Texts and Related

farmpaintlickInternet and Web Development

Oct 21, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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[
Works, Documents,
Texts and Related
Resources
] | [
Ontologies
]
for everyone

Digital Humanities 2010

London, King’s College, 9
th

July 2010

Federico Meschini and Peter Robinson

To answer this question you have to:

A very simple question

Find me all the manuscripts which
contain the first line of the
Canterbury Tales



Identify objects



Provide information about the objects



Package the objects in appropriate form


That simple?

Interoperabilty

“the ability of
two

or more
systems

or components to
exchange

information and to
use

the
information

that has been
exchanged”

IEEE

Interoperabilty
&
Levels

Stefan Gradmann, INTEROPERABILITY. A key concept for large scale, persistent digital

libraries. (briefing paper) <
www.digitalpreservationeurope.eu/publications/briefs/interoperability.pdf
>

What

s in a Word


Philosophical origin, then adopted by LIS
&
CS
domain

-

What
is

reality [existence]
?

-

What is the
identity

of an object [properties
and relationships]
?

From this to the
[
computable
]


specification

of a conceptualization”

From

this to Description Logic, First Order
Logic rules
and

inferences, Semantic Web
[
RDF/S/OWL, Triplestore, Linked Data,
SPARQL
]
, etc.

Ontology
is

a four
-
letter word

“In
some

conferences I
have been asked of
not
using the ‘O‘
word


James Hendler

Overexpectations
about

the Semantic
Web to solve all the Web [World]
problems

Relationships
between

XML, RDF and
Relational Database

Textual Criticism


There is an
infinite
set
of
facts

related to the
work being edited. […] Any
edition
records

[
models
] a
selection from the
observable and the
recoverable
portions

of
this infinite set of
facts


C. M. Sperberg
-
McQueen
-

How to
teach your edition how to swim

FRBR

CIDOC
-
CRM

FRBRoo

DL
&
OAI

OAI
-
Object Reuse and Exchange: high
-
level
aggregation

and
description

of
scholarly (scientific) digital items

-

Nines
[
http://www.nines.org/
]

-

Discovery

[
http://www.discovery
-
project.eu/
]

-

Henry III Fine Rolls
[
http://www.finerollshenry3.org.uk/
]

-

Perseus
[
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu
]


-
[
...
]

-

TEI Ontologies SIG
[
http://wiki.tei
-
c.org/index.php/SIG:Ontologies
]


Semantic
DH

“We have to
(
wisely
)

use

Ontologies, we don’t
have to
(
fully
&
blindly
)

believe

in them”

Øyvind Eide
via

Dino
Buzzetti

To conclude
...

Back to our simple question

Find me all the manuscripts which
contain the


first line of the
Canterbury Tales

Documents

Works

Texts

Six basic classes

document

work

text

documentPart

workPart

textPart

a manuscript: Hengwrt

the Canterbury Tales

the text of the
Canterbury Tales in the
Hengwrt manuscript

Relationships
…some triples


the
document
Hengwrt


isContainerOf

the
text
of the CT in the Hengwrt MS

the
workPart

the first line of the CT


isPartOf

the
work
the CT

the
workPart
the first line of the CT


hasInstance

the
textPart
the first line of the CT in Hengwrt

the
transcript
at http://mytranscript/Hg/CT/1


isTranscriptOf

the
textPart
the first line of the CT in Hengwrt

Things we like


We can deal with
documents
that
just contain
text
(not works)



We can link together
digital
things
(eg. transcripts) with
non
-
digital
things (eg. manuscripts)



We just have to describe six things:
use
FOAF
,
sameAs
,
FRBR
,
CIDOC
for everything else

Some implications



An
interface
: who needs them?




Expose all metadata, all relationships




Suddenly, sustainability is easier

Where we are heading



Break the Alexandria consensus




Textual communities, based on a
different model of partnership between
scholars and readers


Federico Meschini

De Montfort University/


Loyola University Chicago

Peter Robinson



University of Birmingham/


University of Saskatchewan


http://www.vmr.bham.ac.uk/dwt