:
Forces and energy

NT:
Biofuels


Fossil fuels


Geothermal energy

7



Hydroelectricity


Nuclear energy


Solar energy


Tidal energy

RT: Electricity


Power supply


Environmental remediation

USE: Rehabilitation (Environment)


Epicenters

CN: Removed USE Tectonic plates, added MR
Epicentres.

MR: Epicentres.


Equations of motion

BT: Motion

HL: Equation of motion


E
quilibrium constant
s

BT: Chemical equilibrium


Equivalence points

UF: Stoichiometric points

BT: Titration

RT:
Stoichiometry


Escape speed

USE: Escape velocity


Escape velocity

UF: Escape speed

BT: Gra
vity

RT: Orbits


Eukarya

USE: Eukaryotes


Evolutionary relationships

CN: Changed from Phylogeny to Evolutionary
relationships.

UF: Phylogenetic groups


Phylogenetics


Phylogeny

BT: Evolution

HL: Phylogenetic relationships


Exocytosis

USE:
Membrane transport


Exobase

USE: Exosphere


Exosphere

UF: Exobase

BT: Atmosphere


Exothermic animals

USE: Cold blooded animals


Fahrenheit scale

CN: BT Temperature units removed, BT Scales
(Measurement) added.

BT: Scales (Measurement)

RT: Kelvins


Fathoms

CN: Removed BT Units of measurement,
added USE Length

units.

USE: Length

units.

Female gametes

USE: Egg cells


Female gametophytes

USE: Egg cells


Fertilisation (Animal reproduction)

CN: Changed from Fertilisation to Fertilisation
(Animal reproduction)
.

NT: Conception


Fertilisation (Horticulture)

USE: Fertilisers


Fertilisation (Plant reproduction)

USE: Pollination


Field investigations

USE: Fieldwork


8


Flower farming

CN: Changed from Floriculture to Flower
farming.

UF: Floriculture


Flower production

BT: Agriculture


Fluorescent light

USE: Fluorescence


Forest fires

CN: Removed BT
Environmental hazards

SN: Use for resources about uncontrolled fires
in treed environments.

UF:
Bushfires edit delete


Firestorms edit delete


Wildfires
Fire ecolo
gy

BT: Forest

fires

RT:
Forests


Fossil record

USE: Fossils


Frozen soil

UF: Cryotic soil


Frozen ground


Permafrost

BT: Soil

HL: Frozen earth

RT: Frosts (Weather)


Gamma decay

USE: Gamma em
issions


Gas laws

UF: Combined gas laws


General gas equation



Ideal gas equation


Ideal gas laws

BT: Gases

RT: Kinetic theory


Gel electrophoresis

USE: Electrophoresis


Gene flow

UF: Genetic flow

BT: Genetic variation


Gene mapping

MR
: Genomes


Gene maps

USE
: Genomes


Gene
pool

USE: Genetic variation


Gene sequences

USE: Genomes


Gene sequencing

MR
: Genomes


Genetic diversity

USE: Genetic variation


Genetic manipulation

USE: Genetic engineering


Genetic variability

USE: Genetic variation


Genome sequencing

USE: Genomes


Geologic maps

HL: Geological maps

BT: Maps (Geographic location)


Global ecological system

USE: Ecosystems


Grape growing

CN: Changed from Vineyards to Grape
growing. Removed BT Agricultural land, added
BT Plant cultivation.

UF:
Vineyards


Viticultu
re


Winegrowing

9


BT: Plant cultivation

RT: Wine
making

HL: Grape
-
growing


Grapegrowing


Gravitropism

UF:
Geotropism



Progeotropism


BT:
Tropisms


Half
-
life

UF: Half
-
lives

BT: Rad
ioactive decay

HL: Half life


Half lives


Halogens

BT: Chemical elements

NT:
Astatine


Bromine


Chlorine


Fluorine


Iodine

RT: Main group elements


Hassium

CN: Changed from Ununoctium to Hassium.
Removed BT Chemical elements,
added BT
Transition metals.

UF: Ununoctium

BT: Transition metals.


Hazardous Earth events

USE: Environmental hazards


Hectopascals

CN: USE Force units removed, USE Pascals
added.

USE: Pascals


Heliotropism

USE: Phototropism


Hooke’s Law

BT: Elasticity
(Deformation)

RT: Oscillation


Horsepower

CN: USE Velocity units removed, USE Watts
added.

USE: Watts


Hours

CN: BT Time units removed, USE Seconds
(Time units) added.

