Single Pilot CRM and Automation Managementx - signalcharlie

fanaticalpumaMechanics

Nov 5, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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…and Automation Management


Grew up in the Swabian Alb region of Germany


Started soaring in 1977


German Air Force (F
-
4 Phantom)


Graduate Fighter Weapons Instructor Course


Graduate USAF Advanced Instrument School


United Airlines (B727, A319/320)


Academic and Simulator Instructor (ENJJPT)


Responsible for Instrument Refresher Program


FAASTeam Member / CFII


Pilot Toolbox


Flying vs. Managing


Small Distraction


Big Effect


Distraction and Spatial Disorientation


Risk Management / Mitigation



Single Pilot


No Formal Training Program


Self taught on how to use equipment


No
Company SOP


No go /
no
-
go rules


No QA


Rests with the PIC


Based on:


Training


Law of Primacy


Previous Experience


Judgment


Confidence in ability to manage tasks


Perceived Proficiency

The things available to pilots…


Internal


VOR/DME


GPS


HSI/MFD


ILS


TCAS


XM Weather


UHF/VHF Radio


External


ATC


Separation


Traffic Information


Weather Radar


Weather


HIWAS


Flight Watch / Service


ATIS

…and


Contents


Aircraft Systems


Rules & Regulations


Formulas


Aircraft Configurations
Pitch and Power setting


CRM skills


Prior experience


Ability to analyze
performance


Contents


Aircraft Systems


Rules & Regulations


Formulas


Aircraft Configurations
Pitch and Power setting


CRM skills


Prior experience


Ability to analyze
performance


STICK AND RUDDER

INFORMATION MANAGER


Local Pilot Talk:


“I just put one of those digital engine monitors in,
it’s more important now than anything else, even
the attitude indicator.”



Crew Communication:


What is this doing now? Is it supposed to do that?
Look, it did it again!”



Situation:


Engine fire during take off and subsequent engine
shutdown.


The pilot is setting up for a single engine ILS
approach.



Question:


“Sir, I cannot remember the threshold steer point for
RWY 33C.”





AND WHY WOULD THIS BE IMPORTANT?






Situation:


Pilot is executing a missed approach due to
weather and has to divert.



Action:


While executing the missed approach the pilot
diverts attention to setting up onboard avionics
for the divert to the alternate airfield.


The aircraft enters a right bank and begins to
descent.







Passing 500’ AGL, in IMC, the aircraft was in an
unrecoverable attitude.


Shortly after that, the screens went red and the
pilot was caught by surprise, he was unaware of
what had just happened.



RIP



Pilot either forgot or was unaware of system limitations


On the Ground


Checklists


Various calculators


DA, take
-
off and landing
performance


Airport information


Frequencies


Taxi diagrams


Decision making tools


In the Air


Positional awareness


Routing on MFD


Terrain awareness


Obstacles


Only the ones known


Tons of flight data info


Approach plates


Flight directors


§

91.103 Preflight
action.

Each pilot in command
shall, before beginning a
flight, become familiar
with all available
information concerning
that flight.


On the Ground


Checklists


Various calculators


DA, take
-
off and landing
performance


Airport information


Frequencies


Taxi diagrams


Decision making tools


In the Air


Positional awareness


Routing on MFD


Terrain awareness


Obstacles


Only the ones known


Tons of flight data info


Approach plates


Flight directors


§

91.103 Preflight
action.

Each pilot in command
shall, before beginning a
flight, become familiar
with all available
information concerning
that flight.



AND A LOT OF BUTTONS




How messing with these things can mess you up

The 5 Ps




Distraction



Time



Illusion


Demonstration part one


Read words left to right

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED

GREEN

GREEN

BLUE

GREEN

RED

BLUE

GREEN

BLUE

GREEN

RED

RED

BLUE

RED

RED

BLUE

RED

BLUE

GREEN

BLUE

GREEN

RED

GREEN

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED


Now…


Tell me the color of the words (left to right
again), not what the words say

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED

GREEN

GREEN

BLUE

GREEN

RED

BLUE

GREEN

BLUE

GREEN

RED

RED

BLUE

RED

RED

BLUE

RED

BLUE

GREEN

BLUE

GREEN

RED

GREEN

RED

GREEN

BLUE

RED


Simple Task


Small Distraction


Compartmentalize and Defeat


On next
slide:



C
ount
the number of
tennis balls


35”


15
seconds
to 2
minutes


Distraction over time = SD


How long since you
have looked
at the ADI?



“Time slowed down”

White
Shirts
-

Bounce Passes?


White
Shirts
-

Overhead Passes?



Notice anything odd?


Watch again.


Sometimes called “
Misorientation



Unrecognized by
definition


Distraction may not be strong


Lasts a relatively long time


“I just put one of those digital engine
monitors in, it’s more important now than
anything else, even the attitude indicator.”


“That’s not what I wanted to do!”


“What is it doing now?”


“Why is it doing that?”


“How would you do that?”


You are inbound to the IF/IAF and get a
routing change, holding, different approach,
etc.


The autopilot is not doing the right thing so
you disconnect it while you troubleshoot the
avionics and set up for the procedure.


Hand
-
flying / Buttons / Distraction


All the ingredients for spatial disorientation

are there!


If you feel behind, FLY THE AIRPLANE first,
slow down and catch up or hold.


Find out where you need to go, you should
know where you are at all times, shouldn’t
you?


If you can’t figure it out, ask for help.


Use good Resource Management . ATC is a
resource too!



Positional Awareness


A Map


IFR Low/High Chart, VFR Sectional


MFD Display



Approach Guidance


Approach Plates


Paper Copy


MFD Display


Single Pilot


No Formal Training Program


Self taught on how to use equipment


No
Company SOP


No go /
no
-
go rules


No QA


Solid preflight planning


Take off/landing data, density altitude, weather,
alternates etc is all known before boarding


Specific way to set up COM and NAV


Specific way to program FMS, GPS, INS, etc.


Departure, route, arrival, approach


Confirm / Cross Check


Clean up the box


Departure, Arrival, Approach


Brief / Compare / Confirm

DEPARTURE PREP


COM 1:


TWR


ACTIVE


DEP


STBY



COM 2:


Get Clearance, then


GND


ACTIVE


ATIS
-

STBY


APPROACH PREP


COM 1:


APR


ACTIVE


TWR


STBY



COM 2:


GND


ACTIVE


ATIS


STBY



W
eather


A
lternates


N
OTAMS


T
OLD


S
ID / STAR


Include GPS NOTAMS

Include
NavData

Notices


Approach Checklist


W
eather


H
olding


O
btain Clearance


L
etdown Plate Review


D
escent check


S
peeds


Approach Briefing


M
inimums


A
ltimeter/Airspeeds


I
nitial Rate of Descent


L
ost Communications


M
issed Approach


A
lternates


N
avaids


Develop a flow that works for you


Set up cockpit the same way every time


Set up departure, route, arrival and approach


the same way every time



Know your systems, interfaces and limitations


Aircraft, avionics, FMS, autopilot and GPS



Develop and use your checklist


Become familiar with the program


Give some thought on how to set up
iPad

for


Ground operations


Departure


Enroute


Approach and landing


"Don't let your aircraft get anywhere your brain
hasn't been
to 3
minutes earlier
.“



"Prior Planning Prevents Poor
Performance“



"THINK"



Hans
-
Peter Schuele


Web:

http
://www.signalcharlie.net/H.
-
P.+Schuele


Email:

Hans
-
Peter.Schuele@att.net