USE: Seconds (Time units)


Hydrogen bonds

MR: Hydrogen bonding


Hydrotropism

BT:
Tropisms


Incandescent light

USE: Incandescence


Induction motors

CN: Removed USE E
l
ectric engines, added BT
Engines.

BT: Engines

RT: Electromagnetic induction


Inflammation

BT: Immune system


Intervals (Time)

USE: Time


Ionic bonds

MR: Ionic bonding


Ionic compounds

USE: Ionic bonding


Isotopes

Removed BT Atoms, added BT Atomic
nucleus.

BT: Atomic nucleus


Joules

10


CN: Changed from Energy units to Joules.

UF: Calories


Energy units


Kilogoules

BT: Units of measurement


Kelvins

CN: Changed f
rom Kelvin scale to Kelvins. BT
Temperature units removed, BT Units of
measurement added.

UF: Temperature units


Units of temperature

BT: Units of measurement


Keys (Classification)

BT: Classification


Kilograms

CN: Changed from Mass units to Kilogr
ams.

UF: Grams


Mass units


Milligrams


Tonnes


Units of mass

BT: Units of measurement


Kilograms per cubic metre

CN: Change from Grams per cubic metre to
Kilograms per cubic metre.

UF: Grams per cubic metre


Units of density

HL: Grams per cubic meter


Kilograms per cubic meter

BT: Units of measurement


Kilojoules

USE: Energy units


Kinetic particle model

USE: Kinetic theory


Knowledge

CN: Removed BT Philosophy. Added BT
Thinking

BT: Thinking


Lan
dscape remediation

USE:
Rehabilitation (Environment)


Lanthanides

CN: Removed BT Periodic table, added BT
Transition metals
.

UF:
Lanthanoids

BT: Chemical elements

NT: Cerium


Dysprosium


Erbium



Europi
um


Gadolinium


Holmium


Lanthanum


Lutetium


Neodymium


Praseodymium


Promethium


Samarium


Terbium


Thulium


Ytterbium


Lanthanoids

USE: Lanthanides


Law of definite proportions

USE: Stoichiometry


Lewis structure

UF:
Lewis
dot diagrams

BT: Molecular structure


Light energy

USE: Light


Light fixtures

CN: Changed from Lamps to Light fixtures.
Removed BT Furnishings, added BT Lighting.

UF: Lamps


Light fittings

BT: Lighting

NT: Lampshades

11



Light microscopy

USE: Light
microscopes


Light
-
years

USE: Length

units


Linear motion

BT/USE: Motion


Logic

USE: Reasoning


Loudness

CN: Changed label from Volume (Sound) to
Loudness.

UF: Volume (Sound)

BT: Sound


Magnetic flux

BT: Magnetism


Magnetosphere

UF:
Bow shock


Magnetosheath


Magnetopause


Magnetotail


P
lasmapause


Plasmasphere

BT:
Universe

RT: Ionosphere


Magnetic fields


Solar wind


Male gametes

USE: Sperm


Male gametophytes

USE: Sperm


Mantle convection

BT: Tectonic plates


Mantle plumes

UF: Plume formation

BT: Plate movement

RT: Hotspots


Manufacturing materials

CN: Changed from Materials to Manufacturing
materials. BT
Industrial arts removed and BT
Manufacturing processes removed, BT
Technology added.

BT
:
Technology

NT:
Cement


Ceramics


Metals


Timber



Fibres (Materials)

RT: Properties of matter


Maximum sustainable yield

USE: Ecological sustainability


Meiosis

CN: Removed BT
Binary fission, added BT Cell
division.

BT: Cell division

RT: Gametes


Mitosis


Membrane transport

UF: Endocytosis


Exocytosis


Phagocytosis


Pinocytosis

BT: Cell function

RT:
ATP


Cell membranes


Mercury (Chemical element)

UF: Quicksilver

BT: Transition metals

RT: Amalgams


Metalloids

UF:
Semi
-
metals

BT: Chemical elements

NT: Antimony


Arsenic

12



Boron


Germanium


Silicon


Tellurium

HL: Semimetals

RT: Main group elements


Metamorphism

UF: Recrystallisation

BT:

Earth movements

RT: Metamorphic rocks


Meteorological

forecasting

USE: Weather forecasting


Meteorological prediction

USE: Weather forecasting


Metres

CN: Change from Lenth units to Metres

UF: Kilometres


Length units


Units of length

HL: Kilometers


Metres

BT: Units of measurement


Metres per second

Changed from Centimetres per second to
Metres per second. BT Velocity units
removed, BT Units of measurement added.

BT: Units of measurement

UF: Kilometres per hour


Knots (Velocity)


Speed units


Velocity units



Units of speed


Units of velocity

RT: Velocity


Metric system

USE: SI units


Millennia

CN: BT Time units removed, USE Years added.

USE: Years


Millimetres

CN: BT Lenth units removed, USE Metres
added.

USE: Metres


Minutes (Time units)

CN: BT Time

units removed, USE Seconds
(Time units) added.

USE: Seconds (Time units)


Mixtures

CN: Removed BT Chemical analysis, added BT
Matter.

BT: Matter

NT: Colloids


Concentration (Mixtures)


Solutions


Mulching


USE: Mulch


Meaning (Thinking)

CN: Ch
anged from Meaning (Philosophy) to
Meaning (Thinking). Removed BT Philosophy.
Added BT: Thinking

BT: Thinking


Mitosis

CN: Removed BT Binary fission, added BT Cell
division.

BT: Cell division

RT: Meiosis


Molecular diffusion

CN: Changed from Diffusion to M
olecular
diffusion

UF: Simple diffusion

BT: Kinetic theory

NT: Osmosis

RT: Concentration (Mixtures)


Gases


Liquids


Solutions

13



Moles (Units)

CN: Changed from amount of substance to
Moles (Units)

UF: Amount of substance


Units of amount of substance

BT: Units of measurement


Newtons

CN: Changed from Force units to Netwons.

UF: Force units


Units of force

BT: Units of measurement


Noble gases

CN: Removed BT Periodic table, added BT
Chemical elements.

UF: Rare

gases

BT: Chemical elements

NT: Argon


H
elium


Krypton


N
eon


Radon


X
enon

RT: Main group elements


Nonconductors


USE: Electrical insulation


Nonmetals

SN: Use for
resources about
non
-
metallic
chemical elements,
other than

halogens and
noble gases.

BT: Chemical elements

HL: Non
-
metals

NT: Carbon


Hydrogen


Nitrogen


Oxygen


Phosphor


Selenium


Sulfur


Nuclear stability

USE: Radioactivity


Nucleides

MR: Atoms


Nuclides

USE:
Atomic nucleus


Oceanic circulation

USE: Ocean currents


Offshore drilling

UF: Ocean drilling

BT: Drilling


Optical spectrometry

USE: Spectro
scop
y


Oscillation

BT: Simple harmonic motion


Ova

CN: Removed BT Sexual reproduction, added
BT Egg cells.

BT
:

Egg cells


Ovules

BT
: Egg cells


Plant reproduction


Oxidation state

UF: Oxidation number

BT: Redox reactions

HL: Oxidative state


Pascals

CN: Changed from Pressure units to Pascals

UF: Hectopascals


Pressure units


Units of pressure

BT: Units of measure
ment

NT: Standard atmosphere


Pest introduction

USE: Introduced species

14



Peak oil

UF: Hubbert peak

BT: Energy use


Permafrost

USE: Frozen soil


Phagocytosis

USE: Membrane transport


Phases (Periodic functions)

UF: Phase shifts

BT: Periodic functions


Philosophy

CN: Removed BT Society. Added USE Thinking.

USE: Thinking


Phosphorescence

CN: Removed BT
Luminescence
, added BT
Photoluminescence.

UF: Phosphorescent light

BT: Photoluminescence


Phosphorescent light

USE: Phosphorescence


Photoelectric emission

UF: Photoelectric effect


Photoemission

BT: Electromagnetic radiation


Photoperiodism

BT: Phototropism

RT: Seasons


Phototropism

UF: Heliotropism

BT: Tropisms

RT: Light


Photovoltaics

USE: Solar cells


Pinocytosis

USE: Membrane transport


Planet for
mation


UF: Planetary accretion


Planetary formation


Protoplanets


Planetesimals


Protoplanetary discs

BT: Universe formation

RT: Planets


Climbing plants

UF: Vines

BT: Thigmotropism


Plant cultivation

CN: Changed from Horticulture to Plant
cultivation.

UF: Horticulture


Plant production


Vegetable gardening

BT: Agriculture

NT: Fertilisers


Flower farming


Greenhouses


Hydroponics


Market gardens


Ornamental horticulture


Pesticides


Plant nurseries


Plant
propagation


Soil management


Viticulture


Plant growth

UF: T
ropic responses


Tropism

NT: Herbaceous plants


Seedlings


Shrubs


Trees


Planting

(Seeds)

USE: Sowing

15



Plant respiration

BT:


Plate motion

USE: Plate movement


Plate subduction

UF: Continental collision


Plate collision


Slabs (Tectonic plates)


Slab sinking


Slab suction


Subduction (Tectonic plates)

BT:
Plate movement


Pollen count

USE: Pollen analysis


Pollen grains

USE: Pollen


Post
-
transition

metals

BT: Chemical elements

NT: Aluminum


Bismuth


Gallium


Indium


Lead


Polonium


T
hall
ium


Tin

RT: Main group elements



Power supply

CN: BT Electricity removed, BT Engineering
added.

UF: Electricity supply

BT: Engineering

NT: Power generation



Power transmission

RT: Electricity



Electronics



Energy use

Power generation

CN: BT Engineering removed, BT Power supply
added.

BT: Power supply

NT: Distributed generation



Power stations

RT:



Energy resources

Power transmission

UF: Electric power transmission




Power distribution



Electric power distribution



Electricity distribution

HL: Electric
-
power transmission



Electrical power transmission



Electrical
-
pow
er transmission

NT: Electrical substations


Power lines

Power lines

CN: BT Power supply removed, BT Power
transmission added.

BT: Power transmission


Power stations

CN: BT Energy resources removed, BT Power
generation added.

BT: Power generation

Proj
ectile motion

USE: Trajectory


Prokaryotes (Archaea)

USE: Archaea


Prokaryotes (Bacteria)

CN: Changed from Prokaryotes to Prokaryotes
(Bacteria).

USE: Ba
cteria


Protein biosynthesis

USE: Protein synthesis


Protein replication

USE: Protein synthesis


Reactants

USE: Chemical reactions

16



Reagents

USE: Chemical reactions


Rectilinear motion

USE: Linear motion OR Motion


Reduction
-
oxidation reactions

MR: Redox reactions


Reductive thinking

UF: Reductionism

BT: Deductive thinking


Reference frames

USE:
Frames of reference


Remote measurement technologies

USE: Remote sensing


Reservoirs (Dams)

CN: Changed from Reservoirs to Reservoirs
(Dams).

BT: Nonbuilding structures


Resonance (Bonding)

UF: Mesomerism

BT: Bonding (Chemistry)


Reverse osmosis

BT:
Separation (Mixtures)

RT: Desalination


Osmosis


RNA replication

MR: Protein synthesis


RNA synthesis

USE: Protein synthesis


Satellite motion

USE: Orbits


Satellite navigation

CN: Changed from GPS to Satellite navigation.

UF: Global Navigation Satel
lite System


Global Positioning System


GPS


Satellite navigation


Satnav

BT: Scientific instruments

HL: Sat nav

RT: Coordinates (Geographic location)


Spatial technologies


Satellite technology

USE: Satellites (Space
technology)


Scanning probe microscopes

UF:
Atomic force microscopes



Scanning tunnel microscopes

BT: Microscopes

HL:
AFM


Atomic force microscopy


Scanning probe microscopy


Scanning tunnel microscopy


SPM


STM

RT: Pie
zoelectricity


Scrub fires

UF: Grass fires


Scrubland fires


Shrubland fires

BT: Wildfires


Sea floor spreading

CN: Removed BT Tectonic plates, added BT
Plate movement.

BT: Plate movement


Sea
-
surface temperature
s

UF: Oceanic heat content


Sea temperature
s

HL: Sea surface temperature
s

BT: Weather


Seawater desalination

UF: Desalination plants

BT: Water treatment

17


RT: Desalination


Distillation


Reverse osmosis


Sedimentary basins

BT: Geological basins

RT:
Sedimentary rocks


Se
eding (
Cultivation
)

USE: Sowing


Seismic scales

CN: BT Units of measurement removed, USE
Seismic waves added

USE: Seismic waves


Shock resistance

USE: Fracture strength


Shock
-
resistant materials

USE: Fracture strength


Siltation

USE:

Turbidity


Simple
harmonic motion

BT: Motion

NT: Oscillation

RT: Waves (Energy)


Pendulums


Periodic functions


SI units

CN: Changed from Metric system to SI units.

UF: International System of Units


Metric system


Metric units


SI symbols



Systeme International

BT: Systems of measurement


Small game hunting

CN: Removed BT Sports, added BT Hunting.


Solar irradiation

USE: Solar energy


Solar power

USE: Solar energy


Solar
-
powered devices

USE: Solar energy


Solstices

UF: First point of
Cancer


First point of Capricorn


Summer solstice


Winter solstice

BT: Axial tilt

Sound pollution

USE: Noise pollution


Sound units

UF: Acoustic units


Bels


Decibels



Volume units (Sound)

BT: Units of measurement

RT: He
rtz


Sound


Species removal

USE: Pest control


Spectrography

USE: Spectro
scopy


Speed of light

UF: Lightspeed

BT: Speed

R
T: Light


Special relativity



Velocity units


Square metres

CN: Changed from Area units to Square
metres

UF: Ares


Area units


Area measurement

18



Decares


Hectares


Square kilometres


Units of area

HL: Square meters


Square kilometers

BT: Units of measurement


Standard atmosphere

CN: BT Force units removed, BT P
ascals added

BT: Pascals

RT: Atmospheric pressure


Star
life cycle

USE: Stellar evolution


Star formation

USE: Stellar evolution


Subclimax communities

USE: Ecological succession


Successional communities

USE: Ecological succession


Sunlight

CN: Removed BT

Light
, added USE Solar
radiation.

USE: Solar radiation


Sustainable agriculture

CN: Removed USE Ecological sustainability


Sustainable yields

CN: Removed USE Ecological sustainability


Temperature units

CN: BT Units of measurement removed, USE
Kelvins
added.

USE: Kelvins


Terrestrial albedo

BT: Albedo

RT: Remote sensing


Thermal radiation

UF: Black body radiation

BT:
Electromagnetic radiation

HL: Black
-
body radiation


Thermosphere

CN: Changed from Ionosphere to
Thermosphere
.

BT: Atmosphere


Thigmotropism

UF:
Haptotropism

BT:
Tropisms


Thin films

USE: Coating


Thought experiments

BT: Reasoning

RT: Experiments


Time units

UF: Units of time

NT: Day


Months


Seconds


Years

BT: Units of measurement


Toughness (Materials)

USE:
Fracture strength


Toxin

CN: BT Plant metabolism added.


SN:
Use for resources about poisons
produced by certain animals, plants and
bacteria.

BT:
Metabolism (Animals)


Plant metabolism

NT: Bioaccumulation


Venom


Transcription (Genes)

USE:
Protein synthesis


19


Transformation (Genes)

UF: Transfection

BT: Genes


Transition metals

CN: Changed from transition elements to
Transition metals. Removed BT Periodic table,
added BT Chemical elements.

BT: Chemical elements

NT:
Actinides


Cadmium



Chromium


Cobalt



Lanthanides…


Yttrium

[
E
lements in groups 3
-
12 of the periodic table]


Translation (Genes)

USE: Protein synthesis


Trophic levels

USE: Food chains


Trophic

pyramids

USE: Food chains


T
ropic responses

USE:
Tropisms


Tropism
s

UF: Tropic responses

BT: Plant structure and function

NT:

Chemotropism


G
ravi
tropism


Photoperiodism


Phototropism


Sonotropism



Thigmotropism

RT: Plant growth

Plant hormones


Turbulence

UF: Turbulent flow

BT:

Fluid flow


Ultrasound

CN: Changed from Ultrasound (Vibration) to
Ultrasound.

BT: Sound

RT: Echolocation


Ultrasound imaging


Ultrasound imaging

CN: Changed from Ultrasounds (Image) to
Ultrasound imaging.

UF:
Diagnostic sonography


Ultrasonography


Ultrasound images

RT: Ultrasound


Units of electric current

USE: Amperes


Units of electrical resistance

USE: Ohms


Units of frequency

USE: Hertz


Units of time

USE: Time units


Vines

USE: Plant climbing
???


Vineyards

USE: Gra
pe growing


Visible light

USE: Light

Volume units (Sound)

USE: Sound units


Voltaic cells

USE: Galvanic cells


Watts

CN: USE Energy units removed, BT Units of
measurement added.

BT: Units of measurement

20


UF: Femtowatt


Gigawatt


Horsepower


Kilowatt


Megawatt


Microwatt


Milliwatt


Nanowatt


Petawatt


Picowatt


Power units


Terawatt


Units of power

RT: Power (Forces)


Weeks

CN: BT Time units removed, USE Day added.

USE: D
ay


Wind farms

USE: Wind
mills


Windfarms

MR
: Wind
mil
l
s


Wine

CN: Removed BT Agricultural production

BT: Alcoholic drinks

RT:
Vineyards


Winemaking


Wine growing

MR: Grape growing


Winegrowing

USE: Grape growing


Winemaking

UF: Vinicultur
e


Wine production

BT:
Agricultural production

HL: Wine making

RT:
Fruit

(Food)


Grape growing


Wine



Zinc alumin
um roofing

MR:
Zinc aluminium roofin